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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14102 matches for " Tolulope Andrea Osoba "
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Relationship between Caregiver’s Quality of Life and Childhood Tuberculosis in Bauchi State, Northeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Haruna Ismaila Adamu, Tolulope Andrea Osoba, Cornelia R. White, Yakubu Gida Abdullahi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104602
Abstract:
Background: In Nigeria, childhood tuberculosis (TB), a debilitating and deadly disease, is highly prevalent and case reporting is poor due to weak health systems. Globally, children account for at least 10 percent of the TB burden, yet they remain neglected in TB prevention and control efforts. Research studies integrating family and community-centered strategies have been recommended by stakeholders to address the paucity of current local prevention and management strategies for childhood TB. Study Design: Observational study. Methods: This quantitative cross-sectional study explored the relationship between caregivers’ quality of life (QOL) and the reporting of TB in their children aged 0 - 14 years. Using the abbreviated version of World Health Organization’s (WHO) QOL tool, the WHOQOL-BREF, data were collected individually in a face-to-face setting from caregivers (n = 47) whose children had been diagnosed with TB in Bauchi State, Northeastern Nigeria, over a 5-year period. Data were collected in the same manner from another set of caregivers of children without TB (n = 47) within the same period and setting. Results: Logistic regression indicated a statistically significant relationship (p < 0.001) between the caregivers’ QOL and the reporting of childhood TB. Conclusion: This finding underscores the need to identify the factors that positively impact the QOL of caregivers of childhood TB cases. It also reflects the importance of integrating QOL interventions as part of TB control programs seeking to improve childhood TB reporting. This can mitigate the disease burden in vulnerable age-groups living in resource limited settings, thereby contributing to positive social change in the society.
Cervical Cancer and Pap Smear Awareness and Utilization of Pap Smear Test among Federal Civil Servants in North Central Nigeria
Hyacinth I. Hyacinth, Oluwatoyosi A. Adekeye, Joy N. Ibeh, Tolulope Osoba
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046583
Abstract: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in women in developing countries. A key factor linked to the relatively high levels of cervical cancer in these populations is the lack of awareness and access to preventive methods. This study aimed to determine the level of awareness of cervical cancer and Papanicolaou test (Pap smear test) and factors associated with the utilization of Pap test among female civil servants in Jos. Data was obtained from female workers (n = 388) aged 18–65 years in a Nigerian Federal establishment. Participants were randomly approached and instructed to complete validated questionnaires. Data was analyzed using Chi-square, t-tests and logistic regression analysis to determine if there was an association between variables and identify any predictors of awareness and utilization of the Pap test. Cervical cancer and Pap smear test awareness was 50.9% and 38.6% respectively, with the media as the major source of information. Pap smear test utilization rate was 10.2%, with routine antenatal care (ANC) as the major reason for getting screened. Personal barriers to screening include the lack of awareness, and belief that cervical cancer is not preventable. Opportunistic screening, mass media campaigns and ANC education were suggested as ways of improving awareness and utilization of cervical cancer screening services.
Structural pattern of mobile phone usage in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria
SB Osoba
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2012,
Abstract: The wide use of the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) and its influence on various aspects of the society is yet to be empirically investigated. This paper examined the relationship between GSM usage and socio-economic characteristic (sex, marital status, age, education, income, occupation and employment) of the GSM-owners. The study sample consisted of 2,500 households in the study area. Systematic sampling technique was used to select every tenth building on the identified streets. In a multi-family dwelling, random sampling was used to select one household. The data collected were analysed using simple frequency contain form of cross tabulation to compute the number of GSM calls made and the number of call received by GSMowners within Lagos metropolis. The study reveals that over 80% of GSM phone calls were made in areas with industrial concentration and commercial activities. The paper recommended that transport planners in Lagos need to develop alternative intra-city transport systems. This can be achieved through a shift to the development of other land transport systems by policy makers.
The concept of quality of life in oncology
Osoba David
Archive of Oncology , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0403166o
Abstract:
Relationship between Insurance and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African: A Panel Data Analysis  [PDF]
Taiwo Akinlo, Olumuyiwa Tolulope Apanisile
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.52014
Abstract:

This study examined the relationship between insurance and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa over the period 1986-2011. Pooled OLS, Fixed Effect Model and Generalized Method of Moment Panel Model were employed in the estimation. The estimations of the dynamic panel-data results show that insurance has positive and significance impact on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. This shows that premium contributes to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa which means that a well-developed insurance sector is necessary for the economic development, as it provides long-term investments for economic growth and simultaneously strengthening risk-taking abilities. The results also show that human capita has positive significant impact on economic growth. Openness and interest rate have negative and statistical significant on economic growth.

SECONDARY SEX RATIO IN A SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIAN TOWN
Tolulope Oyeniyi
International Journal of Genetics , 2012,
Abstract: In this study, the human secondary sex ratio (described as the number of males per 100 female births) in Ondo, a town in South-West Nigeria was analyzed using birth record between 2001 and 2008, obtained at State Specialist Hospital. The analysis of the 11,426 births recorded during the period revealed a secondary sex ratio of 1.14, that is, 114 boys for every 100 girls born. There was a strong correlation (0.236**) between sex ratio and birth outcome indicating that gender has strong influence on child survival. There is however no significant relationship between the sex of baby and the season of birth as the ratio of male to female babies remains unchanged through the seasons. This study reports the first information on secondary sex ratio in Ondo town and gives impetus for further investigations into factors affecting secondary sex ratio among the populations at the study area.
Telecommunication (GSM) and Urban Spatial Structure in Ibadan North Local Governmnet Area, Nigeria
Osoba,Samson Babatunde
Current Research Journal of Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: The role and impact of novel telephone technology in shaping urban structure has produced two schools of thought. The first is evolutionary, which believe in the continuing primary of physical movements and the second, is revolutionary which elevates the importance of non-physical information flows. The revolutionaries believes that new telecommunication innovations will create a flexible electronic environment that will enable people to inhabit attractive amenity environments, remote from declining urban centers thereby influencing people’s choice as regards location in urban setting. In this study an analysis of the effect of mobile communication through the use of GSM phone on intra-urban movements and location decision was considered. Study revealed that mobile communication does not have much effect on important trips such as trips to work, to market place, shopping centers and recreational locations. It is concluded that most of the trips eliminated through the use of mobile phone are discretionary trips. The study also discovered that income rather than communication largely determines the location of households in Ibadan North. It is therefore concluded that communication has not inverted the existing spatial pattern since it has not withdrawn trip away from important centers or changed the location pattern of activities in the study area.
Appraisal of Parking Problems and Traffic Management Measures in Central Business District in Lagos, Nigeria
Samson Babatunde Osoba
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n8p105
Abstract: Transport problems are very common in the Central Business District of Nigeria Cities as a result of the growing concentration of population, rapid urbanization and economic activities of certain point of the world. Edward Ulman observed that transport is applied to move people, goods or service in order to enable two place to interact in which there must be a specific demand and supply. The attended cost and dependability of transport service and infrastructures have enabled an increasing number of people to seek economic, social and education opportunities that urban areas ideally provided. But contrarily, Central Business District metropolitan cities have grown to the point where threaten to strangle the transportation that made them possible. In view of the above, research work examine, the problem associated with Parking and traffic Management problem within Ikeja Local Government Area Central Business District. The method used for data collection were mainly questionnaire administration; secondary data extracted from documented information relevant to the research work; formal and informal interview and data analysis, technique and interpretation. Relevant literatures on the research topic were reviewed. Findings in this research work revealed that parking problems and Traffic Management which leads to time delays and traffic congestion are as a result of inadequate parking space, traffic signs/signals, human factor indiscipline act and development of illegal stall at car park. Recommendation was made for Parking Management, Parking design standard, parking control; traffic management for both vehicular and pedestrian, Land-use and Land development; enforcement of edict and bye-laws by statutory agencies.
Noise Benefits in Expectation-Maximization Algorithms
Osonde Adekorede Osoba
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: This dissertation shows that careful injection of noise into sample data can substantially speed up Expectation-Maximization algorithms. Expectation-Maximization algorithms are a class of iterative algorithms for extracting maximum likelihood estimates from corrupted or incomplete data. The convergence speed-up is an example of a noise benefit or "stochastic resonance" in statistical signal processing. The dissertation presents derivations of sufficient conditions for such noise-benefits and demonstrates the speed-up in some ubiquitous signal-processing algorithms. These algorithms include parameter estimation for mixture models, the $k$-means clustering algorithm, the Baum-Welch algorithm for training hidden Markov models, and backpropagation for training feedforward artificial neural networks. This dissertation also analyses the effects of data and model corruption on the more general Bayesian inference estimation framework. The main finding is a theorem guaranteeing that uniform approximators for Bayesian model functions produce uniform approximators for the posterior pdf via Bayes theorem. This result also applies to hierarchical and multidimensional Bayesian models.
Effects of Food Diet Preparation Techniques on Radionuclide Intake and Its Implications for Individual Ingestion Effective Dose in Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tolulope Hadrat Abiodun
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2012.23016
Abstract: The radioactivity measurements in food crops and their diet derivatives and farm soil samples from Abeokuta, one of the elevated background radiation areas in Nigeria have been carried out in order to determine the concentration levels of natural radionuclides (40K, 226Ra and 232Th). The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides in the samples were determined via gamma-ray spectrometry using a 76 mm × 76 mm NaI(Tl) detector. Different common food crops representing the major sources of dietary requirements to the local population were collected for the measurements. The collected food crops were prepared into their different derivable composite diets using preparation techniques locale to the population. Using available food consumption data and the activity concentrations of the radionuclides, the ingestion effective doses were evaluated for the food crops and diet types per preparation techniques. For the tuberous food crop samples, the annual ingestion effective doses in the raw and different composite diets were 0.02 - 0.04 μSv and cumulatively 0.04 - 0.05 μSv while in the non-tuberous crops the doses were 0.44 - 0.70 μSv and cumulatively greater than 1 μSv respectively. Results of the study indicate that method of diet preparation is seen to play a major role in population ingestion dose reduction especially for tuberous crops than in non-tuberous crops. The study also showed that more ingestion dose could be incurred in diets prepared by roasting techniques. The result of the study will serve as a useful radiometric data for future epidemiological studies in the area and for food safety regulations and policy implementations in the country.
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