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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 157495 matches for " WANG Xiaofang "
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Xiao-Fang Wang
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811008993
Abstract: In the title compound, [Cu3(C8H4O4)2(C8H5O4)2(C18H10N4)2]n, one CuII atom, located on an inversion center, is hexacoordinated and shows a distorted octahedral coordination geometry, while the other CuII atom is pentacoordinated and exhibits a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. The CuII atoms are bridged by isophthalate and 3-carboxybenzoate ligands, forming a chain structure along the b axis. Furthermore, the chains are linked by O—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming a layer parallel to the ab plane.
Taichi Softball as a Novel Chinese Health-Promoting Exercise for Physical Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Liye Zou, Huiru Wang, Mark Zhang, Zhongjun Xiao, Qun Fang
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.72002
Abstract: Background: Taichi softball was voted as one of the most popular health-promoting exercises in the category of ball games, which is attributed to that Taichi softball is not only beneficial for lower extremity-related physical health (e.g., balance, leg strength, and flexibility), but can also develop manipulative skill and hand-eye coordination (eating, bathing, dressing, bathing required manipulative skills, grips movement and strength). However, the positive effects of Taichi softball on physical health have rarely been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of Taichi softball on physical health. Methods: Five electronic databases were used to conduct literature searches. Two review authors independently extracted data in a standardized manner. The methodological quality of studies included was independently evaluated according to the Cochrane Collaboration’s for Assessing Risk of Bias from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Review Interventions. The standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using more conservative random effects model were calculated. Results: The sample size of 411 participants ranged from 32 to 150 in the RCTs, along with a wide age range from 18 to 75. The length of Taichi softball intervention peri-ods in the eligible studies ranged from 12 weeks to 12 months. The participants in the studies consisted of healthy college students, patients with Type 2 diabe-tes, and older adults from community centers. Six randomized controlled trials were used for the meta-analysis. The aggregated results are in favor of Taichi softball on improving physical health in participants with healthy status and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The improvement on the primary components of the physical health consisted of handgrip strength (SMD, -0.6, 95% CI -0.84 to 0.36, p < 0.00001), trunk flexibility (SMD, -0.4, 95% CI -0.74 to -0.05, p = 0.03), static (SMD, -0.73, 95% CI -0.94 to -0.51, p < 0.00001) and dynamic balance (SMD, -0.68, 95% CI -1.2 to -0.17, p = 0.009). Conclusions: Taichi softball appears to be beneficial for improving physical health (hand strength, physical balance, flexibility, aerobic endurance, resting heart rate, diastolic and systolic pressures) among healthy adults and patients with Type 2 Diabetes. However, because of the low methodological quality of assessment, ill-designed experimental designs, and small study size, a definite conclusion of Taichi softball improving physical health can be confirmed along with high-quality studies with long follow-up.
The effect of different number of diffusion gradients on SNR of diffusion tensor-derived measurement maps  [PDF]
Na Zhang, Zhen-Sheng Deng, Fang Wang, Xiao-Yi Wang
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2009.22018
Abstract: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is mainly applied to white matter fiber tracking in human brain, but there is still a debate on how many diffusion gradient directions should be used to get the best results. In this paper, the performance of 7 protocols corresponding to 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 25, and 30 noncollinear number of diffusion gradi-ent directions (NDGD) were discussed by com-paring signal-noise ratio (SNR) of tensor- de-rived measurement maps and fractional ani-sotropy (FA) values. All DTI data (eight healthy volunteers) were downloaded from the website of Johns Hopkins Medical Institute Laboratory of Brain Anatomi-cal MRI with permission. FA, apparent diffusion constant mean (ADC-mean), the largest eigen-value (LEV), and eigenvector orientation (EVO) maps associated with LEV of all subjects were calculated derived from tensor in the 7 proto-cols via DTI Studio. A method to estimate the variance was presented to calculate SNR of these tensor-derived maps. Mean &amp;#177; standard deviation of the SNR and FA values within re-gion of interest (ROI) selected in the white mat-ter were compared among the 7 protocols. The SNR were improved significantly with NDGD increasing from 6 to 20 (P&amp;lt;0.05). From 20 to 30, SNR were improved significantly for LEV and EVO maps (P&amp;lt;0.05), but no significant dif-ferences for FA and ADC-mean maps (P&amp;gt;0.05). There were no significant variances in FA val-ues within ROI between any two protocols (P&amp;gt; 0.05). The SNR could be improved with NDGD in-creasing, but an optimum protocol is needed because of clinical limitations.
Adsorption kinetics, isotherm, and thermodynamic studies of adsorption of pollutant from aqueous solutions onto humic acid

YaJun Wang,HongLang Xiao,Fang Wang,

寒旱区科学 , 2009,
Abstract: In the present study, humic acid was used as an adsorbent for the investigation of the adsorption kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamic parameters of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution at varying pH, temperatures, and concentrations. Adsorption isotherms and equilibrium adsorption capacities were determined by the fittings of the experimental data to three well-known isotherm models: Langmuir, Freundlich, and Redlich-Peterson. The results showed that the Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson models appear to fit the adsorption better than did the Freundlich adsorption model for the adsorption of chromium onto humic acid. The equilibrium constants were used to calculate thermodynamic parameters such as the change of free energy, enthalpy, and entropy. The derived adsorption constants (logaL) and their temperature dependencies from Langmuir isotherm have been used to calculate the corresponding thermodynamic quantities such as the free energy of adsorption, heat, and entropy of adsorption. The thermodynamic data indicate that Cr (VI) adsorption onto humic acid is entropically driven and characterized by physical adsorption.
A light pseudoscalar of 2HDM confronted with muon g-2 and experimental constraints
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2015)039
Abstract: A light pseudoscalar of the lepton-specific 2HDM can enhance the muon g-2, but suffer from various constraints easily, such as the 125.5 GeV Higgs signals, non-observation of additional Higgs at the collider and even $B_s\to \mu^+\mu^-$. In this paper, we take the light CP-even Higgs as the 125.5 GeV Higgs, and examine the implications of those observables on a pseudoscalar with the mass below the half of 125.5 GeV. Also the other relevant theoretical and experimental constraints are considered. We find that the pseudoscalar can be allowed to be as low as 10 GeV, but the corresponding $\tan\beta$, $\sin(\beta-\alpha)$ and the mass of charged Higgs are strongly constrained. In addition, the surviving samples favor the wrong-sign Yukawa coupling region, namely that the 125.5 GeV Higgs couplings to leptons have opposite sign to the couplings to gauge bosons and quarks.
Status of the aligned two-Higgs-doublet model confronted with the Higgs data
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP04(2014)128
Abstract: Imposing the theoretical constraints from vacuum stability, unitarity and perturbativity as well as the experimental constraints from the electroweak precision data, flavor observables and the non-observation of additional Higgs at collider, we study the implications of available Higgs signals on a two-Higgs-doublet model with the alignment of the down-type quarks and charged lepton Yukawa coupling matrices. Compared to the four traditional types of two-Higgs-doublet models, the model has two additional mixing angles $\theta_d$ and $\theta_l$ in the down-type quark and charged lepton Yukawa interactions. We find that the mixing angle $\theta_d$ can loose the constraints on $sin(\beta-\alpha)$, $tan\beta$ and $m_{H^{\pm}}$ sizably. The model can provide the marginally better fit to available Higgs signals data than SM, which requires the Higgs couplings with gauge bosons, $u\bar{u}$ and $d\bar{d}$ to be properly suppressed, and favors (1 <\theta_d< 2, 0.5 <\theta_l< 2.2) for $m_h=$ 125.5 GeV and (0.5 <\theta_d< 2, 0.5 <\theta_l< 2.2) for $m_H=$ 125.5 GeV. However, these Higgs couplings are allowed to have sizable deviations from SM for ($m_h=$ 125.5 GeV, 125.5 $\leq m_H\leq$ 128 GeV) and (125 GeV $\leq m_h\leq$ 125.5 GeV, $m_H=$ 125.5 GeV).
The recent Higgs boson data and Higgs triplet model with vectorlike quarks
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.095007
Abstract: Some vectorlike quarks are added to the Higgs triplet model with the motivation of fitting the recent Higgs boson data released by LHC and Tevatron collaborations. These vectorlike quarks can suppress the cross section of $gg\to h$ sizably, while the charged scalars, especially for the doubly charged scalar, can enhance $Br(h\to \gamma\gamma)$ more sizably. Besides, the Higgs couplings to $WW$, $ZZ$ and light fermions can be the same as their SM values. Thus, the model will enhance the Higgs production rates into $\gamma\gamma$ and $jj\gamma\gamma$, while those for $WW^*$, $ZZ^*$ and $\tau\bar{\tau}$ at the LHC are reduced relative to their SM predictions. The Higgs production rates into $Vb\bar{b}$ at the Tevatron are the same as the SM values.
LHC diphoton and Z+photon Higgs signals in the Higgs triplet model with Y=0
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2014)010
Abstract: We study the implications of the LHC diphoton and Z+photon Higgs signals on the Higgs triplet model with Y=0. We discuss three different scenarios: (i) the observed boson is the light Higgs boson $h$; (ii) it is the heavy Higgs boson $H$; (iii) the observed signal is from the almost degenerate $h$ and $H$. We find that the inclusive Higgs diphoton rates in the first two scenarios can be enhanced or suppressed compared to the SM value, which can respectively fit the ATLAS and CMS diphoton data within $1\sigma$ range. The inclusive $ZZ^*$ rates are suppressed, which are outside $1\sigma$ range of ATLAS data and within $1\sigma$ range of CMS data. Meanwhile, another CP-even Higgs boson production rate can be suppressed enough not to be observed at the collider. For the third scenario, the Higgs diphoton rate is suppressed, which is outside $1\sigma$ range of ATLAS data, and the $ZZ^*$ rate equals to SM value approximately. In addition, we find that the two rates of $h\to \gamma\gamma$ and $h\to Z\gamma$ have the positive correlations for the three scenarios.
130 GeV gamma-ray line and enhancement of $h\toγγ$ in the Higgs triplet model plus a scalar dark matter
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.015015
Abstract: With a discrete $Z_2$ symmetry being imposed, we introduce a real singlet scalar $S$ to the Higgs triplet model with the motivation of explaining the tentative evidence for a spectral feature at $E_\gamma$ = 130 GeV in the Fermi LAT data. The model can naturally satisfy the experimental constraints of the dark matter relic density and direct detection data from Xenon100. The doubly charged and one charged scalars can enhance the annihilation cross section of $SS\to\gamma\gamma$ via the one-loop contributions, and give the negligible contributions to the relic density. $<\sigmav>_{SS\to\gamma\gamma}$ for $m_{S}=130$ GeV can reach $\ord(1)\times10^{-27} cm^3 s^{-1}$ for the small charged scalar masses and the coupling constant of larger than 1. Besides, this model also predict a second photon peak at 114 GeV from the annihilation $SS\to\gamma Z$, and the cross section is approximately 0.76 times that of $SS\to\gamma \gamma$, which is below the upper limit reported by Fermi LAT. Finally, the light charged scalars can enhance LHC diphoton Higgs rate, and make it to be consistent with the experimental data reported by ATLAS and CMS.
A simplified 2HDM with a scalar dark matter and the galactic center gamma-ray excess
Lei Wang,Xiao-Fang Han
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2014.11.016
Abstract: Due to the strong constrain from the LUX experiment, the scalar portal dark matter can not generally explain a gamma-ray excess in the galactic center by the annihilation of dark matter into $b\bar{b}$. With the motivation of eliminating the tension, we add a scalar dark matter to the aligned two-Higgs-doublet model, and focus on a simplified scenario, which has two main characteristics: (i) The heavy CP-even Higgs is the discovered 125 GeV Higgs boson, which has the same couplings to the gauge bosons and fermions as the SM Higgs. (ii) Only the light CP-even Higgs mediates the dark matter interactions with SM particles, which has no couplings to $WW$ and $ZZ$, but the independent couplings to the up-type quarks, down-type quarks and charged leptons. We find that the tension between $<\sigma v>_{SS\to b\bar{b}}$ and the constraint from LUX induced by the scalar portal dark matter can go away for the isospin-violating dark matter-nucleon coupling with $-1.0< f^n/f^p<0.7$, and the constraints from the Higgs search experiments and the relic density of Planck are also satisfied.
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