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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22562 matches for " VM;Souza "
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Intestinal parasitic infections in HIV/AIDS patients: epidemiological, nutritional and immunological aspects
Amancio, FAM;Pascotto, VM;Souza, LR;Calvi, SA;Pereira, PCM;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992012000200013
Abstract: this study applied a socioeconomic questionnaire designed to evaluate the frequency of intestinal parasites and characterize epidemiological, nutritional, and immunological variables in 105 hiv/aids patients - with and without parasitic infections, attending the day hospital in botucatu, unesp, from 2007 to 2008. body mass index was calculated and the following tests performed: parasitological stool examinations; eosinophil, ige, cd4+ t and cd8+ t lymphocyte cell counts; albumin test; viral load measure; and tnf-α, ifn-γ, il-2, il-5 and il-10 cytokine levels. results were positive for parasitic intestinal infections in 12.4% of individuals. most patients had good socioeconomic conditions with basic sanitation, urban dwellings, treated water supply and sewage, good nutritional and immunological status and were undergoing haart. parasites were found at the following frequencies: entamoeba - five patients (38.5%), giardia lamblia - four (30.7%), blastocystis hominis - three (23.0%), endolimax nana - two (15.4%), and ascaris lumbricoides - one (7.7%). there were no significant differences between the two groups for eosinophils, albumin, ige, cd4+ t and cd8+ t lymphocytes, inf-γ, il-2, or il-10. most patients also showed undetectable viral load levels. significant differences were found for tnf-α and il-5. these results show the importance of new studies on immunodeficient individuals to increase understanding of such variables.
Domestic feline cutaneous leishmaniasis in the municipality of Ribas do Rio Pardo, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil: a case report
Souza, AI;Nunes, VLB;Borralho, VM;Ishikawa, EAY;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992009000200017
Abstract: cutaneous leishmaniases are anthropozoonoses that involve many species of leishmania and a wide variety of wild mammalian hosts, thus presenting high importance to public health. this study reports the second case of feline leishmaniasis in mato grosso do sul state, in which leishmania (leishmania) amazonensis was found in a domestic cat from ribas do rio pardo. clinical signs were similar to those observed in other diseases commonly diagnosed in cats, such as cryptococcosis and sporotrichosis. cutaneous leishmaniasis should, therefore, be added to differential diagnoses by feline veterinary practitioners, and also adequate investigations should be carried out to verify the relevance of domestic cats as l. amazonensis reservoirs.
Comparison of DeLorme with Oxford resistance training techniques: effects of training on muscle damage markers
DP da Silva,VM Curty,JM Areas,SC Souza
Biology of Sport , 2010,
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this study was comparing DeLorme with Oxford methods through ten repetition maximum (10 RM) performance and serum creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. Methods: Before and after four weeks of training with the DEL (n=16) or OXF (n=16) resistance training (RT) methods, rest and post exercise serum CK activity, serum LDH activity and 10 RM performance were measured and compared. Results: Both methods provide higher 10 RM results after training without significant differences between groups (p<0.05). Rest and post exercise CK and LDH activity was less after training with DeLorme (DEL) and Oxford (OXF), but the magnitude of the relative peak response (48-hr our 72-hr post exercise, respectively) was higher after each training protocol. Comparisons of CK activity between groups display non-significant differences. Conclusion: DEL or OXF training methods cause the same improvement on muscle performance and both alters CK activity without differences between methods in a 4-week RT program.
Standardization or Stigmatization? Challenges Confronting Lexicography
VM Mojela
Lexikos , 2008,
Abstract: Abstract: The article investigates the effects of the underutilization of the abundant vocabulary of Sesotho sa Leboa, which results from a one-sided standardization approach owing to the disregard and stigmatization of most dialects. Sesotho sa Leboa has several dialects differing greatly concerning terminology, pronunciation and vocabulary. The situation is complicated and aggravated by a standardization which has sidelined more than half of the dialects because of factors such as the influence of colonialism and lack of government co-ordination, the missionary activities, and the influence of early writers and publications. The strict and narrow standardization of Sesotho sa Leboa resulted in the exclusion of large parts of the dialectal vocabulary, the forcing of dialect speakers to accept a foreign standard language, the creation of 'prestige' and 'inferior' dialects, the separation of the standard language from its own dialects and the awakening of a nationalistic spirit among some dialect-speaking communities. Finally solutions for the challenges caused by these developments are afforded.
Review Article Conscientious Objection and Reproductive Health Service Delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa
VM Lema
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: Lack of access to quality reproductive health services is the main contributor to the high maternal mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This is partly due to a shortage of qualified and experienced health care providers. However conscientious objection amongst the available few is a hitherto undocumented potential factor influencing access to health care in SSA. Provision of certain reproductive health services goes counter to some individual’s religious and moral beliefs and practices. Health providers sometimes refuse to participate in or provide such services to clients/patients on moral and/or religious grounds. While the rights to do so are protected by the principles of freedom of religion, among other documents, their refusal exposes clients/patients to the risk of reproductive health morbidity as well as mortality. Such providers are required to refer the clients/patients to other equally qualified and experienced providers who do not hold similar conscientious objection. Access to high quality and evidence-based reproductive health services by all in need is critical to attaining MDG5. In addressing factors contributing to delay in attaining MDG5 in SSA it is instructive to consider the role of conscientious objection in influencing access to quality reproductive health care services and strategies to address it.
Education System and Teacher Training in India
VM Vadivelu
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Education is the basic necessity to any society. According to a Tamil poet, the deeper we dig, the more we discover. The role of teacher also involves the character building of the taught apart from designing and implementation of the curriculum. Teachers cause desirable and anticipated revolution in the society silently. In short, a teacher inspires and shapes the destiny of the nation in class rooms. Realizing the above facts, the teaching profession is considered as the noblest profession in India. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences Vol. 3 (1) 2007: pp. 97-102
Type I (Hannis - Steinthal) Capitellar Fracture: Case Report
VM Mutiso
East African Orthopaedic Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Capitellar fractures of the elbow present with pain and swelling of the elbow following a fall on an outstretched arm and are rare injuries comprising 0.5-1% of all elbow fractures (1). This is a case report of an adult female who sustained this injury following a fall on her outstretched arm. CT scans revealed a Type I capitellar fracture of the right elbow. Open reduction and internal fixation was done with a functionally good result. Because of the cartilaginous nature of the capitellum humeri these injuries are easily missed on radiography. One must have a high index of suspicion especially when elbow movement is noticeably restricted. These injuries are discussed and the literature reviewed. Although controversial, treatment is mainly operative. One should carefully review radiographs of patients who present with injuries of the elbow with pain, swelling and markedly restricted joint range of motion and whose mechanism of injury(fall on an outstretched arm) is consistent with capitellar fracture. CT scans often clinch the diagnosis. Type I fractures may be treated conservatively but Type II injuries require operative intervention.
Tsotsitaal: A Dictionary of the Language of Sophiatown.
VM Mojela
Lexikos , 2003,
Abstract: Louis Molamu. Tsotsitaal: A Dictionary of the Language of Sophiatown. 2003, xxix + 130 pp. ISBN 1 86888 187 3. Pretoria: University of South Africa.
Role of Game Theory in Public Health
Malhotra VM
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Game theory, a branch of applied mathematics has been utilized by researchers in various fields including health to arrive at practical solutions to contemporary challenges. The article aims to introduce the subject to medical fraternity in India and recommends that the theory should be included in the syllabus of post graduate students of community medicine so that future generations of public health experts are aware of the theory and its potential use to find tangible solutions to public health issues.
Snake antivenoms: adverse reactions and production technology
Morais, VM;Massaldi, H;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992009000100002
Abstract: antivenoms have been widely used for more than a century for treating snakebites and other accidents with poisonous animals. despite their efficacy, the use of heterologous antivenoms involves the possibility of adverse reactions due to activation of the immune system. in this paper, alternatives for antivenom production already in use were evaluated in light of their ability to minimize the occurrence of adverse reactions. these effects were classified according to their molecular mechanism as: anaphylactic reactions mediated by ige, anaphylactoid reactions caused by complement system activation, and pyrogenic reactions produced mainly by the presence of endotoxins in the final product. in the future, antivenoms may be replaced by humanized antibodies, specific neutralizing compounds or vaccination. meanwhile, improvements in antivenom quality will be focused on the obtainment of a more purified and specific product in compliance with good manufacturing practices and at an affordable cost.
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