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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2104 matches for " Turkey Republic "
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PKK Terrorism in Turkey  [PDF]
Hanefi Yaz?c?
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.63027
Abstract: This paper examines the profile of the PKK (Kurdish Workers’ Party) and distinguishes Kurdish issue from terrorism in Turkey. PKK’s profile has changed depending on Turkey’s internal politics under AK Party governments as well as the changing international environment particularly in Syria and demands a federation of Kurds that is independent Kurdistan in southeastern Turkey. The first part of this article addresses the objectives of the PKK and its violence and terrorism in pursuit of Kurdish secession from the Republic of Turkey leading to thousands of military and civilian deaths over the past decades. The second part assesses the problem focusing on whether PKK truly represents Kurds in Turkey. The third section tries to answer the question of who provides the logistical and financial support for PKK since it is still controversial whether the US and the EU both classify the PKK as a terrorist organization ingenuously. The last section evaluates political solution to the PKK problem, which is now being voiced in both Turkey and Western countries particularly in US.
Kitap Tan t m ve De erlendirme: K rklareli Tarihine I k Tutacak Bir Eser: Türkiye’nin S hhi-i timai Co rafyas K rklareli Vilayeti/// A Historical Publication: Türkiye’nin S hhi-i timai Co rafyas K rklareli Vilayeti
Türkan Do?ru?z
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2011,
Abstract: The Health Department of Turkish National Assembly Government has published series of monographs (19) called Türkiye’nin S hhi-i ve timai Co rafyas between 1922-1938 to describe the health problems as well as other aspects of social life in each city. Each book was prepared through the Health Authority of a certain city and describes health issues and social life through using questionnaires in six sections. All these monographs were written based on field-work analyses regarding the certain city or area. The idea behind the preparation of these monographs was to identify the problems and to make a road map for the solutions of these problems. One of these monographs is about K rklareli. This study focuses on the description of this monograph since it is one of the few resources that describe the daily life in K rklareli during two years of occupation.
An Uncontested Party Period of the Turkey Republic  [PDF]
Elnur Hasan Mikail, Anda? Karabulut
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.62023
Abstract: In an environment in which faction in the Turkish National Assembly increased and there occurred the need of political parties in politics, Mustafa Kemal announced a declaration to the press in 6 December 1922 that he would establish a political party named “People’s Party”. In 8 April 1923, Mustafa Kemal, in the capacity of the chairman of Anatolia and Rumelia Defense of Law Community, announced a declaration. This election declaration, at the same time, is in the form of a schedule preparation for the upcoming party. Later on, Mustafa Kemal and the congressmen in support of the establishment of the party started the preparations for the regulation.
Relations between the Republic of Armenia and the Armenian Diaspora under the conditions of Armenian-Turkish rapprochement
Balashov Y.A.,Davtyan S.E.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn1030089b
Abstract: The Armenian Diaspora (Spyurq) is one of the oldest and skilled diasporas in the world. Armenian communities are present in practically all the corners of the globe and are distinguished both by uncommon abilities of adaptation and the preservation of their cultural specificity. Due to these features, Armenian diasporic communities possess solid development potential, ensuring their high status through an active penetration of Armenians into the elite of the accepting society and a stable character of their communal institutes. Recent Armenian-Turkish rapprochement to some extent brings into question the traditional unity of the Armenian Diaspora and its close relationship with the Republic of Armenia. Representatives of the Spyurq with a negative attitude towards rapprochement between Armenia and Turkey on existing terms can be conditionally divided into three categories: Romanticists (represented mainly by the Union of Armenians of Russia) believe in a certain 'mission' of the Armenian nation and the 'superiority' of Armenians over the Turkic nations. The Armenian people are, thus, viewed as an integral whole which is not divided into citizens of Armenia and representatives of the Diaspora. Therefore, the government in Yerevan has only a symbolic meaning and has no right to make any crucial decision on all-Armenian issues, in particular in the domain of relations between the Armenian and the Turkish people. Nationalists (mainly supporters of the Dashnaktsutyun party, from the USA and Lebanon, as well as natives of Nagorno-Karabakh and descendants of natives of Western Armenia, which is now Turkish territory) consider the rapprochement of the RA with Turkey as an actual rejection of the struggle for Turkish recognition of the Armenian Genocide, as well as a 'betrayal' of Nagorno-Karabakh's independence. Pragmatists understand international law, political science and history but, in their opinion, the signed Zurich protocols contain weakly reasoned formulations which are not in accordance with the interests of the RA and are, therefore, inefficient. These formulations 1. do not contain any guarantees of the protocols' observance on the part of Turkey, 2. recognize the existing configuration of the Armenian-Turkish borders, i.e. symbolize the refusal to return Western Armenia to the Armenian state, and 3. recognize the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the existing states, which translates into a withholding of support for Nagorno-Karabakh, which was a part of AzSSR during the period of the USSR. Besides, Armenian-Turkish rapprochement is interpre
Ege Academic Review , 2004,
Abstract: In this study, as an upper level organization ofHigher Education, The Council of HigherEducation of the Republic of Turkey, its legal basis,formation and duties are discussed in theconstitution and the Law on Higher Education System. Also in the constitution of 1961 which wasbefore our current constitution 1982; it is identifiedhow The Council of Higher Education of theRepublic of Turkey was shaped and what kind ofduties are undertaken. In the previous law number1750 concerning Higher Education System; it isidentified how upper level organizations ofuniversities, governmental control and supervisionare implemented. In addition to this, it is glanced athigher institutions of universities, control andsupervision of government in the law number 4936which was maintained 27 years ago - before thelaw number 1750- how the legislation ofuniversities have evolved in the past 60 years.In the study; Turkey’s current and previousconstitution and Law on Higher Education Systemare compared with other countries’ laws such asIsrael and England to see how governmentalcontrols and supervisions operate.
Türkiye-ABD li kilerinde Truman Doktrini ve Marshall Plan (Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan in Turkey-USA Relations)
Bar?? Ertem
Bal?kesir üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan in Turkey-USA RelationsBases of Research: Negotiations, correspondence, notes, treaties and laws beetween Turkey, United States and Soviet Union beetween the years 1945-1950.Purpose of the Research: Presenting the Turkey’s rapprochement to United States, against Soviet claims in after Second World War and United States’ support to Turkey with Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan in between years 1945-1950.Data Resources: The notes between three countries published in Turkish Press and “Ay n Tarihi”, Turkish daily newspapers in the years between 1945-1950, laws (Düstur), published articles in USA and books.Main Discussion: Why Turkey insist to close to Western World and especially USA in immediately-after Second World War and what was the first results of this rapprochement until year 1950?Conclusions: As a result of its neutrality policy, Turkey has remained alone in the world, immediately-after Second World War. In this period of loneliness, Turkey remained against the Soviet claims. Turkey demanded support from the Western World against Soviet claims. United States, for its interests, has decided to support Turkey against Soviet Union. Truman Doctrine in 1947 and Marshall Plan 1948 were first applications of United States’ this decision.
Turkey-Azerbaijan Economical and Political Relations  [PDF]
Elnur Hasan Mikail, Yurdagül Atun, Ata Atun
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.93029
Abstract: This study investigates mainly economic, political and social relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey. The study covers the economic improvements in the period between 1990-2005. In the study, data relating to the general economic development after the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan after 1990 are examined. Azerbaijan was one of the Republics of the former Soviet Union. After 1990 following the collapse of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, the State of Azerbaijan declared its independence. As a newly independent State, Azerbaijan had a great potential for economic relations with Turkey. Even today, this is still the case. From education to tourism, from construction sector to trade, there are Turkish companies all over Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is a member state of The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union and led by the Russian Federation. This makes it easier for Turkey to reach the CIS market via Azerbaijan, and provides a port to Europe for Azerbaijan via Turkey.
CWN Ba ms zl k l ütlerinin TCMB'ye Uygulanmas = The Application of the CWN's Independence Criteria on CBRT
Dogus University Journal , 2005,
Abstract: The law of Central Bank of Republic of Turkey has been revised by the new law dated 25.04.2001 number 4651. In this study, formally independence of CBRT (The Central Bank of Republic of Turkey) has been analysed by using the study of CWN (Cukierman, Webb, Neyapt ).
Microbial Assessment of Turkey (Meleagris ocellata L.) and Duck (Anas platyrhynchos L.) Faeces (Droppings) in Akure Metropolis  [PDF]
Deke Victoria Adegunloye, Felix Abiodun Adejumo
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.412085
Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the occurrence of bacteria and fungi in populations of turkey and duck faeces. The prevalence of bacteria and fungi in the faeces of domesticated turkey and ducks (Meleagris ocellata and Anas platyrhynchos) in the City of Akure (Nigeria) was investigated. Five different locations were sampled in Akure Metropolis in April for each of turkey and duck faeces using standard microbiological methods. The microbial load for bacteria ranged from 16.23 × 105 to 30.04 × 105 cfu/g and 12.60 × 105 to 46.01 × 105 cfu/g for turkey and duck faeces respectively while the fungal count ranged from 12.38 × 105 to 28.05 × 105 s/g and 10.60 × 105 to 34.09 × 105 s/g for turkey and duck faeces respectively. The following bacteria were isolated from turkey faeces: Azomonas agilis, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Sarcina maxima, Thiocapsa lumicola, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp., Xanthomonas fragariae and Streptococcus spp. while Aeromonas hydrophila, Bacillus cereus, Echerichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Lactobacillus spp., Sarcina maxima, Streptobacillus moniliformis, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp and Streptococcus spp. were isolated from duck faces. Bacteria common to both turkey and duck faeces are Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Sarcina maxima, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. The fungal species isolated includes Mucor spp., Cladosporium spp., Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus, Alternaria sp., Candida
Alfarabi’s Conversion of Plato’s Republic  [PDF]
Mahmood N. Khoshnaw
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.21002

It might not be very inspiring to do an introduction to Alfarabi’s (870-950 A.D.) philosophy and works through his On the Perfect State. This is because of the obvious dependence and extensive borrowing from Plato’s Republic which might undermine the rich philosophy he presents in his other major and more known works. Besides, and similar to Plato, many of the philosophical views presented and raised in the On the Perfect State are detailed in his other works. Nonetheless, and as it will be shown below, he distinguished a number of his ideas from Plato and modelled them to suit his Islamic perspectives and audience. This article attempts to illustrate a number of Plato’s ideas that Alfarabi has remodelled.

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