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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28463 matches for " Wenjia Sun "
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Study on a Comprehensive Energy-Saving Sail by CFD Method  [PDF]
Yanna Zheng, Dexing Liu, Hongwei An, Wenjia Sun, Tiaojian Xu
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2016.63012
Abstract: A comprehensive energy-saving sail (CES) has been proposed in order to promote energy saving and emission reduction from shipping. Wind energy is harvested for propulsion and electrical generator at the same time by a unique structure of CES. A CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) code is verified by a case of arc wind sail, and it is used to simulate the pressure and velocity around the CES. The results show that the outlet velocity of air tunnel Vo and wind velocity Vi serve as an equation Vo ≈ 1.31Vi, which means the CES can effectively improve the conversion efficiency. In addition, it is found that Vo increases with the tunnel diameter to some extend over which it will keep almost constant.
Limiting distribution of elliptic homogenization error with periodic diffusion and random potential
Wenjia Jing
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We study the limiting probability distribution of the homogenization error for second order elliptic equations in divergence form with highly oscillatory periodic conductivity coefficients and highly oscillatory stochastic potential. The effective conductivity coefficients are the same as those of the standard periodic homogenization, and the effective potential is given by the mean. We show that in the short range correlation setting, the limiting distribution of the random part of the homogenization error, as random elements in proper Hilbert spaces, is Gaussian and can be characterized by the homogenized Green's function, the homogenized solution and the statistics of the random potential. Similar results hold for random potentials that are functions of long range correlated Gaussian random fields. These results generalize previous ones in the setting with slowly varying diffusion coefficients, and the current setting with fast oscillations in the differential operator requires new methods to prove compactness of the probability distributions of the random fluctuation.
Homogenization of Randomly Deformed Conductivity Resistant Membranes
Wenjia Jing
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We study the homogenization of a stationary conductivity problem in a random heterogeneous medium with highly oscillating conductivity coefficients and an ensemble of simply closed conductivity resistant membranes. This medium is randomly deformed and then rescaled from a periodic one with periodic membranes, in a manner similar to the random medium proposed by Blanc, Le Bris and Lions \cite{BLBL06}. Across the membranes, the flux is continuous but the potential field itself undergoes a jump of Robin type. We prove that, for almost all realizations of the random deformation, as the small scale of variations of the medium goes to zero, the random conductivity problem is well approximated by that on an effective medium which has deterministic and constant coefficients and contains no membrane. The effective coefficients are explicitly represented. One of our main contributions is to provide a solution to the associated auxiliary problem that is posed on the whole domain with infinitely many interfaces, in a setting that is neither periodic nor stationary ergodic in the usual sense.
Guest Editorial
Wenjia Niu,Gang Li
Journal of Networks , 2012, DOI: 10.4304/jnw.7.6.893-894
Abstract: This special issue mainly focuses on the timely topic of “Data and Security in Web Service”. More specially, from the perspective of service construction, the future Web service should address issues such as how to construct an intelligent service which can e ectively perceive the individual behavior, identify and satisfy individual requirements. On the other hand, from the perspective of service utilization, in the dynamic environment, Web services should address issues such as how to utilizing security-related techniques. In this JNW special issue, we select and edit 6 most relevant papers with higher reviewer scores from 16 submissions, which give e ective discussion about Web service management methodologies from di erent perspective.
Corrector theory for MsFEM and HMM in random media
Guillaume Bal,Wenjia Jing
Mathematics , 2010, DOI: 10.1137/100815918
Abstract: We analyze the random fluctuations of several multi-scale algorithms such as the multi-scale finite element method (MsFEM) and the finite element heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM), that have been developed to solve partial differential equations with highly heterogeneous coefficients. Such multi-scale algorithms are often shown to correctly capture the homogenization limit when the highly oscillatory random medium is stationary and ergodic. This paper is concerned with the random fluctuations of the solution about the deterministic homogenization limit. We consider the simplified setting of the one dimensional elliptic equation, where the theory of random fluctuations is well understood. We develop a fluctuation theory for the multi-scale algorithms in the presence of random environments with short-range and long-range correlations. What we find is that the computationally more expensive method MsFEM captures the random fluctuations both for short-range and long-range oscillations in the medium. The less expensive method HMM correctly captures the fluctuations for long-range oscillations and strongly amplifies their size in media with short-range oscillations. We present a modified scheme with an intermediate computational cost that captures the random fluctuations in all cases.
Corrector Analysis of a Heterogeneous Multi-scale Scheme for Elliptic Equations with Random Potential
Guillaume Bal,Wenjia Jing
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: This paper analyzes the random fluctuations obtained by a heterogeneous multi-scale first-order finite element method applied to solve elliptic equations with a random potential. We show that the random fluctuations of such solutions are correctly estimated by the heterogeneous multi-scale algorithm when appropriate fine-scale problems are solved on subsets that cover the whole computational domain. However, when the fine-scale problems are solved over patches that do not cover the entire domain, the random fluctuations may or may not be estimated accurately. In the case of random potentials with short-range interactions, the variance of the random fluctuations is amplified as the inverse of the fraction of the medium covered by the patches. In the case of random potentials with long-range interactions, however, such an amplification does not occur and random fluctuations are correctly captured independent of the (macroscopic) size of the patches. These results are consistent with those obtained by the authors for more general equations in the one-dimensional setting and provide indications on the loss in accuracy that results from using coarser, and hence less computationally intensive, algorithms.
Fluctuations in the Homogenization of Semilinear Equations with Random Potentials
Guillaume Bal,Wenjia Jing
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We study the stochastic homogenization and obtain a random fluctuation theory for semilinear elliptic equations with a rapidly varying random potential. To first order, the effective potential is the average potential and the nonlinearity is not affected by the randomness. We then study the limiting distribution of the properly scaled homogenization error (random fluctuations) in the space of square integrable functions, and prove that the limit is a Gaussian distribution characterized by the homogenized solution, the Green's function of the linearized equation around the homogenized solution, and by the integral of the correlation function of the random potential. These results enlarge the scope of the framework that we have developed for linear equations to the class of semilinear equations.
Effects of a Flaxseed-Derived Lignan Supplement in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Cross-Over Trial
An Pan, Jianqin Sun, Yanqiu Chen, Xingwang Ye, Huaixing Li, Zhijie Yu, Yanfang Wang, Wenjia Gu, Xinyi Zhang, Xiafei Chen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Yong Liu, Xu Lin
PLOS ONE , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001148
Abstract: Background Flaxseed consumption has been shown to improve blood lipids in humans and flaxseed-derived lignan has been shown to enhance glycemic control in animals. The study aimed to investigate the effect of a flaxseed-derived lignan supplement on glycemic control, lipid profiles and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients. Methodology/Principal Findings This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial and it was conducted between April and December 2006 in Shanghai, China. Seventy-three type 2 diabetic patients with mild hypercholesterolemia were enrolled into the study. Patients were randomized to supplementation with flaxseed-derived lignan capsules (360 mg lignan per day) or placebo for 12 weeks, separated by an 8-week wash-out period. HbA1c, lipid profiles, insulin resistance index and inflammatory factors were measured. Sixty-eight completed the study and were included in the analyses. The lignan supplement significantly improved glycemic control as measured by HbA1c (-0.10±0.65 % vs. 0.09±0.52 %, P = 0.001) compared to placebo; however, no significant changes were observed in fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, insulin resistance and blood lipid profiles. Urinary excretion of lignan metabolites (enterodiol and enterolactone) was significantly higher after the lignan supplement intervention compared to baseline (14.2±18.1 vs. 1.2±2.4 μg/mL, P<0.001). Data also suggested minimal competition between lignan and isoflavones for bioavailability when measured by the excretion concentrations. Conclusions/Significance Daily lignan supplementation resulted in modest, yet statistically significant improvements in glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients without apparently affecting fasting glucose, lipid profiles and insulin sensitivity. Further studies are needed to validate these findings and explore the efficacy of lignans on type 2 diabetes. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00363233
Immunization against Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Effectively Protects Mice in both Pneumonia and Sepsis Models
Weiwei Huang, Yufeng Yao, Qiong Long, Xu Yang, Wenjia Sun, Cunbao Liu, Xiaomei Jin, Yang li, Xiaojie Chu, Bin Chen, Yanbing Ma
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100727
Abstract: Objective Acinetobacter baumannii is considered the prototypical example of a multi- or pan- drug-resistant bacterium. It has been increasingly implicated as a major cause of nosocomial and community-associated infections. This study proposed to evaluate the efficacy of immunological approaches to prevent and treat A. baumannii infections. Methods Mice were immunized with outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) prepared from a clinically isolated multidrug-resistant strain of A. baumannii. Pneumonia and sepsis models were used to evaluate the efficacy of active and passive immunization with OMVs. The probable effective mechanisms and the protective potential of clonally distinct clinical isolates were investigated in vitro using an opsonophagocytic assay. Results Intramuscular immunization with OMVs rapidly produced high levels of OMV-specific IgG antibodies, and subsequent intranasal challenge with A. baumannii elicited mucosal IgA and IgG responses. Both active and passive immunization protected the mice from challenges with homologue bacteria in a sepsis model. Bacterial burden in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF), lung, and spleen, inflammatory cell infiltration in BALF and lung, and inflammatory cytokine accumulation in BALF was significantly suppressed in the pneumonia model by both active and passive immunization strategies. The antisera from immunized mice presented with significant opsonophagocytic activities in a dose-dependent manner against not only homologous strains but also five of the other six clonally distinct clinical isolates. Conclusions Utilizing immunological characteristics of outer membrane proteins to elevate protective immunity and circumvent complex multidrug-resistance mechanisms might be a viable approach to effectively control A. baumannii infections.
Pyrolysis Kinetics of Physical Components of Wood and Wood-Polymers Using Isoconversion Method
Wenjia Jin,Kaushlendra Singh,John Zondlo
Agriculture , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/agriculture3010012
Abstract: Two hardwood species, namely red oak and yellow-poplar, were separated into their bark, sapwood and heartwood components. The samples were tested for calorific value, specific gravity, proximate analysis, mineral composition, chemical composition, ultimate analysis, and thermo-chemical decomposition behavior. In addition, the thermo-chemical decomposition behaviors of cellulose, xylan, and lignin polymers were also tested. Thermo-chemical decomposition behavior was assessed using a thermo-gravimetric (TGA) system by heating the sample from 50 °C to 700 °C at the heating rates of 10, 30 and 50 °C/min under nitrogen. The activation energy was calculated for various fractional conversion values using the isoconversion method. The results showed that char yields of lignin, cellulose and xylan were 41.43%, 4.45% and 1.89%, respectively, at the end of pyrolysis. Furthermore, cellulose, xylan and lignin decomposed dramatically in the temperature range of 320 °C to 360 °C, 150 °C to 230 °C and 100 °C to 410 °C, respectively, with decomposition peaks occurring at 340 °C, 200 °C and 340 °C, respectively. In addition, the maximum activation energy for cellulose was 381 kJ/mol at 360 °C and for xylan it was 348 kJ/mol at 210 °C.
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