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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 157115 matches for " William B.; "
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Creating Student Engagement? HMM: Teaching and Learning with Humor, Music, and Movement  [PDF]
William B Strean
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.23026
Abstract: With growing concerns about student engagement, the theme of creative teaching and learning provides an excellent catalyst to consider methods that enhance students’ classroom experiences. Good teaching is akin to weaving a fabric of connectedness between student, teacher, and subject (Palmer, 2007). Teacher-student connection and student engagement are the two most important ingredients in teaching (Lowman, 1995). This paper explores three effective methods of weaving the fabric and engaging students in higher education. Examples of how to use humor, music, and movement to deepen learning while adding energy, engagement, and interaction are offered. A review of research supporting the methods explored in this paper is included.
Cognitive Principles in Mobile Learning Applications  [PDF]
William B. Huffman, Sowon Hahn
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.64043
Abstract: As m-learning (mobile-learning) applications are rapidly growing, it is important to incorporate principles of human cognition in those applications. In the present study, a foreign language learning application environment was developed using various learning methods in order to identify optimal m-learning applications. Using computer-based learning experiments that assimilate an m-learning environment, participants were tested over their long-term memory retention of newly learned German vocabulary words. Specifically, we compared the effectiveness of rote learning, retrieval practice, repeated retrieval practice, and the keyword method. Experiment 1 showed that repeated retrieval practice was more beneficial for memory especially for longer retention intervals. Experiment 2 yielded that repeated retrieval practice was more effective for learning German vocabulary words than the keyword and rote learning methods. No statistical differences were found between the keyword and rote learning conditions. The present research suggests that retrieval practice can be effectively incorporated in m-learning applications. Implications and future directions are discussed.
The Three Pillars of Sustainability Framework: Approaches for Laws and Governance  [PDF]
William Henry Clune, Alexander J. B. Zehnder
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.93015
Abstract: The three pillars of sustainability framework is a multidisciplinary implementation and solutions oriented approach that recognizes most successful and scalable sustainability solutions require the presence of, and are driven by, all three pillars simultaneously: 1) technology and innovation; 2) laws and governance; and 3) economics and financial incentives. The three pillars framework is strategic because it often reveals or describes specific and feasible changes that advance sustainability solutions within markets and institutional settings. The section on technology discusses the crucial role that technology plays in creating new ways for doing more in our rapidly urbanizing communities by using less resources and energy inputs. The section on economics discusses problems with current conceptions of economic welfare that measure growth (flow) rather than the asset base (wealth), and explores possibilities for integrated and multidisciplinary analysis for coupled economic and social systems. The section on laws and governance considers the role of legal frameworks related to incentives, regulatory baselines, and in public policy formation, including influences and feedback effects from social norms, changing culture, and sustainability education. Technological development and engaging economic markets are at the center of our best and most rapidly deployable sustainability solutions. In that context, a specific focus is given throughout the discussion sections to the key role of laws and governance in supporting relevant, effective, and sustainable technological and economic development, as well as to highlight the crucial (often final) steps the law plays in successfully implementing new sustainability projects. As the discussions and examples (taken from Asia, the US, and Europe) demonstrate, the three pillars framework is flexible and useful in a number of contexts, as a solutions template, as an integrated planning approach, as a decision making guide, and for determining project priorities.
The Left–Right Polarity Puzzle: Determining Embryonic Handedness
William B. Wood
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0030292
Abstract:
A Mechanistic Niche Model for Measuring Species' Distributional Responses to Seasonal Temperature Gradients
William B. Monahan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007921
Abstract: Niche theory is central to understanding how species respond geographically to climate change. It defines a species' realized niche in a biological community, its fundamental niche as determined by physiology, and its potential niche—the fundamental niche in a given environment or geographic space. However, most predictions of the effects of climate change on species' distributions are limited to correlative models of the realized niche, which assume that species are in distributional equilibrium with respect to the variables or gradients included in the model. Here, I present a mechanistic niche model that measures species' responses to major seasonal temperature gradients that interact with the physiology of the organism. I then use lethal physiological temperatures to parameterize the model for bird species in North and South America and show that most focal bird species are not in direct physiological equilibrium with the gradients. Results also show that most focal bird species possess broad thermal tolerances encompassing novel climates that could become available with climate change. I conclude with discussion of how mechanistic niche models may be used to (i) gain insights into the processes that cause species to respond to climate change and (ii) build more accurate correlative distribution models in birds and other species.
Entropy and Information Approaches to Genetic Diversity and its Expression: Genomic Geography
William B. Sherwin
Entropy , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/e12071765
Abstract: This article highlights advantages of entropy-based genetic diversity measures, at levels from gene expression to landscapes. Shannon’s entropy-based diversity is the standard for ecological communities. The exponentials of Shannon’s and the related “mutual information” excel in their ability to express diversity intuitively, and provide a generalised method of considering microscopic behaviour to make macroscopic predictions, under given conditions. The hierarchical nature of entropy and information allows integrated modeling of diversity along one DNA sequence, and between different sequences within and among populations, species, etc. The aim is to identify the formal connections between genetic diversity and the flow of information to and from the environment.
?Qué requiere un estudio de caso para ser investigación cientifica?
Stiles,William B.;
Subjetividad y procesos cognitivos , 2009,
Abstract: i propose this answer to the title question: when observations of the case are explicitly brought to bear on a theory. i will first try to describe briefly what i mean by scientific research and how case studies can fit the description. then, as an illustration, i will describe the assimilation model, a theory about how people change in therapy (stiles, 2001, 2002; stiles et al., 1990), and give some examples of how case studies have been brought to bear on it. in this article, i focus on the scientific purposes of case studies. i acknowledge, however, that case studies may be interesting or enriching independently of their contribution to scientific theory (stiles, 2003).
A Entrevista Fenomenológica e o Estudo da Experiência Consciente
Gomes, William B.;
Psicologia USP , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65641997000200015
Abstract: a way of studying conscious experience is by using interview. there are several manners of interviewing a person. one possibility is through out a flexible series of preestablished questions opened to the different reactions from the respondent. the interviews are taped recorded, transcribed and studied in a systemic and systematic way, by the three phenomenological steps: description, reduction and interpretation. the interview is used to obtain the respondent's conscious experience. the phenomenological steps are used to study the researcher's conscious experience of the recollected material from the interviews. in a semiotic phenomenological tradition, the conscious experience is understood in association with the concepts of intentionality, meaning and existence. so, conscious experience is considered in conjunction with its cognitive, affective and conative apparatus. our researches focalize on the transformation from an epistemological consciousness to a psychological consciousness and its reverse. the interview has been a proficuous instrument for this end.
The left-right polarity puzzle: determining embryonic handedness.
Wood William B
PLOS Biology , 2005,
Abstract:
A Entrevista Fenomenológica e o Estudo da Experiência Consciente
Gomes William B.
Psicologia USP , 1997,
Abstract: Uma maneira de estudar a experiência consciente é através de entrevistas. Há muitos modos de se entrevistar uma pessoa. Uma possibilidade é através de um roteiro flexível e aberto aos diferentes modos de rea o do entrevistado. As entrevistas s o gravadas em audioteipe, transcritas e estudadas em uma forma sistêmica e sistemática, através de três passos reflexivos: descri o fenomenológica, redu o fenomenológica e interpreta o fenomenológica. Utiliza-se a entrevista para captar a experiência consciente dos entrevistados e os passos reflexivos indicados para estudar a consciência do pesquisador do material recolhido em suas entrevistas. Na tradi o da fenomenologia semiótica a experiência consciente é entendida em sua associa o com os conceitos de intencionalidade, sentido e existência. Assim, a experiência consciente é considerada em conjun o com seu aparato cognitivo, afetivo e conativo. Nossas pesquisas focalizam a transforma o de uma consciência epistêmica em uma consciência psicológica e seu reverso. A entrevista tem se mostrado um instrumento profícuo para este fim.
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