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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 190 matches for " Tokio Nakada "
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Contact Urticaria Syndrome from Tofu  [PDF]
Maki Kitakawa, Tokio Nakada
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2016.56038
Abstract: A-52-year-old woman ate dinner after preening roses in her garden. Immediately, she developed oralaryngeal malaise and pruritic rash. Nasal obstruction and increase of cutaneous lesions were seen although she took betamethasone, 2 mg, orally. Physical examination revealed geographic wheal on trunk and extremities, and no overt mucosal lesions. History demonstrated that she had developed such reactions four times before: three of the four were seen shortly after eating soybean. Tofu was examined by prick-by-prick testing, and prick testing was performed with a petal, a piece of stem and rose leaf, positive and negative control. Positive reactions to tofu (wheal, 5 × 7 mm) and positive control (wheal 5 × 5 mm) and negative ones to others were noted. Although sensitization to soybean seemed to antedate pollen allergy on the basis of interview, oral allergy syndrome could be complicated because of various pollens-specific IgE. Since soy-bean specific IgE was class 2, such titer was not an effective predictor of clinical severity. This case should be classified into stage 3 of contact urticaria syndrome (CUS). Since CUS can be fatal, we must be careful in management for such patients.
Dermatomyositis Associated with Docetaxel Use in the Treatment for Ovarian Cancer  [PDF]
Yuta Ito, Yuko Hamada, Keiko Katayama, Hirokazu Uno, Tokio Nakada
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2017.610031
Abstract: A 50-year-old woman presented with a 1-week history of rash on the face and hands and difficulty when rising from a sitting position. She underwent an exploratory laparotomy for ovarian cancer 8 months ago. Three months ago, she underwent total hysterectomy, adnexectomy, and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. Docetaxel and carboplatin were started and administered twice. Physical examination revealed periorbital edema with a purplish appearance; Erythematous lesions on radiodorsal aspects of the proximal interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints were seen. We diagnosed as dermatomyositis on the basis of clinical findings. Interview demonstrated that such rashes were enhanced 1 week after chemotherapy, and got better through following one week. Cutaneous and muscular symptoms got worse two months after her initial visit. Myotonia was found in electromyography, and high density areas on both femoral regions and lower thighs were observed by MRI of skeletal muscle. Scleroderma-like lesions are known as an adverse effect to taxane. In addition, three cases of dermatomyositis due to taxane were reported in Japan. Since dermatomyositis was regarded as one of paraneoplastic syndrome generally, it was not considered as drug-induced. However, clinical course of our case suggests that docetaxel may play more important role in activity of dermatomyositis than ovarian cancer. Seeing patients treated with taxane, therefore, we have to be careful for symptoms suggestive of autoimmune diseases: not only scleroderma but dermatomyositis.
Muscle endurance measurement using a progressive workload and a constant workload by maximal voluntary contraction  [PDF]
Shinichi Demura, Masakatsu Nakada
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.211186
Abstract: Muscle endurance measurement using a progressive workload method may reduce pain sensation in the subject. This study aimed to examine the relationships between force-time parameters during sustained static gripping as measured by maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) using either a progressive workload (PW) or a constant workload (CW). Sixteen subjects performed sustained static gripping with 7 gradually increasing relative demand values of 20% to 80% MVC and sustained static gripping by MVC. The staging of progressive workload was 10 s for 20% MVC, 20 s each for 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70% MVC, and 10 s for 80% MVC. The forces exerted at 120 s in the CW and PW methods were at around the 23-27% MVC level. Peak force, final force, and force during the last 30 s for the PW method evaluated muscle endurance after 1 min and showed high correlations (r = 0.746 ? 0.895). Significant correlations (r = 0.575 ? 0.605) were found between time to 40% MVC in the CW method and peak force, final force, and force in the last 30 s in the PW method group. The peak force in the PW method may be useful for evaluating muscle endurance with a short testing time and without high pain sensation.
Effect of past and present lifestyle habits and nutrition on calcaneal quantitative osteo-sono index in pre- and post-menopausal females  [PDF]
Masakatsu Nakada, Shinichi Demura
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.22019
Abstract: This study is examined the effect of past and present lifestyle habits and nutrition on the os-teo-sono assessment index (OSI) in pre- and post-menopausal females. The subjects were 200 premenopausal females (38.8±10.3years) and 156 postmenopausal females (59.2±5.9 ye- ars). BMD (Body mineral density) was estimated by right-calcaneal OSI using an ultrasonic transmission method with an AOS-100 device (ALOKA). The number of postmenopau- sal fe-males in the close examination and guidance required groups (80 cases: 51.3 %) (OSI < 2.428) was significantly higher than that of premeno-pausal females (44 cases: 22.0 %) (χ2=33.105: P<0.000). In premenopausal females, the proportion of subjects that had not taken vitamin D in the past (in junior high school and high school) was significantly higher in the close examination- guidance required group (OSI < 2.428) than in the normal group (OSI ≧ 2.428). However, in postmenopausal females, there was no signifi-cant difference in past and present lifestyle habits and nutrition between the close exami-nation-guidance required group and the normal group. In premenopausal females, it was deter-mined that the intake of vitamin D during pu-berty increased the absorption of calcium sig-nificantly.
The effect of past and present lifestyle, nutrition habits, and gender on bone mineral density  [PDF]
Masakatsu Nakada, Shinichi Demura
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.27109
Abstract: This study aimed to examine the gender and age differences of the quantitative osteo-sono assessment index (OSI) and the effects of the past and present lifestyle and nutrition habits on OSI in adult males and females from 20 to 70 years of age. The subjects were 155 males (20- 79 years) and 399 females (20-78 years). The bone mass was estimated by the right-calcaneal OSI using an ultrasonic transmission method with an AOS-100 device (ALOKA). The frequency of tests for OSI in women tended to increase rapidly in the 50-70 age group requiring close examination or guidance. In 50-70 year- old females, the proportion of dairy products and vitamin D intake in the past (junior high school and high school days) was significantly lower in the group requiring close examination or guidance (OSI < 2.428) than in the normal group (OSI ≧ 2.428). That is, there was insufficient calcium intake (through dairy products) and vitamin D intake, which is instrumental in calcium absorption, (through fish, chicken eggs, and fungi) during puberty, when bone mass increases with skeletal growth. In conclusion, the number in the group requiring close examination or guidance was high for 50-70 year-old males and females. The OSI decreases rapidly in females after their 50s and the number in the group requiring close examination or guidance increased rapidly.
The Characteristics and Laterality of Explosive Force Exertion of Hand Grip and Toe Grip  [PDF]
Masakatsu Nakada, Shinichi Demura
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2014.44021
Abstract: This study examines the force exertion characteristics and laterality of maximal explosive force exertion of hand grip and toe grip. Fifteen male subjects, aged 19 to 23 years, performed maximal explosive hand grip and toe grip exertions with their dominant and non-dominant sides. Maximal force value and integral force for 2 sec in the hand grip exertions were significantly larger than those in the toe grip exertions in both the dominant and non-dominant sides. The time required to achieve 90% maximal force value in the hand grip exertions was significantly shorter than that in the toe grip exertions in both sides. Correlations between the dominant and non-dominant sides were significant (r = 0.710 - 0.889) in maximal force value and integral force for 2 sec during the hand and toe grip exertions, but they were not significant (hand grip: r = 0.242, toe grip: r = 0.032) with respect to the time taken to achieve 90% maximal force value. In conclusion, a force exertion value increases more quickly in an explosive hand grip than that in an explosive toe grip. The laterality may relate to time parameters in both explosive force exertions, but not to ones related to force.
Potential for Biomass and Biofuel through Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture and Reduction of Food Losses and Waste  [PDF]
Jeffrey Skeer, Shunichi Nakada
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.71002
Abstract: Substantial potential exists to expand supplies of biomass for energy applications through more systematic collection of agricultural residues, more intensive cultivation of croplands, and reduced waste and losses in the food chain. This study aims to show how the potential can be calculated from public information sources, to put the potential in the context of global needs for liquid transport fuels, and to suggest some practical policy options for bringing part of the potential to market. It finds that if the theoretical potential is fully realized, enough liquid biofuel could be produced to displace the equivalent of all current global liquid fuel use for transport.
Dispersion and asymptotic profiles for Kirchhoff equations
Tokio Matsuyama,Michael Ruzhansky
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to describe asymptotic profiles for the Kirchhoff equation, and to establish time decay properties and dispersive estimates for Kirchhoff equations. For this purpose, the method of asymptotic integration is developed for the corresponding linear equations and representation formulae for their solutions are obtained. These formulae are analysed further to obtain the time decay rate of $L^p$--$L^q$ norms of propagators for the corresponding Cauchy problems.
Asymptotic integration and dispersion for hyperbolic equations
Tokio Matsuyama,Michael Ruzhansky
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to establish time decay properties and dispersive estimates for strictly hyperbolic equations with homogeneous symbols and with time-dependent coefficients whose derivatives are integrable. For this purpose, the method of asymptotic integration is developed for such equations and representation formulae for solutions are obtained. These formulae are analysed further to obtain time decay of Lp-Lq norms of propagators for the corresponding Cauchy problems. It turns out that the decay rates can be expressed in terms of certain geometric indices of the limiting equation and we carry out the thorough analysis of this relation. This provides a comprehensive view on asymptotic properties of solutions to time-perturbations of hyperbolic equations with constant coefficients. Moreover, we also obtain the time decay rate of the Lp-Lq estimates for equations of these kinds, so the time well-posedness of the corresponding nonlinear equations with additional semilinearity can be treated by standard Strichartz estimates.
Global well-posedness of Kirchhoff systems
Tokio Matsuyama,Michael Ruzhansky
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.matpur.2012.12.002
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to establish the $H^1$ global well-posedness for Kirchhoff systems. The new approach to the construction of solutions is based on the asymptotic integrations for strictly hyperbolic systems with time-dependent coefficients. These integrations play an important role to setting the subsequent fixed point argument. The existence of solutions for less regular data is discussed, and several examples and applications are presented.
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