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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 457 matches for " Tomi Lintonen "
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Misperceptions of peer gambling norms among adolescents: Analysis of a national sample in Finland  [PDF]
Susanna Raisamo, Tomi Lintonen
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.22019
Abstract: Introduction: Misperceptions of peer drinking norms are widely documented in the US student populations and are associated with increased personal consumption. Few studies have examined misperceptions of peer gambling, and none of these have been conducted among adolescents in the European context. In a national sample, we examined misperceptions of peer gambling in Finland. Tenets of the social norms approach form a framework for discussion of the findings. Methods: Participants were 4526 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years who completed the nationwide Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey in 2011. Main measures were gambling behavior and the perception of same age-sex peers’ gambling. Misperception was an overestimation of the frequency of gambling by others compared to the actual frequency of gambling. Results: Adolescents held substantial misperceptions of peer gambling, imagining they gambled much more than they actually did. Age, sex, and gambling behavior were correlated with the perceptions. The extent of misperception was greatest among monthly gamblers, whereas non-gamblers and daily gamblers were more accurate in their perceptions. Estimations of peers’ gambling frequency were more accurate in boys than in girls and among those aged 12 years than among older adolescents. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that adolescent gambling prevention efforts could benefit from adopting a social norms approach; that is, correcting gambling-related misperceptions might discourage gambling and protect adolescents from adopting more severe gambling patterns.
The Drinking Habit Survey revival
Tomi Lintonen
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10199-011-0017-0
Mobile Findex: Facilitating Information Access in Mobile Web Search with Automatic Result Clustering
Tomi Heimonen
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/680640
Abstract: Designing an effective mobile search user interface is challenging, as interacting with the results is often complicated by the lack of available screen space and limited interaction methods. We present Mobile Findex, a mobile search user interface that uses automatically computed result clusters to provide the user with an overview of the result set. In addition, it utilizes a focus-plus-context result list presentation combined with an intuitive browsing method to aid the user in the evaluation of results. A user study with 16 participants was carried out to evaluate Mobile Findex. Subjective evaluations show that Mobile Findex was clearly preferred by the participants over the traditional ranked result list in terms of ease of finding relevant results, suitability to tasks, and perceived efficiency. While the use of categories resulted in a lower rate of nonrelevant result selections and better precision in some tasks, an overall significant difference in search performance was not observed.
Revision and denomination of Balkan beech plant communities in Serbia
Tomi? Zagorka
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0694029t
Abstract: The syntaxonomic differentiation and nomenclature of beech forests in Serbia is analyzed. Based on 75 phytocoenological tables of numerous authors and this author’s, from different parts of Serbia, 7 synthetic tables were constructed, one for each of the suballiances in the alliance Fagion moesiacae Ble i et Laku i 1970. By the introduction of the unique criteria of International Phytosociological Nomenclature only 20 basic syntaxonomic categories (associations) were formed and denominated, distributed into 7 suballiances. In this way, the nomenclature and classification of beech forests in Serbia has been harmonized with the international standards.
A contribution to the study of the association quercetum montanum er. et Jov. 1953. in north-east Serbia
Tomi? Zagorka
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0387197t
Abstract: The association Quercetum montanum er. et Jov. 1953 in north-east Serbia is researched. Its site conditions, structure and floristic composition are defined and four sub associations are designated based on the differences in soils and differential species: ornetosum, pauperum, typicum and tilietosum.
Women in academic profession and male domination
Tomi? Marta
Sociologija , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/soc1002181t
Abstract: This paper presents a case study of women in the academic teaching profession in the context of the Criminal Police Academy, a Belgrade higher education institution of a typically male-dominant type. The aim of the paper is to describe and analyze women's current position and upward career mobility, as well as to discover the causes and mechanisms limiting their weaker (slower) professional recognition. Multiple case method was deployed, on the basis of data collected from various sources: relevant literature on gender inequality of women in the academic profession, official documents of the institution in which the study was conducted, and personal life stories of women research subjects taken through in-depth semi-structured interviews. The results indicate that women who are part of a masculine climate in their academic teaching profession and in their personal life, are arguably in a subordinate position compared to men, and accept their position as quite natural. The research was limited to six typical cases, so that the conclusions may be generalized only with the greatest care; however, researchers who are interested in checking the study's objectivity and validity are provided with the adequate basis for further testing. The research shows that personal perspectives and testimonies of women can contribute to a deeper understanding of their disadvantage in academia, while at the same time contributing to the sociology of the 'individual' and the 'qualitative' by expanding the database on gender issues.
Social exclusion of the young from the labour market in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tomi? Velinka
Sociologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/soc1202287t
Abstract: The population of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is confronted with many challenges - economic, institutional and social. The participation of young people in education drops significantly after they turn 18, while entry into the labour market happens around 20 years of age. Unemployment mostly affects people with lower education levels, such as those with a secondary school degree or qualified workers. The youth unemployment rate, the most commonly used indicator of the disadvantages faced by young people in the labour market, is very high in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The single most significant factor affecting the labour market experiences of young people is the extensive informal economy in the country. Active Labour Market Policy for young people attempts to reduce the problems faced by young people in their attempts to find decent work once they enter the labour market. They attempt to remedy failures of the educational system and to improve the efficiency of labour market matching. The percentage of unemployed youth is of great importance because the youth are in the age when the ability and motivation for work are at their peak. Any society that excludes half of its population from the sphere of work acts against public interest.
The concept of masculinity in Freud's theory of culture
Tomi? Zorica
Theoria, Beograd , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/theo0901077t
Abstract: This paper stresses out the concept of 'masculinity', as the functional for Freud's theory of culture. The traditional dichotomy between the nature and the culture, which is based upon the difference between femininity and masculinity, is used in Freud's work as the fact that confirms the 'origin of culture' as the masculine enterprise. Focused on Freud's theory of instincts this paper shows off that this theory interprets man as the only possible subject of culture.
The integration of women and the effects of the “glass ceiling” in the police profession
Tomi? Marta
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1204197t
Abstract: This paper considers the position of women in the police profession in terms of domination of masculinity and the effects of the “glass ceiling”. Generally, these mechanisms create unequal opportunities and unequal treatment of women in the police and other predominantly male professions, and overall create adverse conditions for their integration and slower career advancement. The aim of this paper is to show that women who are employed in the police, who have an affinity for the profession and wish to advance professionally are socially conditioned in a predominantly male environment, particularly in professions that have a historically bounded rule of masculinity, and that, as such, the mechanisms of the “glass ceiling” prevent them to reach the highest step in their career. Women in the police profession still are still a minority and have to deal with well integrated social and professional structural barriers as well as cultural barriers.
Women, professorship and unequal opportunities
Tomi? Marta
Temida , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/tem1002017t
Abstract: This text deals with the problem of unequal opportunities for women who are employed at higher education institutions, which have affinities in the scientific and teaching careers in institutions where they work. The aim of this paper is to show that women are part of masculine culture, and as such, they are gender- determined and subordinated in the dominant male academic teaching profession. The problem of the slow progress of women in the academic profession is deeply social rooted and it is difficult to see clear mechanisms by which it is persistently maintained and operated. Certainly these mechanisms, which stop a woman on a particular step in the promotion of her career have a stronghold on many levels because they act with great power. In the sphere of education and science, women are still a minority. Women in teaching and scientific profession are further handicapped by an integrated structural and cultural barriers and also a system that clearly works against them.
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