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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 225609 matches for " Terry R.;Gardner "
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A new species of Lentiella (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) from Proechimys simonsi (Rodentia: Echimyidae) in Bolivia
Haverkost, Terry R.;Lyell Gardner, Scott;
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2008,
Abstract: during a biodiversity survey of mammals and their parasites in the beni, bolivia in the summer of 2000, several spiny rats, proechimys simonsi thomas, 1900, were collected and examined for parasites. herein we describe lentiella lamothei n. sp. from one of these hosts. this species is can be distinguished from l. machadoi rêgo, 1964 by having a greater total length but smaller maximum width, a greater number of segments, a smaller cirrus sac, a smaller scolex diameter, and in the eggs, a larger pyriform apparatus. in addition, we formally validate the genus lentiella rêgo, 1964, that had been placed in synonomy with monoecocestus beddard, 1914.
A new species of Lentiella (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) from Proechimys simonsi (Rodentia: Echimyidae) in Bolivia Una especie nueva de Lentiella (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) de Proechimys (Rodentia: Echimyidae) en Bolivia
Terry R. Haverkost,Scott Lyell Gardner
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2008,
Abstract: During a biodiversity survey of mammals and their parasites in the Beni, Bolivia in the summer of 2000, several spiny rats, Proechimys simonsi Thomas, 1900, were collected and examined for parasites. Herein we describe Lentiella lamothei n. sp. from one of these hosts. This species is can be distinguished from L. machadoi Rêgo, 1964 by having a greater total length but smaller maximum width, a greater number of segments, a smaller cirrus sac, a smaller scolex diameter, and in the eggs, a larger pyriform apparatus. In addition, we formally validate the genus Lentiella Rêgo, 1964, that had been placed in synonomy with Monoecocestus Beddard, 1914. Como parte del monitoreo de la biodiversidad de Bolivia, varias ratas espinosas (Proechimys simonsi Thomas, 1900) fueron examinadas en busca de parásitos durante el verano boreal del a o 2000. En el presente trabajo se describe el céstodo Lentiella lamothei n. sp. recolectado en estos hospederos. Esta especie puede distinguirse de L. machadoi Rêgo, 1964 por tener una mayor longitud total pero menor ancho máximo, mayor número de proglótidos, bolsa del cirro más peque a, escólex de menor diámetro, y un mayor aparato piriforme en los huevos. Además, se revalida formalmente al género Lentiella Rêgo, 1964, anteriormente sinonimizado con Monoecocestus Beddard, 1914.
Predicting the distribution of a parasite using the ecological niche model, GARP
Haverkost, Terry R.;Gardner, Scott L.;Townsend Peterson, A.;
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2010,
Abstract: the ecological niche of a parasite exists only at the nexus of certain abiotic and biotic conditions suitable for both the definitive and intermediate hosts. however, the life cycles of most parasites are not known, or are poorly known, and using known ranges of hosts to find endemic parasitic infections has been difficult. however, with ecological niche modeling, we can create potential range maps using known localities of infection. testing the validity of such maps requires knowledge of the localities of other parasites with common history. here, we find that the ecological niche of a tapeworm parasite of voles, paranoplocephala macrocephala (cestoda: anoplocephalidae), allows prediction of the presence (in ecological and geographic space) of 19 related parasite species from 3 genera in 23 different hosts throughout the nearctic. these results give credence to the idea that this group shares similar life cycle requirements despite phylogenetic distance. this work further validates ecological niche modeling as a means by which to predict occurrence of parasites when not all facets of the life cycle are confirmed. such inductive methods create the opportunity for deducing potential reservoir or intermediate hosts, and complementing studies of parasite biodiversity and community ecology.
Predicting the distribution of a parasite using the ecological niche model, GARP Predicción de la distribución de un parásito usando el modelo de nicho ecológico, GARP
Terry R. Haverkost,Scott L. Gardner,A. Townsend Peterson
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2010,
Abstract: The ecological niche of a parasite exists only at the nexus of certain abiotic and biotic conditions suitable for both the definitive and intermediate hosts. However, the life cycles of most parasites are not known, or are poorly known, and using known ranges of hosts to find endemic parasitic infections has been difficult. However, with ecological niche modeling, we can create potential range maps using known localities of infection. Testing the validity of such maps requires knowledge of the localities of other parasites with common history. Here, we find that the ecological niche of a tapeworm parasite of voles, Paranoplocephala macrocephala (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae), allows prediction of the presence (in ecological and geographic space) of 19 related parasite species from 3 genera in 23 different hosts throughout the Nearctic. These results give credence to the idea that this group shares similar life cycle requirements despite phylogenetic distance. This work further validates ecological niche modeling as a means by which to predict occurrence of parasites when not all facets of the life cycle are confirmed. Such inductive methods create the opportunity for deducing potential reservoir or intermediate hosts, and complementing studies of parasite biodiversity and community ecology. El nicho ecológico de un parásito existe sólo cuando coinciden condiciones abióticas y bióticas necesarias para los hospederos definitivos e intermediarios. No obstante, los ciclos de vida de la mayoría de los parásitos son poco conocidos; el usar áreas de distribución de hospederos para encontrar áreas endémicas de parasitismo ha resultado difícil. Con el modelado de nicho, se pueden producir mapas del área de distribución potencial con base en sitios conocidos de presencia. Para probar la validez de estos mapas, se requiere el conocimiento de sitios de presencia de otros parásitos relacionados. En este estudio, encontramos que el nicho ecológico de un gusano parásito de ratones, Paranoplocephala macrocephala (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) permite predecir la presencia de 19 especies relacionadas de parásitos de 3 géneros en 23 diferentes hospederos a través del Neártico. Estos resultados apoyan la idea de que este grupo comparte una historia filogenética común que se refleja en nichos compartidos y que el modelado de nichos ofrece una manera de predecir la presencia de parásitos aunque no se conozcan todos los detalles de su ciclo de vida. Estos métodos permiten deducir reservorios u hospederos para estos parásitos.
Hemoglobin: A Nitric-Oxide Dioxygenase
Paul R. Gardner
Scientifica , 2012, DOI: 10.6064/2012/683729
Abstract:
Hemoglobin: A Nitric-Oxide Dioxygenase
Paul R. Gardner
Scientifica , 2012, DOI: 10.6064/2012/683729
Abstract: Members of the hemoglobin superfamily efficiently catalyze nitric-oxide dioxygenation, and when paired with native electron donors, function as NO dioxygenases (NODs). Indeed, the NOD function has emerged as a more common and ancient function than the well-known role in O2 transport-storage. Novel hemoglobins possessing a NOD function continue to be discovered in diverse life forms. Unique hemoglobin structures evolved, in part, for catalysis with different electron donors. The mechanism of NOD catalysis by representative single domain hemoglobins and multidomain flavohemoglobin occurs through a multistep mechanism involving O2 migration to the heme pocket, O2 binding-reduction, NO migration, radical-radical coupling, O-atom rearrangement, nitrate release, and heme iron re-reduction. Unraveling the physiological functions of multiple NODs with varying expression in organisms and the complexity of NO as both a poison and signaling molecule remain grand challenges for the NO field. NOD knockout organisms and cells expressing recombinant NODs are helping to advance our understanding of NO actions in microbial infection, plant senescence, cancer, mitochondrial function, iron metabolism, and tissue O2 homeostasis. NOD inhibitors are being pursued for therapeutic applications as antibiotics and antitumor agents. Transgenic NOD-expressing plants, fish, algae, and microbes are being developed for agriculture, aquaculture, and industry. 1. Background and Introduction Nitric-oxide dioxygenases (NODs) are enzymes that efficiently convert NO and O2 to nitrate (1). Most, if not all, NODs are hemoglobins (Hbs), and most, if not all, Hbs have the capacity to function as NODs. Hb-NODs appear to be widely distributed in nature. In fact, the NOD function appears more common and ancient than the classic O2 transport-storage function, or any other function, within the Hb superfamily [1]. Nevertheless, textbook familiarity with the O2 transport-storage function continues to blind investigators to the enzymatic functions of various members of the Hb superfamily. For example, the genome of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans encodes >33 candidate Hbs [2, 3], many of which are thought to store or transport O2. Multiple globins are also normally expressed in non-erythroid vertebrate cells and tissues [4, 5], and globin expression is deranged in cancer cells [6–9]. When asking the question “what are all these oxygen-binding heme proteins doing?” [10], investigators are now obliged to thoroughly consider enzyme functions, and in particular a NOD function NODs are one of the most
Charm-System Tests of CPT with FOCUS
R. W. Gardner
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: We discuss a search for CPT violation in neutral charm meson oscillations. The data come from the Fermilab fixed-target experiment FOCUS. While flavor mixing in the charm sector is predicted to be small by the standard model, it is still possible to investigate CPT violation through study of the proper time dependence of the asymmetry in right-sign decay rates for D0 and D0-bar. Using present limits for D0-D0-bar mixing we infer bounds on charm CPT violation using data from FOCUS.
Mapping global health research investments, time for new thinking - A Babel Fish for research data
Terry Robert F,Allen Liz,Gardner Charles A,Guzman Javier
Health Research Policy and Systems , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4505-10-28
Abstract: Today we have an incomplete picture of how much the world is spending on health and disease-related research and development (R&D). As such it is difficult to align, or even begin to coordinate, health R&D investments with international public health priorities. Current efforts to track and map global health research investments are complex, resource-intensive, and caveat-laden. An ideal situation would be for all research funding to be classified using a set of common standards and definitions. However, the adoption of such a standard by everyone is not a realistic, pragmatic or even necessary goal. It is time for new thinking informed by the innovations in automated online translation - e.g. Yahoo's Babel Fish. We propose a feasibility study to develop a system that can translate and map the diverse research classification systems into a common standard, allowing the targeting of scarce research investments to where they are needed most.
Rebuilding the Fortymile caribou herd: A model of cooperative management planning
Ruth M. Gronquist,Terry L. Haynes,Craig L. Gardner
Rangifer , 2005,
Abstract: We examined the public process used to develop the 1996—2001 Fortymile Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) Herd Management Plan adopted by state and federal management boards. The process differed from most government-supported planning processes because it was initiated by residents of Alaska and Yukon, and not by an agency. State, federal, and territorial agencies were asked to participate in and support development of a management plan that would include a broad range of interest groups. We describe the planning effort, issues addressed by the planning team that posed significant challenges during both the planning and implementation phases, and then identify unforeseen costs and benefits derived from the process. Critical decision points in plan development and implementation are discussed.
Molecular Markers Associated with Ph-3 Gene Conferring Late Blight Resistance in Tomato  [PDF]
Dilip R. Panthee, Randy G. Gardner, Ragy Ibrahem, Candice Anderson
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.613216
Abstract: Late blight (LB), caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating diseases of tomato. Three major genes Ph-1, Ph-2 and Ph-3 conferring resistance to LB have been identified and mapped to the chromosomes 7, 10 and 9, respectively. However, PCR-based molecular markers associated with these genes are limited. Molecular markers are extremely useful in the screening and selection of tomato lines for the development of LB resistant genotypes. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with Ph-3 gene conferring LB resistance in tomato. Four co-dominant markers were found to be associated with Ph-3, all of which were sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) type. Breeding lines and cultivars were inoculated with a field isolate of Phytophthora infestans to collect phenotypic data on disease resistance. Genotypic data from molecular markers associated with Ph-3 were in close agreement with the phenotypic data for the lines tested. With the verification of genotypic data from novel molecular markers in known genotypes supported by phenotypic data, the novel molecular markers may be useful in screening tomato populations aiming to develop LB resistant genotypes or cloning the LB resistant genes.
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