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Nasal rhinosporiodiosis from uttar pradesh (India): a non-endemic zone: first case report
Malhotra, Shalini;Bobade, Om Prakash;Chauhan, Ankit;Vishnoi, Nripen;Hans, Charoo;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822011000200007
Abstract: rhinosporiodiosis is a cosmopolitan disease of man and animals, endemic in india and sri lanka with main focus of infection in southern tamil nadu. uttar pradesh (up) is not known to be an endemic zone for this disease .we present here the first case of nasal rhinosporiodiosis from this non-endemic zone.
Recurrent floods and prevalence of diarrhea among under five children: observations from Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh, India
Pooran C. Joshi,Sonia Kaushal,Bijaya S. Aribam,Prashant Khattri
Global Health Action , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.6355
Abstract: Background : Diarrhea is an important problem among the under-five children in India. Objective : The paper examines long-term impacts of recurrent floods on diarrhea among under-five children in Uttar Pradesh, India. Design : A two stage stratified cluster survey was conducted in flood affected (exposed) and non-flood affected areas (unexposed). Results : The long-term impact of the floods was not clearly marked in the overall prevalence of diarrhea with the exposed group having prevalence of 55.1% as against 56.2% in the unexposed group of children under five. Economic condition of the household is associated with the prevalence of diarrhea in both exposed and unexposed strata. Anemia was found to be a significant risk factor for diarrhea among children in both the flood exposed and non-flood exposed populations. The recurrent floods did not have any significant effect on the prevalence of diarrhea in relation to gender, religion, caste, and household size. Conclusions : The study indicates that the long-term impacts of floods are very differently manifested than the immediate impacts.
Prevalence of keratinophilic fungi in usar soils of Uttar Pradesh, India
Sunil Kumar Deshmukh,Shilpa Amit Verekar
Microbiology Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/mr.2011.e15
Abstract: Alkaline soils commonly called as Usar soil having pH 7.5 to 11.0 is commonly found in regions having poor drainage and little percolation. These soils occupy vast tracts of barren lands in the northern parts of India. These areas are frequently visited by man and animals, however there are no reports on the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from the Usar soils. The purpose of this research was to study the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in the alkaline Usar soil. To investigate the occurrence of soil keratinophilic fungi from Usar soil, 120 samples were collected from five districts of Uttar Pradesh viz. Lucknow, Bareilly, Azamgarh, Balia and Pratapgarh. Keratinophilic fungi were isolated by the hair baiting techniques using human hair as keratin bait. The cultures were identified using macro- and micro morphological features. Eighty-tow strains of keratinophilic fungi were recovered from 120 (68.33%) soil samples. The isolated fungi were composed of ten species of five genera viz. Chrysosporium indicum (19.16%), Microsporum gypseum (12.5%), Chrysosporium tropicum (10.0%), Chrysosporium pannicola (7.5%), Trichophyton terrestre (5.83%), Chrysosporium lucknowense (4.16%), Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus (3.33%), Gymnascella dankailensis (3.33%), Gymnoascus reessii (1.66 %) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (1.66 %). The presence of keratinophilic fungi in the Usar soils of Uttar Pradesh, India indicates that these fungi do occur at higher alkalinity.
An empirical study of tourist preferences using conjoint analysis
Tripathi, S.N.,Siddiqui, M.H.
International Journal of Business Science and Applied Management , 2010,
Abstract: Tourism and hospitality have become key global economic activities as expectations with regard to our use of leisure time have evolved, attributing greater meaning to our free time. While the growth in tourism has been impressive, India's share in total global tourism arrivals and earnings is quite insignificant. It is an accepted fact that India has tremendous potential for development of tourism. This anomaly and the various underlying factors responsible for it are the focus of our study. The objective being determination of customer preferences for multi attribute hybrid services like tourism, so as to enable the state tourism board to deliver a desired combination of intrinsic attributes, helping it to create a sustainable competitive advantage, leading to greater customer satisfaction and positive word of mouth. Conjoint analysis has been used for this purpose, which estimates the structure of a consumer’s preferences, given his/her overall evaluations of a set of alternatives that are pre-specified in terms of levels of different attributes.
Journal of Community Positive Practices , 2013,
Abstract: Recent research has witnessed considerable attraction of people and policy makers regarding health outcome and its impact on the welfare of the population. Moreover, wide heterogeneity is evident in achieving various health outcomes and health related infrastructure indicators within the states. The problem of larger states, which comprises a huge population, mass poverty and poor health status, is more severe, hence requires special attention to policy makers and planners. The study aims at measuring health disparity in Uttar Pradesh, largest state in terms of population, using different indicators, related to health outcomes and infrastructures. The paper makes an attempt to develop composite index, showing health development at district level as well as regional level during the period 2010-11. The study uses Principle Component Analysis to see the impact of different indicators in the health status of the state. The empirical result shows that there exists wide variation in different indicators of health in the state at disaggregated level.
Synergistic cropping of summer groundnut with Jatropha curcas – a new two-tier cropping system for Uttar Pradesh
RA Singh,Munish Kumar,Ekhlaq Haider
Journal of SAT Agricultural Research , 2007,
Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness in Uttar Pradesh, India  [PDF]
Kaushlendra Kumar
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.86063
Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate the subject of birth preparedness and complication readiness to tackle the obstetric complications. Birth preparedness and complication readiness is studied based on husband’s response. Emergency birth preparedness has been promoted to address delays in seeking skilled care at birth. However, little evidence is available for birth preparedness and its key covariates. Therefore, to examine the level of birth preparedness, this study has used primary data collected from the selected district of Uttar Pradesh. The information in this study may be valuable to Indian health policy makers and programme implementers who wish to lower the prevailing high maternal mortality in the country. This paper is based on the primary data collected from 33 husbands of deceased women and 150 husbands of surviving mothers from one selected district of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Birth preparedness and complication readiness is measured using series of questions. The husbands were asked whether they followed the following key desired steps while their wife was pregnant with last child: 1) thinking about the measures to be taken in case of life danger; 2) being aware about the delivery date of wife; 3) saving money for meeting delivery expenses; 4) discussing plans with close family members; 5) keeping ready clean cotton and other necessities; 6) identifying a hospital to go in case of emergency; 7) arranging transportation and 8) arranging dai/doctor. Taking at least five steps were considered being well-prepared. Frequency distribution and cross tabulation analysis were done and logistic regression model was applied to understand independent effect of key covariates. Proportion test and t-test were also applied to check the statistical significance in two groups. It was found that different steps of birth preparedness were not planned in case of all pregnancies. Many respondents did not take any step about birth preparedness or they prepared only for few steps only. Findings from logistic regression suggest that controlling the effect of other covariates, if wife registered her name with any hospital or doctor for antenatal care (ANC), the level of preparedness was significantly higher compared to those who were not registered for ANC services. Similarly, the husbands who reported that men should get involved in deciding the place of delivery were significantly positively associated with well birth preparedness.
Effects of Women’s Autonomy and Male Involvement on Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Service Utilization in Uttar Pradesh  [PDF]
Damodar Sahu, Tapati Dutta, Sanjay Kumar, Nihar Ranjan Mishra, Sharmila Neogi, Subrato Mondal, Anju Dadhwal-Singh, Marta Levitt-Dayal
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2016.611024
Abstract: Introduction: Effective utilization of reproductive and child health (RCH) services is important to reduce morbidity and mortality among mothers as well as children under-five. After International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), 1994 India has increasingly integrated male participation in women’s reproductive health to improve the women’s health care during pregnancy and child birth. This study examined effect of women’s autonomy and male involvement on RCH services utilization in Uttar Pradesh State of India. Methodology: State level data of Uttar Pradesh from National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India for currently married women and men aged 15 - 49 years was considered. The study was restricted to couples whose youngest child was born during the three years preceding the survey (N = 2685). Pearson chi-square test was used to determine the association of background characteristics with woman’s autonomy and male involvement in RCH utilization. Logistic regression was used to understand the effects of male involvement and women’s autonomy, using both computed indices after controlling for socio-economic and background characteristics of women and their husbands. Subsequently, the exercise was extended using individual component of both the indices. All findings were reported for 95% CI and p < 0.05. Results: Findings show that except religion, other socio-economic and demographic variables such as age of women, place of residence, number of living children, caste/tribe, women’s work status, education, wealth index, household structure and exposure to mass media, husband’s age, education, and occupation were statistically significant and associated with women’s autonomy and male involvement. Multivariate analysis indicated women’s autonomous decision making and support from their husbands (male involvement) significantly influenced their utilization of RCH services after controlling for all socio-economic and demographic variables. Conclusion: To improve RCH service utilization and overall health status of women and children male involvement and women’s autonomous decision-making should be addressed in all future RCH programs in the State.
Anthropometric Somatotype of Kshatriya and Kurmi of Uttar Pradesh: population and gender differences
Shivani Chandel,S.L. Malik
Human Biology Review , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe the population and gender related variations of the somatotype, employing Heath and Carter's method, in Kshatriya and Kurmi population residing in a rural region of Uttar Pradesh. The sample included 1008 adult Kshatriya (252 males and 252 females) and Kurmi (252 males and 252 females), belonging to the age group of 18-40 yrs. The population and gender differences were evaluated by one-way ANOVA. The results suggest that average body physique of Kshatriya males is Ectomorphic-Mesomorph (2.2 - 4.6 - 3.9) while that of Kshatriya females is Balanced mesomorph (2.5- 4.7- 2.1). Kurmi males are also Ectomorphic- Mesomorph (2.3 - 6.5 - 3.4) and Kurmi females are Balanced mesomorph (2.3 - 4.7 - 2.9). It means that, in general, both Kshatriya and Kurmi males have linear and muscular body physique whereas females are muscular in their body physique. The overall high mesomorphic ratings in both the populations can be attributed to the occupation of agriculture and factory work involving high physical activity.
Studies of the Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease in Uttar Pradesh, India, Between 2000 and 2006
Amit Kumar Verma,B.C. Pal,C.P. Singh,Udit Jain
Asian Journal of Epidemiology , 2008,
Abstract: The present study provides information about the endemicity of the disease in Uttar Pradesh, India that can help to formulate an effective strategy for an FMD control programme. In the Uttar Pradesh state of India, 270 FMD outbreaks were reported during 2000 to 2006. From these outbreaks, 178 tongue epithelial tissues were collected. Out of 270 outbreaks, 131 were confirmed by indirect sandwich ELISA test. Of the prevalent four serotypes, O type FMD virus accounted for the most outbreaks (50.38%), followed by A virus type (30.53%) and Asia-1 virus type (19.08%), while no outbreak due to type C was detected. The study shows clearly that incidences were highest during the winter months and in the South Western semi arid agro-climatic zone. The distribution and density of the FMD-susceptible population in different districts of the state also played major role in disease incidences. Due to the unrestricted movements of animals among different livestock markets, the disease was transmitted either by direct contact or by aerosols from infected to healthy animals.
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