Abstract:
Boc protection group could be readily removed in a very mild mechanochemical conditions. In a short reaction time, ball milling of Boc-protected amines with p-toluenesulfonic acid in solvent-free conditions affords corresponding amine p-TsOH salts.

Abstract:
This paper presents the findings of an experimental investigation into the effects of cutting speed, feed rate, depth of cut and approach angle in turning of titanium (Grade 5) alloy. A two-level factorial experiment has been used to accomplish the objective of the experimental study. The main cutting force, i.e. tangential force (F_{c}) and surface roughness (R_{a}) were the response variables investigated. The experimental results indicate that the proposed mathematical models suggested could adequately describe the performance indicators within the limits of the factors that are being investigated. The feed, cutting speed and depth of cut is the most significant factor that influences the surface roughness and the tangential force. However, there are other factors that provide secondary contributions to the performance indicators.

Abstract:
Supmech, which is noncommutative Hamiltonian mechanics \linebreak (NHM) (developed in paper I) with two extra ingredients : positive observable valued measures (PObVMs) [which serve to connect state-induced expectation values and classical probabilities] and the `CC condition' [which stipulates that the sets of observables and pure states be mutually separating] is proposed as a universal mechanics potentially covering all physical phenomena. It facilitates development of an autonomous formalism for quantum mechanics. Quantum systems, defined algebraically as supmech Hamiltonian systems with non-supercommutative system algebras, are shown to inevitably have Hilbert space based realizations (so as to accommodate rigged Hilbert space based Dirac bra-ket formalism), generally admitting commutative superselection rules. Traditional features of quantum mechanics of finite particle systems appear naturally. A treatment of localizability much simpler and more general than the traditional one is given. Treating massive particles as localizable elementary quantum systems, the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger wave functions with traditional Born interpretation appear as natural objects for the description of their pure states and the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger equation for them is obtained without ever using a classical Hamiltonian or Lagrangian. A provisional set of axioms for the supmech program is given.

Abstract:
Supmech, an algebraic scheme of mechanics integrating noncommutative symplectic geometry and noncommutative probability, subsumes quantum and classical mechanics and permits consistent treatment of interaction of quantum and classical systems. Quantum measurements are treated in this framework; the von Neumann reduction rule (generally postulated) is derived and interpreted in physical terms.

Abstract:
As the first step in an approach to the solution of Hilbert's sixth problem, a general scheme of mechanics, called `supmech', is developed integrating noncommutative symplectic geometry and noncommutative probability theory in an algebraic framework; it has quantum mechanics (QM) and classical mechanics as special subdisciplines and facilitates an autonomous development of QM and satisfactory treatments of quantum-classical correspondence and quantum measurements (including a straightforward \emph{derivation} of the von Neumann reduction rule). The scheme associates, with every `experimentally accessible' system, a symplectic superalgebra and operates essentially as noncommutative Hamiltonian mechanics incorporating the extra condition that the sets of observables and pure states be mutually separating. The latter condition serves to smoothly connect the algebraically defined quantum systems to ilbert space-based ones; the rigged Hilbert space - based Dirac bra-ket formalism naturally appears. The formalism has a natural place for commutative superselection rules. Noncommutative analogues of objects like the momentum map and the Poincar$\acute{e}$-Cartan form are introduced and some related symplectic geometry developed.

Abstract:
A formalism is presented in which quantum particle dynamics can be developed on its own rather than `quantization' of an underlying classical theory. It is proposed that the unification of probability and dynamics should be considered as the basic feature of quantum theory. Arguments are given to show that when such a unification is attempted at the configuration space level, the wave funtions of Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger theory appear as the natural candidates for the desired unification. A *-algebra $\mathcal{A}_{Q}$ of (not necessarily bounded) linear operators acting on an appropriate dense set of these wave functions appears as the arena for quantum kinematics. A simple generalization of an existing formalism in noncommutative geometry is employed to develop the notion of generalized algebraic symplectic structure (GASS) which can accomodate classical and quantum symplectic structures as special cases. Quantum kinematics and dynamics is developed in in the framework of a noncommutative Hamiltonian system employing an appropriate GASS based in $ \mathcal{A}_{Q}$. The Planck constant is introduced at only one place -- in the quantum symplectic form; its appearance at conventional places is then automatic. Unitary Wigner symmetries appear as canonical transformations in the noncommutative Hamiltonian system. A straightforward treatment of quantum - classical correspondence is given in terms of appropriate GASSes.

Abstract:
Maintaining the position that the wave function $\psi$ provides a complete description of state, the traditional formalism of quantum mechanics is augmented by introducing continuous trajectories for particles which are sample paths of a stochastic process determined (including the underlying probability space) by $\psi$. In the resulting formalism, problems relating to measurements and objective reality are solved as in Bohmian mechanics (without sharing its weak points). The pitfalls of Nelson's stochastic mechanics are also avoided.

Abstract:
A pedagogical and reasonably self-contained introduction to the measurement problems in quantum mechanics and their partial solution by environment-induced decoherence (plus some other important aspects of dcoherence) is given. The point that decoherence does not solve the measurement problems completely is clearly brought out.The relevance of interpretation of quantum mechanics in this context is briefly discussed.

Abstract:
Supmech, the universal mechanics developed in the previous two papers, accommodates both quantum and classical mechanics as subdisciplines (a brief outline is included for completeness); this feature facilitates, in a supmech based treatment of quantum measurements, an unambiguous treatment of the apparatus as a quantum system approximated well by a classical one. Taking explicitly into consideration the fact that observations on the apparatus are made when it has `settled down after the measurement interaction' and are restricted to macroscopically distinguishable pointer readings, the unwanted superpositions of (system + apparatus) states are shown to be suppressed; this provides a genuinely physics based justification for the (traditionally \emph{postulated}) von Neumann projection/collapse rule. The decoherence mechanism brought into play by the stated observational constraints is free from the objections against the traditional decoherence program.