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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4413 matches for " Takashi Yuasa "
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A Flower Specific Calcineurin B-Like Molecule (CBL)-Interacting Protein Kinase (CIPK) Homolog in Tomato Cultivar Micro-Tom (Solanum lycopersicum L.)  [PDF]
Takashi Yuasa, Yushi Ishibashi, Mari Iwaya-Inoue
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.36091
Abstract: Floral and reproductive organs of higher plants are relatively sensitive to biotic and abiotic stresses compared with the vegetative organs. Calcineurin B-like molecule (CBL) interacting protein kinase (CIPK) has appeared to be involved in acquired tolerance and acclimation under environmental stresses such as salinity, drought and chilling. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR using the vegetative and reproductive organs of tomato Micro-Tom (Solanum lycopersicum L.) at the various developmental stages indicated that SlCIPK2 was expressed specifically in the floral organ. An anti-CIPK specific antibody recognized the recombinant SlCIPK2 specifically and cross-reacted to a CIPK-related polypeptide at a significant level in flower, particularly in stamen. The flower specific CIPK was tightly associated with the microsomes. In vitro pull-down assay of the recombinant SlCIPK2 showed that SlCIPK2 interacts with SlCBLs and stress-responsive transcription factors, SlERF7, SlCBF1 and SlAREB1. The present data suggested that the flower-specific CIPK, SlCIPK2, was involved in calcium signaling in tomato via CBLs and stress tolerance possibly mediated by the stress-responsive transcription factors in stamen.
Causal relationships between physical, mental and social health-related factors among the Japanese elderly: A chronological study  [PDF]
Motoyuki Yuasa, Tanji Hoshi, Takashi Hasegawa, Naoko Nakayama, Toshihiko Takahashi, Sugako Kurimori, Naoko Sakurai
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.43021
Abstract: The World Health Organization defines health as a state of physical, mental and social well being. This study was conducted to explore chronological relationships between physical, mental and social factors. Among urban-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and over, data were collected via a self-report questionnaire in 2001 and 2004. The three health-related latent factors were identified with nine measurement variables by an exploratory factor analysis. A structural equation modeling method was used to analyze underlying relationships among the three factors with a cross-lagged model and a synchronous model. A total of 7,683 individuals aged between 65 and 84 years were analyzed. The three-year prior and current physical health significantly affected social health as well as mental health, and this effect appeared to be stronger in males compared to females. Maintenance of physical health may be crucial to support mental and social health among elderly individuals.
The Sucrose Starvation Signal Mediates Induction of Autophagy- and Amino Acid Catabolism-Related Genes in Cowpea Seedling  [PDF]
Ayami Kaneko, Eri Noguchi, Yushi Ishibashi, Takashi Yuasa, Mari Iwaya-Inoue
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.43083
Abstract:

In higher plants, autophagy is bulk degradation process in vacuole necessary for survival under nutrient-limited conditions and plays important roles in senescence, development and pathogenic response, etc. Cowpea is one of the most important legume crops in semi-aride region, which is highly tolerant to drought stress. Changes of photoassimilate status by drought stress and/or sink-source balance appeared to affect autophagy and senescence of leaf in cowpea. Accordingly, we focused on roles of sucrose signal in autophagy and amino acid recycling in cowpea. Effects of starvation stress on the expression of autophagy-related genes (ATGs) and amino acid catabolism-related genes in cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] were examined by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and anti-ATG8i specific antibody. Sucrose starvation stress enhanced the expression levels of VuATG8i, VuATG8c and VuATG4 incowpea seedlings. The expressions of amino acid catabolism related genes, such as asparagine synthase (VuASN1), proline dehydrogenase1 (VuProDH) and branched chain amino acid transaminase (VuBCAT2), are also up-regulated under the sucrose starvation. In contrast, high sucrose condition suppressed autophagy and the expressions of ATGs. These results indicate that sucrose starvation stress stimulates both autophagy and amino acid catabolism by regulation of ATGs and VuBCAT2. It is conceivable that sucrose starvation stress enhances autophagy in cowpea, possibly via branched chain amino acid level regulated by the starvation-induced BCAT.

Wrinkled 1 (WRI1) Homologs, AP2-Type Transcription Factors Involving Master Regulation of Seed Storage Oil Synthesis in Castor Bean (Ricinus communisL.)  [PDF]
Daichi Tajima, Ayami Kaneko, Masatsugu Sakamoto, Yumena Ito, Nong Thi Hue, Masayuki Miyazaki, Yushi Ishibashi, Takashi Yuasa, Mari Iwaya-Inoue
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.42044
Abstract: Among APETALA2 (AP2)-type plant specific transcription factor family, WRINKLED1 (WRI1), has appeared to be a master gene transcriptionally regulating a set of carbon metabolism- and fatty acid synthesis (FAS)-related genes responsible for seed specific triacylglycerols (TAGs) storage in oil plants. B3 type transcription factors, such as ABI3 and FUS3, are known to be involved in seed development, such as seed storage protein synthesis and maturation. Based on the recent whole genome sequence data of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.), putative WRI1 homologs (RcWRI1, RcWRI2) specifically expressed in castor bean seed have been identified by comparing organ specific expression profiles among seed development-related transcription factors, seed storage specific genes (Ricin, RcOleosin) and a set of FAS genes including genes for sucrose synthase (RcSUS2), biotin carboxyl carrier protein (a subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, RcBCCP2) and ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase (RcKAS1). Immunoreactive signals with WRI1, FUS3 and ABI5-related polypeptides were also detected in seed specifically, consistent with the expression profiles of seed development-related genes. The WRI1 binding consensus sites, [CnTnG](n)(7)[CG], designated as the AW-box, were found at the promoter region of RcBCCP2 and RcKAS1. Thus, RcWRI1 possibly play a pivotal role in seed specific TAGs storage during seed development by directly activating FAS -related genes.
Hsp90 and reactive oxygen species regulate thermotolerance of rice seedlings via induction of heat shock factor A2 (OsHSFA2) and galactinol synthase 1 (OsGolS1)  [PDF]
Nong Thi Hue, Huong Thi Tran, Thuy Phan, Junya Nakamura, Tomoe Iwata, Keisuke Harano, Yushi Ishibashi, Takashi Yuasa, Mari Iwaya-Inoue
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.43023
Abstract:

Heat stress induces expression of a set of thermotolerance-related genes in plants. We focused on rice (Oryza sativa L.) homologs of the gene family that encodes galactinol synthase (OsGolS), which is closely related to the Arabidopsis thaliana galactinol synthase (AtGolS) family whose expression is induced under various stresses. OsGolS1 was highly up-regulated compare to the level of OsGolS2 in re- sponse to heat stress. Interestingly, OsGolS1 was also up-regulated by treatment with the Hsp90 inhibitor, geldanamycin (GDA). Expression profiles of OsGolS1 were correlated to those of OsHsfA2 under the GDA treatments. Treatment with GDA increased expression of OsHsfA2, but marginally increased or did not change OsHsfA1 expression. Notably, gel shift assay indicated that OsHsfA2 binds directly to OsGolS1 promoter region and that OsHsfA1 also binds to the promoter regions of OsHsfA2. Both OsHsfA2 and OsGolS1 were dramatically induced in response to heat stress. Accordingly, galactinol and raffinose contents in rice seedlings increased significantly following the induction of OsGolS1. Pre-treatment of rice seedlings with raffinose or GDA improved their thermotolerance. These results suggest that OsGolS1 plays an important role in response to heat stress, possibly via the transcription cascade of OsHsfA1-OsHsfA2 that leads to galactinol and raffinose accumulation, and that the increased content of these carbohydrates is a

key response factor for rice seedlings to enhance thermotolerance.
Extraction of an Entanglement by Repetition of the Resonant Transmission of an Ancilla Qubit
Kazuya Yuasa
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/43/9/095304
Abstract: A scheme for the extraction of entanglement in two noninteracting qubits (spins) is proposed. The idea is to make use of resonant transmission of ancilla qubit through the two fixed qubits, controlled by the entanglement in the scatterers. Repetition of the resonant transmission extracts the singlet state in the target qubits from their arbitrary given state. Neither the preparation nor the post-selection of the ancilla spin is required, in contrast to the previously proposed schemes.
Quantum Coherence of Electrons Field-Emitted from a Superconductor: Correlations and Entanglement
Kazuya Yuasa
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.104516
Abstract: The correlations of the electrons field-emitted from a superconductor are fully analyzed, both in space and time. It is proposed that a coincidence experiment would reveal a positive correlation between the electrons emitted in opposite directions. The electrons can be entangled and can even violate Bell's inequality. The crucial role played by Andreev's process is scrutinized, analytical formulas are derived for the correlations, and the physics behind the phenomenon is clarified.
Derivation of Master Equations in the Presence of Initial Correlations with Reservoir: Projection Method Revisited
Kazuya Yuasa
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: We discuss the derivation of master equations in the presence of initial correlations with the reservoir. In van Hove's limit, the total system behaves as if it started from a factorized initial condition. A proper choice of Nakajima-Zwanzig's projection operator is crucial and the reservoir should be endowed with the mixing property.
Uniform sets for infinite measure-preserving systems
Hisatoshi Yuasa
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: The concept of a uniform set is introduced for an ergodic, measure-preserving transformation on a non-atomic, infinite Lebesgue space. The uniform sets exist as much as they generate the underlying $\sigma$-algebra. This leads to the result that any ergodic, measure-preserving transformation on a non-atomic, infinite Lebesgue space is isomorphic to a minimal homeomorphism on a locally compact metric space which admits a unique, up to scaling, invariant Radon measure.
Poisson algebras of curves on bordered surfaces and skein quantization
Wataru Yuasa
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We define a (co-)Poisson (co)algebra of curves on a bordered surface. A bordered surface is a surface whose boundary have marked points. Curves on the bordered surface are oriented loops and oriented arcs whose endpoints in the set of marked points. We define a (co-)Poisson (co)bracket on the symmetric algebra of a quotient of the vector space spanned by the regular homotopy classes of curves on the bordered surface by generalizing the Goldman bracket and the Turaev cobracket. Moreover, we define a Poisson algebra of unoriented curves on a bordered surface and show that a quantization of the Poisson algebra coincides with the skein algebra of the bordered surface defined by Muller.
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