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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 77683 matches for " Ursula Maria Moreira; "
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Visiting Patients at Home: Reasons and Efficiency of Dental House Calls  [PDF]
Maria Kretsch, Ursula Gresser
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2015.46022
Abstract: This retrospective study analyzes indications for house calls by dentists in a domiciliary setting. Its database consists in 69 visits made by a dentist office in Munich from 1998 to 2013 at the homes of 29 non-institutionalized seniors (≥62 years old, 15 females, 14 males, average age 83.7 years old). The analysis focused on the patients’ general state of health, their dental and oral health, the kinds of dental treatments administered, as well as economic aspects and the quantitative development in the frequency of house calls during the study period. The most frequent pre-existing conditions that made a house call necessary were cardiovascular illnesses (60%) and dementia diseases (36%). Multi-morbidity, dependency on care, accessibility issues, and frailty because of advanced age played a central role. The patients’ oral health was acceptable, with the exception of those with dementia diseases, who were more frequently toothless (40% versus 5.6%) and had a higher percentage of carious and decayed teeth (26.3% versus 10.3%). The most frequent procedures were treatments for denture sores and the repair of removable dentures (53.6%). The main focus was on reparative dentistry. The average house call took 37 minutes including travel time. Thus, the time needed was a multiple of the time necessary for treatment in the dental office. The lack of economic efficiency may be the reason why many dentists in Germany hesitate to make house calls. Despite the introduction of additional fees for the treatment of patients in need of long-term care on April 1, 2013, the number of house calls is low and increases only slowly. At the same time, the need for house calls will rise in the future due to an increasing proportion of elderly persons in the population and a decline in the percentage of toothless elderly.
Síndromes coronarianas agudas na ausência de doen?a arterial coronariana significativa
Pinheiro, Maria das Gra?as Viana;Rabelo Jr., Alvaro;Jesus, Rogerio Santos de;Nascimento, Luciana Cunha;Costa, Ursula Maria Moreira;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2005000100006
Abstract: objective: to assess the clinical characteristics, evolution, and in-hospital complications of patients with acute coronary syndromes (acs) in the absence of significant obstructive coronary artery disease (cad). methods: cross-sectional study of patients hospitalized from august 1996 to march 2002 with acute coronary syndrome, with or without an elevation in the st segment, and with (= 50%) or without (<50%) significant coronary stenosis. their clinical and demographic characteristics and their in-hospital complications were analyzed. results: of the 1351 patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome, 28% had an elevation in the st segment and 72% had no elevation. the patients with acute coronary syndrome with no elevation in the st segment and no significant coronary obstruction were younger, predominantly females, and had a lower frequency of dyslipidemia, previous coronary arterial disease, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and systemic arterial hypertension, when compared with those with significant obstructive lesion. among the individuals with acute coronary syndrome and an elevation in the st segment, smoking was the most prevalent risk factor in patients with nonsignificant obstructive lesion. in regard to complications, recurring ischemia, congestive heart failure, and arrhythmias were more frequent in patients with acute coronary syndrome with no elevation in the st segment and no significant obstructive coronary lesion. conclusion: patients with acute coronary syndrome with no elevation in the st segment and with nonsignificant obstructive coronary lesions are younger, predominantly females, have a greater frequency of risk factors for coronary arterial disease, and a lower incidence of complications as compared with patients with significant obstructive coronary lesion.
The Impact of a Pet, in This Case a Dog, on Physical Activity, Independence, Social Contacts, Health and Quality of Life of Elderly People  [PDF]
Anne Poestges, Ursula Gresser, Barbara Maria Richartz
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2016.54009
Abstract: In a rural area near Munich, 52 persons aged 65 years and older were interviewed in person about health and social life circumstances. Findings: Dog owners take significantly longer walks than people who do not own dogs, averaging more than 120 minutes daily (p < 0.0001). On average, people who do not own a dog walked 38 minutes, cat owners 17 minutes. 94% of the dog owners were active daily compared to 14% of those who do not own a dog. Dog owners go to the doctor on average 5.3 times per year, people who do not own a dog 7.8 times. There was no difference between the two groups in regard to the use of medication. 80% would not move to a residential home for the elderly because of the dog, and 87% would want to take the dog along. 50% of the dog owners and 41% of those who do not own a dog had on average more than 3 contacts with other people, 6% of the dog owners and 23% of those who do not own a dog had less than one contact per day. 19% of the dog owners and 36% of those who do not own a dog would describe themselves as reserved in dealings with people. 71% stated that the dog had been very useful to help them overcome the loss of a person close to them. The W-5 [Wellbeing Five score] for dog owners was an average value of 75%, for those who did not own a dog 71%. Depression was uniformly distributed in both groups. The BMIs in both groups were similar. There was no correlation to the length of the daily walk.
O papel da clorofila na alimenta??o humana: uma revis?o
Lanfer-Marquez, Ursula Maria;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-93322003000300003
Abstract: the eventual physiological beneficial effects of chlorophyll present in foods have been raised questions and caused some doubts among consumers. disclosing reports from mass media ascribing to the molecule of chlorophyll manifold therapeutic effects, nearby miraculous, oppose to the lack of full approval by the academic community. this article provides an overview about this topic and points out recent scientific findings regarding this subject. considering that degradation products could be quite different during senescence, post-harvest and food processing procedures, as well as during the digestion process, each case in particular has been discussed. also, the importance of molecular modifications has been highlighted in view of the potential antioxidant, antimutagenic and chemopreventive properties. unfortunately, the scientific evidences are still not strong enough to support consistent health protecting roles for chlorophyll. although, diversified mechanisms have been pointed out to explain the potential health benefits, some of them are still far from confirmation on human beings and strategies for further investigations should be incentivated. in addition, studies related to the biological function of phytol should be performed as phytol absorbed into the bloodstream in its free form has been found to play important functions no only on the metabolism of lipids but on the modulation of metabolic processes as well.
Countable Contraction Maps in Metric Spaces: Invariant Sets and Measures
Maria Fernanda Barrozo,Ursula Molter
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We consider a complete metric space $(X,d)$ and a countable number of contractive mappings on $X$, $\mathcal{F}=\{F_i:i\in\mathbb N\}$. We show the existence of a {\em smallest} invariant set (with respect to inclusion) for $\mathcal{F}$. If the maps $F_i$ are of the form $F_i(\x) = r_i \boldmath{x} + b_i$ on $X=\mathbb{R}^d$, we can prove a converse of the classic result on contraction maps. Precisely, we can show that for that case, there exists a {\em unique} bounded invariant set if and only if $r = \sup_i r_i$ is strictly smaller than 1. Further, if $\rho = \{\rho_k\}_{k\in \mathbb N}$ is a probability sequence, we show that if there exists an invariant measure for the system $(\mathcal{F},\rho)$, then it's support must be precisely this smallest invariant set. If in addition there exists any {\em bounded} invariant set, this invariant measure is unique - even though there may be more than one invariant set.
Gest o de processos em bibliotecas
Ursula Blattmann,Margarida Maria de Oliveira Reis
Revista Digital de Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informa??o , 2004,
Abstract: As reflex es visam contribuir no gerenciamento de tecnologias da informa o e comunica o em bibliotecas. Apresenta conceitos e características sobre gest o de processos nas organiza es com a finalidade de proporcionar uma vis o da importancia dos processos, do gerenciamento de processos, da gest o da informa o, dos servi os e dos produtos de informa o em bibliotecas. Considera os servi os e produtos de informa o gerenciados por meio de novas tecnologias da informa o e comunica o. Busca-se enfatizar a melhoria da qualidade contínua direcionando os esfor os centrados nos usuários. As conclus es apontam para respeitar as diversidades no momento de implementar técnicas e métodos da gest o por processos nas organiza es e questionamentos sobre os impactos das inova es tecnológicas na Sociedade do Conhecimento.
Internet como instrumento de pesquisa técnico-científica na engenharia civil

Internet as technical and scientific research tool in civil engineering p. 28-46
Ursula Blattmann,Ana Maria Delazari Trist?o
Revista ACB , 2005,

Abstract: Informa es sobre a prepara o do pesquisador ao realizar suas atividades de pesquisa na Internet. Necessidade do uso da Internet complementando as tradicionais fontes de informa o. Comentários e rela o sobre páginas de informa o eletr nica na área de engenharia civil existentes na Internet auxiliando a pesquisa e ensino. Tipo de informa es: acesso a bases de dados, fontes de textos e catálogos de acesso remoto. Recomenda o uso de padr es internacionais para elabora o de documentos. Sugere utilizar critérios de avalia o para os documentos, além de mencionar formas de seguran a, armazenamento e de recupera o de informa es obtidas através da Internet. Abstract: Use of the Internet complementing the traditional sources of information. Cited pages of electronic information in the existing area of civil engineering in the Internet helping research and education. For elaboration of documents recomends the use of international standards. It suggests to use criteria of evaluation for documents, besides mentioning forms of security, storage and of backup of information gotten through the Internet. Keywords: Electronic sources of research; Internet; Research methodology
Internet como instrumento de pesquisa técnico-científica na engenharia civil
Ursula Blattmann,Ana Maria Delazari Trist?o
Revista ACB , 1999,
Abstract: [Portuguese]Informa es sobre a prepara o do pesquisador ao realizar suas atividades de pesquisa na Internet. Necessidade do uso da Internet complementando as tradicionais fontes de informa o. Comentários e rela o sobre páginas de informa o eletr nica na área de engenharia civil existentes na Internet auxiliando a pesquisa e ensino. Tipo de informa es: acesso a bases de dados, fontes de textos e catálogos de acesso remoto. Recomenda o uso de padr es internacionais para elabora o de documentos. Sugere utilizar critérios de avalia o para os documentos, além de mencionar formas de seguran a, armazenamento e de recupera o de informa es obtidas através da Internet. [English]Use of the Internet complementing the traditional sources of information. Cited pages of electronic information in the existing area of civil engineering in the Internet helping research and education. For elaboration of documents recomends the use of international standards. It suggests to use criteria of evaluation for documents, besides mentioning forms of security, storage and of backup of information gotten through the Internet.
Food for Mood—Does the Way We Feel Really Reflect the Way We Eat?  [PDF]
Ursula Werneke
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2014.31001
Abstract: commetary
Controvérsias a respeito da sepse fúngica no pré-termo extremo: profilaxia e esquemas terapêuticos
Moreira, Maria E. L.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572005000200007
Abstract: objective: this review encompasses the most recent publications about fungal infection in very low birth weight infants, keeping health professionals updated about this growing problem observed in neonatal units. sources of data: original and review articles published over the past 15 years were searched in medline and lilacs, using the following keywords: preterm infant, very low birth weight infants, sepsis, fungal infection, antifungal, candida, amphotericin and fluconazole. summary of the findings: invasive fungal infections affect especially preterm infants. although new drugs (echinocandins) to treat fungal infection are available, amphotericin is the most widely used drug for the treatment of systemic candidiasis at this stage of life. currently, there are four types of antifungal agents used in the treatment of fungal infections in neonates: polyene macrolides (amphotericin b deoxycholate and lipid preparations), azoles (triazoles), fluorinated pyrimidines (flucytosine) and echinocandins (caspofungin and micafungin). two drugs capable of preventing invasive fungal infection are described: nystatin and fluconazole. the pharmacokinetics of fluconazole in the neonatal period is widely known and its prophylactic administration during the first six weeks of life has been associated with less invasive fungal infection in infants weighing less than 1,000 g at birth. conclusions: fungal infections constitute an important problem in the neonatal intensive care unit and a better understanding of the incidence, diagnosis, clinical management, treatment, and prophylaxis is important in order to reduce morbidity and mortality. the identification of high-risk preterm infants and the implementation of prophylactic measures and early treatment may improve the outcome of these patients.
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