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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6315 matches for " Vincent Rotimi "
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Antibiotic resistance as a global threat: Evidence from China, Kuwait and the United States
Ruifang Zhang, Karen Eggleston, Vincent Rotimi, Richard J Zeckhauser
Globalization and Health , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1744-8603-2-6
Abstract: We study the recent patterns of antibiotic resistance in three geographically separated, and culturally and economically distinct countries – China, Kuwait and the United States – to gauge the range and depth of this global health threat, and its potential for growth as globalization expands. Our primary measures are the prevalence of resistance of specific bacteria to specific antibiotics. We also propose and illustrate methods for aggregating specific "bug-drug" data. We use these aggregate measures to summarize the resistance pattern for each country and to study the extent of correlation between countries' patterns of drug resistance.We find that China has the highest level of antibiotic resistance, followed by Kuwait and the U.S. In a study of resistance patterns of several most common bacteria in China in 1999 and 2001, the mean prevalence of resistance among hospital-acquired infections was as high as 41% (with a range from 23% to 77%) and that among community- acquired infections was 26% (with a range from 15% to 39%). China also has the most rapid growth rate of resistance (22% average growth in a study spanning 1994 to 2000). Kuwait is second (17% average growth in a period from 1999 to 2003), and the U.S. the lowest (6% from 1999 to 2002). Patterns of resistance across the three countries are not highly correlated; the most correlated were China and Kuwait, followed by Kuwait and the U.S., and the least correlated pair was China and the U.S.Antimicrobial resistance is a serious and growing problem in all three countries. To date, there is not strong international convergence in the countries' resistance patterns. This finding may change with the greater international travel that will accompany globalization. Future research on the determinants of drug resistance patterns, and their international convergence or divergence, should be a priority.In 1942, the first U.S. patient with streptococcal infection was miraculously cured with a small dose of penicilli
Predictive Potentials of Some Psycho-Socio-Personal Variables on Divorce among Couples in Ibadan Nigeria  [PDF]
Rotimi Adebayo Animasahun
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.613167
Abstract: The rate at which many marriages crash in Nigeria nowadays calls for serious attention. The effect of divorce on the couples concerned, their children and relatives is better imagined than experienced. This study therefore investigated the predictive potentials of infertility, socio-economic status, religious factor, premarital-cohabitation, sexual intimacy, age at marriage and in-law factor on divorce among couples in Ibadan. Two hundred and fifty divorcees responded to standardized instruments used to collect data. Seven hypotheses and one research question guided the study. Results showed that all the variables correlated positively with the criterion variable (divorce), and the research question revealed that the independent variables jointly contributed a total of 92.9% of the total variance for incidence of divorce. Recommendations were made to reduce the menace of divorce in Nigerian society.
The Public Health Implications of the Use and Misuse of Tobacco among the Aboriginals in Canada
Rotimi Orisatoki
Global Journal of Health Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n1p28
Abstract: Tobacco smoking among the Aboriginal populations is a major public health issue in Canada. It remains a major contributory risk factor to the poor health status as well as years of potential life lost seen among the indigenous people. The use of tobacco has a spiritual importance to the people as a means of making connection to the Creator, but unfortunately tobacco smoking has taken a recreational aspect which has little or no connection with Aboriginal spirituality. The non-traditional use of tobacco is believed by the Elders to be disrespectful to the Aboriginal culture and traditional way of life. There is an increase in rate of use of smokeless tobacco as well as smoking of tobacco among the youth with increase in percentage among females. There are socioeconomic implications as well as adverse health effects of the misuse of tobacco on the Aboriginal people that need to be addressed. The healthcare professionals have a unique role in helping patients to reduce tobacco use within the community through programs that are culturally sensitive and relevant. Successful strategies requires general support from the community and it is very important that some of that support comes from community leaders, including spiritual, professional, administrative and elected policy makers.
Response Elicitation in English-medium Christian Pulpit Discourse (ECPD)
Taiwo, Rotimi
Linguistik Online , 2006,
Abstract: The study is an investigation into the various ways pulpit preachers in Christian religion elicit responses from their congregation. The data for the study consists of messages delivered from the pulpit at denominational, non-denominational and interdenominational Christian services in South-Western Nigeria. Working within the framework of Sociolinguistics and Discourse Analysis, the analyses reveal that preachers control the discourse, while the worshippers share in the process of creation of the text as it unfolds. For instance, they determine what responses are given, how they should be given and when to give them. It was also observed that response elicitation is done through the use of interrogatives, declaratives and imperatives, and such responses may come in forms of speech, physical action, and mental behaviour. Our analyses reveal a preponderance of spoken responses in the data. Five kinds of spoken responses are identified in the data, namely: Conventional Answer (CA), Response to Prayers (RP), Repeated Statements (RS), Gap Filling (GF), and Corrected Statement (CS). The study concludes that despite that the way responses are elicited depends largely on the practices of any religious community, certain patterns of elicitation are common in ECPD. The degree of control and the kind of response elicited by a preacher are determined by the language expectations of the community. Such expectations include knowledge of the language code, principles, norms, use, situation and the world of such religious communities.
"Forms and Functions of Interrogation in Charismatic Christian Pulpit Discourse."
Rotimi Taiwo.
Nebula , 2005,
Abstract:
"Language, Ideology and Power Relations in Nigerian Newspaper Headlines."
Rotimi Taiwo
Nebula , 2007,
Abstract:
Mapping Nigerian Literature
Rotimi Fasan
Nebula , 2010,
Abstract:
Diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli are not a significant cause of diarrhoea in hospitalised children in Kuwait
M John Albert, Vincent O Rotimi, Rita Dhar, Susan Silpikurian, Alexander S Pacsa, A Majid Molla, Gyorgy Szucs
BMC Microbiology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-9-62
Abstract: The prevalence of DEC varied from 0.75% for EHEC to 8.4% for EPEC (mostly atypical variety) in diarrhoeal children with no significant differences compared to that in control children (P values 0.15 to 1.00). Twenty-seven EPEC isolates studied mostly belonged to non-traditional serotypes and possessed β and θ intimin subtypes. A total of 54 DEC isolates from diarrhoeal children and 4 from controls studied for antimicrobial susceptibility showed resistance for older antimicrobials, ampicillin (0 to 100%), tetracycline (33 to 100%) and trimethoprim (22.2 to 100%); 43.1% of the isolates were multidrug-resistant (resistant to 3 or more agents). Six (10.4%) DEC isolates produced extended spectrum β-lactamases and possessed genetic elements (blaCTX-M, blaTEM and ISEcp1) associated with them.We speculate that the lack of significant association of DEC with diarrhoea in children in Kuwait compared to countries surrounding the Arabian Gulf Region may be attributable to high environmental and food hygiene due to high disposable income in Kuwait.Diarrhoeal diseases are a major childhood health problem. Although children in developing countries are the worst affected, children from more developed countries also suffer from diarrhoeal diseases, albeit to a lesser extent. Kuwait is a relatively small country of approximately 17,820 km2situated in the desert Arabian Gulf region [1]. It has a population of approximately three million people of which two-thirds are expatriates working for the oil-rich economy [1]. Kuwait is considered a developing country with a high per capita income [2]. The country has a protected piped water supply system. Almost all of the food items are imported from different parts of the world which are routinely screened for microbial safety by the State Public Health Laboratory. Diarrhoeal diseases are a part of the disease spectrum in this country as in other countries. The last study on diarrhoeal diseases in hospitalised children in Kuwait was conducted
Risk Management of Obese Women Undergoing Major Gynaecological Surgery  [PDF]
Avni Batish, Rotimi A. K. Jaiyesimi
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.410084
Abstract:

Obesity is a big problem which is growing. Thus clinicians and surgeons are likely to treat obese patients more frequently. Obesity can affect medical practice in a number of ways. In order to protect ourselves from potential litigation, we need to focus on risk management efforts on creating a safe environment for patients of all sizes. The aim of our study was to review the risk management strategies of obese women prior to surgery, perioperatively and following surgery. We then identified the strategies and have brought them forward in our article.

Diurnal and Seasonal Variations of Rain Rate and Rain Attenuation on Ku-Band Satellite Systems in a Tropical Region: A Synthetic Storm Techniques Approach  [PDF]
Joseph S. Ojo, Okeowo C. Rotimi
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.34001
Abstract: In this paper, a time-varying rain characterization and diurnal variation in the Ku-band satellite systems simulated with synthetic storm techniques (SST) over a tropical location in Nigeria have been presented. Three years’ rain rate time-series data measured by a raingauge located inside the Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria were utilized for the purpose of this work. The analysis is based on the CDF of one-minute rain rate; time-series simulated annual/seasonal and diurnal rain rate, rain attenuation statistics and fade margins observed over four time intervals: 00:00-06:00, 06:00-12:00, 12:00-18:00 and 18:00-24:00. In addition, comparison was also made between the synthesized values and rain attenuation statistics, at 12.245 GHz for a hypothetical downlink from EUTELSAT W4/W7 satellite in the area. It could be observed that at 99.99% link availability, the fade margin as high as ~20 dB may be required at Ku band uplink frequency bands in this area. We also observed that the communication downlinks working in the early morning and early to late in the evening hours must be compensated with an appropriate Down-Link Power Control (DLPC) for optimum performances during severe atmospheric influences in the region.
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