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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20276 matches for " Time-to-Market "
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Gembong Baskoro
Jurnal Teknik Industri , 2008,
Abstract: This paper discuses the concept of managing high-end, high-volume innovative products. High-end, high-volume consumer products are products that have considerable influence to the way of life. Characteristic of High-end, high-volume consumer products are (1) short cycle time, (2) quick obsolete time, and (3) rapid price erosion. Beside the disadvantages that they are high risk for manufacturers, if manufacturers are able to understand precisely the consumer needs then they have the potential benefit or success to be the market leader. High innovation implies to high utilization of the user, therefore these products can influence indirectly to the way of people life. The objective of managing them is to achieve sustainability of the products development and innovation. This paper observes the behavior of these products in companies operated in high-end, high-volume consumer product.
Julián Andrés Rojas Meléndez,Jesús David Ramírez,Juan Carlos Corrales
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín , 2012,
Abstract: The appropriation of the new technologies is a key aspect to maintain high competitiveness in a globalized economy for telecom carriers. The benefits provided by these new technologies allow them to easily adapt to the market conditions and to satisfy the changing needs of increasingly demanding users. One of these technologies is the JAIN SLEE specification, which presents a highly robust platform for rapid development and deployment of new value-added services. However the high degree of complexity of this technology limits the exploitation of its benefits and capabilities. In this paper, we propose a set of guidelines for value-added service development on JAIN SLEE environments based in the principles and guidelines for service creation defined in SOA, in order to facilitate this process. La apropiación de nuevas tecnologías por parte de los operadores de telecomunicaciones es un aspecto clave para mantener una alta competitividad en una economía globalizada. Los beneficios que proporcionan estas nuevas tecnologías les permiten a los operadores adaptarse fácilmente a las condiciones del mercado y satisfacer las necesidades cambiantes de usuarios, cada vez más exigentes. Una de estas tecnologías es la Especificación JAIN SLEE, la cual presenta una plataforma altamente robusta para el rápido desarrollo y despliegue de nuevos servicios de valor agregado. Sin embargo, el alto grado de complejidad de esta tecnología limita la explotación de sus beneficios y capacidades. En este artículo se propone una serie de lineamientos para el desarrollo de servicios de valor agregado en entornos JAIN SLEE basados en los principios y lineamientos para la creación de servicios definidos por SOA, de forma que se facilite este proceso.
Functional Neuroanatomy of Time-To-Passage Perception  [PDF]
Yansong Geng, Elif M. Sikoglu, Heiko Hecht, Lucia M. Vaina
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.811039
Abstract: The time until an approaching object passes the observer is referred to as time-to-passage (TTP). Accurate judgment of TTP is critical for visually guided navigation, such as when walking, riding a bicycle, or driving a car. Previous research has shown that observers are able to make TTP judgments in the absence of information about local retinal object expansion. In this paper we combine psychophysics and functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate the neural substrate of TTP processing. In a previous psychophysical study, we demonstrated that when local retinal expansion cues are not available, observers take advantage of multiple sources of information to judge TTP, such as optic flow and object retinal velocities, and integrate these cues through a flexible and economic strategy. To induce strategy changes, we introduced trials with motion but without coherent optic flow (0% coherence of the background), and trials with coherent, but noisy, optic flow (75% coherence of the background). In a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we found that coherent optic flow cues resulted in better behavioral performance as well as higher and broader cortical activations across the visual motion processing pathway. Blood oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes showed significant involvement of optic flow processing in the precentral sulcus (PreCS), postcentral sulcus (PostCS) and middle temporal gyrus (MTG) across all conditions. Not only highly activated during motion processing, bilateral hMT areas also showed a complex pattern in TTP judgment processing, which reflected a flexible TTP response strategy.
Single-Stage Vernier Time-to-Digital Converter with Sub-Gate Delay Time Resolution  [PDF]
Chin-Hsin Lin, Marek Syrzycki
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2011.24050
Abstract: This paperpresents a single-stage Vernier Time-to-Digital Converter (VTDC) that utilizes the dynamic-logic phase detector. The zero dead-zone characteristic of this phase detector allows for the single-stage VTDC to deliver sub-gate delay time resolution. The single-stage VTDC has been designed in 0.13μm CMOS technology. The simulation results demonstrate a linear input-output characteristic for input dynamic range from 0 to 1.6ns with a time resolution of 25ps.
A Simulation Study on Comparing General Class of Semiparametric Transformation Models for Survival Outcome with Time-Varying Coefficients and Covariates  [PDF]
Yemane Hailu Fissuh, Tsegay Giday Woldu, Idriss Abdelmajid Idriss Ahmed, Abebe Zewdie Kebebe
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2019.92013
Abstract: The consideration of the time-varying covariate and time-varying coefficient effect in survival models are plausible and robust techniques. Such kind of analysis can be carried out with a general class of semiparametric transformation models. The aim of this article is to develop modified estimating equations under semiparametric transformation models of survival time with time-varying coefficient effect and time-varying continuous covariates. For this, it is important to organize the data in a counting process style and transform the time with standard transformation classes which shall be applied in this article. In the situation when the effect of coefficient and covariates change over time, the widely used maximum likelihood estimation method becomes more complex and burdensome in estimating consistent estimates. To overcome this problem, alternatively, the modified estimating equations were applied to estimate the unknown parameters and unspecified monotone transformation functions. The estimating equations were modified to incorporate the time-varying effect in both coefficient and covariates. The performance of the proposed methods is tested through a simulation study. To sum up the study, the effect of possibly time-varying covariates and time-varying coefficients was evaluated in some special cases of semiparametric transformation models. Finally, the results have shown that the role of the time-varying covariate in the semiparametric transformation models was plausible and credible.
A Markov Based Performance Analysis of Handover and Load Balancing in HetNets  [PDF]
Baoling Zhang, Weijie Qi, Jie Zhang
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2017.1010013
Abstract: LTE heterogeneous networks (HetNets) is becoming a popular topic since it was first developed in 3GPP Release 10. HetNets has the advantage to assemble various cell networks and enhance users’ Quality of Service (QoS) within the system. However, its development is still constrained by two main issues: 1) Load imbalance caused by different transmission powers for various tiers, and 2) The unbalanced transmission power may also increase unnecessary handover rate. In order to solve the first issue, Cell range expansion (CRE) can be applied in the system, which will benefit lower-tier cell during user association phase; CRE, Hysteresis Margin (HM) and Time-to-Trigger (TTT) will be utilized to bound UE within lower tier network of HetNets and therefore solve the second issue. On the other hand, the relationship of these parameters may be complicated and even reduce QoS if they are chosen incorrectly. This paper will evaluate the advantage and disadvantage of all three parameters and propose a Markov Chain Process (MCP) based method to find optimal HM, CRE and TTT values. And then, the simulation is taken and the optimal combination for our scenario is obtained to be 1 dB, 6 dB and 60 ms respectively. First contribution of this paper is to map the HetNets handover process into MCP and all the phases of handover can be calculated and analysed in probability way, so that further prediction and simulation can be realised. Second contribution is to establish a mathematical method to model the relationship of HM, CRE and TTT in HetNets, therefore the coordination of these three important parameters is achieved to obtain system optimization.
O tempo do trabalho: o tempo-devir frente ao tempo espacializado
Zarifian, Philippe;
Tempo Social , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702002000200001
Abstract: this article investigates the subject of work productivity through the optics of the reciprocal interiority between time and work. this interiority reveals, in the conceptual plane, the confrontation of two time concepts: the spacialized time, quantitative and physic, measured by the instants successions materialized on the clock; and the time-to-come, qualitative and psychological, understood as duration, in which there is a permanent impulse of the past totality towards the future. these times present, in face of work, different ways of social manifestation: the spacialized time manifests itself as discipline and regulation of the work acts; and the time-to-come manifests itself as mobilization of the past experience and anticipation of the future. finally, it is shown that, while the times are necessarily linked to work, both being effective social products, there is a clear unbalance in the manifestation of both times.
Joint modelling of repeated measurements and event time: Application to performance traits and survival of lambs bred in sub-humid tropics
Rosemary Nguti, Tomasz Burzykowski, John Rowlands, Didier Renard, Paul Janssen
Genetics Selection Evolution , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-37-3-175
Abstract: (To access the full article, please see PDF)
Measurement and control for a repetitive nanosecond-pulse breakdown experiment in polymer films

Shao Tao,Zhang Cheng,Long Kai-Hu,Wang Jue,Zhang Dong-Dong,Yan Ping,

中国物理 B , 2010,
Abstract: In order to perform data acquisition and avoid unwanted over-current damage to the power supply, a convenient and real-time method of experimentally investigating repetitive nanosecond-pulse breakdown in polymer dielectric samples is presented. The measurement-acquisition and control system not only records breakdown voltage and current, and time-to-breakdown duration, but also provides a real-time power-off protection for the power supply. Furthermore, the number of applied pulses can be calculated by the product of the time-to-breakdown duration and repetition rate. When the measured time-to-breakdown duration error is taken into account, the repetition rate of applied nanosecond-pulses should be below 40~kHz. In addition, some experimental data on repetitive nanosecond-pulse breakdown of polymer films are presented and discussed.
In-system Jitter Measurement Based on Blind Oversampling Data Recovery
M. Kubicek,Z. Kolka
Radioengineering , 2012,
Abstract: The paper describes a novel method for simple estimation of jitter contained in a received digital signal. The main objective of our research was to enable a non-invasive measurement of data link properties during a regular data transmission. To evaluate the signal quality we estimate amount of jitter contained in the received signal by utilizing internal signals of a data recovery circuit. The method is a pure digital algorithm suitable for implementation in any digital integrated circuit (ASIC or FPGA). It is based on a blind-oversampling data recovery circuit which is used in some receivers instead of a traditional PLL-based clock and data recovery (CDR) circuit. Combination of the described jitter measurement block and the data recovery block forms a very efficient input part of the digital receiver. In such configuration it is able to simultaneously perform both data communication (data recovery) and signal quality estimation (jitter measurement). The jitter measurement portion of the receiver requires no special connection of the received data signal. Thus the measured signal is not influenced by the measurement circuitry at all. To verify the method we performed a measurement on a laboratory free-space optics link. Results of the measurement are satisfactory and can be used for on-line channel analysis.
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