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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 214084 matches for " Thiago D. Gon?alves; "
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Doen?as do cérebro em Campina Grande, Paraíba: incidência
Coêlho, Thiago D. Gonalves;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1994000100008
Abstract: in this study it is shown the incidence of brain diseases in campina grande pb, brazil taking account hospitalizations under prospective payments. neurologic affections were classified according to icd-9. it is demonstrated that 3.09% of hospitalizations are due to brain diseases, mainly cerebrovascular disorders. it is evident that campina grande is included in brazil's north-east average of brain diseases representation, and this result contrasts with nation-wide results because of regional differences. mental disturbances were not included in this study because of the difficulty in obtaining data; they were classified in the other diseases group.
Isolated and painless (?) atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle: left handed versus right handed volleyball players
C?elho, Thiago D. Gonalves;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1994000400014
Abstract: the suprascapular nerve originates from the upper trunk of the brachial plexus or less frequently from the root of c5. it runs a short way and crosses the suprascapular notch. it innervates the supraspinatus muscle and the acromioclavicular and glenohumeral joints. then, it crosses the lateral edge of the spine of the scapula passing through the spinoglenoid notch, and innervates the infraspinatus muscle. these are potential sites of injury to the suprascapular nerve. three cases of suprascapular nerve entrapment causing an isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy in volleyball players were studied. it is suggested the hypothesis that the nature of the smash, in which the athlete uses the arm violently, more than does in volleyball service or in the art of reception, is the key to the pathogenesis of the lesion in volleyball players.
Neurocysticercosis in Paraiba, northeast Brazil: an endemic area?
Gonalves-Coêlho, Thiago D.;Coêlho, Matheus D. G.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1996000400003
Abstract: neurocysticercosis is the central nervous system infestation by cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of taenia solium. it is related to poor hygiene habits and sanitation; although northeast is poorest region of brazil, it has been always stated as a non-endemic area. after the installation of computed tomography (ct) service, the incidence of neurocysticercosis began to raise in neurology services in campina grande pb, a city where people from the interior paraíba can find specialized medical facilities. we analyse 5,883 ct record of the tomohpi computed tomography service from august 1993 to december 1995, observing 1.02% suggestive neurocysticercosis cases and classified them according to sex and age, precedence and socioeconomic condition. distribution of cases according to age is homogeneous until the age of 50 (mean: 28.36 years old). men and women are equally affected. urban areas inhabitants represented 83.33%. residents of campina grande represented 48.33% and 48.34% were residents of cities around campina grande (until 50 km around) and other cities of paraíba state. fifty-eight patients were dependent to public health care system. we conclude that neurocysticercosis seems to be endemic in paraíba state, demanding a more detailed study to determine its incidence/prevalence.
Estudo randomizado do tratamento cirúrgico da síndrome do túnel do carpo
Nascimento, Thiago Francisco do;D'Elia, Luiz Fernando Barbiere;Gonalves, Lucas Oliveira;Dobashi, Eiffel Tsuyoshi;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522007000400009
Abstract: this paper aims to evaluate, by means of a randomized prospective clinical study, two distinct groups divided according to the surgical methodology applied. the first group (group a) was treated by endoscopic operation and the second (group b) one by open access. we evaluated 55 patients (57 wrists), 32 (56.0%) females and 25 (44,0%) males. the sample was composed by 36 (65.5%) caucasian, 17 (30.9%) black and 2 (3.63%) asian patients. the mean age was 34.75 years (minimum of 24 y.o. and maximum of 76 y.o.). group a was composed by 30 (52.63%) wrists and group b by 27 (47.36%). all the patients were pre- and postoperatively evaluated at 1, 2, 4, 6 and 12 weeks after surgery and the following parameters were considered: thenar muscle trophism, pain (analogical scale), sensibility with semmes-weinstein monofilament, grip strength and finger pinch (with jamar dynamometer). we did not find significant statistical differences regarding side, dominancy, hypotrophy, pain and strength. the non-parametric mann-whitney's test (p = 0.0178) showed that the group of patients submitted to endoscopic operation were able to resume professional the activities. our study did not evidence, at the end of statistical analysis, statistically significant differences comparing the both methods of surgical treatment.
Cerebral cysticercosis in Campina Grande, Paraíba - northern Brazil: computerized tomography diagnosis importance
Gonalves-Coêlho, Thiago D.;Coelho, Matheus Diniz G.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1996000100015
Abstract: neurocysticercosis is the infection of the central nervous system by the larval form of taenia solium , the cysticercus cellulosae. we studied 4011 computerized tomographies performed in tomohpi radioimaging service, hospital pedro i, campina grande pb, northern brazil, since its installation on august 1993 to july 1995. 41 patients were diagnosed as having cysticercus cerebral infestation, corresponding to an incidence of 1.02%. no cases were related in campina grande pb during 1991 according to hospitalizations under prospective payment rates. after this radioimaging service installation, we observed 1.86 cases per month. we conclude that campina grande has to be included as an endemic area of neurocysticercosis, needing health service measures to cease the cycle taenia-cysticercus, the only way to get rid of such a serious problem.
Lyman Break Analogs: Constraints on the Formation of Extreme Starbursts at Low and High Redshift
Thiago S. Gonalves,Roderik Overzier,Antara Basu-Zych,D. Christopher Martin
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1017/S1743921311022654
Abstract: Lyman Break Analogs (LBAs), characterized by high far-UV luminosities and surface brightnesses as detected by GALEX, are intensely star-forming galaxies in the low-redshift universe ($z\sim 0.2$), with star formation rates reaching up to 50 times that of the Milky Way. These objects present metallicities, morphologies and other physical properties similar to higher redshift Lyman Break Galaxies (LBGs), motivating the detailed study of LBAs as local laboratories of this high-redshift galaxy population. We present results from our recent integral-field spectroscopy survey of LBAs with Keck/OSIRIS, which shows that these galaxies have the same nebular gas kinematic properties as high-redshift LBGs. We argue that such kinematic studies alone are not an appropriate diagnostic to rule out merger events as the trigger for the observed starburst. Comparison between the kinematic analysis and morphological indices from HST imaging illustrates the difficulties of properly identifying (minor or major) merger events, with no clear correlation between the results using either of the two methods. Artificial redshifting of our data indicates that this problem becomes even worse at high redshift due to surface brightness dimming and resolution loss. Whether mergers could generate the observed kinematic properties is strongly dependent on gas fractions in these galaxies. We present preliminary results of a CARMA survey for LBAs and discuss the implications of the inferred molecular gas masses for formation models.
Quenching star formation at intermediate redshifts: downsizing of the mass flux density in the green valley
Thiago S. Gonalves,D. Christopher Martin,Karín Menéndez-Delmestre,Ted Wyder,Anton Koekemoer
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/67
Abstract: The bimodality in galaxy properties has been observed at low and high redshift, with a clear distinction between star-forming galaxies in the blue cloud and passively evolving objects in the red sequence; the absence of galaxies with intermediate properties indicates that the quenching of star formation and subsequent transition between populations must happen rapidly. In this paper, we present a study of over 100 transiting galaxies in the so-called "green valley" at intermediate redshifts (z ~ 0.8). By using very deep spectroscopy with the DEIMOS instrument at the Keck telescope we are able to infer the star formation histories of these objects and measure the stellar mass flux density transiting from the blue cloud to the red sequence when the universe was half its current age. Our results indicate that the process happened more rapidly and for more massive galaxies in the past, suggesting a top-down scenario in which the massive end of the red sequence is forming first. This represent another aspect of downsizing, with the mass flux density moving towards smaller galaxies in recent times.
Clusters of Bell's palsy
Gonalves-Coêlho, Thiago D.;Pinheiro, Carlos Newton D.;Ferraz, Ezon V.A.P.;Alonso-Nieto, José Luiz;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1997000500007
Abstract: the idiopathic facial paralysis or bell's palsy installs abruptly or within a few hours, without any apparent cause. it corresponds to approximately 75% of all peripheral facial palsies. three theories try to explain its pathogenecity: vascular-ischemic, viral and auto-immune. we reviewed the records of the emg sector, hospital do servidor público estadual (s?o paulo, brazil), from 1985 to 1995 and found 239 cases of bell's palsy. data were analysed according to age, gender, seasonal distribution of cases. there was a predominance of cases in the 31 - 60 age bracket (40.59 %). the female gender was responsible to 70.71 % of cases. there was a predominance of cases in winter (31.38 %) and autumn (30.13 %), which was statiscally significant. these findings let us to suppose that bell's palsy predominates in females, in 41-60 years age bracket, and occurs predominantly in cold months. there are groups of clusters throughout temporal distribution of cases and cases are dependent on one each other or on factors affecting them all, which reinforces the infectious hypothesis (there is a rise in the incidence of viral upper respiratory tract infection during cold months).
Tomada de decis?o em dependentes de crack: um estudo com o Iowa Gambling Task
Viola, Thiago Wendt;Cardoso, Caroline de Oliveira;Francke, Ingrid D'Avila;Gonalves, Hosana Alves;Pezzi, Julio Carlos;Araújo, Renata Brasil;Fonseca, Rochele Paz;Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2012000100012
Abstract: this study investigated how decision-making process occurs in crack dependents through the iowa gambling task (igt). 30 participants were selected to crack dependent group - gdc, and 15 non-users controls - gnu, from both sexes. we used the cocaine craving questionnaire-brief to assess the craving intensity. there were significant differences between groups both in the total-calculus score and in the blocks scores. the learning curve of the gdc was constant and negative during almost all game, except in the very ending when a suggestion of learning was observed. regarding the task performance's classification, the analysis showed that a significant number of controls participants achieved a non-impaired performance, opposed to gdc performance. the differences between groups investigated in the igt corroborate with a previous study finding, about a worse decision-making process associated with cocaine and crack addiction.
Ciência pela for a? Dr. Abílio Cesar Borges e a propaganda contra o emprego da palmatória e outros meios aviltantes no ensino da mocidade (1856-1876) = Science by force? Dr. Abílio Cesar Borges and the propaganda against the use of paddling and other demeaning practices in youth instruction (1856-1876)
José Gonalves Gondra,Thiago Sampaio
Acta Scientiarum : Education , 2010,
Abstract: Médico, gestor da instru o pública, dono de escola, homem de imprensa, autor de livros de destina o escolar, viajante, conselheiro da instru o, Dr. Abílio César Borges protagonizou algumas iniciativas na esfera pública e privada, como forma dedemonstrar princípios educativos que abra ara no que se refere aos métodos de ensino, aprendizagem da leitura e escrita, aritmética e geometria, educa o infantil e castigos corporais, por exemplo. Ao ocupar distintas posi es de saber e poder, o médico baiano procurou zelar por suas iniciativas, o que pode ser atestado na documenta o expressiva produzida em vida. Neste trabalho, examinamos a propaganda que desenvolveu contra o emprego da palmatória e outros meios aviltantes no ensino da mocidade. Campanha tornada pública por meio de diversas manifesta es entre 1856 e 1875, que foram reunidas em umopúsculo publicado em 1876. Nesta cole o de nove fragmentos do autor sobre o flagelo da infancia, o médico forja a representa o humana da escola, cujo bom exemplo poderia ser encontrado nos colégios de sua propriedade. Em 1876, para amplificar suas posi es, aproxima-se do Jornal “O Globo”, reconhecendo este como aliado e veículo adequado para dar mais visibilidade a seu projeto de uma educa o moral contra a violência física nas escolas. As a doctor, manager of public instruction, school owner, man of the press, schoolbook author, traveler, guidance counselor, Dr. Abilio César Borges undertook a few initiatives in the public and private sphere, as a means to demonstrate educational principles he supported with regard to methods of teaching, learning of reading, writing, arithmetic and geometry, childhood education and corporal punishments, for example. By occupying separate knowledge and power positions, the Bahia doctor sought to manage his initiatives, which can be endorsed in the expressive documentation produced in life. In this work, we examine the propaganda he developed against the use of paddling and other demeaning practices in youth instruction. This campaign was made public through manifestations between 1856 and 1875, which were grouped in a pamphlet published in 1876. In thiscollection of 9 fragments from the author about the scourge of childhood, the doctor shaped human representation of schools, whose good example could be found in the schools of his property. In 1876, in order to heighten his positions, approaching the newspaper “O Globo”, recognizing it as an ally and an appropriate vehicle to give more visibility to his moral education project against physical violence in schools.
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