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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 516201 matches for " Wang M "
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The Importance of Adjuvant Agents in Acute Intrathecal Baclofen Withdrawal: Case Report and Review of the Literature  [PDF]
Christopher M. Wang, Susan E. Opper
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.24024
Abstract: Objective: Baclofen (β-p-chlorophenyl-GABA) selectively activates the GABAB subtype of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors, a group of receptors known to provide inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. Available for over thirty years in oral form for the treatment of skeletal muscle spasticity, its availability now includes continuous intrathecal infusion via an internally implanted pump. While ideal for long-term attenuation of symptoms, this treatment modality can also become disastrous should the pump empty and withdrawal subsequently ensue. Case Report: A 48-year-old male with a past medical history of T8 spinal cord injury from a motor vehicle crash originally presented with altered mental status. Because of resultant paraplegia and spasticity from his injuries, a neurosurgeon implanted an intrathecal baclofen pump three years prior to presentation with symptomatic relief. Further exploration revealed that he had missed his scheduled pump refill appointment and interrogation of his pump confirmed a completely empty reservoir. The patient endured a protracted hospital course that included rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure, lactic acidosis, respiratory failure, and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Treatment included benzodiazepines, dantrolene, aggressive hydration, opiates, and refill of his intrathecal baclofen pump. His mentation and ventilatory status improved with recovery from his critical illness and eventual discharge. Conclusions: Treatment of intrathecal baclofen withdrawal should focus on restoration of previous intrathecal baclofen levels by refill of the intrathecal pump. Adjuvant medications such as benzodiazepines, propofol, cyproheptadine, dantrolene, tizanidine, and opiates may prove crucial in helping with muscle spasticity while these levels are reestablished. A high index of suspicion, leading to timely initiation of proper treatment, may serve as the most important factor in successful recovery from this life-threatening syndrome.
Reply to Comments to X. Li and Y. M. Wang (2011) Comparisons of geoid models over Alaska computed with different Stokes' kernel modifications, JGS 1(2): 136-142 by L. E. Sj berg
Y. M. Wang
Journal of Geodetic Science , 2012, DOI: 10.2478/v10156-011-0023-x
Abstract: The authors thank professor Sj berg for having interest in our paper. The main goal of the paper is to test kernel modification methods used in geoid computations. Our tests found that Vanicek/Kleusberg's and Featherstone's methods fit the GPS/leveling data the best in the relative sense at various cap sizes. At the same time, we also pointed out that their methods are unstable and the mean values change from dm to meters by just changing the cap size. By contrast, the modification of the Wong and Gore type (including the spectral combination, method of Heck and Grüninger) is stable and insensitive to the truncation degree and cap size. This feature is especially useful when we know the accuracy of the gravity field at different frequency bands. For instance, it is advisable to truncate Stokes' kernel at a degree to which the satellite model is believed to be more accurate than surface data. The method of the Wong and Goretype does this job quite well. In contrast, the low degrees of Stokes' kernel are modified by Molodensky's coefficients tn in Vanicek/Kleusberg's and Featherstone's methods (cf. Eq. (6) in Li and Wang (2011)). It implies that the low degree gravity field of the reference model will be altered by less accurate surface data in the final geoid. This is also the cause of the larger variation in mean values of the geoid.
Nonlinear instability and sensitivity of a theoretical grassland ecosystem to finite-amplitude perturbations
M. Mu,B. Wang
Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (NPG) , 2007,
Abstract: Within a theoretical model context, the sensitivity and instability of the grassland ecosystem to finite-amplitude perturbations are studied. A new approach of conditional nonlinear optimal perturbations (CNOPs) is adopted to investigate this nonlinear problem. It is shown that the linearly stable grassland (desert) states can be nonlinearly unstable with finite-amplitude initial perturbations, which represent the human activities and natural factors on the ecosystem. When the moisture index is between the two bifurcation points, a large enough finite amplitude perturbation can induce a transition from the grassland (desert) state to the desert (grassland) state. The thresholds of such transition along the bifurcation diagram of the moisture index are also given by the CNOPs approach. The results also support the viewpoint of Zeng et al., whose emphasis is on the shading effect of wilted grass on the grassland ecosystem. Comparisons between the results obtained by approach of CNOPs and linear singular vectors are made, which demonstrates that CNOPs is a useful tool to explore the nonlinear features of the ecosystem.
Hardware implementation of smart antenna systems
H. Wang,M. Glesner
Advances in Radio Science : Kleinheubacher Berichte , 2006,
Abstract: Smart antenna systems attract a lot attentions now and believably more in the future, as it can increase the capacity of mobile communication systems dramatically. Design of smart antenna systems combines the technologies of antenna design, signal processing, and hardware implementation. In this paper, a propose of smart antenna structure, as well as some function blocks that have been already implemented in hardware will be presented.
Transmit Power Control for Optimization of Wireless Sensor Networks
M. Shakir,W. Wang
Information Technology Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Power conservation is an issue which has to be primarily considered in wireless sensor networks. Since we have the limitation of battery life so an appropriate transmit power has to be chosen while guaranteeing the maximal connectivity at the same time. It is in our best interest to have each node transmit at lowest possible power thus prolonging the network lifetime and preserving the connectivity. So this study investigate the most optimum transmit power while considering the data rates and how densely the nodes are deployed. The effects of the interference powers have to be minimized by reaching towards the minimal transmit power. We have worked out on the interference powers introduced due to different ways of deployments of wireless sensor networks over a certain area and we used the graphical approach to look at the effects of distance from the central receiving nodes and the varying densities on the BER. We have also investigated the phenomena through simulations and the main aim being to optimize the performance of sensor networks by observing their behavior in various regularly placed deployments.
Post-Newtonian gravitational radiation and equations of motion via direct integration of the relaxed Einstein equations. IV. Radiation reaction for binary systems with spin-spin coupling
Han Wang,Clifford M. Will
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.064017
Abstract: Using post-Newtonian equations of motion for fluid bodies that include radiation-reaction terms at 2.5 and 3.5 post-Newtonian (PN) order O[(v/c)^5] and O[(v/c)^7] beyond Newtonian order), we derive the equations of motion for binary systems with spinning bodies, including spin-spin effects. In particular we determine the effects of radiation-reaction coupled to spin-spin effects on the two-body equations of motion, and on the evolution of the spins. We find that radiation damping causes a 3.5PN order, spin-spin induced precession of the individual spins. This contrasts with the case of spin-orbit coupling, where there is no effect on the spins at 3.5PN order. Employing the equations of motion and of spin precession, we verify that the loss of total energy and total angular momentum induced by spin-spin effects precisely balances the radiative flux of those quantities calculated by Kidder et al.
Baryonic B Meson Decays
M. Z. Wang
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2006.12.052
Abstract: Recent results on baryonic B decays from the two b-factories, BABAR and Belle, are presented. These include studies of B+ to p pbar pi+, B+ to p Lambdabar gamma and B0 to p Lambdabar pi-; observations of B+ to p Lambdabar pi0, B to Lambda_c+ Lambda_c- K, and B+ to Xibar0_c Lambda_c+; and study of the inclusive B decays to Lambda_c.
Observation of B0 to p Lambdabar pi-
M. -Z. Wang
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.201802
Abstract: We report the first observation of the charmless hyperonic B decay, B0 -> p Lambdabar pi-, using a 78 fb^-1 data sample recorded on the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at KEKB. The measured branching fraction is B(B0 -> p Lambdabar pi-) = (3.97 ^{+1.00}_{-0.80} +- 0.56) * 10^-6. Searches for B0 -> p Lambdabar K- and p Sigmabar0 pi- yield no significant signals and we set 90% confidence level upper limits of B(B0 -> p Lambdabar K-) < 8.2 * 10^-7 and B(B0 -> p Sigmabar0 pi-) < 3.8 * 10^-6.
Anisotropic spin transport in two-terminal mesoscopic rings: the Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions
M. Wang,Kai Chang
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.125330
Abstract: We investigate theoretically the spin transport in two-terminal mesoscopic rings in the presence of both the Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI) and the Dresselhaus spin-orbit interaction (DSOI). We find that the interplay between the RSOI and DSOI breaks the original cylindric symmetry of mesoscopic ring and consequently leads to the anisotropic spin transport, i.e., the conductance is sensitive to the positions of the incoming and outgoing leads. The anisotropic spin transport can survive even in the presence of disorder caused by impurity elastic scattering in a realistic system.
From Dirac Notation to Probability Bracket Notation: Time Evolution and Path Integral under Wick Rotations
Xing M. Wang
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In this article, we continue to investigate the application of Probability Bracket Notation (PBN). We show that, under Special Wick Rotation (caused by imaginary-time rotation), the Schrodinger equation of a conservative system and its path integral in Dirac rotation are simultaneously shifted to the master equation and its Euclidean path integral of an induced micro diffusion in PBN. Moreover, by extending to General Wick Rotation and using the anti-Hermitian wave-number operator, we execute the path integral in Dirac notation side-by-side with the Euclidean path integral in PBN, and derive the Euclidean Lagrangian of induced diffusions and Smoluchowski equation.
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