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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1377 matches for " Valentin Kabambi Bukasa "
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Children Family Break and Access to Health Care Law: What Knowledge and Attitudes in the City of Mbujimayi Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Anaclet Mbuyi Mishinda, Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Guillaume Kabongo Mwamba, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, André Mutombo Kabamba, Stany Wembonyama Okitotsho
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105386
Abstract:
Introduction: In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the right to health care is recognized to all children at both constitutional principles of the law on protection of the latter. Despite the existence of these instruments, access to health care continues to be a problem again. Thus, our study focuses on children with family breakdown and the right of access to health care: What about knowledge and attitudes in Mbujimayi/Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: The study is the quantitative correlational type and focused on 600 children from broken homes in the city of Mbujimayi. She performed for a period of four months which is from 18 March to 18 July 2018. A questionnaire consisting of closed and open questions was used as an instrument for data collection. The Epi-Info software version 3.5 in 2010 was used for data analysis. Results: The majority of children in family breakdown is composed of those with more than 14 years with (52.8%); the average age is 15.5 years; 67.8% are male; 53% live east of the City of Mbujimayi; 60.5% are non-monogamous families; 53.8% are without levels; 67.5% are Christian and 71% cannot read or write. Conclusion: Knowledge of the right of access to health care and the question that access to health care den is an exclusive right granted to children from broken families is low. The attitude of children from broken front right of access to health care Mbujimayi is negative. So to improve this knowledge and attitudes, we suggest that parents support their responsibilities by supervising their children. Social actors and other stakeholders in the protection of children, help them reintegrate into society by providing them with a minimum of education/training to continue to do their fieldwork by sensitizing these children on their rights and especially on the right of access to health care to the Congolese State.
Early Marriage in Girls 12 - 18 Years: Frequency and Predisposing Factors in the City of Kabinda, Province Lomani/DRC Congo  [PDF]
Adeline Kasanj Kalum, Daniel Kitambo Kabiengele, Dieudonne Lumanu Mposhi, Regine Nkusu Kalenga, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Kalala Odia, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Emmanuel Mpetemba Mubala, Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105268
Abstract:
Introduction: To determine the frequency and risk factors of early marriage among girls 12 - 18 years in the city of KABINDA. Material and methods: This study is descriptive cross. It was conducted in 5304 households in two Kamukungu health areas and Kilo located KAMUKUNGU neighborhood. The sample consisted of 1227 women of childbearing age, married at an early stage that had been subjected to a questionnaire that was used as data collection tool. Results: The early marriage rate among girls 12 - 18 years is 23.1%. Factors encouraging this early marriage are poverty (continued to unemployed parents, resourceful and load carriers) (33.9%), culture and custom (31.4%), family and social pressure (17.9%) and non-use of contraceptive methods (17.2%). Conclusion: Early marriage in our communities is an all too common phenomenon in the DRC in general and particularly in the province of South Kivu, or one in four women currently aged 40 - 45 had married before the age of 18. This is also the situation in the province of Lomani and precisely in the city of KABINDA. To do this, it would popularize laws and legal texts on the protection of children especially in education, and marriage continues to raise awareness of the city of KABINDA and prevent child marriage by bringing to 18, the minimum age for marriage and support oriented programs to protect and promote the rights of adolescent girls.
Prognostic of the New Nests of Seropositive Mothers Beneficiaries of the Prevention of Mother-Child Transmission in the City of Mbuji-Mayi/Drc  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Ivon Kasonga, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Moise Kanyiki Katala, Justin Tshibangu Kandala, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Nana Dikoma Misenga, Thérèse Kapenga Mitanta, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Emmanuel Mubala Mpetemba, Michel Kabamba Nzaji
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105267
Abstract:
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the success of Moth-er-to-Child Transmission Prevention (PMTCT) is reducing the morbidity and mortality of newborns related to HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive correlational study whose data collection is done in a transversal way from 01 to 30 June 2017 among HIV-positive women screened and we antiretroviral treatment in the health area targeted by this study. To collect this data, we used the semi-structured technical interview face-to-face using a questionnaire. Results: The results of the bivariate analysis revealed the HIV positive outcome in newborns of HIV-positive mothers is significantly related to the following factors (i.e,. p < 0.05): the parity of more than 5 children; lack of knowledge of some HIV infection pathways; lack of knowledge of some factors that promote the transmission of HIV from mother to child, such as: several infections in the mother; mixed feeding; lack of treatment of the mother; multiple pregnancies; non-monitoring of PMTCT activities; childbirth at home; mixed feeding and non-monitoring of PMTCT services with all pregnancies after-positive HIV diagnosis; lack of knowledge of the center offering the PMTCT service in service within its radius; poor monitoring of antiretroviral therapy and the effect of not HAVING applied to family planning method. Conclusion: The WHO advises inside this box to promote education, information and communication services for health that are ignored by the population using the available communication channels in the respective areas; apply mass communication to inform pregnant women about the existence of PMTCT services in health centers or hospitals.
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Professionals on Ebola Virus Disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo  [PDF]
Kabemba Bukasa Héman
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105504
Abstract:
Background: Ebola virus disease (EVD) remains a public health problem. Health workers are constantly at risk of contracting the disease because of the high risk of infection. The Democratic Republic of Congo is in its tenth epi-demic. Objective: This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge, atti-tudes and practices of care professionals about the occurrence of a possible outbreak of EVD. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional and de-scriptive survey of the care staff of the Moba administrative unit. The period from June to August 2018 was chosen. We administered an adapted CDC-2014 questionnaire to the health care providers in the targeted hospitals. Results: A total of 66 care professionals had participated in our survey. The means age of the respondents was 32 ± 2.1 years, with a male predominance (57.6%) and a nurse (75.8%). The majority of care professionals had good knowledge of the name and reservoir of the causal agent, the severity of the disease, the modes of prevention and the attitude to adopt in case of suspicion of Ebola virus disease, and the year of the last epidemic. On the other hand, the level of knowledge on the definition of the disease, the transmission routes, the virological and clinical aspects and even the number of epidemics that have already affected the Democratic Republic of Congo and the year of the first epidemic was insufficient. The majority of respondents (78.8%; p < 0.01) had never attended Ebola training. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of the care professionals was below expectations. Strengthening care professionals capacity on Ebola virus disease is imperatively required in a short time, given epidemic episodes
Psychological Foundations of Creative Education  [PDF]
Valentin Ageyev
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31001
Abstract: The article suggests considering the translating (consuming) character of contemporary education as its problem. The consuming character of education, exactly, is asserted to be the source of all educational problems. The effort is made to differentiate between the education based on appropriation (consumption of the knowledge and social experience existing in the society) and education based on generation (creativeness, i.e. self-dependent creation of the new knowledge). It is pointed out that under conditions of appropriating (culture-consuming) education it is impossible to raise the ability to create and foresee. This problem can only be solved under conditions of creative (culture-generating) education. This article cites the results of experimental education under the conditions of creative education. The conclusion is drawn on the perspectivity of the educational creative systems elaboration.
Breeding and Genetic Assessment of Some Quantitative Traits in Crosses Forage Pea (Pisum sativum L.)  [PDF]
Valentin Kosev
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.41004
Abstract:

The trial was carried during 2011-2013 on the second experimental field of the Institute of forage Crops-Pleven, Bulgaria. Populations of P1, P2, F2 and F1 of the crosses Shtambovii × Pleven 10 and Rosacrono × Pleven 4 and their reciprocals were investigated. Heterosis for the investigated traits was found in the hybrids of F1 generations. The cross Rosacrono × Pleven 4 had the highest positive true heterosis for plant height (31.54%), height to first pod (15.44%) and pod length (17.11%); the cross Shtambovii × Pleven 10—for nods per plant (56.10%) and pod width (20.38%); Pleven 10

Effect of Electrical Defloration in Liquid and Solid Crystals  [PDF]
Valentin. A. Tsvetkov
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.33016
Abstract: Earlier we observed a movement of the front of ions in the bulk of an ordered LC sample across which the driven voltage was applied [1]. This movement looked as waving zigzag curvatures in the pattern of interference strips. It was shown that behind the movable front of ions, the LC volume was getting charged. The author has found out that, in his pioneer experiments made in 1974, he observed the similar electrooptical phenomena on a single crystal of niobate-strontium-barium (NBS). Just after applying driving voltage (in a crossed electrical field crystal sample geometry) a system of curved interference strips is arising, which is evolving for the time period of about ten minutes at the driven voltage being kept constant. The evolution of the interference stripes pattern near positive, negative electrodes and in middle part of sample occurs in some different ways. At the end of evolution the system of strips disappears and the sample becomes practically homogeneous. The described process can be observed only once at the first applying of the driving voltage. This process is caused by redistribution of charges frozen at the crystallization and which are having an opportunity of the recombination at the first applying of the driving voltage. The obtained results are discussed with the possible applying the given experimental technique for solid and LCs parameters studying.
Can Digital Games Be a Way of Improving the Neuroplasticity in Stroke Damage? Can the Adult Brain Grow New Cells or Rewire Itself in Response to a New Experience?  [PDF]
Livia Stocco Sanches Valentin
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2017.62013
Abstract: Exploratory studies developed at several neurosciences laboratories at universities around the world show us through the experience that there is a biological process called neuroplasticity. Because of this oldest concept about the neuronal formation, scientists also thought that if a particular area of the adult brain was damaged, the nerve cells could not form new connections and the functions controlled by this field of the brain would be permanently lost or could not be regenerate. However, studies have overturned this old view, and currently, scientists recognize that the brain continues to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections during the life. This phenomenon is called neuroplasticity that refers to the potential which the brain should be reorganized by creating new neural pathways to adapt, as it needs.
Study on Food Import in D. R. Congo  [PDF]
Mukeba Mbala Eric, Shiwei Xu, Wen Yu, Shengwei Wang, Abdul-Gafar Ahmed, Siek Darith, Mujinga Bukasa Eliane
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.52B003
Abstract:
Democratic Republic of Congo is a developing country located in Central Africa with a population of over 75 million. Generally, it relies on import in international market for food as it has constantly been experiencing domestic crisis which hinders production. Given the importance of shores price policy and income policy, the government pays meticulous attention to these factors to meet the present and future food security. In order to understand the import behavior related to GDP and international trade prices, the study employs Almost Idea Demand System (AIDS) model using FAO data. The result explains that price effect is more useful to the food security of the country than the income effect, thus this study suggest the government should give priority to policy on price.
Analysis of Tire Contact Parameters Using Visual Processing
Valentin Ivanov
Advances in Tribology , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/491723
Abstract: This paper discusses the application of noncontact methods to analyze the tire-surface contact interaction. This approach uses the tire test bench with the set of contact patch monitoring based on image processing procedures. The first part of this paper presents the results of experimental estimation of the contact patch area depending on the normal wheel load and inflation pressure for different car tires. The data were obtained for test bench conditions on the basis of the visual processing of tread footprint. Further, the contact length in the cohesion area during wheel rolling for single points on the tire profile has been chosen as a benchmark criterion. This paper has analyzed the influence of the wheel normal load and tire inflation pressure on the contact length with small rolling velocities. The results of the investigations are given for winter and racing tires with different grades of wear. 1. Introduction The permanent development of new methods in simulation and experimental research on contact processes of tire-surface interaction furnishes an opportunity to perfect both the tire construction and the automotive control systems considering the wheel dynamics. Nevertheless, the complicated mathematical apparatus describing the tire contact processes, which is typical for many up-to-date research works, does not always allow easy-to-use assessment of such fundamental parameters as contact patch area or pneumatic trail. The mentioned parameters are of importance for a comparative analysis of tire construction, especially for (i)approbation of new tread materials,(ii)assessment of tread pattern impact on tire kinematic,(iii)verification of model validity in respect of tire-road interaction. An analysis of related research sources has revealed that the following theoretical methods are most commonly used for assessing tire contact characteristics:(i)multi-body models [1–3],(ii)tribological models [4],(iii)finite element analysis [5, 6],(iv)inverse dynamics, observers [7–9]. To parameterize and verify the tire contact models, field and rig testing can be applied. For this, the methods of thermograph, optical, and acoustical measurements have received recognition [10–13], or the typical tribological measurements can be applied to tire specimens [14]. Within the framework of this paper, another approach is considered. It is based on a combination of a nondestructive measuring technique and visual information processing. Two case studies are further discussed to illustrate the applicability of the proposed method for the analysis of contact patch
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