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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12370 matches for " Tatiane;Magalh?es "
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Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants of poor urban areas of Porto Velho, Rond nia: a preliminary study
Orlandi Patrícia Puccinelli,Silva Tatiane,Magalhes Gleiciene Felix,Alves Fabiana
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: One hundred and thirty cases of diarrhea and 43 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, were studied in a pediatric outpatient unit from a poor peri urban area of Porto Velho, Rond nia. Eighty percent of diarrheal cases were observed in the groups under 2 years of age. Rotavirus (19.2%) was the most frequent enteropathogen associated with diarrhea, followed by Shigella flexneri (6.15%) and S. sonnei (1.5%) and Salmonella sp. (6.9%). Four cases of E. coli enterotoxigenic infections (3.1%), E. coli enteropathogenic (EPEC)(2.3%) one case of E. coli enteroinvasive infection (0.8%) and one case of Yersinia enterocolitica (0.8%) were also identified. Mixed infections were frequent, associating rotavirus, EPEC and Salmonella sp. with Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia.
Elasticidade-renda dos produtos alimentares nas regi?es metropolitanas brasileiras: uma aplica??o da POF 1995/1996
Silveira, Fernando Gaiger;Menezes, Tatiane A. de;Magalhes, Luís Carlos G. de;Diniz, Bernardo P. Campolina;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612007000200004
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to estimate the income elasticity for thirty-six food commodities. the database used was the household budgeting survey (pof, 1995/96) from ibge (brazilian institute of geography and statistics), which has extremely detailed information about consumption in eleven bigger brazilian urban regions. the variables used in estimation process come from the survey micro-data. this procedure allowed that the logarithms of the prices of food and the monthly per capita familiar income were directly calculated from the individualized observations, instead of aggregate data. the methodology estimation was the quaids model. the results allow deepening the knowledge on the differences of the consumption standards among the diverse income strata, as well as between distinct regions as southeastern and south and the brazilian northeast. it was demonstrated that there is an insufficiency in the domiciliary food consumption in brazil and that such fact is concentrated in the low-income families, in which the expenditure with foods represents the biggest share of the budget.
Controle social: um desafio para o conselheiro de saúde Control social: un desafio para el consejero de salud Social control: a challenge for the health counselor
Tatiane Oliveira de Souza,Jair Magalhes da Silva,Samara Souza da Nóbrega,Jocinei Ferreira Constancio
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-71672012000200003
Abstract: Objetivou-se analisar o perfil dos Conselheiros de Saúde do Município de Jequié-BA e identificar seu conhecimento acerca da fun o. Pesquisa descritiva, exploratória e qualitativa, realizada com dez Conselheiros de Saúde, atuantes em 2008. A análise dos dados foi feita segundo a técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, emergindo as seguintes categorias: importancia de atuar como Conselheiro de Saúde; fun o do Conselheiro e falta de capacita o para a fun o. Os resultados mostram que eles compreendem a relevancia do controle social. Entretanto, reconhecem que alguns Conselheiros possuem ainda um conceito equivocado quanto ao seu papel; revelam a carência de capacita o e apontam a falta de paridade como um grave problema que deve ser revisto, a fim de que haja a legitima o deste Conselho. Concluiu-se que há necessidade de rever as a es e redefinir os representantes dos segmentos, governo e trabalhadores em saúde. Objetivó-se analizar el perfil de los Consejeros de Salud del municipio de Jequié-BA e identificar el conocimiento de ellos acerca de su función. Realizó-se un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y cualitativo, con dieces Consejeros de Salud, activos en 2008. El análisis de datos se realizó de acuerdo a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, y surgieron las siguientes categorías: la importancia de actuar como Consejero de Salud; la función de Consejero; y falta de capacitación para la función. Los resultados muestran que ellos entienden la importancia del control social. Sin embargo, reconocen que algunos Consejeros todavía tienen una idea errónea acerca de su papel y muestran una falta de formación; e indican la falta de paridad como un problema grave que debe ser revisado, a fin de que haga legitimación de este Consejo. Se concluyó que existe una necesidad de revisar las acciones y restablecer los representantes de los segmentos, gobierno y trabajadores de salud. The study aimed to analyze the profile of Health Counselors in the Municipality of Jequié-BA, and identify their knowledge about the function. A descriptive, exploratory and qualitative research was carried out with ten active Health Counselors, in 2008. Data analysis was performed according to the technique of Collective Subject Discourse, and the following categories emerged: the importance of acting as Health Counselor; counselor's function; and lack of training for the role. The results showed that they understand the relevance of social control. However, recognized that some Counselors still have a misconception about their role; showed a lack of training; and indicated
Characterization of Shigella spp. by antimicrobial resistance and PCR detection of ipa genes in an infantile population from Porto Velho (Western Amazon region), Brazil
Silva, Tatiane;Nogueira, Paulo Afonso;Magalhes, Gleiciene Félix;Grava, Andréa Fagundes;Silva, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da;Orlandi, Patrícia Puccinelli;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762008000700017
Abstract: the incidence of shigella spp. was assessed in 877 infants from the public hospital in rond?nia (western amazon region, brazil) where shigella represents the fourth cause of diarrhea. twenty-five isolates were identified: 18 were shigella flexneri, three shigella sonnei, three shigella boydii and one shigella dysenteriae. with the exception of s. dysenteriae, all shigella spp. isolated from children with diarrhea acquired multiple antibiotic resistances. pcr detection of ipa virulence genes and invasion assays of bloody diarrhea and fever (colitis) were compared among 25 patients testing positive for shigella. the ipah and ipabcd genes were detected in almost all isolates and, unsurprisingly, all shigella isolates associated with colitis were able to invade hela cells. this work alerts for multiple antibiotic resistant shigella in the region and characterizes presence of ipa virulence genes and invasion phenotypesin dysenteric shigellosis.
Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants of poor urban areas of Porto Velho, Rond?nia: a preliminary study
Orlandi, Patrícia Puccinelli;Silva, Tatiane;Magalhes, Gleiciene Felix;Alves, Fabiana;Cunha, Roberto Penna de Almeida;Durlacher, Rui;Silva, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000500005
Abstract: one hundred and thirty cases of diarrhea and 43 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, were studied in a pediatric outpatient unit from a poor peri urban area of porto velho, rond?nia. eighty percent of diarrheal cases were observed in the groups under 2 years of age. rotavirus (19.2%) was the most frequent enteropathogen associated with diarrhea, followed by shigella flexneri (6.15%) and s. sonnei (1.5%) and salmonella sp. (6.9%). four cases of e. coli enterotoxigenic infections (3.1%), e. coli enteropathogenic (epec)(2.3%) one case of e. coli enteroinvasive infection (0.8%) and one case of yersinia enterocolitica (0.8%) were also identified. mixed infections were frequent, associating rotavirus, epec and salmonella sp. with entamoeba histolytica and giardia lamblia.
Altera??es auditivas em trabalhadores de indústrias madeireiras do interior de Rond?nia
Lopes, Andréa Cintra;Santos, Cibele Carméllo;Alvarenga, Kátia de Freitas;Feniman, Mariza Ribeiro;Caldana, Magali de Lourdes;Oliveira, Ariádnes Nobrega de;Jorge, Tatiane Martins;Bastos, José Roberto Magalhes;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Ocupacional , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0303-76572009000100010
Abstract: occupational noise is considered a physical risk that is frequent in almost all industrial segments. that is why occupational safety and health professionals give it special attention. the present study investigated the presence of audiometric alterations in wood industry workers from the countryside of rond?nia, brazil. sixteen workers of three industries took part in the study. they were interviewed on their hearing capacities and went through audiologic examination by means of preliminary tonal audiometry and acustic impedance tests. all the participants were male, most of them under 25 years old. they reported not having finished elementary school. half of the sample presented auditory complaints and mentioned use of hearing protectors. audiometric tracings disclosed alterations in half of the sample.
Rela??o entre perdas dentárias e queixas de mastiga??o, degluti??o e fala em indivíduos adultos
Jorge, Tatiane Martins;Bassi, Ana Karolina Zampronio;Yarid, Sérgio Donha;Silva, Henrique Mendes;Silva, Ricardo Pianta Rodrigues da;Caldana, Magali de Lourdes;Bastos, José Roberto de Magalhes;
Revista CEFAC , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009000700015
Abstract: purpose: to investigate if tooth absence in adults shows any relationship with chewing, swallowing and speech complaints. methods: 50 adults, who were poultry farm workers from bariri municipality, in the state of s?o paulo, brazil, between the ages of 18 and 52, took part in this study. the selected participants were evaluated by a dentist and interview were carried out by two speech and language pathologist, in one of the municipality's office which has a contract of service rendering with the poultry farm. for analyzing the results, individuals with and without tooth loss, referred to as, respectively, the experimental group (eg) and the control group (cg), and were compared based on the performance of the chi-square test. results: the results revealed a higher occurrence of unilateral chewing in the eg (61.54%) and the chewing time showed itself inadequate for the most of the individuals in both groups. claims of difficulties and pain in chewing were present only in the eg, which showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). most of the individuals of the cg also mentioned the use of some drinking liquids to facilitate swallowing, without a statistically significant difference. there was no report of complaints related to speech in both groups. conclusion: the findings revealed that the absence of teeth in adults showed relation only with the complaints with difficulty and pain during chewing.
Curva de absor??o de água em sementes de Pinh?o-Manso (Jatrophas curcas L.)
Evencio, Tatiane;Brand?o Junior, Delacyr da Silva;Neves, José Maria Gomes;Brand?o, Ant?nio de Amorim;Magalhes, Hélida Mara;Costa, Candido Alves da;Martins, Ernane Ronie;
Revista árvore , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-67622011000200003
Abstract: the present study aimed to characterize the water absorption curve in pinh?o-manso seeds (jatrophas curcas l.), for the method test-pattern, with seeds maintained in roll of filter paper humidified in distilled water. the experimental delineation was entirely randomized, in factorial outline 2 x 16, being 2 classes of seeds (live and dith), with 16 periods of imbibitions and 4 repetitions of 10 seeds per parcel. in the tetrazolium test was accomplished to verify the non viability of the seeds. the seeds of pinh?o-manso presented the three-phase germination pattern of imbibitions. where the phase i was common for the live and deth seeds, extending for 15 hours. a live seeds just entered in the phase ii, extending for 45 hours, being understood among 15 up to 60 hours of imbibition. only live seeds entered in the phase iii, after 60 hours of imbibition, when was possible to visualize the emission of the root.
Estimation of Tree Biomass, Carbon Stocks, and Error Propagation in Mecrusse Woodlands  [PDF]
Tarquinio Mateus Magalhes, Thomas Seifert
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.54041
Abstract: We performed a biomass inventory using two-phase sampling to estimate biomass and carbon stocks for mecrusse woodlands and to quantify errors in the estimates. The first sampling phase involved measurement of auxiliary variables of living Androstachys johnsonii trees; in the second phase, we performed destructive biomass measurements on a randomly selected subset of trees from the first phase. The second-phase data were used to fit regression models to estimate below and aboveground biomass. These models were then applied to the first-phase data to estimate biomass stock. The estimated forest biomass and carbon stocks were 167.05 and 82.73 Mg·ha-1, respectively. The percent error resulting from plot selection and allometric equations for whole tree biomass stock was 4.55% and 1.53%, respectively, yielding a total error of 4.80%. Among individual variables in the first sampling phase, diameter at breast height (DBH) measurement was the largest source of error, and tree-height estimates contributed substantially to the error. Almost none of the error was attributable to plot variability. For the second sampling phase, DBH measurements were the largest source of error, followed by height measurements and stem-wood density estimates. Of the total error (as total variance) of the sampling process, 90% was attributed to plot selection and 10% to the allometric biomass model. The total error of our measurements was very low, which indicated that the two-phase sampling approach and sample size were effective for capturing and predicting biomass of this forest type.
Cria??o de questionário para detec??o de comportamentos atípicos em bebês
Habib, Es;Magalhes, LC;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552007000300002
Abstract: introduction: regulatory disorders (rds) are manifested by sensorimotor, sleep, feeding and adaptation abnormalities in the first three years of life, which seem to indicate future child development problems. there is evidence that rds are related to attention, learning and behavioral problems that are observed at school age. therefore, it is important to invest in resources that enable their early detection. the objective of this study was to describe the process of creating a questionnaire to detect atypical behavior suggestive of rds, among 6 to 12-month-old infants. method: the instrument was developed in two stages: (a) planning and constructing the test and (b) content validity examination through an expert panel consisting of researchers and professionals with recognized experience in the field. results: the data indicated that the topic is relevant and that, according to the scores from the panel, the items in the questionnaire are easily observed (96.8%), clearly written (94.5%), assess important aspects of behavior (89.6%) and can potentially detect atypical behavior in 6 to 12-month-old infants (85.4%). conclusion: based on this study, the items were reviewed, resulting in a questionnaire with 50 items that will be applied experimentally in future work. it is expected that the questionnaire will be useful for early detection of problems that affect a great number of children.
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