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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13009 matches for " Urban labor market "
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Determinants of the Wage Gap between Migrants and Local Urban Residents in China: 2002-2013  [PDF]
Xinxin Ma
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.77081
Abstract: This study explores the determinants of the wage gaps between rural-to-urban migrants and local urban residents in China from 2002 to 2013. Using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) 2002 and 2013 survey data, the study provides an analysis based on the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition model. The estimation results indicate that individual characteristics, regional location, and the distribution differences among industries and public and private sectors were the main factors causing the wage gaps. Furthermore, the main factors causing the wage gaps between 2002 and 2013 are human capital factors, industry sectors, and gender discrimination.
Planejamento urbano e gera??o de empregos: a cidade de S?o Paulo (Brasil) nos anos 90
de Oliveira,Alberto;
EURE (Santiago) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612005009200003
Abstract: this paper attempts to show the convergence of principles between labor market politics and urban management, emphasizing it relationship with pro-market theories. limits and possibilities of the application of this theoretical frame were investigated by examining the changes in both composition and stock of labor in three important business spaces in s?o paulo: central area, paulista avenue and the new expansion front near luiz carlos berrini and águas espraiadas avenues. despite the claims of pro-market theoreticians, information provided by labor ministry showed that between 1996 and 2000, a re-arrangemenet of the workers contingent among the investigated areas occurred, instead of the expected growth. the favorable behavior registered in berrini/águas espraiadas, because of the bulky volume of investments, took place at the same time that a decrease of labor in the downtown; meanwhile, in paulista, a growth of the number of employees was observed, in spite of the landing less elevated of investments
An Empirical Study on the Determinants of Labor Entering Monopoly Industry in China’s Urban Labor Market
Yanjun YANG,Dan HUANG
Management Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20120604.619
Abstract: Industrial segmentation of the labor market is an important factor which causes the wage inequality in China’s urban labor market. This paper aims to investigate the determinants which help people entering monopoly industry by building a logistic model using CHIP data. The results show that the workers’ education, work experience and age are more helpful for labor entering monopoly industry in China’s urban labor market. Compared with the local residents with the same human capital, the probability of the floating population entering the monopoly industry is much smaller. Key words: Industrial segmentation; Urban labor market; Logistic model
Empleo, desempleo y salario real: análisis del mercado laboral de la ciudad de Medellín (1995-2006)
Cano,Carlos Andrés; Ochoa,Adriana María;
Lecturas de Economía , 2008,
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to estimate a model determining the behavior of the variables of the labor market in order to ascertain the dynamics of transitory employment and real wage in medellín and valle de aburrá between 1995 and 2006. the labor market was characterized by means of the neoclassical model of the labor market with simultaneous equations. it was found that people would be willing to accept a job at any income level and that the sensitivity of wages and employment with respect to output tends to increase in the long run.
Increasing Labor Market Participation and Reducing Structural Unemployment in Rural and Urban Areas of Europe. Case Study – Romania
Mihaela Roberta STANEF
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: Member States ought to integrate the flexicurity values approved by the European Council into their labor market policies and apply them, making full use of European Social Fund sustain with a view to growing labor market participation and fighting segmentation and inactivity, gender inequality, at the same time as reducing structural unemployment. Actions to improve flexibility and security should be both balanced and mutually strengthen. Member States must consequently initiate a combination of flexible and reliable employment contracts, active labor market policies, effective lifelong learning, policies to promote labor mobility, and adequate social security systems to secure professional transitions accompanied by clear privileges and responsibilities for the unemployed to dynamically seek work.
Using Labor Market Stocks to Identify Labor Market Flow Nissim Ben David  [PDF]
Ben-David Nissim
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.22021
Abstract: A technique that permits the calculation of the flow of agents between and within labor market states is pre-sented. A statistical agency having collected data on those flows easiest to collect and together with data on employment, unemployment and being out of the labor force, will be able to calculate the rest of the flows. The contribution of this paper is in suggesting an easy process which overcomes the difficulties statistical agencies usually have in collecting flow data.
Market Regulation, Labor Policies and the Wage-Productivity Gap  [PDF]
Riccardo Tilli, Andrea Rollin
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.83029
Abstract: This paper proposes an empirical analysis about the influence of some institutional factors (taxation, active and passive labor market policies, labor and goods market regulation and unions’ participation) on the component of the wage growth not explained by the productivity growth (WP gap, thereafter). We consider a 14 OECD countries Panel Data over the period 1983-2003, using four different estimations: fixed effects vector decomposition (FEVD), fixed effects (FE), random effects (RE) and feasible general least square (FGLS). Results for all estimations show that the WP gap is affected by tax wedge, active labor market policies, employment protection for temporary workers and union density, while product market regulation and passive labor market policies do not play a significant role.
Workplace Identities of Women in the US Labor Market  [PDF]
Dina Banerjee
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31004
Abstract:

In this paper, I examine the effects of gender and race/ethnicity on American workers’ workplace identities. Literature on gender, work, and occupation suggests that gender and race are significant predictors of workers’ workplace identities. Literature also posits that self-perceived competency and reflected appraisals from others in workplaces also contribute considerably to workers’ workplace identities. However, there exists hardly any empirical study that explores the impacts of gender, race, workers’ self-perceived competency, and their reflected appraisals altogether on their workplace identities. That is what I accomplished in this study. Deriving the data from the National Study of Changing Workforce (NSCW: 2008) I ask: 1) Do women and men workers in America differ in their perceptions of workplace identities; 2) Do non-white and white workers in America differ in their perceptions of workplace identities; and 3) Do gender and race of the workers impact their workplace identities when self-perceived competency and reflected appraisals enter the equation? Analyses are based on quantitative methods. Results show that workers’ self-perceived competency and their reflected appraisals are more significant predictors of their workplace identities than gender or race.

 

Planejamento urbano e gera o de empregos: a cidade de S o Paulo (Brasil) nos anos 90
Alberto de Oliveira
EURE (Santiago) , 2005,
Abstract: Este trabalho buscou demonstrar a convergência de princípios existente entre as políticas de mercado de trabalho e de gest o urbana, destacando sua associa o com as teorias pró-mercado. O passo seguinte foi investigar os limites e possibilidades da aplica o desse referencial teórico através do exame das mudan as ocorridas na composi o e no estoque de empregos de três importantes espa os de negócios do município de S o Paulo: a área Central, a Avenida Paulista e a nova frente de expans o nas imedia es das avenidas Luiz Carlos Berrini e águas Espraiadas. As informa es fornecidas pelo Ministério do Trabalho (RAIS) mostraram que, entre 1996 e 2000, diferentemente do defendido pelos teóricos pró-mercado, o crescimento esperado deu lugar a um rearranjo do contingente de empregados entre as três áreas investigadas. O comportamento favorável registrado no eixo Berrini/águas Espraiadas -derivado do vultoso volume de investimentos- se fez ao lado do decréscimo do emprego no Centro, enquanto na Paulista, a despeito do patamar menos elevado de investimentos, registrou-se também crescimento do número de empregados This paper attempts to show the convergence of principles between labor market politics and urban management, emphasizing it relationship with pro-market theories. Limits and possibilities of the application of this theoretical frame were investigated by examining the changes in both composition and stock of labor in three important business spaces in S o Paulo: Central Area, Paulista Avenue and the new expansion front near Luiz Carlos Berrini and águas Espraiadas avenues. Despite the claims of pro-market theoreticians, information provided by Labor Ministry showed that between 1996 and 2000, a re-arrangemenet of the workers contingent among the investigated areas occurred, instead of the expected growth. The favorable behavior registered in Berrini/águas Espraiadas, because of the bulky volume of investments, took place at the same time that a decrease of labor in the Downtown; meanwhile, in Paulista, a growth of the number of employees was observed, in spite of the landing less elevated of investments
Academic and Professional Guidance for Tertiary Students with Disabilities: Gathering Best Practices throughout European Universities  [PDF]
Leonardo Santos Amancio Cabral, Enicéia Gon?alves Mendes, Lucia de Anna, Serge Ebersold
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39008
Abstract:

The exponential increase of students with disabilities enrolled at universities of different countries has urged these institutions to enable some services geared to their guidance, both academic and professional level. However, the international literature shows that these initiatives, in some realities, are still disconnected from the broader socio-economic context. In order to find possible solutions to this issue, the objective of this research was to explore, in an international level, initiatives related to the academic and professional guidance of students with disabilities. In this direction this case study has been realized with the participation of 81 tertiary students with disabilities, 14 academic counselors and 68 professional mentors from Italy, France, Ireland, Denmark and England. The overall analysis of the results emerged from this research has allowed identifying, in an international perspective, the strengths of each reality explored. The reflections on these elements have directed the proposition of indicators which can contribute to the scientific and academic communities on the implementation, evaluation and monitoring of a potential academic and professional guidance program for tertiary students with disabilities.

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