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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1113 matches for " Theodore Groves "
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Consequences of a Government-Controlled Agricultural Price Increase on Fishing and the Coral Reef Ecosystem in the Republic of Kiribati
Sheila M. W. Reddy, Theodore Groves, Sriniketh Nagavarapu
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096817
Abstract: Background Economic development policies may have important economic and ecological consequences beyond the sector they target. Understanding these consequences is important to improving these policies and finding opportunities to align economic development with natural resource conservation. These issues are of particular interest to governments and non-governmental organizations that have new mandates to pursue multiple benefits. In this case study, we examined the direct and indirect economic and ecological effects of an increase in the government-controlled price for the primary agricultural product in the Republic of Kiribati, Central Pacific. Methods/Principal Findings We conducted household surveys and underwater visual surveys of the coral reef to examine how the government increase in the price of copra directly affected copra labor and indirectly affected fishing and the coral reef ecosystem. The islands of Kiribati are coral reef atolls and the majority of households participate in copra agriculture and fishing on the coral reefs. Our household survey data suggest that the 30% increase in the price of copra resulted in a 32% increase in copra labor and a 38% increase in fishing labor. Households with the largest amount of land in coconut production increased copra labor the most and households with the smallest amount of land in coconut production increased fishing the most. Our ecological data suggests that increased fishing labor may result in a 20% decrease in fish stocks and 4% decrease in coral reef-builders. Conclusions/Significance We provide empirical evidence to suggest that the government increase in the copra price in Kiribati had unexpected and indirect economic and ecological consequences. In this case, the economic development policy was not in alignment with conservation. These results emphasize the importance of accounting for differences in household capital and taking a systems approach to policy design and evaluation, as advocated by sustainable livelihood and ecosystem-based management frameworks.
Maritime Boundaries Delimitation and Dispute Resolution in Africa  [PDF]
Theodore Okonkwo
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2017.81005
Abstract: Africa’s borders are bestride with many challenges ranging from religious and terrorist movements to cattle rustling, military conflicts to human trafficking. The challenges are endless, but whether the boundary disputes are terrestrial or maritime, they are mostly about security and prestige. Growing human population, political awareness and environmental challenges mean that the problems are likely to heighten, unless they are resolved. Despite the provisions of UNCLOS, Africa has several unresolved maritime boundary disputes. In this light, this article aims to examine the African situation, and discuss the challenges involved in the delimitation and management of maritime boundaries in Africa. This article presents the issues, causes, essence and the security imperative of maritime boundary disputes in Africa.
Adjudicating International Environmental Law Litigation: Recent Development of Case Law  [PDF]
Theodore Okonkwo
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2017.83014
Abstract: This article revolves around distinct dimensions related to the international environmental legal framework. In the recent years, there have been various developments in the field of international environmental law. Some of the inter-state disputes have raised concern towards resolving environmental issues. There are three well-known cases properly discussed in this article, i.e. Indus Waters Kishenganga, South China Sea and Pulp Mills case. In all of these three cases, a new jurisdiction has been proclaimed giving a new side to the international environmental litigation. For instance, ICJ’s judgement introduced the need for inclusion of EIA in the Pulp Mills case. On the contrary, the Partial Award in the case of Indus Waters Kishenganga, extended rights of India over Indus River but restricted the State from conducting extensive operations. The South China Sea case prohibited China from exercising historic rights over resources which belong to the nine dash line.
The Nature of Roles on Health and Well-Being of Older Adults in Congregant Living  [PDF]
Theodore Alter
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.59003
Abstract: This study examined the functional and psychological abilities of newly admitted female residents to several continuing care retirement communities (CCRC’s) in central New Jersey in an attempt to understand why some residents rapidly suffer functional and emotional decline, while others do not. The study supports previous findings that membership in roles promotes health and well-being, but the quantity of roles may be equal to or even less a factor than consistency of membership in even a single role. While membership in many roles has been proven to enhance the quality of life for older adults, member-ship in a single role may offer the same benefits.
The Homo floresiensis Controversy
COLIN GROVES
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2007,
Abstract: A completely new and unexpected quasi human species, Homo floresiensis, nicknamed the Hobbit, was described in 2004 from Liang Bua, a cave in Flores. Like many important new contributions to the human fossil record in the past, many commentators refused to believe that a new species had been discovered, and the type specimen was interpreted as a pathological modern human, usually as a microcephalic dwarf. There is no substance to these claims: close analysis shows that Homo floresiensis is not only a genuinely new species, but that its closest affinities lie with Plio-Pleistocene African species such as Homo habilis, so that it documents an earlier dispersal of hominins from Africa and had hitherto been suspected.
International Alliance of Patients' Organizations perspectives on person-centered medicine
Jo Groves
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2010,
Abstract:
Aspects of golden takin ecology in the Qinling Mountains, China
Pamela Groves
Rangifer , 1992,
Abstract:
La forja de una nueva identidad colectiva: Taayush y el reavivamiento de los movimientos de paz en Israel
Tamar Groves
Araucaria , 2008,
Abstract: La vuelta a la violencia en Oriente Medio en octubre de 2000 causó una crisis sin precedentes en el sector que apoyaba la paz dentro de la sociedad israelí. Sin embargo, precisamente en esta coyuntura surgió una nueva iniciativa llamada Taayush. En este artículo se analiza el marco de la relación dialéctica entre las acciones colectivas y la forja de una identidad colectiva para entender mejor cómo este nuevo actor social se convirtió rápidamente en un elemento destacado dentro del bando pro paz israelí. Además, basándose en el caso de Taayush, la autora sugiere que en situaciones de crisis de identidad colectiva el surgimiento de otra nueva que ofrezca más garantías para hacer frente a la nueva situación puede, a largo plazo, constituir la clave para la recuperación de la identidad colectiva previa de la que ha surgido.
Moving Together Toward an Uncertain Future: US-European Counterterrorism Vision, Responses & Cooperation Post-9/11
Bryan Groves
Central European Journal of International and Security Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The lead-up to the Iraq War, and its conduct, highlighted significant differences in transatlantic perspectives, capabilities, and methods. While terrorism has generally been America’s central fixation since 9/11 (until the recent economic recession), Europe sees terrorism as only one of several important threats today, with proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), failed states, regional conflicts, and organised crime among the other top tier threats.
Limit groups for relatively hyperbolic groups, II: Makanin-Razborov diagrams
Daniel Groves
Mathematics , 2005, DOI: 10.2140/gt.2005.9.2319
Abstract: Let Gamma be a torsion-free group which is hyperbolic relative to a collection of free abelian subgroups. We construct Makanin-Razborov diagrams for Gamma. We also prove that every system of equations over Gamma is equivalent to a finite subsystem, and a number of structural results about Gamma-limit groups.
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