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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1874 matches for " Tony Berber; "
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Lula e a metáfora da conquista
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322008000100005
Abstract: the aim of this study is to identify recurrent metaphors in the official speeches of the president of brazil, luís inácio lula da silva. the corpus was made up of 868 talks, amounting to nearly 1.8 million words. with the help of corpus linguistics tools and a theoretical background centering around conceptual metaphor, we noted that the word 'conquista' ('conquest') stood out from among the other words with high metaphoric potential. the analysis of how this word was used showed that it is highly productive, generating a wide range of metaphors by combining with a large number of topics. this indicated that the 'conquest' is a key metaphor in the president's rhetorical arsenal, despite being little noted. in addition, the set of metaphors relative to 'conquest' is coherent with the president's life and ideology, which lends credibility to his discourse.
Como encontrar as palavras-chave mais importantes de um corpus com WordSmith tools
Berber-Sardinha, Tony;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502005000200004
Abstract: one of the most sensitive issues surrounding a keywords analysis with wordsmith tools is the selection of a subset of words in a corpus that deserve being looked at in greater detail. this selection is normally needed because the size of the key word list can reach several hundred, up to 1,500 or more. one way to extract a selection consists of the pulling out 'exclusive key words'. this key lexis is made up of keywords that only in a single corpus only, in comparison with a bank of keyword lists. nevertheless, comparing several keyword lists together is a demanding task, which most users of wordsmith tools are not expected to cope with. an alternative would be the application of a general cut-off point, established through previous uses of the keyword bank. such a cut-off point would indicate the section of a keyword list where it would be more likely to find exclusive keywords, with a certain degree of likelihood. the results obtained here suggest that the area corresponding to the top 31% to 53% of a keyword list are more likely to contain exclusive keywords.
Segmenting corpora of texts
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502002000200004
Abstract: the aim of the research presented here is to report on a corpus-based method for discourse analysis that is based on the notion of segmentation, or the division of texts into cohesive portions. for the purposes of this investigation, a segment is defined as a contiguous portion of written text consisting of at least two sentences. the segmentation procedure developed for the study is called lsm (link set median), which is based on the identification of lexical repetition in text. the data analysed in this investigation were three corpora of 100 texts each. each corpus was composed of texts of one particular genre: research articles, annual business reports, and encyclopaedia entries. the total number of words in the three corpora was 1,262,710 words. the segments inserted in the texts by the lsm procedure were compared to the internal section divisions in the texts. afterwards, the results obtained through the lsm procedure were then compared to segmentation carried out at random. the results indicated that the lsm procedure worked better than random, suggesting that lexical repetition accounts in part for the way texts are segmented into sections.
As metáforas do presidente lula na perspectiva da linguística de corpus: o caso do desenvolvimento
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502010000100007
Abstract: one of the main linguistic phenomena in recent brazilian politics is what the media has called 'president lula's metaphors'. the starting point for the present investigation is that there must be lots of metaphors that go unnoticed in the president's discourse and that these may be uncovered by corpus-based research. we looked at the presence of conceptual metaphors related to 'development' in a corpus of three years of official presidential speeches. the results indicated the systematic use of three metaphorical concepts that together define the notion of development for the head of state: journey, building and organism. these three concepts together equate development with a long process that is generated, planned and carried out by the government.
Análise multidimensional
SARDINHA, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502000000100005
Abstract: this article presents an overview of the approach introduced by douglas biber known as 'multidimensional analysis'. the article introduces the main concepts in this approach and reviews major studies using this methodology. a survey of unpublished studies carried out in brazil is presented as well. the article also discusses the key criticisms levelled at multidimensional studies.
Lingüística de Corpus: histórico e problemática
SARDINHA, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502000000200005
Abstract: this paper offers an overview of corpus linguistics, which is a research area that has experienced a considerable growth in the past years and which has made a considerable impact on linguistics. the overview looks at both the past and the present of corpus linguistics. the main concepts in the area are presented and debated, and the paper also comments on the main theoretical aspects in the field. the principal corpora and software are reviewed.
Collocation lists as instruments for metaphor detection in corpora
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502006000200002
Abstract: this paper reports a study on the use of collocation lists as instruments for detecting metaphors in corpora. a collocation list contains the collocations for selected words in corpora together with concordances for those words. as corpora become more available to metaphor researchers, there is a growing need for developing ways to gain access to as much data as the corpus can offer. the research described here has hopefully come some way toward meeting the challenges of developing tools for metaphor corpus research. results suggest that the collocation lists seem to be a good pre-processing instrument for corpus research of metaphor, despite accuracy problems.
Metáforas e Linguística de Corpus: metodologia de análise aplicada a um gênero de negócios
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502011000100001
Abstract: this paper aims at reporting the development of a method for metaphor identification in computer corpora. the method was tested on a particular corpus, namely of investment conference calls, and comprises procedures that work from the bottom up, and rely on marked frequency, collocation and semantic similarity as signalling devices for metaphor. as such, the method is an example of corpus-driven research into metaphor. the application of these procedures yields a number of metaphor candidates, which are then checked manually through concordances.
Metaphor and Corpus Linguistics
Sardinha, Tony Berber;
Revista Brasileira de Linguística Aplicada , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-63982011000200004
Abstract: in this paper, i look at four different aspects of metaphor research from a corpus linguistic perspective, namely: (1) the lexicogrammar of metaphors, which refers to the patterning of linguistic metaphor revealed by corpus analysis; (2) metaphor probabilities, which is a facet of metaphor that emerges from frequency-based studies of metaphor; (3) dimensions of metaphor variation, or the search for systematic parameters of variation in metaphor use across different registers; and (4) automated metaphor retrieval, which relates to the development of software to help identify metaphors in corpora. i argue that these four aspects are interrelated, and that advances in one of them can drive changes in the others.
Lula e a metáfora da conquista
Tony Berber Sardinha
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2008,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho é identificar e analisar as metáforas recorrentes nos discursos e pronunciamentos do presidente Luís Inácio Lula da Silva. O corpus utilizado na pesquisa é composto por 868 falas do presidente, compreendendo quase 1,8 milh o de palavras. Com o uso de ferramentas da Lingüística de Corpus e do arcabou o teórico da metáfora conceptual, notamos que a palavra ‘conquista’ se destacava entre as de potencial metafórico no corpus. A análise do uso dessa palavra mostrou que ela é altamente produtiva, gerando uma grande variedade de metáforas ao se combinar com um número alto de tópicos. Isso indica que a conquista é uma metáfora-chave no arsenal retórico do presidente, embora pouco notada. Além disso, o conjunto de metáforas relativas à conquista é coerente com a história de vida e a ideologia política do presidente, o que confere credibilidade ao seu discurso.
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