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Do caranguejo vermelho ao Cristo cor-de-rosa: as campanhas educativas para a preven??o do cancer no Brasil
Rocha, Vania;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702010000500015
Abstract: cancer prevention campaigns in brazil are an important feature of the history of efforts to control this disease. the material produced down through this history offers a rich source of documents that merit the attention of professionals in such areas as education, communication, information, public health, history, and scientific educational outreach. starting from this premise, i have analyzed education campaign material coming from different fields of knowledge. my notes are the result of a preliminary analysis of campaign posters from the perspective of the history of health education. this research will be further developed.
Participa??o paterna no cuidado de crian?as pequenas: um estudo etnográfico com famílias de camadas populares
Bustamante, Vania;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600036
Abstract: the present study focused on father's involvement in the health care of small children (under six years) in low-income families. an ethnographic study was performed with interviews and participatory observation. we visited families in an outlying low-income urban neighborhood in northeast brazil, for nine months. children appeared as a fundamental dimension in the lives of men and women, constituting a common reason for forming a family nucleus. the paternal role involved three key dimensions: education, in which the father was essential; body care, usually considered a female attribution; and preservation of integrity, considered an obligation for all family members. despite the fact that traditional identification of gender roles still persists, based on contrasting discourses and practices, in all families (and especially in nuclear ones) there were dimensions in which men participated actively, demonstrating physical and emotional proximity with their children.
From a revolutionary logic to humanitarian reasons: Uruguayan leftists in the exile and human rights transnational networks
Cuadernos del CLAEH , 2006,
Abstract: this article describes the relationship between the uruguayan leftists who had to flee their country in the 1970s and several other participants who formed the transnational human rights networks in those years. the analysis begins in buenos aires and ends in the 1976 hearings on uruguay before the u.s. congress. it touches on the positions of diverse leftist groups, the stand of former senator zelmar michelini, the motivations of several democratic congressmen, and the international campaign launched by amnesty international. it focuses on the transformation that led many uruguayan exiles to present their claims in the language of human rights organizations in order to posit their demands and denounce the most dramatic aspects of repression in their country.
Ser pai no subúrbio ferroviário de Salvador: um estudo de caso com homens de camadas populares
Bustamante, Vania;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722005000300007
Abstract: we have developed a study under ethnographic basis with men from popular classes, fathers of children under 6 years old, trying to find out their experiences regarding paternity; making logical links between discourse and practice. we used participative observation, through frequent visits to homes for a nine-month period and semi-structured interviews. we have found that, for the interviewed men, the feeling of being a father is not determined by the biological link to the child, but strongly influenced by the quality of relation they have with their female partner and their own experience as a son. being a provider is a necessary condition to have an affective relation with their children, in which physical care tends to be excluded as they consider it to be a feminine work. being present as a father involves multiple, concrete, and psychic senses. as a conclusion, we suggest that this subject should be kept on continue studies, noticing three different levels - socio-cultural, relational and individual - and it should be included in the health practices discussion.
Enfermeiros e a família do portador de transtorno mental
Moreno, Vania;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000400016
Abstract: this qualitative study aimed at investigating how mental health nurses acquired knowledge about the theme family during their academic training, how they see families in their daily practice, and how should professional training be considering the presence of the family in the care setting. data were collected using semistructured questionnaires. six nurses were interviewed. data analysis allowed the establishment of three theme categories: academic and professional training absence of the family theme; the nurses' perception of the family with a mentally ill member; and a new vision of the family the role of teaching. during undergraduate education, nurses acquired little knowledge about the theme family; in the institutional routine, they praise the family as a participant of care; and indicate that the need for knowledge about families is based on the interdisciplinary character of education.
O ofício do historiador e os índios: sobre uma querela no Império
Moreira, Vania;
Revista Brasileira de História , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-01882010000100004
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance of historiography as an organizing tool during the making of the imperial regime in brazil, for it was able among other things to attest the social, political and territorial gains throughout the colonial period. i stress the historiographical divergence between defenders and detractors of their presence in national history, the connection of this intellectual debate with the imperial indigenist policy and finally the emergence of a national trend in the indigenist historiography and policy, which led to an artificial extinction of the indian presence and identity in our society and in imperial history while considering them henceforth exclusively as brazilians.
Familiares de portadores de transtorno mental: vivenciando o cuidado em um centro de aten??o psicossocial
Moreno, Vania;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000300010
Abstract: this study aimed at learning how relatives of patients with mental disorders have experienced dealing with a mental health care service. the exploratory and descriptive method was used with a qualitative approach. data collection was performed using semi-structured interviews. subjects were six family members who had been living for over three years with the process of having a mentally ill relative. data analysis allowed us to infer that relatives who closely follow the patient had to deal with the knowledge acquired from their day-to-day experience and were subject to rejection by other family and community members. as regards the psychosocial care center, the relatives felt welcomed in their complaints, receiving a unique treatment; however, they did not know the mechanisms for social participation, which points to a deficiency in the service as it should stimulate forms of insertion into the community and the strengthening of the patients' rights as citizens.
Sobre viejas y nuevas izquierdas. Los jóvenes comunistas uruguayos y el movimiento estudiantil de 1968
Markarian, Vania;
Secuencia , 2011,
Abstract: this article focuses on the participation of young uruguayan communists in the 1968 student movement as part of the generation of latin americans who combined a heroic view of militancy with the adoption of new cultural guidelines for europe and the united states. it analyzes both the discussion that arose in the left on the "pathways of the revolution" and the effect of these global ideas and practices in shaping local political identities. the link between leftist militancy, political violence and youth culture attempts to rethink some of the categories used in studying the 1960s in latin america, particularly those of the "new left" and "revolutionary left."
"La gentileza de los desconocidos": Postmodernidad, caos y diálogo de sistemas discursivos
Revista signos , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-09342004005500006
Abstract: "la gentileza de los desconocidos", by antonio mu?oz molina, is a short story that initially presents a subversion of the detective genre through an inversion of the roles of the characters, by a displacement of the narrative axis, and with an ending defined as an "anti-ending". i suggest that some categories of the chaos theory, such as the butterfly or the strange attractor effects, will permit the interpretation of the crime in this story as well as the analysis in other works. likewise, the narration presents a juxtaposition between literary genres with respect to the detective story and the melodrama. finally, as a discursive strategy, the text presents itself as a dialogue between written and audiovisual narrative. that is, cinematographic language. this technical strategy manifests itself in a thematic level within the story. a interesting aspect of this narrative technique is that it is evident not only at a thematic level but also within the syntactic structure of the story.
A família do paciente em situa o cr nica de vida: a vis o de enfermeiros de um hospital de ensino = The family of a chronically ill patient: a consideration of nurses from a school hospital
Vania Moreno
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Este estudo exploratório descritivo, de natureza qualitativa, teve como objetivo apreender como os enfermeiros de um hospital de ensino percebem os familiares enquanto participantes do cuidado. Foram entrevistadas seis enfermeiras de clínicas de pacientes emsitua o cr nica de vida. A análise de dados permitiu inferir que tiveram pouco conhecimento sobre a temática da família durante a gradua o, dificultando o relacionamento com os familiares acompanhantes. A convivência durante a interna o é marcada por facilidades quando os mesmos colaboram na assistência e por dificuldades ao tentar romper as regras institucionais. Indicam que os novos enfermeiros dever o ter embasamento teórico para atender a família nos diversos cenários do cuidado. Considero que há necessidade de investimento na capacita o de profissionais e que o avan o da humaniza o dos servi os implica em troca e integra o de saberes de pacientes, familiares, profissionais de saúde, equipe de apoio e gestores que extrapolam o campo das ciências. This exploratory descriptive study, of qualitative nature had thepurpose to study how the nurses from a hospital school see the family as care participants. Six nurses from clinics of chronically ill patients were interviewed. The data analysis allowed to infer that the nurses had only little knowledge of the family’s thematic duringgraduation, making the relationship with the accompanying families very difficult. Daily care during hospitalization period is marked by easy moments when members are willing to participate in the process, and by difficulties when they attempt to break institutional rules.It was suggested that new nurses have theoretical foundation to attend the family in several scenarios of care. It was considered the need of investments in professional training, and that the advance of humanization of services implies in exchange and integration ofknowledge among patients, family members, health professionals, support staff and managers beyond the science field.
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