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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5144 matches for " Vicente Davila "
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Productivity in Physical and Chemical Science Predicts the Future Economic Growth of Developing Countries Better than Other Popular Indices
Klaus Jaffe, Mario Caicedo, Marcos Manzanares, Mario Gil, Alfredo Rios, Astrid Florez, Claudia Montoreano, Vicente Davila
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066239
Abstract: Scientific productivity of middle income countries correlates stronger with present and future wealth than indices reflecting its financial, social, economic or technological sophistication. We identify the contribution of the relative productivity of different scientific disciplines in predicting the future economic growth of a nation. Results show that rich and poor countries differ in the relative proportion of their scientific output in the different disciplines: countries with higher relative productivity in basic sciences such as physics and chemistry had the highest economic growth in the following five years compared to countries with a higher relative productivity in applied sciences such as medicine and pharmacy. Results suggest that the economies of middle income countries that focus their academic efforts in selected areas of applied knowledge grow slower than countries which invest in general basic sciences.
Frank Safford, The Ideal of the Practical. Colombias Struggle to form a Technical élite
Davila P.
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1976,
Abstract: FRANK SAFFORD, The Ideal of the Practical. Colombias Struggle to form a Technical élite. University of Texas, Austin, 1976. 373 páginas.
Frank Safford, Aspectos del siglo XIX en Colombia.
Davila P.
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1976,
Abstract: FRANK SAFFORD, Aspectos del siglo XIX en Colombia. Ediciones Hombre Nuevo, Medellín, 1977.
Generación Net: Visiones para su Educación
Sandra Davila
Revista Orbis , 2006,
Abstract: This study discusses the changes that are demanded in the conception and culture of the learning, focuses the attention on the effect that the new digital environments have cause on the person, the education and the society. The main reflection is over the digital culture that characterizes to the Net generation (people that had from zero to 20 years for the year 1999) and their requirements of knowing or knowledge and of how to learn that knowledge today and always. This research was carried out a bibliographical and documental revision. The information makes us meditate about the change of the traditional transmission learning to the interactive learning defendant in the digital environments; they involve a new culture of educational system, of teaching and learning, where this responsible the own individual, the family and the society. This will contribute with the understanding, acceptance, adaptation, use, development and life in an interconnected world, digital and communicated globally.
Alvaro Tirado Mejia, Colombia en la Repartición Imperialista (1870-1914)
Davila P.
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1976,
Abstract: ALVARO TIRADO MEJIA, Colombia en la Repartición Imperialista (1870-1914), Medellin, 3976.
Nonsurgical Outpatient Therapies for the Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Long-Term Effectiveness and Durability
G. Willy Davila
Advances in Urology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/176498
Abstract: Objective. To evaluate long-term effectiveness and safety of conservative and minimally invasive outpatient treatments for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) through a review of the literature. Methods. PubMed was searched for reports on prospective clinical trials with at least 12-month follow-up of minimally invasive treatments, pelvic floor rehabilitation, or pharmacotherapy in women with SUI. Each report was examined for long-term rates of effectiveness and safety. Results. Thirty-two clinical trial reports were included. Prospective long-term studies of pelvic floor rehabilitation were limited but indicated significant improvements with treatment adherence for at least 12 months. Poor initial tolerability with duloxetine resulted in substantial discontinuation. Most patients receiving transurethral radiofrequency collagen denaturation or urethral bulking agents reported significant long-term improvements, generally good tolerability, and safety. Conclusions. Conservative therapy is an appropriate initial approach for female SUI, but if therapy fails, radiofrequency collagen denaturation or bulking agents may be an attractive intermediate management step or alternative to surgery. 1. Introduction Female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) typically present with a complaint of involuntary urine leakage upon coughing or sneezing, exertion, or with changes in posture [1, 2]. This condition is caused by weakening of the pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder and urethra (e.g., urethral hypermobility) and/or by weakness of the urethral sphincter (i.e., intrinsic sphincter deficiency [ISD]) [3]. Prevalence estimates vary widely, ranging from 4% to 35% of women [2, 4]. Aging, obesity, white race, pregnancy and vaginal childbirth, vaginal or pelvic surgery, and smoking are well-established risk factors for the development of SUI [3, 5]. Although many women do not immediately seek treatment for SUI symptoms [3, 6], the negative impact of SUI on daily functioning, sexual relationships, and overall quality of life [4, 7] are factors that can eventually prompt women to discuss treatment options with their health care providers. Widely used for first-line treatment, pelvic floor rehabilitation primarily comprises pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), also known as Kegel exercises, and may include pelvic muscle electrical stimulation, biofeedback, or the use of physical devices, such as vaginal cones or pessaries [8–10]. Typically when a conservative therapy fails, pharmacotherapy may be considered as a next management step. However, while
Oxybutynin topical gel in the treatment of overactive bladder
G Willy Davila
Research and Reports in Urology , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S5668
Abstract: utynin topical gel in the treatment of overactive bladder Review (3642) Total Article Views Authors: G Willy Davila Published Date June 2010 Volume 2010:2 Pages 91 - 98 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S5668 G Willy Davila Department of Gynecology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida, USA Abstract: Overactive bladder (OAB), often accompanied by urinary incontinence, is most prevalent among the elderly, but also affects many middle-aged men and women in the US. OAB may severely impair quality of life, and its overall economic costs to society are substantial. Although antimuscarinic agents relieve OAB symptoms effectively, treatment persistence generally is low. This has been attributed in part to the occurrence of dry mouth and other anticholinergic adverse events. High plasma concentrations of N-desethyloxybutynin (DEO), an active metabolite of oxybutynin, have been identified as the major cause of anticholinergic adverse effects associated with oral oxybutynin. Transdermal formulations of oxybutynin generate much lower DEO plasma concentrations compared with oral formulations. In a placebo-controlled US Phase III study in patients with OAB, the recently approved oxybutynin topical gel (OTG) was efficacious and well tolerated. Dry mouth occurred in 6.9% of patients treated with OTG and 2.8% of patients on placebo. Incidences of other anticholinergic events were low and similar for OTG and placebo. OTG rarely caused application site skin reactions. OTG provides significant benefits to patients with OAB, particularly those who are sensitive to anticholinergic adverse effects.
NUEVAS PERSPECTIVAS EN LA SELECCIóN Y EVALUACIóN DE PROBIóTICOS NEW PERSPECTIVES IN THE SELECTION AND EVALUATION OF PROBIOTICS
GM Nava,V. Davila
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2004,
Abstract:
Oxybutynin topical gel in the treatment of overactive bladder
G Willy Davila
Open Access Journal of Urology , 2010,
Abstract: G Willy DavilaDepartment of Gynecology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida, USAAbstract: Overactive bladder (OAB), often accompanied by urinary incontinence, is most prevalent among the elderly, but also affects many middle-aged men and women in the US. OAB may severely impair quality of life, and its overall economic costs to society are substantial. Although antimuscarinic agents relieve OAB symptoms effectively, treatment persistence generally is low. This has been attributed in part to the occurrence of dry mouth and other anticholinergic adverse events. High plasma concentrations of N-desethyloxybutynin (DEO), an active metabolite of oxybutynin, have been identified as the major cause of anticholinergic adverse effects associated with oral oxybutynin. Transdermal formulations of oxybutynin generate much lower DEO plasma concentrations compared with oral formulations. In a placebo-controlled US Phase III study in patients with OAB, the recently approved oxybutynin topical gel (OTG) was efficacious and well tolerated. Dry mouth occurred in 6.9% of patients treated with OTG and 2.8% of patients on placebo. Incidences of other anticholinergic events were low and similar for OTG and placebo. OTG rarely caused application site skin reactions. OTG provides significant benefits to patients with OAB, particularly those who are sensitive to anticholinergic adverse effects.Keywords: overactive bladder, oxybutynin topical gel, antimuscarinic, urinary urgency, incontinence
Richardson's pair diffusion and the stagnation point structure of turbulence
Javier Davila,Christos Vassilicos
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.144501
Abstract: DNS and laboratory experiments show that the spatial distribution of straining stagnation points in homogeneous isotropic 3D turbulence has a fractal structure with dimension D_s = 2. In Kinematic Simulations the time exponent gamma in Richardson's law and the fractal dimension D_s are related by gamma = 6/D_s. The Richardson constant is found to be an increasing function of the number of straining stagnation points in agreement with pair duffusion occuring in bursts when pairs meet such points in the flow.
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