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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9442 matches for " Tall Ahmed Lemrabott "
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Prevalence and the Risk Factors of Renal Insufficiency in the City of Saint Louis in Senegal  [PDF]
Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Elhadji Fary Ka, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Maria Faye, Moussa Sarr, Ngoné Diaba Gaye, Alassane Mbaye, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf, Abdoul Kane
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.53013
Abstract: Background: The true scale of renal insufficiency (RI) in Sub-Saharan Africa remains unknown due to the lack of national registries. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of renal insufficiency in urban areas in Saint Louis of Senegal. Materials and Methods: It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. The study was conducted during 27 days starting from 3 to 30 May 2010. All senegalese residents of Saint Louis (older than 15 years at the time of the study) in whom creatinine clearance was performed were included in the study. The sampling method used was a systematic random sampling, stratified cluster. The survey was designed by an expert comitee based on STEPS survey of the World Health Organization. RI was defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73m2. Results: Among 1424 people initially selected a final selection of 1416 was made. The sex ratio was 0.45. The mean age was 43.4 ± 17.8 years. The overall prevalence of renal insufficiency according to MDRD (Modification of diet in renal disease) formula was 181 cases or 12.7%. The mean age of the people with renal insufficiency was 47.6 ± 17.4 years. Renal insufficiency was correlated to height blood pressure (p = 0.01) and Physical inactivity (p = 0.0001). The prevalence of renal insufficiency was higher in diabetics (71.4%) and obese people (66.6%) than in non-diabetics (64.9%) and non-obese people (56.5%), although the difference was not statistically significant. Dyslipidemia and smoking were not correlated to the risk of occurrence of IR. Conclusions: This study reports the increasing magnitude of RI and its risk factors in the city of Saint Louis in Senegal. It is imperative to establish à national prevention strategies to avoid the dizzying growth of this scourge.
Renal Cortical Necrosis: An Unusual Complication of Plasmodium malariae Malaria  [PDF]
Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cissé, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Elhadji Fary Ka, Maria Faye, Aliou Ndongo, Cherif Dial, Younoussa Keita, Khodia Fall, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.54015
Abstract: Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is anecdotal in malaria. To our knowledge, RCN secondary to Plasmodium malariae has not yet been published. We report a case of severe malaria complicated by RCN. A 29 year old Senegalese patient was transferred to our department for anuria in a context of severe malaria. The diagnosis was RCN secondary to a severe Plasmodium malariae malaria. Physical examination showed anuria, anaemic syndrome, haemorrhagic syndrome and a generally impaired condition. There was a normocytic normochromic anaemia aplastic, thrombocytopenia leukocytosis of 11.580/mm3, serum creatinine of 12.45 mg/dl and blood urea of 252 mg/dl. The Plasmodium malariae had been shown to thick blood film with high parasite density. The molecular study was able to confirm the infestation of this parasite. Treatment consisted of four haemodialysis sessions and antimalarial molecules. Initial evolution was favourable with a recovery through diuresis and a partial improvement in renal function. Given the persistence of impaired renal function, a renal biopsy was performed. This confirmed the RCN. At last consultation, he had no symptoms and his last glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 30 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Tuberculosis among Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Senegalese Single Center Experience  [PDF]
Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Rachid El Kabouss, Yaya Kane, Sidy Mouhamed Seck, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Maria Faye, El Hadji Fary Ka, Ansoumana Diatta, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.54017
Abstract: Summary: Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in chronic hemodialysis due to alteration of the immune system associated with chronic kidney disease. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis in chronic hemodialysis patients and to identify its diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Methods and patients: This was a descriptive retrospective study over a period of 20 years (1994-2014). It includes the records of periodic hemodialysis patients in the Nephrology Department of the Aristide Le Dantec University Teaching Hospital in Dakar which clinical symptoms and laboratory favor tuberculosis. Results: Of 258 chronic hemodialysis patients treated in Hospital Aristide Le Dantec hemodialysis center, 29 cases (11.4%) of tuberculosis disease are diagnosed. The mean age is 43.21 ± 12.48 years, and the sex-ratio is 0.8. The median time to onset of tuberculosis after initiation of hemodialysis is 22.86 ± 28.86 months. The diagnosis of tuberculosis is sure only in 17% of cases. Extra-pulmonary sites are found in 79% of cases. The average duration of treatment is 9.39 ± 1.64 months (6 - 13 months). Various treatment protocols are adopted. Mortality is 21%, 50% due to disseminated tuberculosis. Conclusion: The diagnosis of tuberculosis in the chronic hemodialysis patients is often difficult due to the atypical symptoms, the frequency of extra-pulmonary location and the lack of evidence of sure diagnosis.
Quality of Life of Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis in Dakar: A Senegalese Single Centre Experience  [PDF]
Kane Yaya, Cisse Mouhamadou Moustapha, Seck Sidy Mohamed, Lemrabott Ahmed Tall, Faye Maria, Hounsounou Christian, Diallo Kalilou, Ka El Hadji Fary, Niang Abdou, Diouf Boucar
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.62005
Abstract: Introduction: Measuring the quality of life (QOL) in recent years has become an indispensable tool in monitoring patients suffering from chronic diseases. We conducted this study to assess QOL of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Dakar, and to identify associated factors. Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was carried out from 10 to 30 June, 2011 in the peritoneal dialysis unit at university hospital in Dakar. We included all patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of any age, who were on PD since at least six months and who gave their consent. The QOL was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short-Form 1.2 (KDQoL-SF). Results: Sixteen patients were included with a mean age of 50.25 ± 13.48 years and a sex-ratio of 1.27. Considering SF-36, the overall mean score (SMG) was 60.11 ± 15.96 with a Mean Physical Component Summary Scale of 53.66 ± 16.98 and a Mental Component Summary Scale of 70.85 ± 6.14. Concerning the KDQoL-SF, the global mean score was 61.83 ± 19.35 with a mean physical score of 50.55 ± 16.52 and a mean mental score of 62.52 ± 21.53. The mean dialysis specific dimension score was 62.52 ± 21.53 and the mean mental health score was 85.93 ± 12.06. Age, weight, level of instruction and social support were correlated with a worse QOL. Conclusion: This study showed an alteration of our PD patients’ QOL, particularly in their physical health. However, the number of patients included in the study is not enough to permit a formal conclusion.
Hyperuricemia in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure in the General Hospital of National Reference of N’Djamena (Chad)  [PDF]
Guillaume Mahamat Abderraman, Ibrahim Hamat, Zeinabou Maiga Moussa Tondi, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Maria Faye, Cisse Mouhamadou Moustapha, Kossi Akomola Sabi, Ka Elhaj Fary Ka, Niang Abdou, Diouf Boucar
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2017.71002
Abstract: Introduction: Hyperuricemia is defined as a level of serum uric acid greater than or equal to 70 mg/l (420 μmol/l) in men and 60 mg/l (360 μmol/l) in women. Several studies have shown that it is a risk factor or a factor of progression of chronic kidney disease. Recent experimental and epidemiological data correlate the association of hyperuricemia with chronic kidney disease (CKD), arterial hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, thus raising the question of the usefulness of therapeutics in the prevention of renal diseases. The objective of this study is to seek a link between chronic kidney disease and hyperuricemia. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive and analytical study conducted at hemodialysis unit and cardiology service of General Hospital of National reference of N’Djamena (Chad) from 1th January to 1th October 2013 (10 months). We included all chronic kidney disease patients hospitalized in hemodialysis unit and cardiology service who presented associated hyperuricemia. Results: There were 712 CKD patients who were hospitalized. Among them, there were 108 patients who were included in the study and who had hyperuricemia as a prevalence of 15.20%. The average age of patients was 35.5 years and the sex ratio was 3/1. The age group between 40 to 60 years represented 54.6%. There were 41.7% of traders. Hypertensive patients accounted for 49.1%; association of diabetes and hypertension was noted in 12.90%. Renal insufficiency was moderate in 43.5% of patients. Hyperuricemia was present in more than 90% of patients. Profession, age, hematuria, proteinuria and hypertension were statistically positively related to hyperuricemia. Treatment consisted of prescribing allopurinol in 84% of patients. In more than 11% of patients the progression was unfavorable. Conclusion: The implication of hyperuricemia in chronic kidney disease has been proved in several recent studies. However, randomized studies at very long scales have to be carried out to conclude from its real impact on the prevention and treatment of chronic kidney disease.
Management of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A (MEN 2A): Diagnostic and Therapeutic Concerns with the First Documented Senegalese Family  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Leye, Ngone Diaba Diack, Michel Assane Ndour, Nafy Ndiaye, Yakham Mohamed Leye, Biram Codou Fall, Malick Ndiaye, Abdoul Karim Daher, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2018.81004
Abstract: Introduction: Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A is a multiglandular tumor condition inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. It is related to proto-oncogene RET mutation whose analysis is the best technique for family screening. It features in a variable way medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and pheochromocytoma. The revealing manifestations of these tumors are often neglected for a long time and the screening should be systematic particularly in a known family context. Methods: After a family tree establishment of a MEN 2A index case, a family survey allowed to diagnose other cases in the family by means of biological, radiological and/or genetic examinations. Results: We report a family form of MEN 2A in a family of three households. In this family 13 people (index case included) were probed out of 34 members. The average age of our patients was 43.54. The sex ratio men/women was 0.85. The simultaneous diagnosis of a primary HPT and a MTC was carried out in our index case and constituted the circumstance of discovery of MEN 2A. The time limit of MEN 2A diagnosis on the other family members was on average 7.7 years. A MTC was recorded in 7 patients. It was asymptomatic in overall cases. A pheochromocytoma was present in only one patient. Primary HPT was found in four patients. Renal lithiasis with recurrent unilateral or bilateral nephritic colic attacks was the main manifestation. Besides the index case, 11 patients had a genetic testing. In 7 patients, a mutation on proto-oncogene RET located on the codon 634 was noted. A surgical care was carried out on 6 patients. We recorded three patients lost to follow-up. A patient died before surgery. In the index case, biological and radiological monitoring found a locoregional residual disease that indicated surgical revision and radiotherapy. Prophylactic thyroidectomy was not performed in any case driven by lack of compliance and/or low income. Conclusion: The discovery of a MEN 2A case imposes genetic survey allowing the screening of other cases in the family and the establishment of a preventive strategy.
Quality of Life of Chronic Haemodialytic Patients at Cotonou Teaching Hospital (BENIN)  [PDF]
Elhadji Fary Ka, Jacques Vigan, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Noriace Excelle Zohoun, Mohamedou Moustapha Cissé, Séraphin Ahoui, Maria Faye, Younoussa Keita, Khodia Fall, Bruno Léopold Agboton, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2014.44019
Abstract:
Introduction: The objectives of this work were to assess haemodialytic patients’ quality of life (QoL) and to identify factors affecting this QoL. Patients and Methods: It was a three (03) month monocentric and transversal study (from October 24, 2011 to January 27, 2012) conducted in the haemodialysis unit at Hubert Koutoukou Maga Teaching Hospital (CNHU-HKM) in Cotonou. Patients included were residents of Benin, aged 18 years and above, chronic haemodialysis in this unit for over 3 months, and willfully gave their consent. Quality of life was evaluated using questionnaire on Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short-Form French version 1.2 (KDQoL-SF 36). Epidemiological data, nephropathy etiologies and purification parametres were recorded in patients files. Data statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software 11.5. Results: In total 131 patients were involved in the study. The average age was 50.27 ± 12.17 years with a sex ratio of 1.69. Nephroangiosclerosis was the 1st cause. Most patients 128 (97.71 %) received two haemodialysis sessions on weekly basis. The Average Overall Score (AOS) based respectively on SF 36 and KDQoL was 48.55 and 58.55. The average of both SF 36 and KDQoL AOS was 53.55. Factors affecting hemodialytic patients quality of life were vitality, limitations related to mental health and physical condition, burden of kidney disease, effect of the disease on daily life and occupational status. The study revealed that: Patients education level was correlated with vitality (p < 0.017); The number of haemodialyses sessions was correlated with the consequences of kidney disease on daily life (p < 0.025). Conclusion: It is necessary to streng-then the staff by providing a psychologist and a dietician and also build new haemodialysis centres.
Idiopathic Adult Nephrotic Syndrome: A Clinicopathological Study and Response to Steroid in a Sub-Saharan African Country  [PDF]
Maria Faye, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Jean De Dieu Nzambaza, Cherif Mouhamed Dia, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Khodia Fall, Moustapha Faye, Elhadji Fary Ka, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.62008
Abstract: Introduction: Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome represents 25% to 30% of glomerulonephritis in adults. These glomerulonephritides are responsible of about the half of chronic kidney failure examined as well in United States as in Europe or Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the anatomoclinic, therapeutic and progression patterns of idiopathic nephritic syndrome in Dakar. Patients and Methods: It is a retrospective ten-year study in the nephrology department of Aristide Le Dantec Hospital. Patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome were included. We analyzed anatomoclinic, therapeutic and progression data of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Results: On 202 patients with nephrotic syndrome, 156 (77%) were primitive. The mean age was 29.7 ± 12 years with a sex ratio of 2.4. Edema was found in 98 patients (62.8%) and hypertension in 63 patients (40%). The mean proteinuria was 6.8 ± 4.8 g/24h. Histologic lesions found at renal biopsy were focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in 71 patients (45.5%), minimal change disease in 68 patients (43.5%) and membranous nephropathy in 8 patients (5%). 134 patients (85.8%) received steroids alone, 12 patients (7.6%) received cyclophosphamide and 4 patients (2.5%) azathioprine in association with steroids. 44 patients (28.2%) reached remission. The factors of poor prognosis were: age, above 40 years, proteinuria above 10 g/24h, existence of renal failure at admission, absence of use of steroids therapy. Conclusion: This study shows that idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is frequent in our country with a prevalence of 77%. The most common lesion found at the renal biopsy is the focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Remission is found only in 28% which is very low. 33% of patients progress towards chronic kidney disease due to the lack of early diagnosis and the use of traditional medicine.
Secondary Hypertension in Sub-Saharan African Populations: A Retrospective Study between 2011 and 2016 at Regional Hospital of Saint-Louis, Senegal  [PDF]
Yaya Kane, Joel Simon Manga, Diatou Gueye Dia, Maiga Moussa Zeinabou Tondi, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Maria Faye, Sidy Mouhamed Seck, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Alex Ismael Keita, Kalilou Diallo, El Hadj Fary Ka, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.63012
Abstract: Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a worldwide health issue responsible of high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Even though essential HBP is far the most frequently reported in patients, secondary causes must be known because of their severity and the possibility of aetiological treatment. No recent epidemiological data are available about secondary causes of HBP in black African populations. The aim of this study was to describe aetiological patterns of secondary HBP in patients followed at Saint-Louis Hospital. Patients and Method: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study in regional hospital of Saint-Louis. All patients aged ≥15 years old admitted from January 1st 2011 to January 31st 2015 in internal medicine, nephrology, emergency and cardiology departments were included. Clinical, paraclinical data and patients outcomes were collected from medical records. Hypertension was defined according to JNC8 criteria. Secondary HBP was considered if explorations identified a clear aetiology to hypertension. Statistical analysis was done with Excel 2010 and STATA 12.0. Results: We included 9253 patients with mean age of 35 ± 12 years (15 - 83 years) and sex-ratio of 1.6. Overall 67.5% of patients had hypertension and secondary causes were found in 10.5% of them. The majority of patients presented clinical symptoms suggesting a secondary cause of HBP and first-line laboratory explorations were normal in half of cases. Renal diseases were responsible for 79.1% of secondary HBP cases mainly dominated by glomerulonephritis (22.6%), vascular nephropathies (18.7%) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (5.8%). They were followed by preeclampsia (13.6%) and endocrinal aetiologies such as hyperthyroidism (5.8%), hypercorticism (0.5%), pheochromcytoma (0.5%), primary hyperparathyroidism (0.4%) and Conn’s adenoma (0.1%). Combination of ≥3 antihypertensive drugs was necessary in 71.5% of cases and surgical treatment was performed in three patients. Blood pressure was normalized in only 27.7% of patients. Conclusion: Secondary causes are frequent in our young patients with HBP. In the majority of patients complete clinical examination and minimal laboratory investigations recommended by World Health Organisation can give an aetiological orientation that needs further radiological and hormonal explorations.
Profile of Patients with Acute Renal Injury in N’Djamena: About 36 Cases  [PDF]
Guillaume Mahamat Abderraman, Hamat Ibrahim, Moussa Tondi Zeinabou Maiga, Tall Ahmed Lemrabott, Faye Maria, Kossi Akomola Sabi, Mahamat Youssouf, Cisse Mouhamadou Moustapha, Ka Elhaj Fary Ka, Niang Abdou, Diouf Boucar
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2017.71001
Abstract: Introduction: The incidence of acute renal injury (AKI) has increased in recent decades. Acute renal failure is defined by the abrupt arrest (within hours or days) of the kidney excretory function. Oliguria (urine output <400 ml/ 24h) is presented in about half of the cases. The circumstances of the occurrence of AKI are multiple: surgical, traumatic, obstetric, medical, often obvious. Its prognosis depends on the speed of management and the associated organ failure. The objective of this study is to describe the profile of patients in emergency hemodialysis at the Nephrology Unit of the National Reference General Hospital (HGRN) in N’Djamena, Chad. Methods: This was a multicenter, descriptive study in patients with acute renal failure place over a period of 12 months in the emergency departments of the 2 hospitals in N’Djamena. Defined as carriers of an AKI (RIFLE criteria), patients with: 1) Oliguria: urinary output < 400 ml/24h (<0.5 ml/kg/h in children) or anuria: urinary output < 300 ml/24h; 2) Associated with an increase in serum creatinine: serum creatinine × 3 or serum creatinine> 350 μmol/l or decrease of GFR by 75%. Results: Of the 311 patients admitted, 36 cases met the inclusion criteria, a frequency of 11.57%. The mean age was 34.46 years with extremes ranging from 7 to 80 years. The female sex predominated with 52.80% as sex ratio of 0.91. Isolated hypertension was noted with 38.88%. Dyspnea accounted for 41.66% of patients admitted to emergency departments. In our series, 50% of our patients had hyperthermia at admission. Oliguria was observed in 41.70% of the cases. Edema accounted for 33.33% of cases. The AKI with the failure criterion was 58.34% (21/36), with the criterion “injury” 25% (9 cases) and the criterion “risk” 16.66 (6 cases). AKI were organic in 83.34% (30/36). It was noted that 14 patients, 38.8% had an infectious syndrome. There were 6 patients who had (16.66%) an obstructive AKI, 5
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