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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 339986 matches for " Vania Gloria S.;Ribeiro "
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Study of the cardiac alterations in HIV-infected children consequent to the antiretroviral therapy: prospective study of 47 cases
Herdy Gesmar Volga Haddad,Pinto Carlos Alberto M.,Lopes Vania Gloria S.,Ribeiro Raquel P.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Detect of cardiac alterations in children with AIDS and compare their evolution with the administration of only one anti-retroviral and the recent cases who received drugs in combination. METHODS: We prospectively studied 47 children in 3 groups: group 1, 20 cases treated only with zidovudine; group 2, 10 patients treated initially with zidovudine and later with a combination of drugs and in group 3, 17 patients, who receiced two or three since the beginning. In all patients it was done chest X-ray, EKG and echocardiography every 6 months and after death complete pathological study. RESULTS: Among the 45 patients cases 26 (57%) were index cases. Malnutrition, diarrhea tachycardia, signs of congestive heart failure, pericardial effusion, abnormal ventricular repolarization and arrhythmias were more frequent in group 1. Echocardiographic abnormalities were present in 10 (50%) children of group 1. They were less frequent in the others two groups. In regard to the outcome in group 1, two patients had worsening of sings of cardiomyopaty and 4 died. Cardiac dysfunction in all cases of group 2 and 3 improved with the medication. CONCLUSION:- The children who received combination and their cardiac alterations had more favorable outcome than those who received only one drug.
Study of the cardiac alterations in HIV-infected children consequent to the antiretroviral therapy: prospective study of 47 cases
Herdy, Gesmar Volga Haddad;Pinto, Carlos Alberto M.;Lopes, Vania Gloria S.;Ribeiro, Raquel P.;Gomes, Ivete Martins;Tchou, Hsu Y.;Melo, Renata;Kurdian, Bedros;Tavares Jr., Plínio de Assis;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2003000300007
Abstract: objective: detect of cardiac alterations in children with aids and compare their evolution with the administration of only one anti-retroviral and the recent cases who received drugs in combination. methods: we prospectively studied 47 children in 3 groups: group 1, 20 cases treated only with zidovudine; group 2, 10 patients treated initially with zidovudine and later with a combination of drugs and in group 3, 17 patients, who receiced two or three since the beginning. in all patients it was done chest x-ray, ekg and echocardiography every 6 months and after death complete pathological study. results: among the 45 patients cases 26 (57%) were index cases. malnutrition, diarrhea tachycardia, signs of congestive heart failure, pericardial effusion, abnormal ventricular repolarization and arrhythmias were more frequent in group 1. echocardiographic abnormalities were present in 10 (50%) children of group 1. they were less frequent in the others two groups. in regard to the outcome in group 1, two patients had worsening of sings of cardiomyopaty and 4 died. cardiac dysfunction in all cases of group 2 and 3 improved with the medication. conclusion:- the children who received combination and their cardiac alterations had more favorable outcome than those who received only one drug.
Compara??o entre distribui??es de referência para a classifica??o do estado nutricional de crian?as e adolescentes com síndrome de Down
Lopes, Taís de S.;Ferreira, Daniele M.;Pereira, Rosangela A.;Veiga, Gloria V. da;Marins, Vania M. R. de;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572008000400011
Abstract: objective: to compare the agreement between classifications of children and adolescents with down syndrome (ds) by weight for age (w/a) and height for age (h/a) indexes according to a selection of international reference curves. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out of children (2 to 9.9 years old) and adolescents (10 to 17.9 years old) with ds from cities in the state of rio de janeiro, brazil, in 2005. the w/a and h/a indexes were classified according to the percentiles of two curves developed for individuals with down syndrome and one distribution developed for healthy subjects. the cut-off limits applied for categorization were: below the 5th percentile (< p5) and above the 95th percentile (> 95). the weighted kappa index was estimated to assess agreement between the classifications (p < 0.05). results: information was obtained on 98 children and 40 adolescents. from 1.0 to 18.4% of the children were < p5 for w/a and the agreement for this index was considered weak (kappa = 0.16; 95%ci -0.03-0.34; p < 0.01) no agreement was observed between the h/a classifications. for adolescents, w/a < p5 varied from 2.5 to 5.0%; and once more there was no agreement for this classification (kappa = 0.16; 95%ci -0.15-0.48; p > 0.05). there was good agreement for the h/a index (kappa = 1.00; 95%ci 0.23-1.00; p < 0.01). conclusion: there was weak agreement between classifications of anthropometric indexes according to three different distributions. the data indicate that the construction of specific curves for individuals with ds would facilitate the identification of overweight, which is often observed among these patients.
Quality of Semi-Prepared Products from Rainbow Trout Waste (Onchorynchus mykiss) by Using Different Technological Strategics  [PDF]
Karoline Ribeiro Palmeira, Eliane Teixeira Mársico, Laís Doro, M?sar Lemos, Claudia Emília Teixeira, Vania Margaret Flosi Paschoalin, Maria Lúcia Guerra Monteiro, Carlos Adam Conte Júnior
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.56067
Abstract:

The consumption of freshwater fish and fish products has gradually grown worldwide over the last decades, generating a proportional waste increase. The objective of the present study was to assess the chemical and bacteriological quality of restructured fish product, meatball-type, prepared with rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) waste added of 1% transglutaminase (MTG), 4% textured soy protein (TSP) and replacing part of the sodium chloride with potassium chloride (75%/25%) as described below: T1—starch addition (control); T2—MTG addition (1%); T3—soy protein addition (4%); T4—soy protein addition (4%) and MTG addition (1%); T5—soy protein addition (4%), MTG addition (1%) and partial replacement of salt (75% NaCl/25% KCl). Total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (TAMB), 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), pH determination and quantification of biogenic amines were performed on the day after manufacturing (P0) and after 60 days of storage (P1) at -25℃ ± 2℃. The results showed that there was no significant difference (p < 0.05) of microbiological quality, TBARS and pH after storage. T4 presented the lowest total biogenic amine content (256.84 mg/kg) whereas T3 and T5 had the highest value (791.36 and 707.19 mg/kg, respectively) in this parameter. Putrescine was the biogenic amine that presented the highest concentration (504.00 mg/kg) in T3 and cadaverine that presented the smallest concentration (0.36 mg/kg) in T4. The use of technological strategies for developing new products with non-commercial fillets kept the most standards, having changes only in some biogenic amines.

Comunidades científicas e infra-estrutura tecnológica no Brasil para uso de recursos eletr?nicos de comunica??o e informa??o na pesquisa
Pinheiro, Lena Vania Ribeiro;
Ciência da Informa??o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-19652003000300008
Abstract: usage study of communication and information electronic resources by brazilian researchers in the generation of new knowledge. the analysis encompasses the frequency of participation in the network as well as the intervenient factors, usage aims and the relevance of this technology. electronic resources and traditional printed ones are compared in scientific and technical information usage and access. results identified perceptions and perspectives, among which the coming together of scientific communication and scientific divulgation, the confluence of communication and information processes and the growing interest for research in the area, including brazil. considering the importance of electronic resources for research, there is a need for its constant expansion and updating, which implies investments by brazilian institutions and its insertion in the national public policies.
Distribui??o dos valores do índice de massa corporal da popula??o brasileira até 25 anos
Anjos,Luiz Antonio dos; Veiga,Gloria Valeria da; Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891998000300004
Abstract: this paper presents the percentage distribution of the body mass index of the brazilian population from birth to age 25, based on a national survey conducted in 1989. survey data show that body mass index decreases from birth until around 6 years of age, reaching a plateau at 8 years and progressively increasing until the age of 19 or 20 years for females and 20 or 21 for males. the survey also revealed that after the age of 12 females present a greater body mass index than males, as well as a larger range of percentile values (from 3 to 97). a comparison with data from other countries showed that the body mass index profile in brazil is similar to that observed in france, great britain, and the united states. before the age of 6, brazilian youngsters have a mean body mass index that resembles that of north american children, and a lower one thereafter. a comparison between the median body mass index of brazilian and british youngsters revealed consistently lower values among brazilian females. when compared to that of france, brazil's male population has a systematically lower body mass index after the age of 8. it is suggested that the data presented in our study be used only for comparing groups of individuals and studies, and not for screening or clinical monitoring, due to the great variability in growth patterns during adolescence.
Distribui o dos valores do índice de massa corporal da popula o brasileira até 25 anos
Anjos Luiz Antonio dos,Veiga Gloria Valeria da,Castro Inês Rugani Ribeiro de
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1998,
Abstract: O presente artigo apresenta a distribui o em percentis do índice de massa corporal da popula o jovem brasileira. As medidas de massa corporal e estatura de crian as e jovens de ambos os sexos, do nascimento até os 25 anos, foram obtidas a partir da Pesquisa Nacional sobre Saúde e Nutri o realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística e pelo Instituto Nacional de Alimenta o e Nutri o em 1989, com o objetivo de descrever o estado de saúde e nutri o da popula o brasileira. Os valores do índice de massa corporal levantados pela pesquisa tendem a decrescer na faixa etária de 1 a 6 anos, mantêm-se estáveis até cerca de 8 anos e aumentam progressivamente, até se estabilizarem por volta de 19 a 20 anos para mulheres e 20 a 21 anos para homens. A pesquisa também revelou que as meninas apresentam valores de índice de massa corporal superiores aos dos meninos a partir dos 12 anos, bem como maiores diferen as entre valores de percentis extremos (percentil 3 e 97). A compara o com dados de outros países revelou que, em linhas gerais, o padr o de evolu o do índice de massa corporal no Brasil assemelha-se ao encontrado na Fran a, Gr -Bretanha e Estados Unidos. As crian as e jovens brasileiros apresentam valores médios de índice de massa corporal semelhantes aos norte-americanos até os 6 anos e inferiores a partir dos 7 anos. A compara o entre a evolu o da mediana do índice de massa corporal em crian as e adolescentes brasileiros e britanicos revelou valores sempre inferiores para as meninas brasileiras. Em rela o à Fran a, o índice de massa corporal da popula o masculina brasileira é sistematicamente menor a partir dos 8 anos. Os dados aqui apresentados podem servir para acompanhamento de tendências e compara es entre estudos; seu uso para fins de triagem e monitoramento clínico é desaconselhável, dada a ampla varia o individual no processo de crescimento e desenvolvimento durante a adolescência.
Congenital toxoplasmosis transmitted by human immunodeficiency-virus infected women
Azevedo, Kátia Martins Lopes de;Setúbal, Sérgio;Lopes, Vania Gloria Silami;Camacho, Luiz Ant?nio Bastos;Oliveira, Solange Artimos de;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702010000200014
Abstract: we report the occurrence of congenital toxoplasmosis in three infants born to hiv infected women who had high anti-toxoplasma igg and negative igm during pregnancy. we briefly reviewed available literature and discussed the possible transmission mechanisms of congenital toxoplasmosis among hiv infected pregnant women. serum samples were tested for toxoplasma gondii igm and igg antibodies using commercial enzyme immunoassay and igg-avidity tests. in the first case, fetal death occurred at 28th week of gestation. in the second case, congenital toxoplasmosis was diagnosis at 6th month of life; and in the third case, an hiv-infected newborn, congenital toxoplasmosis was asymptomatic. these cases point out to the possibility of enhanced maternal-fetal transmission of t. gondii infection by hiv-infected women chronically infected, which may have important public health consequences, considering that increasing frequency of hiv-infection has been observed among women of childbearing age around the world.
Infant mortality: comparison between two birth cohorts from Southeast and Northeast, Brazil
Ribeiro,Valdinar S; Silva,Ant?nio A M; Barbieri,Marco A; Bettiol,Heloisa; Arag?o,Vania M F; Coimbra,Liberata C; Alves,Maria T S S B;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000600004
Abstract: objective: to obtain population estimates and profile risk factors for infant mortality in two birth cohorts and compare them among cities of different regions in brazil. methods: in ribeir?o preto, southeast brazil, infant mortality was determined in a third of hospital live births (2,846 singleton deliveries) in 1994. in s?o luís, northeast brazil, data were obtained using systematic sampling of births stratified by maternity unit (2,443 singleton deliveries) in 1997-1998. mothers answered standardized questionnaires shortly after delivery and information on infant deaths was retrieved from hospitals, registries and the states health secretarys' office. the relative risk (rr) was estimated by poisson regression. results: in s?o luís, the infant mortality rate was 26.6/1,000 live births, the neonatal mortality rate was 18.4/1,000 and the post-neonatal mortality rate was 8.2/1,000, all higher than those observed in ribeir?o preto (16.9, 10.9 and 6.0 per 1,000, respectively). adjusted analysis revealed that previous stillbirths (rr=3.67 vs 4.13) and maternal age <18 years (rr=2.62 vs 2.59) were risk factors for infant mortality in the two cities. inadequate prenatal care (rr=2.00) and male sex (rr=1.79) were risk factors in s?o luís only, and a dwelling with 5 or more residents was a protective factor (rr=0.53). in ribeir?o preto, maternal smoking was associated with infant mortality (rr=2.64). conclusions: in addition to socioeconomic inequalities, differences in access to and quality of medical care between cities had an impact on infant mortality rates.
Fatores associados à inadequa??o do uso da assistência pré-natal
Coimbra,Liberata C; Silva,Ant?nio A M; Mochel,Elba G; Alves,Maria T S S B; Ribeiro,Valdinar S; Arag?o,Vania M F; Bettiol,Heloisa;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102003000400010
Abstract: objective: to identify factors associated with inadequacy of prenatal care utilization in urban community. methods: a cross-sectional study of a systematic sample stratified by maternity hospital, consisting of hospital births in the municipality of s?o luís, brazil, was carried out from march 1997 to february 1998. socioeconomic and demographic factors, reproductive health, morbidity during pregnancy, and utilization of prenatal care services were studied. mothers answered a standardized questionnaire before hospital discharge. the adequacy of prenatal care utilization was analyzed by means of two indexes: apncu (adequacy of prenatal care utilization) and a new index based on the recommendations of the brazilian ministry of health. results: there were interviewed 2,831 women who delivered at 10 public and private maternity hospitals. the inadequacy of prenatal care utilization was 49.2% according to the apncu index and 24.5% when determined by the brazilian index. prenatal care at public services, low maternal schooling, low income, having no partner, and absence of maternal diseases during pregnancy were associated with inadequacy of prenatal care use according to both indexes. high parity and maternal age of 35 years or more were also associated with inadequacy, whereas primiparity, morbidity, and young maternal age (<20 years) seemed to protect from inadequacy when the brazilian index was used. conclusions: prenatal care showed low coverage in the municipality of s?o luís. the inadequacy of prenatal care utilization was associated with several factors linked to social inequality.
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