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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 184987 matches for " Tamara Cavalcanti de;Garcia "
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Respira??o bucal no contexto multidisciplinar: percep??o de ortodontistas da cidade do Recife
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Luiza Laranjeira;Albuquerque, Tamara Cavalcanti de;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512011000600014
Abstract: objectives: to assess the knowledge of a mouth breathing pattern among orthodontists in the city of recife, brazil, and to examine their treatment protocols. methods: in this cross-sectional study, members of the orthodontics and facial orthopedics association of pernambuco responded individual structured interviews. a form with 14 questions, validated using the face value method, was used to collect data. the level of significance was set at 5%. results: of the 90 participants, 55.6% were women; 78.9% were specialists (the highest educational level); 67.8% worked full-time in private practice, and 38.9% were also professors. the most frequent diagnostic criteria were: body posture (97.8%), lip competence (96.7%), and dark circles under the eyes (86.7%), with similar results among young and old orthodontists. the use of the glatzel mirror was infrequent (3.3%). the most frequently mentioned mouth breathing sequelae were craniofacial (94.4%) and body posture (37.8%) changes. according to interviewees, mouth breathing duration (84.4%) was the item most often associated with sequelae. there were no significant associations between time since graduation and any of the factors under analysis. most respondents, whether working in private clinics or in the public healthcare system, believed that mouth breathers should be treated by a multidisciplinary team. conclusions: most orthodontists, regardless of experience, have knowledge of the mouth breathing syndrome and understand the need of a multidisciplinary treatment.
Avalia??o isocinética da musculatura envolvida na flex?o e extens?o do tronco: efeito do método Pilates?
Kolyniak, Inélia Ester Garcia Garcia;Cavalcanti, Sonia Maria de Barros;Aoki, Marcelo Saldanha;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922004000600005
Abstract: trunk extensors and flexors muscles imbalance is strong indication of the etiology of low back pain. the aim of the present study was to verify the effect of pilates? method upon trunk flexors and extensors isokinetic function. to do so, we selected 20 volunteers (16 women 34.06 ± 7.21 yrs; 4 men 33.5 ± 6.68 yrs) capable to perform the intermediate-advanced level of pilates? method (25 sessions) during 12 weeks. trunk extensor function was improved in all parameters evaluated (peak torque - 25%, p = 0.0004; total work - 28%, p = 0.0002; average power - 30%, p = 0.0002; set total work performed - 21%, p = 0.002). trunk extensors showed a slight increase in total work (10%, p = 0.0003) and set total work performed (10%, p = 0.002). the trunk flexors:extensors ratio were decreased after pilates? training (peak torque - 24%, p = 0.0001; total work - 23%, p = 0.002; average power - 25%, p = 0.01; set total work performed - 14%, p = 0.04). the pilates? method seemed to be an efficient tool to strengthen the trunk extensors muscles, thus attenuating the imbalance between the muscles involved in trunk extension and flexion.
O papel do psicólogo e das entidades junto a crian?as e adolescentes em situa??o de risco
Alberto, Maria de Fátima Pereira;Almeida, Daniela Rodrigues de;Dória, Luciana Chacon;Guedes, Priscylla Cavalcanti;Sousa, Tamara Ramalho de;Fran?a, Wilker Luiz Pessoa de;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932008000300010
Abstract: this article presents data from a research that intend to identify what kind of activity is developed by the psychologists and their entities who are responsible for taking care of children and adolescents in risk situation. in order to collect data, 21 semi-structured interviews were done with agents and psychologists of those entities. the data acquired by these interviews were categorized by the bardin’s analysis of thematic content. the majority of the individuals who are attended by the investigated institutions are from lower class and aged between 7 and 18 years old. some of the activities developed by the institutions includes judicial, psychosocial, psychotherapist, medical and educational support. throughout the results, it was possible to notice an overposition of roles among governmental organizations, councils and nom-governmental organizations. regarding the activities developed in these institutions, a conception grounded in a clinical and individual model stood out. both the institutions and psychologists are lacking in clarity on their role next to public policies directed to children and adolescents in risk situation.
Fontes e propor??o de material organico para a produ??o de mudas de cafeeiro em tubetes
Dias, Ricardo;Melo, Benjamim de;Rufino, Marina de Alcantara;Silveira, Daniel Lima;Morais, Tamara Prado de;Santana, Denise Garcia de;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542009000300014
Abstract: this work aimed to evaluate the quality of coffee seedlings (coffea arabica l.) produced in small plastic containers with artificial substrate supplemented with sources of organic components in different proportions. the experiment was carried out using the randomized block design, in a 3 x 6 factorial structure, with four replications in plots composed of small plastic containers. the first factor corresponded to the sources (cattle manure, earthworm casting, and turkey manure) and the second to the proportions (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100%) in the artificial substrate (bioplant-café?) fertilized with osmocote? (npk 15-09-12). the characteristics evaluated were: seedling height, seedling stem diameter, number of pair of leaves, leaf area, shoot dry matter and root system dry matter. this work concluded that the earthworm casting added to the artificial substrate in proportion of 80% or by itself (100%) increases the leaf area of coffee seedlings and, as a consequence it provides a higher accumulation of dry matter in the shoot. the use of cattle (up to 30%) and turkey manure did not modify or reduced seedling height, seedling stem diameter, number of pair of leaves as well as the leaf area and decreased the accumulation of dry matter.
Las especialidades y los vínculos con la formación continua del enfermero: repercusiones para la actuación en el municipio de Rio de Janeiro
Cavalcanti Valente,G.S.; Viana,L de O.; Garcia Neves,I.;
Enfermería Global , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1695-61412010000200022
Abstract: este estudio objetivó captar cómo se está construyendo el proceso de formación continua de la enfermera a través de las especialidades, así como las repercusiones que la especialización trae para la formación y el funcionamiento de la enfermera en la asistencia de enfermería. trabajamos con el material bibliográfico resultante de la investigación científica publicada en los últimos diez a?os, siendo utilizado el análisis del contenido para el tratamiento de los datos encontrados. destacó como dato relevante que la especialización compone un instrumento necesario en la la formación continua de la enfermera para que desarrolle las competencias para actuar en un mercado de trabajo cada vez más exigente y competitivo.
Pediatric medicines and their relationship to dental caries
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Gabriela;Mora, Cristiana;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502010000100018
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate mothers' knowledge about the cariogenic potential of pediatric medicines. a total of 111 mothers were interviewed using a standardized form containing 15 questions relating to the association of pediatric drug use with dental caries and oral hygiene care. descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square test and fisher's exact) were used at a significance of 5%. most of the mothers were aged 40 years or under (77.4%), high school educated (30.6%) and not working (50.5%). the association between medication use and dental caries or defects in teeth structure was mentioned by 35 (43.2%) mothers, 33 of whom (40.7%) cited this was due to the presence of sugar in the formulations. only 32 mothers (28.8%) performed oral hygiene for the child after drugs ingestion, although 81.1% (n = 90) had never received guidance on the importance of this practice. the type of occupation and maternal education level were not significant in these issues (p> 0.05). pediatric medicines can create problems for the teeth and a high percentage of mothers are unable to establish a clear cause and effect relationship with this association. therefore, the pharmaceutical industry needs to be more aware of this and should prepare pediatric medicines without the presence of sucrose.
Efeitos de dois parametros antropométricos no comportamento do sinal mecanomiográfico em testes de for?a muscular
Polato, Danielle;Carvalho, Maílson Correa de;Garcia, Marco Antonio Cavalcanti;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922008000300012
Abstract: in spite of being a useful method on muscle contraction analysis, few studies have been dedicated to understand how some anthropometrical parameters can interfere in the mechanomyographic (mmg) signal properties. therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of skinfold thickness and arm circumference in the mmg signal behavior in the temporal and frequency domains at different levels of isometric contraction. twenty-one males (24.9 ± 7.8 years) and 21 females (20.7 ± 2.5 years), all right-handed, participated in this study. prior to the mmg signals collection, a maximum voluntary contraction test (mvc) was performed to further determine the five levels (20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% of cvm) used during the tests. the two groups performed isometric contractions in the five different levels while mmg signal was collected from the right biceps brachii muscle by a biaxial accelerometer. the root mean square value (rms), and the median frequency (mf) calculated from the mmg power spectrum were extracted from the mmg signals in x direction, which meant perpendicular to the muscle fibres direction. the bicipital skinfold thickness (bd_dc_b), and the circumference of the right arm, with and without contraction of elbow muscles flexors, have also been measured. the mf presented a decreasing behaviour with the increasing level of contraction; the rms value followed an increasing pattern, though. there were significant statistical differences (p < 0.05) for the anthropometric variables between groups. it is suggested that the rms value, differently from the mf, which can be disrupted by the tissues between the muscle and the transducer, should be better correlated with muscle force level.
Influência da distancia intereletrodos e da cadência de movimento no domínio da frequência do sinal de EMG de superfície
Tank, Flávia Fernandes;Silva, Gustavo Telles da;Oliveira, Carlos Gomes de;Garcia, Marco Antonio Cavalcanti;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000500008
Abstract: surface electromyography (semg), despite being widely used in biomechanical investigations, still presents massive questioning about the influence of the distance of the inter-electrodes (die) in the signal morphology, especially in isotonic contractions. thus, much of the research developed is still limited to the laboratory, where it is possible to establish better control over the recording and analysis protocols, which is not commonly observed in the clinical-sportive practice. therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of two electrodes placement protocols and the performance of isotonic contractions in the semg sign frequency domain. fifteen right-handed male subjects (aged 22.8 ± 3.5 years) performed dynamic contractions of the right brachial biceps with load estimated in 20% of the maximum voluntary contraction in three different cadences (30, 45 and 60 bpm). the semg signals were registered by two channels with dies of 4.2 and 13 cm, respectively. the semg signals assessment was based on the median frequency of the potential spectrum of the signal, calculated via fast fourier transform. die and cadence were defined as factors (two-way anova; α = 0.05). no statistical differences or any interaction between both factors were observed in the three cadences (p> 0.05). regardless of the distance used between electrodes, an investigation in the semg signal frequency domain in dynamic tasks should be avoided, even from reduced dies, as suggested in the literature, since variations in the torque and muscular length may disrupt the signal and hence its interpretation.
Characterization of experimental dental research using animals
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti,Renaly Nunes de Lucena,Veruska Medeiros Martins,Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the profile of experimental dental research using animals. Methods: The research comprised all the 4141 abstracts existent in the books of annals from the 22nd and 23rd Annual meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dentistry Research and the sample was composed of 377 studies (9.1%). The variables analyzed were: area of knowledge, type of institution, State of the country, type of animal and body part used, occurrence of animal sacrifice, mention of the Research Ethics Committee, receipt of funding and type of financing agency. Results: The largest number of studies concentrated on the areas of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery (27.3%) and Basic Sciences (21.2%). The Public Universities were responsible for 74% of the researches, and the State Institutions were outstanding (82.4%). The State of S o Paulo was responsible for 74.1% of the studies. Rats (67.1%) and rabbits (11.1%) were the most frequently used animals, and 68.2% of the animals were sacrificed. The oral cavity was used in 50.1% of the researches and the mandible in 59%. Only 1.9% of the studies mentioned the Research Ethics Committee and 26.3% reported that they received funding. Conclusion: In Dentistry, studies involving animals are predominant in the areas of buccomaxillofacial surgery and basic sciences, with rats andrabbits being most frequently used. A significant number of guinea pigs are sacrificed during or at the end of the experiments.
A percep o de justi a organizacional distributiva diante de a es que oferecem recursos e oportunidades à diversidade [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20121101009]
Jamille Barbosa Cavalcanti Pereira,Ana Paula de Almeida,Juliana Garcia Cordeiro,Marcia Macedo Junqueira Cestari
Revista Eletr?nica de Ciência Administrativa - RECADM , 2012, DOI: 10.5329/1002
Abstract: RESUMO Este estudo objetivou investigar se as a es organizacionais que oferecem recursos em prol da diversidade (mulheres em geral, pessoas negras e pessoas com deficiência) s o percebidas como justas. O referencial teórico utilizado baseou-se na Teoria do Multiprincípio de Miller (1976). Essa teoria defende que a oferta de recursos pode ser considerada justa n o somente a partir do princípio da equidade/meritocracia, mas também, a partir dos princípios da igualdade que almeja um destino comum para os indivíduos e do princípio da necessidade que concebe a distribui o de recursos como justa para aquele que possui dificuldade de satisfazer por si só as suas necessidades. Para tanto, foi realizada uma pesquisa exploratória sob o método quantitativo. Os dados foram obtidos de uma escala desenvolvida para esse estudo. A amostra foi de 253 pessoas (52% mulheres, 84% de ra a branca e 94% sem deficiência). A análise dos dados baseou-se na estatística descritiva e na inferencial. Os resultados indicaram que as a es em estudo s o predominantemente percebidas como justas quando embasadas no princípio da equidade, mas que há diferen as de percep o considerando-se as variáveis: sexo, ra a e ser ou n o pessoa com deficiência, revelando assim, contribui es relevantes para os estudos de gênero no ambiente organizacional. Palavras-Chave Justi a organizacional, Justi a organizacional distributiva, Diversidade. ABSTRACT This study aimed to investigate whether the organizational actions that offer resources for diversity (women in general, black people and people with disabilities) are perceived as fair. The theoretical framework used was based on the theory Multiprincípio Miller (1976). This theory holds that the distribution of resources can be considered fair not only based on the principle of equity / meritocracy, but also on the principles of equality which aims at a common destination for individuals and the principle of necessity which sees the distribution of resources as fair for one who has difficulties in satisfying your needs for yourself. To this end, it was conducted an exploratory study on the quantitative method. Data were obtained from a scale developed for this study. The sample consisted of 253 persons (52% women, 84% Caucasian and 94% without disabilities). Data analysis was based on the descriptive statistics and inferential. The results indicated that the actions under study are predominantly perceived as fair when based on the principle of equity, but there are differences of perception, considering the gender, race and whether or not peop
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