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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461340 matches for " Wesal A. Makhlof "
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Removal of Aniline Blue from Aqueous Solutions Using Ce1-xBixCrO3 (x = 0, 0.5, 1)  [PDF]
Labib A. Awin, Mahmoud A. El-Rais, Abdunnaser M. Etorki, Najat A. Mohamed, Wesal A. Makhlof
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials (OJINM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojinm.2018.81001
Abstract: The removal of aniline blue dye from aqueous solutions using the A-site doped perovskite Ce1-xBixCrO3 (x = 0, 0.5, 1) was investigated. The perovskite oxides were synthesised using Sol-Gel method and characterised by conventional powder X-ray diffraction technique. The X-ray diffraction measurements suggested that doping with Bismuth Ion influences both the crystal structure and the particle size of the oxides, and consequently affects the adsorption properties. It was found that both CeCrO3 and Ce0.5Bi0.5CrO3 compounds are orthorhombic and have approximate particle size of 87 and 36 nm respectively, whereas BiCrO3 oxide has rhombohedral space group symmetry and the particle sizes are less than 49 nm. The batch mode study demonstrated that the removal capacities of Aniline Blue at 150 min and pH = 4.3 for Ce0.5Bi0.5CrO3, CeCrO3 and BiCrO3 are 779.67, 705.45 and 440.18 mg/g respectively. The results reflect the influence of the A site doping on the adsorption properties of the oxides. The removal of Aniline Blue was found to be negatively correlated with temperature and pH.
Podophyllin (10%) Ointment: A New Therapeutic Modality for Psoriasis  [PDF]
Khalifa E. Sharquie, Adil A. Noaimi, Wesal K. Al-Janabi
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.34037

Background: There are many topical therapies for the treatment of plaque psoriasis like steroid, dithranol, tar and vitamin D analogues, but none of them is ideal. Most recently, in a pilot study, podophyllin 5% ointment on every other day regimen was as effective as clobetasole 0.05% ointment twice daily. Objective: To reassess the efficacy of a higher concentration of podophyllin (10%) in the treatment of mild psoriasis in comparison with clobetasole using a different regimen. Patients and Methods: This is therapeutic, comparative, placebo-controlled study conducted at the Department of Dermatology-Baghdad Teaching Hospital, during the period of January 2011 - October 2012. Eighty-seven patients with mild plaque-type psoriasis were divided into three groups: Group A (30) patients were treated with podophyllin 10% ointment; Group B (30) patients were treated with clobetasol propionate 0.05% ointment and Group C (27) patients were treated with Vaseline as a placebo control group. All patients were treated on every other day. The efficacy was evaluated every 2 weeks for 8 weeks using PASI score and the local and systemic side effects were recorded. The relapse was recorded after cessation of therapy in those patients who achieved good response during another 8 weeks follow-up period. Results: The patients were 60 (68.9%) males and 27 (31.1%) females (male: female ratio, 2.2:1). Their ages ranged from 18 - 62 (36.4 ± 10) years. Their disease duration ranged from 0.1 - 40 (7.8 ± 8.5) years. Their baseline PASI score ranged from 1.6 - 9.6 (4.4 ± 5.85). At the end of 8th week of therapy, Group A patients had achieved much higher reduction in PASI score (77.4 ± 14.1) than Group B patients (60.4 ± 27.8), P value = 0.004, and both of them were with statistically and significantly higher PASI reduction than patients in Group C (28 ± 23.4), P value = <0.001. The total relapse rate during 8 weeks follow-up was

The geometric finite volume method for compressible fluid flows on Schwarzschild spacetime
Philippe G. LeFloch,Hasan Makhlof
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We consider the relativistic Euler equations governing spherically symmetric, perfect fluid flows on the outer domain of communication of Schwarzschild spacetime, and we introduce a version of the finite volume method which is formulated geometrically (without choosing coordinates a priori) and is well--balanced, in the sense that it preserves steady solutions to the Euler equations on the curved geometry under consideration. In order to formulate our method, we first derive a closed formula describing all steady and spherically symmetric solutions to the Euler equations posed on Schwarzschild spacetime. Second, we describe a finite volume method which is formulated geometrically from the family of steady solutions to the Euler system. Our scheme is second--order accurate and, as required, preserves the family of steady solutions at the discrete level. Numerical experiments are presented which demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method even for solutions containing shock waves and nonlinear interacting wave patterns. As an application, we investigate the late--time asymptotics of perturbed steady solutions and demonstrate its convergence for late time toward another steady solution, taking the overall effect of the perturbation into account.
Relativistic Burgers equations on curved spacetimes. Derivation and finite volume approximation
Philippe G. LeFloch,Hasan Makhlof,Baver Okutmustur
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Within the class of nonlinear hyperbolic balance laws posed on a curved spacetime (endowed with a volume form), we identify a hyperbolic balance law that enjoys the same Lorentz invariance property as the one satisfied by the Euler equations of relativistic compressible fluids. This model is unique up to normalization and converges to the standard inviscid Burgers equation in the limit of infinite light speed. Furthermore, from the Euler system of relativistic compressible flows on a curved background, we derive, both, the standard inviscid Burgers equation and our relativistic generalizations. The proposed models are referred to as relativistic Burgers equations on curved spacetimes and provide us with simple models on which numerical methods can be developed and analyzed. Next, we introduce a finite volume scheme for the approximation of discontinuous solutions to these relativistic Burgers equations. Our scheme is formulated geometrically and is consistent with the natural divergence form of the balance laws under consideration. It applies to weak solutions containing shock waves and, most importantly, is well-balanced in the sense that it preserves steady solutions. Numerical experiments are presented which demonstrate the convergence of the proposed finite volume scheme and its relevance for computing entropy solutions on a curved background.
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia and Hepatocellular Adenoma around the World Viewed through the Scope of the Immunopathological Classification
Charles Balabaud,Wesal R. Al-Rabih,Pei-Jer Chen,Kimberley Evason,Linda Ferrell,Juan C. Hernandez-Prera,Shiu-Feng Huang,Thomas Longerich,Young Nyun Park,Alberto Quaglia,Peter Schirmacher,Christine Sempoux,Swan N. Thung,Michael Torbenson,Aileen Wee,Matthew M. Yeh,Shiou-Hwei Yeh,Brigitte Le Bail,Jessica Zucman-Rossi,Paulette Bioulac-Sage
International Journal of Hepatology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/268625
Abstract: Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) are benign hepatocellular tumors. The risk of bleeding and malignant transformation of HCA are strong arguments to differentiate HCA from FNH. Despite great progress that has been made in the differential radiological diagnosis of the 2 types of nodules, liver biopsy is sometimes necessary to separate the 2 entities. Identification of HCA subtypes using immunohistochemical techniques, namely, HNF1A-inactivated HCA (35–40%), inflammatory HCA (IHCA), and beta-catenin-mutated inflammatory HCA (b-IHCA) (50–55%), beta-catenin-activated HCA (5–10%), and unclassified HCA (10%) has greatly improved the diagnostic accuracy of benign hepatocellular nodules. If HCA malignant transformation occurs in all HCA subgroups, the risk is by far the highest in the β-catenin-mutated subgroups (b-HCA, b-IHCA). In the coming decade the management of HCA will be more dependent on the identification of HCA subtypes, particularly for smaller nodules (<5?cm) in terms of imaging, follow-up, and resection. 1. Introduction The knowledge of benign hepatocellular tumors, that is, focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma (HCA), has considerably progressed in the last 10 years, thanks to molecular biology, followed by immunohistochemical applications. Following these advances, new classification is now largely used, first in France, and more recently in other European, American, and East countries. The aims of this study are (1) to make a brief general overview of these 2 entities [2–8]; (2) to report results of a survey through different academic centers in France and throughout the world; (3) to report applications of the molecular/immunohistochemical data and of the new HCA classification in practice through the Bordeaux experience. 2. A Brief Overview of Focal Nodular Hyperplasia and Hepatocellular Adenoma 2.1. Focal Nodular Hyperplasia It is the second most frequent benign liver nodule (after hemangioma), occurring in 0.8% of an adult autopsy population and has been reported in 0.6–3% of the general population. In 80–90% of cases, FNH is discovered in women in their third or fourth decade. In countries (i.e., China) where OC use has been less prevalent, FNH tends to be a lesion of adult men or children of either gender. FNH is solitary in 2/3 of cases. Most lesions are asymptomatic and are therefore discovered as incidental findings during surgery, autopsy, or imaging procedures for unrelated symptoms. Large lesions can present with abdominal pain or compression of adjacent organs. Reports of
The Spread of Infectious Disease on Network Using Neutrosophic Algebraic Structure  [PDF]
A. Zubairu, A. A. Ibrahim
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2017.72009
Abstract: Network theory and its associated techniques has tremendous impact in various discipline and research, from computer, engineering, architecture, humanities, social science to system biology. However in recent years epidemiology can be said to utilizes these potentials of network theory more than any other discipline. Graph which has been considered as the processor in network theory has a close relationship with epidemiology that dated as far back as early 1900 [1]. This is because the earliest models of infectious disease transfer were in a form of compartment which defines a graph even though adequate knowledge of mathematical computation and mechanistic behavior is scarce. This paper introduces a new type of disease propagation on network utilizing the potentials of neutrosophic algebraic group structures and graph theory.
A Comparative Investigation of Lead Sulfate and Lead Oxide Sulfate Study of Morphology and Thermal Decomposition  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.22024
Abstract: The compound lead oxide sulfate PbSO4.PbO was prepared in our laboratory. The Thermal behavior of PbSO4 was studied using techniques of Thermogravimetry under air atmosphere from 25 to 1200°C. The identity of both compounds was confirmed by XRD technique. Results obtained using both techniques support same decomposition stages for this compound. The electron microscopic investigations are made by SEM and TEM. The compound is characterized by XRD and the purity was determined by analytical Methods. Also a series of thermogravimetric analysis is made and the ideal condition is determined to convert this compound to pure lead oxide.
Metal ion-binding properties of L-glutamic acid and L-aspartic acid, a comparative investigation  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.22013
Abstract: A comparative research has been developed for acidity and stability constants of M(Glu)1, M(Asp)2 and M(Ttr)3 complexes, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in building complex were observed. The present study indicates that in M(Ttr) com-plexes, metal ions are arranged to the carboxyl groups, but in M(Glu) and M(Asp), some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(Glu) and M(Asp) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of metal ions, and transfers them through building complexes accompanied with glutamate and aspartate. For heavy metal ions, this building complex helps the absorption and filtration of the blood plasma, and consequently, the excursion of heavy metal ions takes place. This is an important method in micro-dialysis. In this study the different as-pects of stabilization of metal ion complexes regarding to Irving-Williams sequence have been investigated.
Determining the Basaltic Sequence Using Seismic Reflection and Resistivity Methods  [PDF]
A. Alanezi, A. Qadrouh
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B004

This study was carried out in Harat Rahat (south of Almadinah Almonwarah) using seismic reflection and resistivity methods. The main objectives of this study are to determine the extent of the basaltic layer and to define the subsurface faults and fractures that could affect and control the groundwater movement in the study area. A 2D seismic profile was acquired and the result shows that the subsurface in the study area has a major fault. We obtained a well match when the seismic result was compared with drilled wells. As a complementary tool, the resistivity method was applied in order to detect the groundwater level. The results of the resistivity method showed that six distinct layers have been identified. The interpretation of these six layers show that the first three layers, the fourth layer, the fifth layer and the bottom of the section indicated various subsurface structures and lithologies; various basaltic layers, fractured basalt, weathered basement and fresh basaltic layers, respectively. It is obvious that the eventual success of geophysical surveys depend on the combination with other subsurface data sources in order to produce accurate maps.

Equilibria and Stability in Glycine, Tartrate and Tryptophan Complexes, Investigation on Interactions in Cu(II) Binary and Ternary Systems in Aqueous Solution  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials (OJINM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojinm.2014.41001

The acidity and stability constants of M(Gly)1, M(Ttr)1, and M(Trp)1 M: Cu2+, Cu(Bpy2)2+, and Cu(Phen3)2+ complexes, were determined by potentiometric pH titration. It is shown that the stability of the binary Cu(L), (L: Gly, Ttr, and Trp) complex is determined by the basicity of the carboxylate group on one side and amino group on the other side. It is demonstrated that the equilibrium, Cu(Ha4)2+ + Cu(L) \"\"Cu(Har)(L) + Cu2+, is displacement due to the well known experience that mixed ligand complexes formed by a divalent 3d ion, a heteroaromatic N base and an O donor ligand possess increased stability. The stability constants of the 1:1 complexes formed between Cu2+, Cu(Bpy)2+ or Cu(Phen)2+

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