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Impact on parents of bronchiolitis hospitalization of full-term, preterm and congenital heart disease infants
Alexandre Lapillonne, Antoine Regnault, Véronique Gournay, Jean-Bernard Gouyon, Hélène Gilet, Daniela Anghelescu, Tatiana Miloradovich, Benoit Arnould, Guy Moriette
BMC Pediatrics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-12-171
Abstract: Four hundred sixty-three infants aged less than 1 year and hospitalized for bronchiolitis were included in a French observational study during the 2008–2009 season. Parents were asked to complete the IBHQ at hospital discharge and 3 months later. IBHQ scores, ranging from 0 (no impact) to 100 (highest impact), were compared according to gestational age (full-term, 33–36 wGA, ≤ 32 wGA) and the presence of congenital heart disease (CHD). The potential drivers of impact were explored using multivariate linear regressions.The study included 332 full-terms, 71 infants born at 33–36 wGA, and 60 at ≤ 32 wGA; 28 infants had a CHD. At hospital discharge, 9 of the 12 IBHQ mean scores were above 40, indicating a marked impact on parents. Three months later, all mean scores were lower but 5 were still greater than 40. At discharge, the length of hospitalization had a significant effect on IBHQ worries and distress, fear for future, guilt and impact on daily organization scores (p<0.01); the parents’ educational level had a significant effect on IBHQ worries and distress, fear for future, impact on daily organization and financial impact scores (p<0.05). The only statistically significant difference found between the parents of preterm and full-term infants was for the physical impact score at discharge (p=0.004).Bronchiolitis hospitalization has conspicuous emotional, physical and organizational consequences on parents and siblings, which persist 3 months after hospital discharge. The main drivers of the impact were length of hospital stay and parents’ educational level, while infants’ gestational age or the presence of a CHD had little influence.Bronchiolitis is a viral obstructive bronchial disease occurring in epidemics in infants aged 1–24 months, and manifesting as dyspnoea with tachypnoea, restricted expiration, chest hyperinflation and respiratory distress potentially interfering with feeding; auscultation is dominated by crepitant or subcrepitant rales, rapidly followed
Protein phase instability developed in plasma of sick patients: clinical observations and model experiments  [PDF]
Tatiana Yakhno
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.23034
Abstract: This article discusses the causes of formation of micron-size protein structures in liquid plasma or serum of the patients with different diseases, which are accompanied by inflammatory reac-tions. Self-organizing processes in sessile dry-ing drops of natural and model biological liq-uids are used for study of possible mechanisms of development the protein phase instability in serum. There was shown that violation of opti-mal ratio between albumin and osmotic active components could lead to loss of albumin ag-gregative stability and albumin coagulation structures formation. Possible role of these structures in pathogenesis of inflammation is discussed.
Eating disorders, body image, and dichotomous thinking among Japanese and Russian college women  [PDF]
Atsushi Oshio, Tatiana Meshkova
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47062
Abstract: This study explored cross-cultural differences between Japan and Russia in terms of women’s body images, proneness to eating disorders, and the effects of dichotomous thinking. Participants included 419 Japanese and 187 Russian college women who completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI), the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test, and responses regarding nine figures representing female body shapes. The mean age of the participants was 19.8 years, with no significant age differences between the countries. The results showed that Japanese women have leaner ideal body images than Russian women, whereas there were no cross-cultural differences in the participants’ real body images. DTI scores among Russian participants were higher than DTI scores among Japanese participants, which indicated that Russian women think more dichotomously than Japanese. Structural equation modeling indicated a significantly negative effect of dichotomous thinking only on real body image in Russia; the ideal body image had greater effects on eating disorder in Russia than in Japan.
Functional Acrylic Polymer as Corrosion Inhibitor of Carbon Steel in Autoclaved Air-Foamed Sodium Silicate-Activated Calcium Aluminate/Class F Fly Ash Cement  [PDF]
Toshifumi Sugama, Tatiana Pyatina
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.511109

The study focused on investigating the effectiveness of functional acrylic polymer (AP) in improving the ability of airfoamed sodium silicate-activated calcium aluminate/Class F fly ash cement (slurry density of 1.3 g/cm3) to mitigate the corrosion of carbon steel (CS) after exposure to hydrothermal environment at 200?C or 300?C. Hydrothermally-initiated interactions between the AP and cement generated the formation of Ca-, Al-, or Na-complexed carboxylate derivatives that improved the AP’s hydrothermal stability. A porous microstructure comprising numerous defect-free, evenly distributed, discrete voids formed in the presence of this hydrothermally stable AP, resulting in the increase in compresive strength of cement. The foamed cement with advanced properties conferred by AP greatly protected the CS against brine-caused corrosion. Four major factors governed this protection by AP-incorporated foamed cements: 1) Reducing the extents of infiltration and transportation of corrosive electrolytes through the cement layer deposited on the underlying CS surface; 2) Inhibiting the cathodic reactions at the corrosion site of CS; 3) Extending the coverage of CS by the cement; and 4) Improving the adherence of the cement to CS surface.

Toughness Improvement of Geothermal Well Cement at up to 300°C: Using Carbon Microfiber  [PDF]
Toshifumi Sugama, Tatiana Pyatina
Open Journal of Composite Materials (OJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2014.44020
Abstract: This study aimed at assessing the usefulness of carbon microfiber (CMF) in improving the compressive-toughness of sodium metasilicate-activated calcium aluminate/Class F fly ash foamed cement at hydrothermal temperatures of up to 300°C. When the CMFs came in contact with a pore solution of cement, their surfaces underwent alkali-caused oxidation, leading to the formation of metal (Na, Ca, Al)-complexed carboxylate groups. The extent of this oxidation was enhanced by the temperature increase, corresponding to the incorporation of more oxidation derivatives at higher temperatures. Although micro-probe examinations did not show any defects in the fibers, the enhanced oxidation engendered shrinkage of the interlayer spacing between the C-basal planes in CMFs, and a decline in their thermal stability. On the other hand, the complexed carboxylate groups present on the surfaces of oxidized fibers played a pivotal role in improving the adherence of fibers to the cement matrix. Such fiber/cement interfacial bonds contributed significantly to the excellent bridging effect of fibers, resistance to the cracks development and propagation, and to improvement of the post-crack material ductility. Consequently, the compressive toughness of the 85°-, 200°-, and 300°C-autoclaved foamed cements reinforced with 10 wt% CMF was 2.4-, 2.9-, and 3.1-fold higher than for cement without the reinforcement.
Polyphosphatase PPX1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Tool for Polyphosphate Assay  [PDF]
Lidiya Lichko, Tatiana Kulakovskaya
Advances in Enzyme Research (AER) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aer.2015.34010
Abstract: The recombinant exopolyphosphatase PPX1 with a specific activity of ~300 U/mg protein was purified from the strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the inactivated PPN1 gene transformed by the expression vector carrying the yeast PPX1 gene. The recombinant PPX1 was similar to the PPX1 of wild strains in its substrate specificity and requirement for cations. PPX1 had the high substrate specificity to polyphosphates. The preparation was suitable for polyphosphate assay in the presence of orthophosphate and nucleoside phosphates not hydrolyzed by PPX1. The yield of the enzyme preparation was 250 assays per 1 g of the biomass. The recombinant PPX1 was successfully used in polyphosphate assay in different yeast species and some foodstuffs.
Bond Durability of Carbon-Microfiber-Reinforced Alkali-Activated High-Temperature Cement Adhering to Carbon Steel  [PDF]
Toshifumi Sugama, Tatiana Pyatina
Engineering (ENG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2017.92007
Abstract: The study aims at evaluating the bond durability of a carbon microfiber (CMF)-reinforced alkali-activating calcium aluminate cement (CAC)/fly ash F (FAF) blend cementitious material adhering to carbon steel (CS) under stresses induced by a 350 heat-25 water cooling cycle. This cementitious material/CS joint sample was originally prepared in an autoclave at 300 under a pressure of 8.3 MPa. For comparison, two reference geothermal well cements, Class G modified with silica (G) and calciumaluminum phosphate (CaP), were employed as well reinforced with CMF. In the CAC/FAF blending cement systems, the CAC-derived cementitious reaction products preferentially adhered to CS surfaces, rather than that of FAF-related reaction products. CMF played a pivotal role in creating tough interfacial bond structure of cement layer adhering to CS. The bond toughness also was supported by the crystalline cementitious reaction products including sodalite, brownmillerite, and hedenbergite as major phases, and aragonite, boehmite, and garronite as minor ones. The brownmillerite as an interfacial reaction product between cement and CS promoted the chemical bonding of the cement to CS, while the other phases served in providing the attractive bonding of the cement to CS. The post-stress-test joint samples revealed the formation of additional brown-millerite, aragonite, and garronite, in particular brownmillerite as the major one. The combination of chemical bonding and self-advancing adherence behavior of the cement was essential for creating a better interfacial bond structure. A similar interfacial bond structure was observed with CaP. The crystalline phase composition of the autoclaved cement revealed apatite, zeolite, and ferrowyllieite as major reaction products, and aragonite and al-katoite as the minor ones. Ferrowyllieite was identified as cement/CS interfacial reaction product contributing to the chemical bond of cement, while the other phases aided in providing the attractive bond of cement. After a stress test, two phases, ferrowyllieite and aragonite, promoted the self-advancing adherence of cement to CS. However, the effectiveness of these phases in improving adherence performance of cement was less than that of CAC/FAF blend cement, reflecting the fact that the bond durability of CAC/FAF blend cement was far better than that of the CaP. In contrast, the autoclaved silica-modified G cement consisting
One-Pot Three-Component Synthesis of N-Arylmethyl-4-(7-cyclohepta-1,3,5-trienyl)anilines  [PDF]
Lidia P. Yunnikova, Tatiana A. Akentieva, Tatiana V. Makhova
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2013.32017

We report a one-pot three-component synthesis of N-arylmethyl-4-(7-cyclohepta-1,3,5-trienyl)anilines by using various aromatic imines, tropylium tetrafluoroborate, and sodium tetrahydroborate in the presence of imidazole as activator.

Thermodynamic Properties of Li-LiH (LiD, LiT) Systems. The Phase Diagram  [PDF]
Konstantin A. Yakimovich, Tatiana Biryukova
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2012.23019
Abstract: The paper presents a comprehensive critical review and detailed analysis of the literature, published in the field of the phase diagram solution Li-LiH (LiD, LiT). Special attention is paid to the completeness of the source information on the paper’s topic resulting in an extended reference list. Particularly, paper reviews rarely used sources including little-known publications from research centers, proceedings of the international scientific meetings and dissertations. These publications were more thoroughly analyzed in order to make the information available to the scientific society.
Excavated DNA from Two Khazar Burials  [PDF]
Anatole A. Klyosov, Tatiana Faleeva
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2017.71002
Abstract: To understand a biological tribal affiliation (in terms of Y-chromosomal haplogroups, subclades, and haplotypes) of two excavated Khazar bone remains in the lower Don region in the south of Russia, we have extracted and analyzed their DNA and showed that both belonged to haplogroup R1a and its subclade Z93. The pattern could be considered typically “Turkic”, and not a Jewish DNA lineage. Their haplotypes were also identified and reported here. The haplotypes indicate that both Khazars were unrelated to each other in a sense that their common ancestor lived as long as 1500 - 2500 years earlier than them, in the middle of the II millennium BC—beginning of the I millennium BC, during typically Scythian times or somewhat earlier. Their haplotypes are unrelated to well-known Jewish haplotypes of haplogroup R1a.
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