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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 463 matches for " Umme Begum "
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Mutagenicity of Wastewater Extracts from Pulp and Paper Industry  [PDF]
Samira Umme Aiman, Abdul Malik
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2017.82016
Abstract: Wastewater samples were collected from pulp and paper mill located in Kashipur (India) and were extracted using dichloromethane (DCM), chloroform and hexane solvents (all were HPLC-grade). The extracts were assayed for their mutagenic potential using Ames Salmonella mutagenicity assay. TA98 strain was found to be the most responsive, in terms of induction factor (Mi) and slope (m) of the initial linear dose-response curve as determined by linear regression analysis up to the increasing doses indicating the presence of frame shift mutagens in the test samples. Mutagenicity of different extracts is arranged as follows: dichloromethane extracted water samples > hexane extracted water samples > chloroform extracted water samples. Hexane extract exhibited maximum mutagenic index of 13.0 and induction factor (Mi) 2.48 with TA98. The order of responsiveness based on the mutagenic index and induction factor for the test samples was in the following order: TA98 > TA97a > TA100 > TA102 > TA104. Our findings suggest that TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102, TA104 were sensitive towards the wastewater extracts and showed considerable mutagenicity.
Flood Maps and Bank Shifting of Dharla River in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Indira Bose, Umme Kulsum Navera
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.59008
Abstract: Bangladesh is prone to severe flooding as being located at the confluence of three mighty rivers named the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna. As a consequence, river flooding and erosion are common natural disasters that severely affect the landscape, lives and economy of the country. Dharla River, one of the trans-boundary rivers originated in the Himalayas, along with Brahmaputra River has a great influence on the recurring floods and erosion in north-western Bangladesh. Almost in every year, excessive erosion and embankment damages caused by Dharla render a thousand of people homeless with massive loss of crops and poultries. As per the environmentalists, this is a matter of huge concern as development of accurate flood maps and erosion prediction for Dharla River has been very challenging. In this study, the flood map and Dharla River bank shifting study have been developed by using HEC-RAS 4.1.0 hydrodynamic model and Landsat satellite images. In addition, the HEC-GeoRAS was used to establish the river reach for HEC-RAS. The calibration and validation have been performed using the observed and simulated water levels for the years of 2013 and 2014 respectively. The HEC-RAS flood water level output was used in HEC-GeoRAS for raster interpolation followed by overlain onto the land surface elevation of the study area. Then, the difference between water level interpolation and land elevation surfaces has been considered as a depth of inundation which is performed in Arc-Map 10.2. Flood maps have been generated for the years 2010, 2013, and 2014 for highest water level of each year. The erosion prone areas have been indicated by analyzing bank shifting of Dharla River for the years 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017 by digitizing the satellite images in Arc-GIS 10.2. From the observation it has been found that the course of the Dharla River has been shifted vastly since 1987 to 2017 due to erosion.
Application of the Improved Kudryashov Method to Solve the Fractional Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations  [PDF]
Md. Abdus Salam, Umme Habiba
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2019.74061
Abstract: Our purpose of this paper is to apply the improved Kudryashov method for solving various types of nonlinear fractional partial differential equations. As an application, the time-space fractional Korteweg-de Vries-Burger (KdV-Burger) equation is solved using this method and we get some new travelling wave solutions. To acquire our purpose a complex transformation has been also used to reduce nonlinear fractional partial differential equations to nonlinear ordinary differential equations of integer order, in the sense of the Jumarie’s modified Riemann-Liouville derivative. Afterwards, the improved Kudryashov method is implemented and we get our required reliable solutions where the results are justified by mathematical software Maple-13.
Increasing Maternal or Post-Weaning Folic Acid Alters Gene Expression and Moderately Changes Behavior in the Offspring
Subit Barua, Kathryn K. Chadman, Salomon Kuizon, Diego Buenaventura, Nathan W. Stapley, Felicia Ruocco, Umme Begum, Sara R. Guariglia, W. Ted Brown, Mohammed A. Junaid
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101674
Abstract: Background Studies have indicated that altered maternal micronutrients and vitamins influence the development of newborns and altered nutrient exposure throughout the lifetime may have potential health effects and increased susceptibility to chronic diseases. In recent years, folic acid (FA) exposure has significantly increased as a result of mandatory FA fortification and supplementation during pregnancy. Since FA modulates DNA methylation and affects gene expression, we investigated whether the amount of FA ingested during gestation alters gene expression in the newborn cerebral hemisphere, and if the increased exposure to FA during gestation and throughout the lifetime alters behavior in C57BL/6J mice. Methods Dams were fed FA either at 0.4 mg or 4 mg/kg diet throughout the pregnancy and the resulting pups were maintained on the diet throughout experimentation. Newborn pups brain cerebral hemispheres were used for microarray analysis. To confirm alteration of several genes, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analyses were performed. In addition, various behavior assessments were conducted on neonatal and adult offspring. Results Results from microarray analysis suggest that the higher dose of FA supplementation during gestation alters the expression of a number of genes in the newborns’ cerebral hemispheres, including many involved in development. QRT-PCR confirmed alterations of nine genes including down-regulation of Cpn2, Htr4, Zfp353, Vgll2 and up-regulation of Xist, Nkx6-3, Leprel1, Nfix, Slc17a7. The alterations in the expression of Slc17a7 and Vgll2 were confirmed at the protein level. Pups exposed to the higher dose of FA exhibited increased ultrasonic vocalizations, greater anxiety-like behavior and hyperactivity. These findings suggest that although FA plays a significant role in mammalian cellular machinery, there may be a loss of benefit from higher amounts of FA. Unregulated high FA supplementation during pregnancy and throughout the life course may have lasting effects, with alterations in brain development resulting in changes in behavior.
Dynamics of Marketing Systems in a Developing Country
Umme Hani
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v4n4p22
Abstract: Marketing systems play a critical role in the economic growth of developing countries. The dynamics of marketing systems transform inefficient trade into efficient trade by profoundly influencing the well-being of a community and its quality of life. This study highlights the role of marketing systems in Bangladesh by analyzing the case of Grameen Check, which produces environmentally-friendly fabric working with people in rural communities. The study analyzes gains from specialization and the social matrix of this innovative marketing system for alleviating poverty and accelerating the pace of economic growth. The findings of the study provide valuable insights on the dynamics of marketing systems in terms of their emergence and roles in ensuring sustained growth for the developing world.
Image Quality Assessment through FSIM, SSIM, MSE and PSNR—A Comparative Study  [PDF]
Umme Sara, Morium Akter, Mohammad Shorif Uddin
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2019.73002
Abstract: Quality is a very important parameter for all objects and their functionalities. In image-based object recognition, image quality is a prime criterion. For authentic image quality evaluation, ground truth is required. But in practice, it is very difficult to find the ground truth. Usually, image quality is being assessed by full reference metrics, like MSE (Mean Square Error) and PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio). In contrast to MSE and PSNR, recently, two more full reference metrics SSIM (Structured Similarity Indexing Method) and FSIM (Feature Similarity Indexing Method) are developed with a view to compare the structural and feature similarity measures between restored and original objects on the basis of perception. This paper is mainly stressed on comparing different image quality metrics to give a comprehensive view. Experimentation with these metrics using benchmark images is performed through denoising for different noise concentrations. All metrics have given consistent results. However, from representation perspective, SSIM and FSIM are normalized, but MSE and PSNR are not; and from semantic perspective, MSE and PSNR are giving only absolute error; on the other hand, SSIM and PSNR are giving perception and saliency-based error. So, SSIM and FSIM can be treated more understandable than the MSE and PSNR.
Design of supercontinuum generating photonic crystal fiber at 1.06, 1.31 and 1.55 µm wavelengths for medical imaging and optical transmission systems  [PDF]
Feroza Begum, Yoshinori Namihira
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.35054
Abstract: We propose broad supercontinuum spectrum generating highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HN-PCF) which can be used in ultrahigh- resolution optical coherence tomography and optical transmission systems. Using full vector finite difference method, we investigated the different properties of HN-PCF. Broadband su-percontinuum spectrum is numerically calculated by using nonlinear Schr?dinger equation. Investigation showed that it is possible to obtain longitudinal resolution in a biological tissue of 1.3 μm, 1.2 μm and 1.1 μm by using picosecond continuum light at center wavelengths of 1.06 μm, 1.31 μm and 1.55 μm, respectively.
Electrical Conductivity and Aftershock Activity in Seismically Active Region of Chamoli, Lesser Himalayas  [PDF]
S. Kareemunnisa Begum
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2017.62007
Abstract: The Chamoli earthquake (M6.8) of 29th March 1999 in Himalayan region is one of the recent devastating earthquakes that has killed more than a few hundred lives and caused damage in the vicinity of Chamoli and Gopeshwar districts of Gharwal Himalayan region. A wide band (8192 - 0.008 Hz) magnetotelluric (MT) study has been carried out in the epicentral zone after the earthquake during May-June, 1999 to understand the processes related to tectonic activity. A total of 23 sites were occupied passing through the epicenter along NE-SW and E-W oriented profiles passing through the epicenter. In the present study, the results obtained along NE-SW profile are presented. The deeper electrical structure shows a north-eastward dipping electrical conductor (50 - 100 Ωm) and correlates well with the regional tectonics of the region. Interestingly, the concentration of hypocenters is located at the transition zone of resistor (brittle) and conductor (ductile) at depths of around 10 - 15 km. These results are discussed with reference to the seismotectonics of the region.
Biocontrol of Rhizoctonia solani K1 by Iturin A Producer Bacillus subtilis RB14 Seed Treatment in Tomato Plants  [PDF]
Umme Salma Zohora, Takashi Ano, Mohammad Shahedur Rahman
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.66042
Abstract: Bacillus subtilis RB14 was used as an antagonist against fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani K1 to control damping-off diseases in tomato plants. Tomato seeds were treated with B. subtilis RB14 culture. The concentration of bacterial cells for the treatment was about 108 cfu/ml. Treated tomato seeds showed 99% germination index similar to the untreated seeds. Scanning Electron Microscopic observations showed a clear evidence of the presence of B. subtilis RB14 on tomato seed surface. Clear inhibition zone was observed using treated seed in dual plate assay against R. solani K1. B. subtilis RB14 treated seed showed 80% reduction in disease incidence during in vivo plant experiments. B. subtilis RB14 produces lipopeptide antifungal antibiotic iturin A which could suppress R. solani K1. The phenomenon was supported by our observation where we found significant amount of iturin A from the root zone soil of the seed treated plants.
One-Pot Four Component Reaction for the Synthesis of Formazans in an Environmentally Benign Procedure Mediated by KHSO4  [PDF]
Pranab Jyoti Das, Jesmin Begum
Green and Sustainable Chemistry (GSC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gsc.2015.53016
Abstract: A microwave mediated solvent free one pot synthesis of formazans is developed using the solid acid, KHSO4. The products were obtained in a short reaction time in high yield. This study was undertaken to find an alternative and green method for the synthesis of formazans in the absence of corrosive mineral acids, buffered solutions and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
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