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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5675 matches for " Vera Herweg; "
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Diferentes matizes da idéia de solidariedade
Westphal, Vera Herweg;
Revista Katálysis , 2008,
Abstract: this article analyzes the different meanings of the term solidarity. there are not many theories about this theme, although it is debated in the fields of sociology, philosophy and political science. the paper looks at the origin of the term when it had the meaning of unity and assistance to others. the term is considered in the context of modernity, presenting its use in the french solidarity movement, in the social doctrine of the church, in the working class movement and in the adoption of solidarity as a government principle that guides social policies. finally, it considers the term of solidarity economics, and finds that the use of the linguistic form of the adjective, in addition to its presentation with the connotation of something to be built and lived among equals, whoever they are, and among those excluded from the dominant economic sphere. it reflects on the use of the term solidarity economics, considering its social and historic construction.
A individualiza o em Ulrich Beck: análise da sociedade contemporanea (Individualization in Ulrich Beck: an analysis of contemporary society)
Vera Herweg Westphal
Revista Emancipa??o , 2010,
Abstract: Resumo: A individualiza o é tema da análise sociológica contemporanea e Ulrich Beck analisa esse processo no contexto de mudan as da primeira para a segunda modernidade. Na moderniza o reflexiva, marcada por riscos, há transforma es relacionadas ao mundo do trabalho, à família, à política e ao lugar e papel do indivíduo na sociedade, ocorrendo a reflexividade da modernidade sobre ela mesma. Nesse processo, o indivíduo passou a ser a unidade referencial do social. A individualiza o é ambivalente, pois, ao libertar o indivíduo de padr es e referências tradicionais, implica novas liberdades, marcada por riscos. Para a análise da sociedade, Beck prop e alguns critérios que ser o abordados neste artigo. Abstract: Individualization is one of the issues discussed in the contemporary sociological analysis. Ulrich Beck is one of the authors who analyze this process in the context of the changing from the first to the second modernity. The second modernity, which is marked by risks, experiences a reflexive modernization, in which significant changes took place in the work sphere, in the family, in politics and in the placing and role of individuals. Therefore, what occurs is the reflexivity of modernity upon itself. In this process, the individuals became the referential unit of society. Individualization is ambivalent, in the sense that while it sets the individuals free from traditional standards and references, it also entails new types of freedom, characterized by impending risks. Beck proposes some criteria for the analysis of society, which will be examined in this article.
Diferentes matizes da idéia de solidariedade Different notions of solidarity
Vera Herweg Westphal
Revista Katálysis , 2008,
Abstract: Este artigo analisa os diferentes sentidos do termo solidariedade, identificando que n o há uma abundancia em teorias sobre este mesmo, mas é tema na sociologia, na filosofia e na política. Resgata a origem do termo quando tinha o sentido de unidade e de auxílio ao próximo. Contextualiza o termo na modernidade, apresentando seu uso no solidarismo francês, na doutrina social da igreja e do movimento de classe dos trabalhadores e na ado o da solidariedade como princípio de Estado, quando fornece suporte à formula o de políticas sociais. Por fim, aborda o termo na economia solidária, constatando seu o uso na forma lingüística de adjetivo, além de sua apresenta o com a conota o de algo a ser construído e vivido entre iguais, quais sejam, entre os excluídos de esfera econ mica dominante. Reflete acerca do uso do termo na economia solidária, tendo em vista sua constru o social e histórica. This article analyzes the different meanings of the term solidarity. There are not many theories about this theme, although it is debated in the fields of sociology, philosophy and political science. The paper looks at the origin of the term when it had the meaning of unity and assistance to others. The term is considered in the context of modernity, presenting its use in the French solidarity movement, in the social doctrine of the church, in the working class movement and in the adoption of solidarity as a Government principle that guides social policies. Finally, it considers the term of solidarity economics, and finds that the use of the linguistic form of the adjective, in addition to its presentation with the connotation of something to be built and lived among equals, whoever they are, and among those excluded from the dominant economic sphere. It reflects on the use of the term solidarity economics, considering its social and historic construction.
Second Language Acquisition: Reconciling Theories  [PDF]
Vera Menezes
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.37050
Abstract:

This article argues that previous attempts to explain SLA should not be disregarded. Instead, when they are put together, they provide a broader and deeper view of the acquisition process. There is evidence to support the claim that second language acquisition (SLA) is a complex adaptive system due to its inherent ability to adapt to different conditions present in both internal and external environments. Based on this understanding, widely discussed second language theories, including behaviorism, will be treated as explanations of parts of a whole, since each captures a different aspect of SLA. In order to justify this assumption, excerpts from some English language learning histories are provided to exemplify how learners describe their learning processes. The final claim is that SLA should be seen as a chaotic/complex system.

Improved Retrieval of Sea Ice Thickness and Density from Laser Altimeter  [PDF]
Vera Djepa
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2014.45080
Abstract: The sensitivity of weather and climate system to sea ice thickness (SIT) in the Arctic is recognised from various studies. Decrease of SIT will affect atmospheric circulation, temperature, precipitation and wind speed in the Arctic and remotely. Ice thermodynamics and dynamic properties depend strongly on ice and snow thickness. The heat transfer through ice critically depends on ice thickness. Long term accurate SIT records with corresponding uncertainties are required for improved seasonal weather forecast and estimate of the sea ice mass balance. Satellite radar and Laser Altimeter (LA) provide long term records of sea ice freeboard. Assuming isostatic equilibrium, SIT is retrieved from the freeboard, extracted from radar altimeter (RA) or LA, where the snow depth, density, ice and water density are input variables in the equation for hydrostatic equilibrium to derive SIT from LA or RA. Different input variables (snow depth, density, ice and water density) with unknown accuracy have been applied from various authors to retrieve SIT and Sea Ice Draft (SID) from RA or LA, leading to not comparative results. Sea ice density dependence on ice type, thermodynamic properties and freeboard is confirmed with different studies. Sensitivity analyses confirm the great impact of sea ice density, snow depth and density on accuracy of the retrieved SIT and the importance of inserting variable ice density (VID) in the equation for hydrostatic equilibrium for more accurate SIT retrieval, weather and climate forecast. The impact of sea ice density and snow depth and density on retrieved SIT from the freeboard derived from LA and RA have been analyzed in this study using the equation for hydrostatic equilibrium, statistical and sensitivity analyses. An algorithm is developed to convert the freeboard, derived from LA in SIT, inserting VID in the equation for hydrostatic equilibrium. The algorithm is validated with field, laboratory studies and collocated SIT retrieved from RA on board Envisat. The accuracy of the developed algorithm is analyzed, using statistical and uncertainty analyses. It is found that the uncertainty of the retrieved SIT from LA is decreased 7.6 times (from rhi = 59 cm for fixed ice density) if variable ice density is inserted in the equation for hydrostatic equilibrium. The SIT, which has been retrieved from the freeboard derived from LA is validated with collocated SIT derived from RA2 on Envisat, using variable ice density. The bias of the mean SIT derived from LA and RA has been reduced from -1.1 m to about one millimeter when VID is
Music, Eurocentrism and Identity: The Myth of the Discovery of America in Chilean Music History  [PDF]
Alejandro Vera
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2014.35024
Abstract: During the past century, Edmundo O’Gorman, Tzvetan Todorov, Enrique Dussel and other scholars pointed out the Eurocentric perspective implied in traditional narratives about the discovery of America, most of which intended to confirm Europe as the center of world history and culture. At the same time, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Hayden White and others argued for the mythical character of history. According to them, even though historians attempted to assemble documentary evidence objectively, they constructed their narratives incorporating such evidence in preexisting stories, characters and categories with a mythical origin. This paper uses these viewpoints to analyze and criticize the way in which Chilean music history has been constructed, particularly during the republican era. The main hypothesis is that traditional discourses about that history have constantly recycled narratives on the discovery of America, which thus operates as a kind of founding myth for historical and musicological interpretations, especially when dealing with turning points such as the change of dynasty (1700), the beginning of independence (c. 1810) and the centenary of the republic (1910). A corollary would be that documentary evidence about music has been frequently hidden or distorted precisely in order to fit such a myth. That is why the present paper examines both bibliography and original documents found in different archives.
The Effect of a Mother’s Level of Attachment and Her Emotional Intelligence on a Child’s Health during Its First Year of Life  [PDF]
Elena Nikolaeva, Vera Merenkova
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.45068
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of predicting the health of a child during its first year by using the mother’s emotional intelligence and the level of her attachment to the child. Serving as test subjects were 50 mother-child pairs during the first year of life and 50 mother-child pairs during the second year of life (altogether 200 individuals). It was shown that the likelihood of dismissing a diagnosis given to a child at a maternity clinic depends on the level of the mother’s acceptance of the child and not on her emotional intelligence and anxiety.

Stilbene Induced Inhibition of Androgen Receptor Dimerization: Implications for AR and ARΔLBD-Signalling in Human Prostate Cancer Cells
Wolfgang Streicher, Manuel Luedeke, Anca Azoitei, Friedemann Zengerling, Alexander Herweg, Felicitas Genze, Mark G. Schrader, Andres J. Schrader, Marcus V. Cronauer
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098566
Abstract: Background Advanced castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is often characterized by an increase of C-terminally truncated, constitutively active androgen receptor (AR) variants. Due to the absence of a ligand binding domain located in the AR-C-terminus, these receptor variants (also termed ARΔLBD) are unable to respond to all classical forms of endocrine treatments like surgical/chemical castration and/or application of anti-androgens. Methodology In this study we tested the effects of the naturally occurring stilbene resveratrol (RSV) and (E)-4-(2, 6-Difluorostyryl)-N, N-dimethylaniline, a fluorinated dialkylaminostilbene (FIDAS) on AR- and ARΔLBD in prostate cancer cells. The ability of the compounds to modulate transcriptional activity of AR and the ARΔLBD-variant Q640X was shown by reporter gene assays. Expression of endogenous AR and ARΔLBD mRNA and protein levels were determined by qRT-PCR and Western Blot. Nuclear translocation of AR-molecules was analyzed by fluorescence microscopy. AR and ARΔLBD/Q640X homo-/heterodimer formation was assessed by mammalian two hybrid assays. Biological activity of both compounds in vivo was demonstrated using a chick chorioallantoic membrane xenograft assay. Results The stilbenes RSV and FIDAS were able to significantly diminish AR and Q640X-signalling. Successful inhibition of the Q640X suggests that RSV and FIDAS are not interfering with the AR-ligand binding domain like all currently available anti-hormonal drugs. Repression of AR and Q640X-signalling by RSV and FIDAS in prostate cancer cells was caused by an inhibition of the AR and/or Q640X-dimerization. Although systemic bioavailability of both stilbenes is very low, both compounds were also able to downregulate tumor growth and AR-signalling in vivo. Conclusion RSV and FIDAS are able to inhibit the dimerization of AR and ARΔLBD molecules suggesting that stilbenes might serve as lead compounds for a novel generation of AR-inhibitors.
Sem mágicas solu??es: a preven??o e o cuidado em HIV/ AIDS e o processo de emancipa??o psicossocial
Paiva, Vera;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832002000200003
Abstract: this text discusses the need to politicize psycho-educational arenas and presents the idea of a "psycho-social emancipation" as one of the references for improved operationalization of the notion of vulnerability in the field of prevention of new hiv infections and of the organization of care for those who are aids carriers. reflecting on actions designed to encourage patients to take their medication and use condoms, it suggests that the prevention of hiv should overcome models devised for "hiv negative" people and that the prevent-assist continuum should be radicalized. to this end, it is pressing to: take into account the facts accumulated in the field of cultural analyses and of psychosocial research in the planning and organization of preventive actions and of providing assistance to hiv carriers, including, for instance, the ideas of oppressive social construction of two genders, masculine and feminine; overcome the notion of "individuals as consumers" (of services, educational programs, condoms and prescribed medication, of behaviors and safe practices to be practiced); foster the innovation of prevention and care actions. working with the idea of a "subject-citizen individual", co-participant in the psycho-educational arenas whose horizon consists of psychosocial emancipation, can enhance the quality of preventive actions and of integrated care of hiv and aids patients, so as to include "all" brazilians, according to the socio-cultural context of "each one", both men and women, testing positive or negative.
UNA NUEVA ESPECIE DE CHILENOPERLA (PLECOPTERA: GPJPOPTERYGIDAE) Y LAS CONSECUENCIAS TAXONóMICAS DEL DESCUBRIMIENTO DE SU NINFA
Vera,Alejandro;
Gayana (Concepción) , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-65382008000200005
Abstract: anew species of gripopterygidae (chilenoperla elongata sp. nov.) is described based on adults of both sexes and nymphs from chile. the nymph was associated by means of growing in controlled conditions. the nymph of the new species is similar to that oí pelurgoperla (sensu lilies, 1963). therefore, previous identifications and geographic distributions of these genera could be wrong. comments on the nymph of ch. puerilis are advanced at the light of this new finding.
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