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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 46 matches for " Universals "
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Modeling of the Universals of the Futsal: Exploration and Reading of the Game  [PDF]
Kacem Nejah, Naffeti Chokri, Guemriayman Elloumi Ali
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.511005
The highlighting of the deepest identity of Futsal is through putting into perspective the framework chosen for this new look, the driving praxeology, and the sports game is before all a body of rules. This playful contract, which is basically a social contract, determines for the most part, the internal logic that is specific to each game. The issue is to observe how the individual acting and deciding, immersed in this set of constraints, operates its practical choice and develops its own motor strategies. In short, this stability that characterizes all sports games reveals a crucial trait of their intelligibility. Besides, “a sports specialty was likely to appeal to a group only if its internal logic is consistent to the habitus of this group”, emphasizes Parlebas (1981) [1]. This is to promote a new interpretation of sports. What seems to be mathematical or sociological studies companies on the game? The interest which was granted him does simply not honor. The major challenge will be to reconsider the sports game in terms of specificity which calls for original research and serious methodologies in a new light. Through time, we can realize that an avalanche of theories about the game appeared, each based on the “imperfections” of the other without however the solution she claimed to hold.
Alvarado Marambio,José Tomás;
Alpha (Osorno) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012010000200003
Abstract: in this work it is argued that it is not incoherent to attribute conditions of identity founded on causal powers to transcendent universals. after explaining some crucial notions of metaphysics of properties, it is said how conditions of identity for properties have been differentiated between so called “abundant properties” and “sparse properties”.
Universales estructurales
Alvarado, José Tomás;
Manuscrito , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-60452011000200003
Abstract: the work presents the concept of a structural universal and the criticisms that have been leveled against it. a structural universal is a property had by an individual due to the nature of its proper parts and due to the relations obtaining between those parts. mellor has argued that there is no reason to accept such universal in addition to the basic universals that compose them. david lewis has argued -on the other hand- that it has not been satisfactorily explained how universals are composed by other universals. the composition by which a structural universal is given cannot be a set-theoretical construction or a mereological sum. several proposals to explain the nature of structural universals are discussed. finally it is argued that a structural universal should be understood as a complexion of higher-order universals.
El argumento del objeto del pensamiento en el tratado aristotélico Sobre las Ideas (Peri ideon)
González Varela, José Edgar;
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: there are five platonic arguments for the existence of ideas in aristotle's treatise on ideas according to metaphysics a 9 two of these arguments are "more accurate" than the others. the standard interpretation of this distinction claims that the "more accurate" arguments are valid to conclude the existence of ideas while the "less accurate" ones are not. in this paper i call into question this interpretation, for i offer a new interpretation of one of the "less accurate" arguments, the object of thought argument, according to which this is valid to conclude the existence of ideas.
El problema del status ontológico del universal en Aristóteles
Di Camillo,Silvana;
Synthesis (La Plata) , 2004,
Abstract: this paper aims to pose the objective reference problem of the universals in aristotle. first, i shall consider his earliest view in book i of on ideas essay, where he seems to admit the existence of "common things' ( koiná ) (i). then, i shall reconstruct the porfirian view of aristotelian universal, just as considered in his commentary on the categories , as one property identically shared by many particulars (ii). finally, i shall explore the arguments aristotle displays in metaphysics z, 13-14 against universal substantiality (iii). i shall defend that the aporíai he finds in plato leads him little by little to confirm there is nothing real that makes reference to the universal term, with the pernicious consequences this view brings for his conception of science as true, universal knowledge.
A Heran a na Primeira Escolástica da Filosofia da Alta Idade Média: Boécio enquanto Autoridade na Quest o dos Universais
Moisés Romanazzi T?rres
Brathair , 2007,
Abstract: This article aims to present a panorama of the evolution of the matter of Universals from Antiquity to the 11th-12th centuries, focusing, nevertheless, on the first Scholastic. By translating and commenting the Isagoge, it was Boethius who, in fact, became the third authority on this issue (after Aristotle and Porphyry) for the 11th-12thc. logicians. However, due to his hesitant posture between Plato and Aristotle (as well as for not appropriately developing the latter's view), Boethius conveyed the wrong vision of Porphyry’s text to the West; a vision that, in the 12thc., became the basis of Peter Abelard's conceptualism.
Three Levels of Cognition: Particulars, Universals, and Representals  [PDF]
Nijalingappa Umakantha
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64033
Abstract: It is shown that apart from the two well known levels of cognition involving the epistemological concepts particulars and universals, there is an intermediate level of cognition necessitating a new epistemological concept which we call represental. This has become necessary as a result of emergence of statistics (an empirical science), the theory of probability (a branch of pure mathematics), and quantum mechanics (as a branch of physics) at the beginning of the nineteenth century. We attribute to a particular man (like Mr. Jones) well defined properties (like a definite number of children) whereas we attribute to a man, the universal, only some general properties (like having an erect body). Thus particulars and universals involve two levels of cognition. In statistics we deal with the properties of a large number of particulars denoted by a universal, without referring to such details as which particular has which properties. Thus statistics involves a new level of cognition. In statistics, we attribute all the statistical properties to a single entity and refer to it as the represental (entity); the concept of represental man is only a generalization of the concept of average man proposed by Quetelet in 1869. These three epistemological concepts are distinguished by the relation they bear with respect to the possible “states” of the particulars. For instance, Mr. Jones, a particular man, can be in the state of having either 0, or 1, or 2, … children only; a man, the universal, cannot be said to have either 0, or 1, or 2, … children, though the state of having children is relevant to him (but not to a chair, the universal); the represental man has 0 child with probability P(0), 1 child with probability P(1), 2 children with probability P(2), …Thus the possible states are mutually exclusive in particulars, are only relevant to the universal, and coexist in the represental with respective probabilities. By recognizing that in statistics, the theory of probability, and quantum mechanics we deal with a new level of cognition involving the epistemological concept of represental, the interpretational problems of statistical phenomena are resolved.
El hábito conceptual y la distinción entre los universales lógicos y reales según Tomás de Aquino
Sellés, Juan Fernando;
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: this paper defends that the act of the concept depends on the conceptual habit. the act of the concept knows two real causes of physical reality: material and formal. one of them, the formal cause, is the real universal (unum) which is present in a plurality of material subjects (in multis). the real universal is different from the logical universal. the habit does not know of causes, but the acts of the concept. so, it permits to distinguish between the act of knowledge that knows the real universal and the act that knows the logical universal.
Lógica, matemáticas y conceptualismo
Freund Carvajal, Max;
Signos filosóficos , 2011,
Abstract: in this paper i show how conceptualism as a philosophical approach could offer the motivation for developing logical and mathematical theories. thus, these theories would derive their philosophical justification from conceptualism.
Robert S. Carlisle
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2001, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.1.1.47581
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to review research in L2 acquisition that has examined the influence of syllable structure universals on the structuring of interlanguage phonology, research that essentially began in the early 1980's. Not all of the researchers conducting these studies claimed to be examining the influence of syllable structure universals; instead, a number of them expressly stated that they were examining the influence oftypological universals, most of which were documented in Greenberg's (1965) seminal research. However, many of Greenberg's implicational statements are completely in accordance with current theoretical descriptions of the syllable; consequently, the L2 research based on the those implicational statements offer evidence for the influence of syllable structure universals on the structuring of interlanguage phonology. The paper begins with a brief description of syllable structure universals, brief because only those syllable structure universals that have inspired corresponding research in L2 acquisition are presented. The presentation also assumes that the syllable has three constituents: the onset, the nucleus, and the coda. Such a division is in accordance with much of the research on the syllable, and dividing the syllable into these three constituents facilitates both the description of the universals and the review the L2 research.
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