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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14342 matches for " Theory of justice "
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Loosening the Bounds of Human Rights: Global Justice and the Theory of Justice
Christina Jones-Pauly
Human Rights & Human Welfare , 2001,
John Rawls e a teoria da justi?a revisitada
Revista de derecho (Valparaíso) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-68512010000100021
Abstract: forty years ago, rawls presented a complex justice theory that even now deserves critical pondering, given its potential to be applied to the political and legal latin american world. this article deals with some of the development concepts of the theory about rawls' justice and of the original positions arising from it.
Democracia e justi?a
Vita, álvaro de;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452000000200002
Abstract: the relations between democracy and justice in contemporary political theory are examined. the shortcomings of the competitive tradition of democracy on this score are brought out, and it is argued that we need an "epistemic" conception of deliberative democracy, according to which an independent criterion of political legitimacy should be employed in evaluating the outcomes of deliberative procedures. the limits of such an epistemic conception, particularly with reference to political conflict and competition, are discussed.
The Dawn Of Gender Justice Against Discrimination - A Legal Paradigm
Sindhu Vijaya Kumar
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales , 2011,
Abstract: The Socio-economic rights are a vital aspect of human rights agenda for women. The slowstudy process and radical change in recognizing the rights of women to a greater extend has helped tobuild her own identity and withstand her rights against all discrimination. The feminist movementquestioned several discriminatory practices against women. However there was a need for revolutionto debar the discriminatory practice of status on the ground of gender. And revolution was created byfeminist movement. These Movements largely contributed by feminist writing recognized the need tosubdue the discriminatory practice of status. Feminist theory emerged from these feministmovements includes general theories and theories about the origins of inequality, economic injusticeand in some cases, about the social construction of sex and gender, in a variety of disciplines.Feminist activists have campaigned for women's rights as such, in contract, property, and voting,while also promoting women's rights from human right perspective. They have opposed domesticviolence sexual harassment and sexual assault, in economics they have advocated for workplacerights, including equal pay and opportunities for careers and to start businesses. Interventions ofnational and international legal instrument have added grace and recognized women’s right. All thisresulted in increase participation of women both in formal and informal job sector. However thejourney to heed her right did not end here; it was the beginning, the beginning to fight for hersurvival.
Review: Felix Heidenreich (2011): Theorien der Gerechtigkeit - Eine Einführung
Kramer, Hans-Ulrich
Journal für Generationengerechtigkeit , 2012,
Abstract: Schon vor der griechischen Antike, n mlich bei den alten gyptern und im alten Israel ansetzend, werden unter dem Titel Antike: Gegebene Gerechtigkeit“(Kapitel 2) anschlie end die Theorien der griechischen Klassiker Platon und Aristoteles sowie des R mers Cicero behandelt. Weiter geht es in chronologischer, übersichtlicher Gliederung mit den zwei Gerechtigkeiten des Mittelalters (Kapitel 3), die auf der Zwei-Reiche-Lehre des Augustinus‘ aufbauen. Kapitel 4 steht unter dem Motto: Neuzeit: Gerechtigkeit wird machbar“ undversammelt die Theorien von Machiavelli über Hobbes, Rousseau und Kant bis hin zu John Stuart Mill. In Kapitel 5 rekapituliertFelix Heidenreich dann Positionen in der aktuellen Debatte. Diese reichen unter anderem von dem sozialliberalen Denker John Rawls über die Kommunitaristen Alasdair MacIntyre und Michael Walzer bis hin zumdeutschen Philosophen und Diskursethiker Jürgen Habermas oder dem indischen konomen Amartya Sen. In Kapitel 6 l st sich Felix Heidenreich schlie lich von der personenbezogenen Auflistung und spricht von aktuellen Problemlagen der Gerechtigkeit, etwa der sozialen Gerechtigkeit, der Gerechtigkeit zwischen Frau und Mann oderauch der kologischen und intergenerationellen Gerechtigkeit. Ein Ausblick zur Gerechtigkeitspolitik rundet den gut strukturierten,rund 250-seitigen Band ab.
del Valle,Nicolás;
Alpha (Osorno) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012010000200005
Abstract: these reflections treat the notion of “justice” as a topic to stress the relationship between “theology” and “critical theory” in max horkheimer’s latest work. eventhough he didn’t develop an specific work in regard to this issue, he empasises on it in several times turning it into one of the central points when time comes to wonder about “critical theory”. in regard to the author’s thesis, the theological turn of horkheimer’s thinking will show the radicalization of his idea of “justice” and, furthermore, it will help to draw some general insights for a radical politics.
Gênero e família em uma sociedade justa: ades?o e crítica à imparcialidade no debate contemporaneo sobre justi?a
Biroli, Flávia;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782010000200005
Abstract: this article analyzes debates on justice and their implications for feminist critique. our focus is on discussions of the need for an impartial point of view for producing criteria of justice, as they emerge from the works of john rawls and susan okin. okin's critique, as well as her adherence to rawl's perspective, defends conciliating impartiality and feminist critique, in search of fairer gender relations. in rawls, justice depends on the suspension of interests and affects linked to individuals' different positions within the social structure and their mutual possibilities to lay self-interest aside, together with (lack of) knowledge of each one's own position. for okin, recourse to impartiality does not exclude empathy, the consideration of difference and care for others. expounding these positions, the article offers a critical discussion of the value of impartiality and concludes that adherence to liberal premises restricts the potential of a feminist critique of justice.
Critical Evaluation of International Treaties and Conventions on Women’s Human Right. A Perspective
Sindhu Vijaya Kumar
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2012,
Abstract: Human right is a complete concept within it which never tends to devide the identity of men or women but simply say human. The ways in which women experience human rights and human right violations are unique. While human rights are often understood as the rights that everyone has by virtue of their humanity, the assumption that all humans have the same experiences and needs is particularly problematic for women. The human right revolution which has become a core principle of almost all the laws of the nation around the world discern that its essences is not just in enumerating it into a piece of law but practically applying it and respecting it, as an eternal part of justice. There is an urgent need to adopt balance approach in identifying the rights of women as human right. At the same time identifying this right individually and as part universal phenomenon of human right should be the concern of every woman in every walk of life. The present study undertakes a doctrinal research and attempt to critically analyze the practical application of human right norms from both national and international law perspective, thus drawing the attention of human right activist to this problematic area of concern
Access to justice and the habermasian proposal for a discursive civil procedure O acesso à justi a e a proposta habermasiana para um processo civil discursivo
Eder Fernandes Monica
Scientia Iuris , 2008,
Abstract: By using the theory of legal procedure, the present article aims to show how it is possible to obtain a discursive process which, consequently, improves access to justice regarding the Brazilian civil procedure law. Thus, it will be possible to overcome the existing tension between the necessity of satisfaction of the claim and the legitimacy of such satisfaction, that is, the correct jurisdictional provision. In order to do that, some elements of the Brazilian civil procedure law will be criticized and analyzed from the perspective of the theory conceived by Habermas. O presente artigo tem por objetivo mostrar como é possível, por meio da teoria procedimental do direito, ter um processo discursivo que, conseqüentemente, melhore o acesso à justi a no tocante ao direito processual civil brasileiro. Com isto, será possível superar a tens o que ocorre entre a necessidade de satisfa o da pretens o e legitimidade dessa satisfa o, ou seja, o correto provimento jurisdicional. Para tal intento, alguns institutos do direito processual civil brasileiro ser o criticados e analisados sob o viés da teoria de habermas.
John Rawls’s Appropriation of Adam Smith
David Johnston
DoisPontos , 2010,
Abstract: In spite of the shortage in Rawls’s work of references to Smith’s later and even more famous book, the ideas and arguments of An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations are central to Rawls’s theory of justice. This article intends to show that without the ideas Smith proposed in The Wealth of Nations, Rawls would not have been able to write A Theory of Justice. Smith’s ideas in The Wealth of Nations supply Rawls with the central question he attempts to answer in his theory of justice. They also supply him with a key component of his answer to that question, a component without which Rawls’s answer to the question would have looked sharply different. Smith’s contributions to the set of ideas on which Rawls drew to formulate his theory of justice are as important to that theory as Kant’s contributions and are more important to Rawls’s theory than the contributions of any thinker other than Kant (with the possible exception of Sidgwick).
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