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Detection of inducible clindamycin resistance among clinical isolates of staphylococci from a rural tertiary care hospital
Makam Sri Rangakumar Manjunath, Vijaya Rayapu, Dhandapany Senthil Pragash, Ivvala Anand Shaker, Sandeep Kasukurthy
International Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.5958/j.2319-5886.2.2.026
Abstract: Clindamycin has been used successfully to treat pneumonia and soft tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. However, Clinical failure of clindamycin therapy has been reported due to multiple mechanisms that confer resistance to Macrolide, Lincosamine and Streptogramin antibiotics. A total of 96 staphylococcal isolates from different clinical specimens were tested for inducible clindamycin resistance by the disk-diffusion induction test. Inducible clindamycin resistance was detected in 47.22% of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates and in 21.67% of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus isolates. In our setting, clindamycin is safe and effective agent to treat both systemic sand localized Staphylococcal infections, but we recommend that staphylococci isolates, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Ivvala Anand Shaker1*, Sailaja Inampudi2, Vijaya Rayapu1
International Journal of Bioassays , 2012,
Abstract: The in vitro antimicrobial activity of Tabernaemontana coronaria leaf Fresh and Methanolic extracts has been investigated against E. coli, K. pneumonia, S. typhimurium, S. flexneri and S. aureus. The fresh and methanolic extract of Tabernaemontana coronaria showed activity against nearly all the test microorganisms. The inhibitory activities of methanolic extracts are highly significant in magnitude when compared with that of standard antibiotic used.
Vinod Raveendran1, Dhandapany Senthil Pragash*2, Manju3, Ivvala Anand Shaker4, Vijaya Rayapu2
International Journal of Bioassays , 2012,
Abstract: Rubella is a mild self limiting vaccine preventable viral disease. Maternal Rubella infection during first trimester of pregnancy leads to abortion, still birth and Congenital Rubella Syndrome. Seroepidemiological studies conducted in different countries have shown that Rubella is a worldwide infection. The present study was conducted to assess the immunity status to Rubella among pregnant women in and around Kirumampakkam, Puducherry for a period of one year. A detailed history with special reference for previous bad obstetric history was collected after an informed consent. They were tested for Rubella IgG and IgM antibodies using commercially available kits. Overall seropositivity was 87.9% and 12% were susceptible to Rubella infection. 6.5% were positive to Rubella specific IgM antibodies. Percentage of seropositivity was seen to be increasing with age. The percentage of IgG negatives was higher among the cases with bad obstetric history. Cases from lower socioeconomic status had good immunity against Rubella. All the cases that had previous immunization record were positive for Rubella specific IgG antibodies. In conclusion, an action revamping the national immunization policy should be considered along with sero-surveillance of Rubella among adolescent girls and women of childbearing age before conception for the assessment and analysis of the situation, and take appropriate action to eradicate Rubella.
Palynomorphs and Oribatid Mites—From the Denwa Formation, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India  [PDF]
Vijaya Vijaya, Srikanta Murthy
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.31022
Abstract: Palynological investigation of the Denwa Formation exposed along Denwa river succession at Saptadara picnic point near village Jhirpa, Satpura Basin, Madhya Pradesh, has revealed the presence of spore-pollen, fungal remains and Oribatid mites. Here, the mites are on record for the first time. Presence of fungal remains strongly depicts the prevalence of a very humid climate with high temperature and rainfall in the region. Poor occurrence of spore-pollen restricts the age determination of the studied section; hence, its age assessment is relative. Thus, an over-view of spore-pollen along with dinocysts and insects reported earlier from the subsurface strata comprising Denwa Formation, from other two localities in the nearby area of village Anhoni, is dealt herein, and that had inferred an age—range from Carnian to Rhaetic for the palynoflora and fauna.
A Subclass of Harmonic Functions Associated with Wright’s Hypergeometric Functions  [PDF]
Gangadharan Murugusundaramoorthy, Kalliyapan Vijaya
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/am.2010.12011
Abstract: We introduce a new class of complex valued harmonic functions associated with Wright hypergeometric functions which are orientation preserving and univalent in the open unit disc. Further we define, Wright generalized operator on harmonic function and investigate the coefficient bounds, distortion inequalities and extreme points for this generalized class of functions.
Influence of VAM Fungi, Azotobacter sp. and PSB on Soil Phosphatase Activity and Nutrients (N, P, K, Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn) Status in the Rhizosphere of Stevia rebaudiana (Bert.) Plants  [PDF]
G. Ramakrishnaiah, T. Vijaya
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.47176

The pot culture experiment was carried out to evaluate the influence of different combinations of microbial inoculants (VAM + AZO + PSB) on soil phosphatase activity andnutrients (N, P, K, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cu & Mn) of Steviarebaudia plant rhizosphere on 20th, 40th and 60th day. The study revealed that the combined application of microbial inoculants onsoil Alkaline and Acid phosphatase activity has been found maximum at 60th day in triple inoculated plants than dual inoculated and control. The results also showed that the soil macronutrients (N, P & K) and micronutrients (Zn, Fe, Cu & Mn) have been found to be maximum at 40th day and 60th day respectively in triple inoculated plants than dual inoculated and control.

Recurrent Giant Cell Tumor of the Distal End Radius: A Case Report and Surgical Treatment with Wide Resection and Reconstruction with Non-Vascularised Autologous Proximal Fibular Graft  [PDF]
Venkatesh Gupta, Vijaya Kumar
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2014.411045
Abstract: Giant cell tumour of the distal radius is the 3rd most common site after proximal tibia and distal femur. It is locally aggressive and is associated with a high rate of recurrence. Although it is usually treated with various modalities of treatment, wide resection and reconstruction with proximal fibular autograft is most commonly accepted in recurrent cases. The following is a case report of such a case with surgical management.
Effect of Nonlinear Thermal Radiation on Boundary Layer Flow of Viscous Fluid over Nonlinear Stretching Sheet with Injection/Suction  [PDF]
T. Vijaya Laxmi, Bandari Shankar
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.42038
Abstract: The present study reveals the effect of nonlinear thermal radiation and magnetic field on a boundary layer flow of a viscous fluid over a nonlinear stretching sheet with suction or an injection. Using suitable similarity transformations, governing partial differential equations were reduced to higher order ordinary differential equations and further these are solved numerically using of Keller-Box method. Effect of flow controlling parameter on velocity, temperature and nanoparticle fluid concentration, local skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt number and local Sherwood numbers are discussed. It is found that the dimensionless velocity decreases and temperature, concentration are increased with the increasing of magnetic parameter. The temperature profile is an increasing function of thermal radiation when it is increasing.
Transient Symptomatic Bilateral Optic Disc Oedema Following Lumbar Spinal Surgery— An Unusual Presentation  [PDF]
Vijaya Jojo, Surendra Prasad Jakhanwal
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2017.72017
Abstract: Background: Optic disc oedema has various underlying pathologies, however, unless visually disabling does not usually bring a patient to the physician. The more common symptoms of headache, nausea and vomiting lead to the incidental detection of bilateral disc oedema [1]. Optic disc oedema seen following spinal surgery is usually associated with visual acuity changes and often goes by the acronym POVL (Peri/ postoperative visual loss) wherein, as the name goes, visual acuity changes are profound [2] [3] [4]. Purpose: We would like to highlight a case of transient Bilateral Optic Disc oedema following Lumbar spinal surgery maintaining normal visual acuity and attaining spontaneous resolution. Case Report: A 42-year-old female presented with transient obscuration of vision and flashes of light post an uneventful lumbar spinal surgery. Ophthalmic evaluation revealed normal visual acuity and pupils but marked disc edema right more significant than left. There was no colour vision deficit, neither any field changes. By a process of exclusion, it was likely the patient had developed bilateral disc oedema secondary to the spinal surgery. On follow-up 6 weeks and 3 months later, the oedema had completely settled and visual acuity remained at 6/6. Conclusion: Optic disc oedema can be unilateral or bilateral with some of the uncommon conditions mentioned secondary to spinal surgery, however, in those situations, visual loss has been severe and permanent. Our case is unusual in its combination of disc edema with normal acuity along with its transient nature and resolution and to our knowledge, has not been published before.
Does agriculture really matter? the case of Korea, 1910-1970
Vijaya Ramachandran
Lecturas de Economía , 1996,
Abstract: Este artículo analiza la magnitud del crecimiento en el sector agrícola antes de la industrialización en Korea. Presenta un análisis que es contrario del punto de vista general sobre la naturaleza del crecimiento económico en Korea, cual es el de que éste fue muy poco en el sector agrícola antes del despegue industrial. Los datos sugieren más bien, que se realizaron grandes inversiones durante la colonización japonesa. Estas inversiones tuvieron altos rendimientos no sólo en términos de producción de arroz sino también en términos de construcción de capacidad institucional y creación de infraestructura. El caso koreano no es una anomalía sino un ejemplo algo singular e interesante de desarrollo agrícola que antecede a una rápida expansión industrial.
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