oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 58 )

2018 ( 297 )

2017 ( 325 )

2016 ( 489 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 235597 matches for " William R. Cupach "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /235597
Display every page Item
Financial Conflict Messages and Marital Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Financial Communication Satisfaction  [PDF]
Samantha J. Shebib, William R. Cupach
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91010
Abstract: Conflict over money is one of the most commonly cited topics of marital disagreements (Oggins, 2003). However, little empirical research has examined how marital couples communicate about financial issues, specifically, and how these financial communication messages contribute to, or detract from, marital satisfaction. Knowledge about how couples communicate regarding financial issues is of significance to conflict scholars because it would allow us to understand the potential detriments of certain financial conflict message patterns and how these patterns ultimately affect one’s marital satisfaction. Married individuals (not marital dyads) were recruited online to participate in an online survey about their financial communication patterns within his or her marriage. In the present study of 326 married individuals, we found that constructive financial conflict messages were positively associated with financial harmony, marital satisfaction, and financial communication satisfaction. Destructive financial conflict messages, the demand-withdraw financial conflict message pattern, and mutually avoiding financial conflict were each negatively associated with financial harmony, marital satisfaction, and financial communication satisfaction. In addition, financial communication satisfaction mediated the relationship between each of the financial conflict message patterns and marital satisfaction. The current study lays empirical groundwork for developing a theoretical framework for understanding marital interaction patterns and the effects these patterns have on marital satisfaction.
Occupational Wages and Globalization  [PDF]
William R. DiPietro
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.32023
Abstract: Using a country’s trade share as a measure of globalization, this paper employs cross country regression analysis on 161 occupations for the year 2000 to assess whether globalization has a negative effect on occupational wages. The results are consistent with the notion that greater integration of national economies with the rest of the world adversely affects occupational wages in many occupations within countries.
Unemployment Benefits and Unemployment  [PDF]
William Beranek, David R. Kamerschen
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.25088
Abstract: This paper seeks to provide a simpler explanation of the Match Quality Hypothesis (MQH). For the less mathematically inclined, it avoids formal analysis and yet derives the relevant implications, i.e., if unemployed workers currently collecting unemployment benefits are given more benefits, both the average period of unemployment duration increases as well as the level of unemployment. To produce these effects, only one person behaving in this manner is required. We cite recent evidence supporting these implications. Examined are implications of this theorem for both U.S. and European regions where, in some cases, voluntarily unemployed workers are eligible for unemployment benefits. We question the importance of the notion that generous unemployment benefits that intensify searches for better jobs, and hence prolonged job searches, ultimately yield societal benefits.
Self-Referential Thinking, Suicide, and Function of the Cortical Midline Structures and Striatum in Mood Disorders: Possible Implications for Treatment Studies of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Bipolar Depression
William R. Marchand
Depression Research and Treatment , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/246725
Abstract: Bipolar depression is often refractory to treatment and is frequently associated with anxiety symptoms and elevated suicide risk. There is a great need for adjunctive psychotherapeutic interventions. Treatments with effectiveness for depressive and anxiety symptoms as well as suicide-related thoughts and behaviors would be particularly beneficial. Mindfulness-based interventions hold promise, and studies of these approaches for bipolar disorder are warranted. The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual background for such studies by reviewing key findings from diverse lines of investigation. Results of that review indicate that cortical midline structures (CMS) appear to link abnormal self-referential thinking to emotional dysregulation in mood disorders. Furthermore, CMS and striatal dysfunction may play a role in the neuropathology underlying suicide-related thoughts and behaviors. Thus, combining studies of mindfulness interventions targeting abnormal self-referential thinking with functional imaging of CMS and striatal function may help delineate the neurobiological mechanisms of action of these treatments. 1. Introduction The neurobiology of bipolar spectrum disorders is incompletely characterized [1]. Further, current medication treatments are only partially effective [2], and 73% of patients receiving pharmacotherapy relapse within 5 years [3]. Thus, there is a compelling need for effective adjunctive psychotherapy interventions [4, 5]. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective intervention for depression [4, 6–9] but seems to be of less benefit for bipolar spectrum illness [10]. Bipolar disorder is highly comorbid with anxiety [11, 12], and therefore interventions that also target anxiety might be of particular benefit [13]. Mindfulness-based psychotherapies are being increasingly used to target both depressive and anxiety symptoms in a variety of clinical populations [14–16]. However, few studies [17–19] have investigated these interventions for bipolar spectrum disorders. Furthermore, an integrated conceptual framework for such studies has not been published. Mindfulness interventions target aberrant self-referential thinking [20]. Increasing evidence suggests that alterations in self-referential thinking may be associated with a number of mood and anxiety spectrum disorders. For example, investigations indicate an association between aberrant self-concept and/or self-schemas and unipolar depression [21–25], generalized anxiety disorder [26], obsessive-compulsive disorder [27, 28], PTSD [29–31], social phobia [32, 33], and panic
The Technology of Waste, Biofuels and Global Warming in Viable Closed Loop, Sustainable Operations
William R. Butterworth
Energies , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/en20401192
Abstract: This research set out to explore and develop a route relating the recycling of urban and industrial wastes to land to produce agricultural crops with energy crops in the rotation, using the green leaf to “harvest” sunlight and to examine the sequestration of carbon dioxide and release of oxygen in a sustainable closed loop. Further, to establish if the pollution, particularly of nitrogen and phosphates (often associated with cultivations and use of mineral fertilisers) could be reduced or eliminated, so as to be able to develop systems which could contribute to the reversal of global warming. Finally, to probe whether practical operators on the ground could understand the technology, use it, and express what they were doing in a way acceptable to a wider society.
Ascidian gene-expression profiles
William R Jeffery
Genome Biology , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2002-3-10-reviews1030
Abstract: Molecular analysis of development has traditionally involved studies of one or a few genes at a time. This approach has revealed powerful regulatory genes, which have become the foundation for understanding pattern formation during metazoan development. But with one notable exception [1], the detailed genetic networks in which developmental genes function have remained elusive. Researchers working on the development of several model organisms are now breaking the single-gene tradition by using expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis to identify random cDNA clones from libraries derived from different stages and tissue types, and high-throughput in situ hybridization to categorize the corresponding mRNAs by their expression domains. In concert with antisense-mediated inhibition of gene expression and other molecular tools of developmental biology, EST analysis and other methods of gene-expression profiling can shed new light on the genetic circuitry underlying developmental processes. Here, I review recent gene expression-profile analysis in ascidians and the promise of this approach for studying developmental gene networks.The ascidians are members of the tunicate (or urochordate) branch of the chordate tree and have been popular models in embryology and evolutionary biology for more than a century [2,3]. Their chordate features include a dorsal nervous system and a notochord in the larval phase of the life cycle, and pharyngeal gill slits in the adult phase (Figure 1). The favorable attributes of ascidians for traditional developmental biology include rapid embryogenesis, stereotypic cleavage divisions of the zygote and early embryo, well-documented cell lineages, low embryonic cell numbers, few larval tissue types, and a simplified larval body plan. Ascidian development starts with the localization of determinants in the egg; inductive signaling between different cells then takes place during the cleavage period, followed by simple morphogenetic movements that lead
Are Alcoholism Treatments Effective? The Project MATCH Data: Response
William R Miller
BMC Public Health , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-5-76
Abstract: Oh what a tangled web they wove! Cutler and Fishbain [1] re-analyzed Project MATCH data to challenge "a fundamental belief of addiction treatment that therapy is effective." They noted that patients who dropped out before receiving treatment nevertheless showed substantial change on the primary outcome measures, whereas only those who completed therapy showed significant further improvement during the 12-week treatment period. Across conditions, about two-thirds the change that would occur was already present at the beginning of treatment. From this, they concluded "that current psychosocial treatments for alcoholism are not particularly effective."This phenomenon of early gain is indeed interesting, and by no means unique to the MATCH multisite trial. In alcohol treatment studies with weekly drinking measures, it is common to see substantial change appear very early in treatment, change that is sustained well across months or years of follow-up [2]. A majority of the reduction in drinking that will occur by the end of treatment is already present in the first few weeks of treatment, often in the very first week. Cutler and Fishbain interpreted this common finding as proving that treatment did not work, thereby explaining why "the results of the MATCH clinical trial were disappointing."Disappointment with study findings, of course, depends upon what the beholder had hoped to see in the first place. Overall improvement in MATCH patients was substantial and maintained quite well across three years of follow-up [3]. Main effects of treatments were never expected in MATCH; that is, no overall differences in efficacy had been predicted [4]. The surprise, then, was not the absence of between-treatment differences on the two primary outcome variables, but that on at least one other time-honored outcome measure – the percentage of patients maintaining complete abstinence – those in the Twelve-Step Facilitation treatment fared significantly better at all follow-up points tha
Controversies in Breast Cancer 2008
William R Miller
Breast Cancer Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/bcr2161
Abstract: The basic brief of the faculty members was to identify the key debating points in their allotted topic while being prepared to 'fly some kites' and be provocative. There was no need to present methodology (unless it was an underlying cause of uncertainty and conflict) or to incorporate unpublished results (although they could be included, and novel interpretation of existing data was most certainly encouraged). In certain instances, individual speakers were asked to put one side of a debate in order to allow another to present an opposing view. All of these elements may be reflected in the proceedings presented here; readers are asked to bear this in mind when considering the texts.Subject areas were chosen by the chairs. This year they included the following: 'What can surgeons do for us (and we for them)?'; 'Identification of personal risk to breast cancer'; 'Endocrine therapy: where have we come from, where are we at and where are we going?'; and 'Optimizing the implementation of future treatments – time to abandon traditional methods'. There was also a debate on 'Extended follow up of breast cancer patients in the clinic wastes time for both patients and doctors'.It was poignant that the first session should have a surgical basis. Tim Cooke was St Mungo Professor of Surgery at the University of Glasgow. He was a strong supporter of the Controversies meetings and would have been ever present but for his untimely and tragic death in a road accident some months earlier. The session and associated proceedings are dedicated to his memory.Because the intention of the meeting was to provoke debate, a large amount of discussion followed the presentations. It has not been possible to incorporate this into these proceedings. However, the objective is not simply to provide a paper record of the meeting. Instead, the hope is that the texts are thought-inducing, will generate some novel perspectives and will occasionally challenge established dogma. In this way, we may achie
Controversies in Breast Cancer 2010
William R Miller
Breast Cancer Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/bcr2730
Abstract: The topics selected for scrutiny in 2010 were: prognostic and predictive factors; the predicted epidemic of breast cancer; undue and disproportion influences; 'who would have thought it?'; and drug development programmes. The Chairs for each session have provided a general background and synopsis as an introduction to the topics under consideration.In addressing these subjects, faculty members were asked simply to highlight issues and points of information rather than provide methodological detail or be totally comprehensive. Furthermore, in order to incite debate and stimulate thought, presenters were asked to be provocative, fly kites, and act as devil's advocate and present data from an unconventional perspective. Readers should bear this in mind when reviewing the following texts, which are intended to offer some singular standpoints and an encouragement to think beyond accepted dogma. Hopefully the outcome is a better understanding of breast cancer.Thanks and appreciation are directed towards all the participants in Controversies 2010.The author declares that he has no competing interests.This article has been published as part of Breast Cancer Research Volume 12 Supplement 4, 2010: Controversies in Breast Cancer 2010. The full contents of the supplement are available online at http://breast-cancer-research.com/supplements/12/S4
Controversies in Breast Cancer 2009
William R Miller
Breast Cancer Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/bcr2420
Abstract: The role of the faculty experts was to bullet-point the issues that made the topics worthy of debate - whether this was a lack of consensus on the issue, apparently paradoxical results or a simple lack of information. The faculty's responsibility was accordingly to highlight different facets of an argument, to explain the paradox and to identify the obstacle to progress and to be contentious. The delegates' responsibilities were to question and challenge. In so far as these remits are rather limited, this may be reflected in the individual contributions to the volume that are not intended to be comprehensive or definitive. Instead, their purpose is to be provocative, to provide different perspectives and to encourage the reader to think.This year's topics and faculty were developed by the Chairs, who have provided a general background and a synopsis by way of introductions to the sessions. The topics included Risk Factors, Tailored Targeted Therapy for All - A Realistic and Worthwhile Objective, The Potential of New Technologies/Approaches, Who Would Have Thought It! and Are Current Drug Development Programmes Realising the Full Potential of New Agents?As a final comment, it should be noted that these proceedings do not reflect absolutely the activities of Controversies 2009. There was a large amount of debate that was not recorded and is not represented within the text. Despite this, it is hoped that this volume will induce informed thought and as a consequence lead to a better understanding of some controversies relating to breast cancer in 2009.Thanks and appreciation given to all participants.The author declares that they have no competing interests.This article has been published as part of Breast Cancer Research Volume 11 Suppl 3 2009: Controversies in Breast Cancer 2009. The full contents of the supplement are available online at http://breast-cancer-research.com/content/11/S3.
Page 1 /235597
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.