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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 846 matches for " Umer Saleem "
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A Recursive Approach to the Kauffman Bracket  [PDF]
Abdul Rauf Nizami, Mobeen Munir, Umer Saleem, Ansa Ramzan
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.517262
Abstract: We introduce a simple recursive relation and give an explicit formula of the Kauffman bracket of two-strand braid link \"\". Then, we give general formulas of the bracket of the sequence of links of three-strand braids \"\". Finally, we give an interesting result that the Kauffman bracket of the three-strand braid link \"\"is actually the product of the brackets of the two-strand braid links \"\"and \"\" . Moreover, a recursive relation for \"\" is also given.
DOCUMENTATION OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT USES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS FOUND IN KIRTHAR NATIONAL PARK, DISTRICT DADU, SINDH, PAKISTAN
Khan Tariq Mehmood,Habib Umer,Saleem Amir,Khan Mohammad Qasim
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: National Parks are diverse habitats for different medicinal plant species. Keeping the diversity and variation in view twenty one different areas in Pakistan have been declared as National Parks. Kirthar National Park is the second largest protected area of Pakistan, situated at a distance of about 80 Km in northeast of Karachi. Internationally the region is classified as Saharo Sindian region’s inhabited by three different ethnic groups, viz. Burfat, Gabool and Rind having different ways of life, beliefs, and traditions. Plants of this region have inordinate medicinal importance and native communities have been utilizing local flora for medicinal purposes over generations. Information about medically important plants is available sporadically with local people. A total of 50 plant species (trees, herbs and shrubs) of 31 families were evidence to be used for medicinal purposes by the local inhabitants. More than150 local Hakims, senior citizens and farmers were interviewed for this purpose. Hopefully this kind of information will also generate wide interest in protecting and preserving diversity of plant species with medicinal importance. Due to the deaths of old people and changing trends, the valuable traditional medicinal knowledge is depleting from minds, this study could be helpful in conservation perspective of medicinally important plant species of Kirthar and traditional knowledge about their uses.
Expanding public health professionals’ roles in promoting and supporting breastfeeding as optimal infant feeding: A pilot study with online tutorial implications  [PDF]
Amna Umer, Roger A. Edwards
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2013.32025
Abstract:

Background: Their knowledge of preventive health, coupled with their dynamic roles in the community, puts public health professionals in a key position to expand their roles in the health promotion and support of breastfeeding as optimal infant feeding. This online tutorial was created to increase public health professionals’ knowledge about breastfeeding and to assess their attitudes in supporting healthy behaviors related to infant feeding as a health promotion strategy. Method: The study utilized an online breastfeeding tutorial based on the US Breast-feeding Committee recommendations for minimum breastfeeding knowledge for health professionals. Pre- and post-tutorial questionnaires assessed breastfeeding knowledge, and an attitudinal survey evaluated attitudes of public health professionals after the tutorial. Exposing public health students to this information can facilitate the early shaping of their attitudes and understanding about the importance of breastfeeding. Results: Fifty-two Northeastern University MPH students and alumni (62% response rate) completed the study. There was an overall gain in participants’ fundamental knowledge regarding breastfeeding as assessed by pre- (77%) to post-tutorial (97%) correct responses (p = 0.00001). The post-tutorial attitudinal survey showed that 92% of participants were comfortable in answering questions about breastfeeding as part of their professional responsibilities. Conclusion: This pilot study highlights the important role that a short online tutorial can play in expanding public health professionals’ knowledge about breastfeeding. Greater use of online methods can enhance awareness of critical health behaviors, such as breastfeeding, that have not received adequate attention in public health curricula. This pilot study provides the foundation for a larger study. Integration of breastfeeding into public health professionals’ core training could support broader social change.

Amazon : competència o complement dels OPAC
umer, Maja
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 2007,
Abstract: Els estudis (com ara, Borgman, 1996; Bates, 2003; etc.) confirmen repetidament que els usuaris finals troben els OPAC complicats d'utilitzar. Recentment, sorgeix sovint una observació interessant quan es discuteix sobre aquest assumpte: alguns usuaris utilitzen Amazon com a interfície dels OPAC. Hi busquen el llibre que volen demanar prestat i després utilitzen l'ISBN per trobar la signatura en el catàleg de la biblioteca (vegeu https://intranet.lib.byu.edu/wwg/?p=13). Aquesta potser no és la pràctica més freqüent, però assenyala certament un problema: sembla que l'ús de les interfícies estàndard dels OPAC no és tan fàcil com Amazon, almenys per a alguns usuaris. Amazon no substituirà les biblioteques, però els bibliotecaris han de tenir un interès constant en aquest assumpte i entendre què és el que els usuaris necessiten i què volen, com també com busquen la informació. Necessitem, per tant, analitzar altres serveis que ho facin millor i intentar dur a terme els canvis més apropiats en els nostres serveis. Alguns sistemes bibliotecaris han fet ja els primers passos en aquesta direcció.Los estudios (como por ejemplo, Borgman, 1996; Bates, 2003; etc.) confirman repetidamente que los usuarios finales consideran que los OPAC son complicados de utilizar. Recientemente y con cierta frecuencia, ha surgido una observación interesante cuando se discute sobre este asunto: algunos usuarios utilizan Amazon como interfaz de los OPAC. Buscan el libro que quieren pedir prestado y después utilizan el ISBN para encontrar la signatura en el catálogo de la biblioteca (veáse https://intranet.lib.byu.edu/wwg/?p=13). ésta tal vez no sea la práctica más frecuente, pero indica ciertamente la existencia de un problema: parece que el uso de las interfaces estándar de los OPAC no es tan fácil como Amazon, al menos para algunos usuarios. Amazon no sustituirá las bibliotecas, pero los bibliotecarios tienen que tener un interés constante en este asunto y en entender qué es lo que los usuarios necesitan y qué quieren, como también de que modo buscan la información. Necesitamos, por lo tanto, analizar otros servicios que lo hagan mejor e intentar llevar a cabo los cambios más apropiados en nuestros servicios. Algunos sistemas bibliotecarios han hecho ya los primeros pasos en esta dirección.Research (e.g. Borgman 1996, Bates 2003 etc.) repeatedly confirms that end-users find OPACs difficult to use. And recently an interesting observation was often mentioned when discussing OPACs: some users use Amazon as front-end to OPACs. They find a book they want to borrow in Amazon and then use
National bibliographies – their history
Maja ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2000,
Abstract: The role and purpose of national bibliographies in the modem sense and their history are described. Particular emphasis is given to types of materials, specific problems of electronic publications, and selection criteria in general. Complete translations of guidelines of International congress on national bibliographies in Paris (1977) and International conference on national bibliographic services in Copenhagen (1998) are included.
Employment, training and career of school librarians
Francka ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 1998,
Abstract: The article describes the legal basis for the employment, professional training and promotion of librarians working in school libraries. The author calls attention to the deficiencies of legislation and to the need for cooperative efforts of the representatives of the Faculty of Arts, Department of Librarianship, Association of Library Societies, Advisory Committee on School Libraries and other organizations in the planning of training and career development of school librarians.The existing legislation should be complemented, an analysis of the necessary professional training for elementary and high school librarians carried out, and their training in librarianship, information sciences, pedagogy, didactics, and cognitive psychology should be planned in harmonization.
Zlata Dimec (1955 - 2002)
Maja ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2002,
Abstract:
The influence of the latest information and communication technology on the libraries in the primary schools
Franceska ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2000,
Abstract: The article presents the information and communication equipment in primary school libraries and the end usage of the above mentioned technology. A detailed research, including 109 primary schools throughout Slovenia, was performed. The research showed that the schools do not have the basic information technology needed to perform the latest and up-to-date services. Not a single library, included in the research, has a completely automated library collection. But the percentage of libraries, which do not perform automated lending and do not use the various offered possibilites of the already existing technology, automated collections and on-line library, is significantly lower. A systematic solution of the present situation is needed. Only in this way will school libraries be successfully included in the educational system of schools and will be able to perform the library inter-subject information knowledge and information literacy programs in the new nine-year primary school.
Libraries and licensing
Maja ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2001,
Abstract: In the mid 90s, the abundance of various electronic publications exposed libraries to the problems of licensing electronic content. Various licensing principles have been prepared recently to help libraries in the process; it can be said that in general, the knowledge of licensing issues has improved in libraries of all types. Libraries form consortia in order to gain stronger negotiating positions and obtain better conditions.In the article, new licensing principles are presented in more detail, as well as some domestic and foreign experiences with consortia forming.
Amazon : competition or complement to OPACs
umer, Maja
BiD : Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació , 2007,
Abstract: Els estudis (com ara, Borgman, 1996; Bates, 2003; etc.) confirmen repetidament que els usuaris finals troben els OPAC complicats d'utilitzar. Recentment, sorgeix sovint una observació interessant quan es discuteix sobre aquest assumpte: alguns usuaris utilitzen Amazon com a interfície dels OPAC. Hi busquen el llibre que volen demanar prestat i després utilitzen l'ISBN per trobar la signatura en el catàleg de la biblioteca (vegeu https://intranet.lib.byu.edu/wwg/?p=13). Aquesta potser no és la pràctica més freqüent, però assenyala certament un problema: sembla que l'ús de les interfícies estàndard dels OPAC no és tan fàcil com Amazon, almenys per a alguns usuaris. Amazon no substituirà les biblioteques, però els bibliotecaris han de tenir un interès constant en aquest assumpte i entendre què és el que els usuaris necessiten i què volen, com també com busquen la informació. Necessitem, per tant, analitzar altres serveis que ho facin millor i intentar dur a terme els canvis més apropiats en els nostres serveis. Alguns sistemes bibliotecaris han fet ja els primers passos en aquesta direcció.Los estudios (como por ejemplo, Borgman, 1996; Bates, 2003; etc.) confirman repetidamente que los usuarios finales consideran que los OPAC son complicados de utilizar. Recientemente y con cierta frecuencia, ha surgido una observación interesante cuando se discute sobre este asunto: algunos usuarios utilizan Amazon como interfaz de los OPAC. Buscan el libro que quieren pedir prestado y después utilizan el ISBN para encontrar la signatura en el catálogo de la biblioteca (veáse https://intranet.lib.byu.edu/wwg/?p=13). ésta tal vez no sea la práctica más frecuente, pero indica ciertamente la existencia de un problema: parece que el uso de las interfaces estándar de los OPAC no es tan fácil como Amazon, al menos para algunos usuarios. Amazon no sustituirá las bibliotecas, pero los bibliotecarios tienen que tener un interés constante en este asunto y en entender qué es lo que los usuarios necesitan y qué quieren, como también de que modo buscan la información. Necesitamos, por lo tanto, analizar otros servicios que lo hagan mejor e intentar llevar a cabo los cambios más apropiados en nuestros servicios. Algunos sistemas bibliotecarios han hecho ya los primeros pasos en esta dirección.Research (e.g. Borgman 1996, Bates 2003 etc.) repeatedly confirms that end-users find OPACs difficult to use. And recently an interesting observation was often mentioned when discussing OPACs: some users use Amazon as front-end to OPACs. They find a book they want to borrow in Amazon and then use
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