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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2810 matches for " Wafa Hussain "
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Causes of anemia in pregnant women of the state of azad kashmir: A cross-sectional survey  [PDF]
Atif Abbasi, Sheeba Arooj, Wafa Hussain, Asif Iqbal Mughal, Nazneen Habib, Wajid Aziz, Muhammad Rafique
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.51006

Background: Epidemic of anemia is considered to be a significant threat to pregnant women or women in child bearing age. Anemia is one of the major nutritional health disorders affecting significant proportion of population not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. This threat is more alarming in developing countries where poverty, illiteracy may contribute to high risk for causes of anemia. Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the main causes of anemia in pregnant women in the State of Azad Kashmir, Muzaffarabad and to investigate the relationship between education and anemia. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted over a sample of 433 pregnant women. The Chi- square test has been used to assess the statistical significance of different risk factors with Hb% (Heamoglobin) of the respondent. The multiple logistic regression model was used to get the most significant risk factors of anemia. Results: The study shows that the most dominant risk factors of the anemia were age at the time of marriage at different age categories that are 16 - 20 (OR = 3.945) (OR Odds ratios) with 95% C-I (confidence interval) (0.294 to 52.985), 21 - 25 (OR = 2.316) with 95% C-I (0.192 to 27.932) and 26 - 30 (OR = 4.179) with 95% C-I (0.347 to 50.320). Education at different education levels that is illiterate (OR = 1.191) with 95% C-I (0.005 to 87.279) and primary (OR = 1.179) with 95% C-I (0.009 to 156.200). Hb% at different levels 3 - 4 g/dl (OR = 1.220) with 95% C-I (0.299 to 4.984), 5 - 6 g/dl (OR = 2.221) with 95% C-I (0.679 to7.263) and 7 - 10 g/dl (OR = 1.384) with 95% C-I (0.408 to

4.689). Monthly income < 10,000 (OR = 2.296) 95% C-I (0.385 to 13.677), 11,000 - 15,000 (OR = 3.623) 95% C-I (0.678 to 19.31) and 16,000 to 20,000 (OR = 2.158) 95% C-I (0.441 to 10.563). Age of last child born 1 year (OR = 1.711) 95% C-I (0.399 to 7.341), 2 year (OR = 1.284) 95% C-I (0.304 to 5.421) and <1 year (OR = 2.224) 95% C-I (0.552 to 8.952). Daily eating habits, just like previous (OR = 2.415) 95% C-I (0.652 to 8.948), less than previous (OR = 3.671) 95% C-I (0.868 to 15.522). Previous history of miscarriage (OR = 1.258) 95% C-I (0.103 to 0.647), suffered in any hemorrhagic disease (OR = 1.529) 95% C-I (0.592 to 3.949). Nature of the work Exhaustive (OR = 1.961) 95% C-I (0.805 to 4.779).

Paid Work & Decision Making Power of Married Women Cross Sectional Survey of Muzaffarabad Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir  [PDF]
Sheeba Arooj, Wafa Hussain, Amber Arooj, Asif Iqbal, Saqib Hameed, Atif Abbasi
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.33022

Background: Current research focuses primarily on women’s autonomy in decision making while little attention is paid to their freedom of expression. Socioeconomic & socio demographic factors affect women’s autonomy in decision making. In the developing countries, particularly in Pakistan, although women are making significant financial contributions but they are still under collective decisions of husband and other family members while sometimes they are blindly relying on husband’s decision. Objective of study was to find out association of women’s autonomy in decision making & socioeconomic factors. Method: Cross sectional survey was conducted in Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir on married working women (N = 500). The data consist of women’s three decisions: birth control decision, financial decision and freedom of expression. A number of socio-demographic variables were used in chi-square analysis to examine the association of these variables with the said decisions. Results: Age, residence, education, professional differences, job nature, monthly income of married women are positively associated with autonomy in decision making. 59% women of above 30 years age exercise independence in birth control decisions (p value 0.02). Urban women

Perceptions for Transformational leadership, Followers’ Psychological Capital and Intent to Leave in Pakistan: an insight from Medical and Engineering Sector
Kamariah Ismail,Wafa Khurram,Tajammal Hussain,Syed Khurram Ali Jafri
Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business , 2011,
Abstract: Through this study, an effort has been made to join in the scholarly endeavor to identify the reasons for brain drain generally and specifically in Pakistan. The mushroom growth of intents to leave among the employees has been recognized as one of the most important factors for brain drain, globally. Identifying the importance of leadership and followers’ psychological capital in reducing intents to leave, the prevailing perceptions for the role of transformational leadership and the psychological capital of the followers among the employees from Medical and Engineering sector of Pakistan, is studied. Data from 149 respondents was collected by Stratified random sampling and distributing questionnaire by mail survey method. Descriptive analysis showed that most of the employees having high levels of perceptions for transformational leader are stronger in terms of their psychological capacities of hope, optimism, resilience and efficacy than their counterparts. However, the intents to leave are found stronger in more educated and experienced employees with greater levels of psychological capital. It is attributed through findings that intents to leave among the employees of Pakistan may reduce by developing their psychological capital through motivational capacity of transformational leadership nevertheless, implication regarding role of transformational leaders are discussed.
Arabic Language Teachers in the State of Michigan: Views of Their Professional Needs  [PDF]
Hassan Wafa
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.45053
Abstract: A full-day summer conference directed by this investigator took place in Dearborn city under the umbrella of Western Michigan University for professional development of Arabic teachers serving public, private, and academic charter schools in Michigan. The theoretical framework for conducting the conference was focused on the issue of teaching strategies as well as the needs assessment of teachers for improving their professional development. A group of fifty teachers volunteered to participate in the conference and were asked to complete a twelve-item questionnaire designed to provide their professional profile and their preference in developing professional development. Their professional profile included years of Arabic teaching experience in the United States, teaching level (elementary school, middle school, or high school), teaching certificate, academic credentials, and type of school (public, private, or charter school). The findings indicated that among the ten sub-items related to the professional development skills of the teachers, “Implementing differentiated language instruction” was rated by the participating teachers as the most important components of their professional development skills; followed in order by “Integrating technology and Arabic instruction”; “Using effective learner-centered teaching strategies”; “Using and maintaining Arabic language”; “Implementing a standards-based curriculum”; “Developing curriculum and thematic units”; “Implementing performance assessment methods”; “Conducting constructive action research in Arabic instruction”; “Conducting the Oral Proficiency Interview”; and “Learning how to be a certified Arabic language teacher in Michigan”. In response to the questions regarding the role of Council in supporting Arabic teachers, the participating teachers made a number of constructive suggestions to help improve the quality of teaching Arabic with special focus on facilitating appropriate teaching materials and other instructional tools as a part of curriculum development.
A New FLAME Selection Method for Intrusion Detection (FLAME-ID)  [PDF]
Wafa Alsharafat
Communications and Network (CN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2019.111002
Abstract: Due to the ever growing number of cyber attacks, especially of the online systems, development and operation of adaptive Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) is badly needed so as to protect these systems. It remains as a goal of paramount importance to achieve and a serious challenge to address. Different selection methods have been developed and implemented in Genetic Algorithms (GAs) to enhance the rate of detection of the IDSs. In this respect, the present study employed the eXtended Classifier System (XCS) for detection of intrusions by matching the incoming environmental message (packet) with a classifiers pool to determine whether the incoming message is a normal request or an intrusion. Fuzzy Clustering by Local Approximation Membership (FLAME) represents the new selection method used in GAs. In this study, Genetic Algorithm with FLAME selection (FGA) was used as a production engine for the XCS. For comparison purposes, different selection methods were compared with FLAME selection and all experiments and evaluations were performed by using the KDD’99 dataset.
Humid Air Plasma Treatment of Birnessite Surface: Application to the Removal of Cochineal Red  [PDF]
Wafa Chouchene, Nizar Bellakhal
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.611101
Abstract: The thin layers of birnessite (Mn7O13?5H2O) are exposed to reactive species gliding arc plasma in humid air, which induces the treatment of the thin layers surface. Plasma treatment thin layer of birnessite was used for the degradation of Cochineal Red. The experimental results showed that 95% of the CR solution was completely decolorized by thin layer of birnessite treated by plasma compared to 80% of the same solution after interaction of thin layer of birnessite untreated. The decay kinetics always follows a pseudo-first order reaction. The application of the humid air plasma for the surface treatment of thin layers of birnessite improves the efficiency of treatment for Cochineal Red degradation.
Wafa Hamdi Les muftis ottomans face aux changements du XIXe siècle : crises, mutations et réformes à Istanbul et à Tunis pendant les Tanzimat (1839-1876)
Wafa Hamdi
Cahiers Balkaniques , 2012,
Abstract: Cette étude, effectuée sous la direction de M. Faruk BILICI, porte sur le r le joué par les plus hautes autorités religieuses ottomanes d’Istanbul et de Tunis face aux réformes introduites dans les trois premiers quarts du XIXe siècle et connues sous le nom des Tanzimat. En effet, les Tanzimat désignent, dans l’histoire politique de l’Empire ottoman, la période des réformes qui débute en 1839, sous le sultan Abdülmecid, et dure jusqu’à la promulgation de la constitution (1876). Ce mouvement d...
Crystal Structure and Physicochemical Properties of 2-Diisopropylammonium Ethylammonium Sulfate Dihydrate  [PDF]
Wafa Amamou, Taha Guerfel, Taher Mhiri
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2012.13008
Abstract: A new organic sulfate (C8H22N2)SO42H2O denoted DPAES is obtained by interaction of H2SO4 with the organic molecule 2-[Diisopropylamino] ethylamine. We describe its crystallographic and structural features. DPAES is triclinic, Pī, with the lattice parameters a = 6.8841(2)?, b = 8.4966(2)?, c = 12.0804(3)?, = 81.824(1)o, = 88.007(1)o, = 78.649(1)o, V = 685.72(3)?3, and Z = 2. Its atomic arrangement is described as inorganic chains of SO42- units and water molecules, these chains are interconnected by organic groups so as to build layers parallel to the (001) planes. The IR data of DPAES are reported and discussed according to the theoretical group analysis and by comparison with IR results of similar compounds. The coupled TG-DTA thermal study shows the departure of two water molecule, con- firming the hydrated character of this compound.
Use of Constructivist Approach in Higher Education: An Instructors’ Observation  [PDF]
Irshad Hussain
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.32028
Abstract: The study aimed at exploring the significance of constructivist approach at higher education level. It also examined its effects on social learning of students. The researcher adopted observational method of descriptive research. The participants of the study consisted of students of Master of Arts in Education (M. A. Education) of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. The researcher taught a course titled, “Qualitative research methods” for three years to three (different M. A. Education) classes. The researcher used constructivist approach and designed activities to involve students in the process of learning. The activities were offered to homogeneous (male-male and female-female) as well as heterogeneous (male-female) groups of students. On the basis of observation, the researcher concluded that students enjoyed working on collaborative and cooperative projects and tasks. They were keen on constructing knowledge by involving themselves in activities and showing their readiness to embrace constructivist approach. Constructivist approach played a significant role in the process of learning to constructing knowledge. Similarly, collaborative and cooperative work developed contribution spirit among students overcoming their shyness and introversion. They became independent and capable of taking initiatives in conducting research projects. They also learnt ethics, social skills and etiquettes in groups. However, some culture related problems like working of female students with their counterparts and shyness of rural students were noted.
Integrative therapy for personality disorders: Experiences in developing integrative approaches for treatment-refractory personality-disordered clients  [PDF]
Nazir Hussain
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.55112

Personality Disordered (herein referred to as PD) clients are challenging to statutory mental healthcare programmes. They can be difficult to diagnose: their disorders can be obscured by second-order problems such as anxiety and depression, caused by PD cognitive processes. Treatment-as-usual (the predominant model of psychiatric intervention) for PD clients in crisis tends to focus on these second-order presentations, but provide no means of identifying underlying PD. The purpose of this paper is to describe how heuristic methods of diagnosis can be used to reframe the client’s distress in the context of personality disorders (according to DSM-IV criteria), and how subsequent application of integrative therapies can break their cycle of recidivism. Method: Two case studies of treatment-refractory individuals with cyclical patterns of crisis-point service engagement for self-harm or psychotic depression where heuristic/ integrative therapies were used. Results: The use of integrative therapies in the case studies presented resulted in a marked change in recidivism and quality of life for each client, as measured by a significant reduction in presentation of symptoms and hypervigilance. Discussion: By understanding the maladaptive cognitive-behavioural processes of PD clients, they can be modified to reduce the client’s self-defeating behavioural patterns, breaking the cycle of recidivism. However, a new diagnostic strategy must first be formulated that looks at the clients past use of mental health services to detect underlying PD.

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