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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 376107 matches for " Valéria de Cássia;Borges "
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Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and their friends: the influence of this interaction in the management of the disease
Sparapani, Valéria de Cássia;Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Dantas, Isa Ribeiro de Oliveira;Pan, Raquel;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100016
Abstract: friends' support is a key element in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus. this study describes the influence of friends on the lives of children with diabetes mellitus and its implications for managing the disease. empirical data were collected through semi-structured interviews, supported with the use of puppets, with 19 children aged between seven and 12 years old. the qualitative analysis of the testimonies allowed understanding the phenomenon from two perspectives: the attitude of friends towards the child, positively or negatively affecting the disease's management, and the attitude of the child toward friends. the knowledge of those involved and the interaction between the children with dm1 and their friends impacts the management of the disease. understanding the implications of these interactions contributes to the delivery of qualified nursing care to this population.
Perfil das habilidades cognitivas no envelhecimento normal
Souza, Valéria Lopes de;Borges, Mirian Fernanda;Vitória, Cássia Maria da Silva;Chiappetta, Ana Lúcia de Magalh?es Leal;
Revista CEFAC , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009005000056
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the cognitive functions in elderly during normal aging and check if variables such as sex, age and education interfere in the profile of those abilities. methods: a prospective, traverse and observational study was accomplished with a sample constituted by 50 institutionalized elderly without neurological compromising and memory-related complaint, with age varying from 65 to 89 years and having an education grade varying from 0 to 15 years. the test used in this study was the consortium to establish a registry for alzheimer's disease (cerad). results: the feminine gender obtained significant difference in the memory, recall and recognition tests. the age group: 65 - 75 years, obtained significant difference in the recall tests. the range of education from 8 to 15 years obtained significant difference in the boston tests and in the fluency test. conclusion: women had a better performance in the tests that involved memory. the elderly considered youths were better in the proof of memory related to recall. the individuals that had a better instruction grade obtained a better performance in the abilities that involved language.
Perfil das habilidades cognitivas no envelhecimento normal Profile of cognitive abilities in normal aging
Valéria Lopes de Souza,Mirian Fernanda Borges,Cássia Maria da Silva Vitória,Ana Lúcia de Magalh?es Leal Chiappetta
Revista CEFAC , 2010,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: analisar as fun es cognitivas em idosos no envelhecimento normal e verificar se variáveis como sexo, idade e escolaridade interferem no perfil dessas habilidades. MéTODOS: foi realizado um estudo prospectivo, observacional transversal, com uma amostra constituída por 50 idosos institucionalizados, sem comprometimento neurológico e queixa de memória, com idade variando de 65 a 89 anos que possuíam grau de escolaridade variando de 0 a 15 anos. O teste utilizado neste estudo foi o Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). RESULTADOS: o sexo feminino obteve diferen a significante nos subtestes de Memória, Evoca o e Reconhecimento. A faixa etária de 65 - 75 anos obteve diferen a significante no subteste de Evoca o. A faixa de escolaridade de 8 - 15 anos obteve diferen a significante nos subtestes de Boston e no de Fluência. CONCLUS O: as mulheres tiveram um melhor desempenho nos subtestes que envolviam memória. Os idosos considerados jovens foram melhores na prova de memória relacionada à evoca o. Os indivíduos que tiveram um maior grau de instru o obtiveram um melhor desempenho nas habilidades que envolviam linguagem. PURPOSE: to analyze the cognitive functions in elderly during normal aging and check if variables such as sex, age and education interfere in the profile of those abilities. METHODS: a prospective, traverse and observational study was accomplished with a sample constituted by 50 institutionalized elderly without neurological compromising and memory-related complaint, with age varying from 65 to 89 years and having an education grade varying from 0 to 15 years. The test used in this study was the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). RESULTS: the feminine gender obtained significant difference in the Memory, Recall and Recognition tests. The age group: 65 - 75 years, obtained significant difference in the Recall tests. The range of education from 8 to 15 years obtained significant difference in the Boston tests and in the Fluency test. CONCLUSION: women had a better performance in the tests that involved memory. The elderly considered youths were better in the proof of memory related to recall. The individuals that had a better instruction grade obtained a better performance in the abilities that involved language.
Acquisition of a non-matching to place task by rats with neonatal hippocampal lesion induced by ionizing radiation / Aquisi o de uma tarefa espacial por ratos submetidos a les o hipocampal neonatal induzida por radia o ionizante
Valéria Catelli Infantozzi Costa,Rita de Cássia Margarido Moreira,José Lino Oliveira Bueno,Gilberto Fernando Xavier
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007,
Abstract: Costa, Bueno e Xavier (2005) showed that rats with hippocampus dentate gyrus lesions produced by colchicine have post-surgical tests deficits in spatial tasks involving conditional discrimination (non-matching-to-place, NMTP), although repetitive training does promote the recovery of the lamed subject's performance. The purpose of this experiment was to assess the performance of rats with selective lesions of dentate gyrus induced by neonatal ionizing radiation in the NMTP task. The irradiated group showed deficits in the first training sessions when compared to the control group. Nevertheless, the performance of lesion and control groups was similar at the end of the sessions, as previously reported. The results are discussed in light of the cognitive map theory.
A entrevista nas pesquisas qualitativas de enfermagem pediátrica
Oliveira, Rosana Beatriz Gon?alves de;Sparapani, Valéria de Cássia;Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;Lima, Regina Aparecida Garcia de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000200020
Abstract: this systematic review aimed to explore the contributions of brazilian nursing literature about the use of interviews as a data collection technique in research with children. articles were searched in the virtual health library, using health terminology, between 1998 and 2008. thirteen articles were selected, whose analysis allowed for reflections on the type of study, investigated age range, ethical considerations, data collection techniques, among others. data indicated that nurses have used interviews isolated or associated with other techniques. studies need to present the data collection phase in further detail, so as to indicate ways to improve the interview technique with children in nursing research.
Preven??o de incapacidade na hanseníase com apoio em um manual de autocuidado para pacientes
Rodini, Fernanda Carvalho Batista;Gon?alves, Mayara;Barros, Ana Regina de Souza Bavaresco;Mazzer, Nilton;Elui, Valéria Meirelles Carril;Fonseca, Marisa de Cássia Registro;
Fisioterapia e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-29502010000200012
Abstract: leprosy is an infectious disease of slow evolution, manifested by dermatoneurological signs and symptoms, with skin and peripheral nerve injuries. the aim of this study was to assess physical and functional status of eyes, hands and feet of patients with leprosy, as well as to assess evolution of sensory-motor disabilities, degree of disability and quality of life, having specially produced and handed the patients an illustrated self-care manual for preventing disability. twenty-six patients with leprosy were assessed initially and after 12 months of using the manual as to: skin inspection, peripheral nerves palpation, corneal sensitivity, skin sensitivity, limb muscle function, hand muscle strength (finger grip and pinch strength); the disability degree was determined and patients answered the sf-36 questionnaire. most affected nerves were the ulnar and posterior tibial ones. results showed that, though the degree of disability and deformities persisted, there were significant improvements in sf-36 social aspects and pain domains, as well as improvements in skin dryness and hands and feet muscle function. since the latter are directly related to self-care, this suggests that the self-care manual may have an important supporting role in relieving symptoms of patients with leprosy.
Uma nova pin?a regulável para a produ??o de les?es por esmagamento do nervo ciático do rato
Monte-Raso, Vanessa Vilela;Moro, Carlos Alberto;Mazzer, Nilton;Fonseca, Marisa de Cássia Registro;Fazan, Valéria de Paula Sassoli;Barbieri, Giuliano;Barbieri, Cláudio Henrique;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522009000400009
Abstract: objective: a new adjustable pinch has been developed for producing a crush injury, with a previously known load of 5 kg, on a 5 mm-long segment of the nerve. methods: stainless steel was the material selected for building the pinch due its durability and possibility of sterilization with anti-septic substances, which are often corrosive. the crushing load of the pinch is adjustable by increasing or decreasing the tension of the spring by means of a screw used for calibration, which is performed by a load cell. result: this pinch has been used in a few experimental investigations and was shown to be as efficient as both the universal testing machine and the dead weight machine, previously used. conclusion: the developed pinch has the advantages of being portable and user-friendly. in addition, the pinch is cheap and allows for the standardization of the applied load.
For?a de preens?o palmar e pin?as em indivíduos sadios entre 6 e 19 anos
Ferreira, Andréa Campos de Carvalho;Shimano, Antonio Carlos;Mazzer, Nilton;Barbieri, Cláudio Henrique;Elui, Valéria Meirelles Carril;Fonseca, Marisa de Cássia Registro;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522011000200006
Abstract: objective: this study aimed to determine and compare the values of maximum isometric palmar grip and pinch forces in healthy children between 6 and 19 years old using dynamometry, considering gender, dominance and age. methods: 199 subjects were evaluated using jamar? dynamometer to measure palmar grip strength and preston pinch gauge? dynamometer to evaluate pulp to pulp, lateral and three points pinch strength in a standardization testing protocol. the mean of three consecutive grip tests was recorded. linear regression with mixed effects was used to statistically analyze the differences between data. results: mean values found for palmar grip, pulp to pulp, three points and lateral pinch were 24,51kgf, 3,64kgf, 5,37kgf and 6,78kgf, respectively, regardless of the variables. there was statistical difference in all measures by gender and dominance, and the dominant hand and the males had higher grip forces. it was verified that mean values varied with age, with significant difference in most of comparisons between the age groups. conclusion: we concluded that pinch and palmar grip strength demonstrated significant differences in gender, dominance and in most of age subgroups studied, being important to consider them on dynamometry. this study was relevant as reference of normality of hand strength in children and adolescents.
Interven??o nutricional sobre medidas antropométricas e glicemia de jejum de pacientes diabéticos
Geraldo, Júnia Maria;Alfenas, Rita de Cássia Gon?alves;Alves, Raquel Duarte Moreira;Salles, Vannina de Freitas;Queiroz, Valéria Maria Vitarelli;Bitencourt, Maria Christina Barros;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732008000300008
Abstract: objective: the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the scope of a project of nutritional intervention, conducted by the federal university of vi?osa (mg), on fasting glucose, anthropometric measurements and body composition of diabetic patients. methods: in this cohort study, diabetic patients recruited from the " elderly diabetics nutritional care" project, conducted at the federal university of vi?osa, participated in meetings twice a month, where healthy diets were discussed and individual nutritional intervention was given. the data were collected by the application of a clinical-nutritional questionnaire to 42 patients containing personal information and information regarding clinical history, dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, body composition and biochemical data. body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, percentage of body fat and fasting glucose of the participants were analyzed at baseline and after six months of nutritional intervention. the statistical analyses were conducted using the statistical package for the social sciences software, version 12.5. statistical significance was set at p<0.05. the analyses before and after the intervention were done using the wilcoxon test. results: at the end of the study, there was a significant reduction in the median body mass index (p=0.032 and 0.022), waist circumference (p=0.036 and 0.03), and percentage of body fat (p=0.045 and 0.039) of males and females, respectively. furthermore, there was also a significant reduction in fasting glucose (p=0.035). however, the median value of this last parameter was still above the recommended value. conclusion: the results indicate that the nutritional therapy helped improve the anthropometric and biochemical data of the participants, although they must continue with this treatment for more time for these changes to become more evident.
Estresse oxidativo: conceito, implica??es e fatores modulatórios
Barbosa, Kiriaque Barra Ferreira;Costa, Neuza Maria Brunoro;Alfenas, Rita de Cássia Gon?alves;De Paula, Sérgio Oliveira;Minim, Valéria Paula Rodrigues;Bressan, Josefina;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000400013
Abstract: there is evidence that oxidative stress, defined as a persistent imbalance between the production of highly oxidative compounds and antioxidant defenses, leads to tissue damage. oxygen metabolism generates free radicals and/or non-radical reactive oxygen species. the mitochondria, through the electron transport chain, are the main generator of these species. the antioxidant defense system has the function of inhibiting and/or reducing the damage caused by the deleterious free radicals and/or non-radical reactive oxygen species. this system is divided into enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase), and nonenzymatic. the nonenzymatic system consists of a variety of antioxidant substances, which may be endogenous or dietary. this study proposed to review the main mechanisms of reactive oxygen species generation and the role of the most relevant agents of the antioxidant defense system on the biomarkers of oxidative stress. the main exogenous factors that modulate oxidative stress will also be discussed.
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