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Art Therapy to Improve Quality of Life of Cancer Patients and Their Carers in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Rumana Dowla, Annekathryn Goodman, Tahsin Kashem
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2019.106038
Abstract: Objective: Art as a therapy helps in reparation and recovery. The aim of this study was to see the response of the cancer patients and their carers residing in Bangladesh towards art therapy and the perceived effect of art therapy on their physical and psychological condition. Method: The study was a record review study conducted through a cross-sectional descriptive method from July to November 2018. Along with the cancer patients, their immediate carers were enrolled in this study since patients and their carers both suffer from the distress that comes with the diagnosis of cancer. In-depth interviews and focused group discussions of art therapy were conducted with our study population at BPSCF and BSMMU. Findings: After art therapy, there was an improvement in sensory perception and self-perception, physical and psychological condition, communication and social skills and helped in more personal integration and built stronger insight among the patients and carers. Majority of the participants of art therapy felt good and wanted to continue art therapy. Significance of results: The results of this study will help to create awareness among the community about the importance of psychotherapies like art therapy in the life of the cancer patients and their carers. Introducing the concept of art therapy will also help the public health practitioners to improvise palliative care services in Bangladesh in a very cost-effective approach.
Effects of Organic Manures in Changes of Some Soil Properties at Different Incubation Periods  [PDF]
Sajal Roy, Md. Abul Kashem
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2014.43011

A laboratory incubation experiment of 60 days was carried out to observe the changes of soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soil organic carbon (SOC), and potassium chloride extractable nitrogen (\"\") in a soil to which three animal manures viz. cow dung (CD), chicken manure (CM) and a combination of CD and CM had been applied at a rate of 10 t·ha-1. The effects of manures varied with manure type and incubation period. Soil pH slightly increased with the incubation period up to 30 days there after it declined with time significantly (p < 0.05). There was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in EC as days of incubation increased. Organic carbon contents of manure treated soils reached its peak at 15 days of incubation and decreased thereafter with time. The content of \"\" increased significantly (p < 0.05) as incubation period increased in control and cow dung amended soils whereas there was no significant difference in \"\" contents when either chicken manure alone or cow dung and chicken manure mixed in combination. After 60 days of incubation, the highest amount of \"\" was found in cow dung plus chicken manure treated soil followed by chicken manure treatment.

Effect of Organic and Inorganic Amendments on the Phytoavailability of Phosphorus to Corn (Zea mays)  [PDF]
Mejbah Uddin, Abul Kashem, Khan Towhid Osman
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.21008
Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of cow manure, city waste, chicken manure and TSP on the growth of corn (Zea mays) and phytoavailability of phosphorous (P) in soil. An air dried sandy loam soil was mixed with different amendments at rates equivalent to 0, 200, 400 and 800 mg P kg–1 soil based on total P. The plant height and leaf number increased in the plants grown in amended pots compared to control pot. The dry weight of shoots and roots in the control pot were 14.3 and 2.8 g, respectively. The shoot dry weights of corn increased from 43.8 to 76.6 g with the cow manure, 27.8 to 38.7 g with the city waste, 48.4 to 68.2 g with the chicken manure and 30.2 to 32.2 g with the TSP amendments when the P addition rates increased from 200 to 800 mg P kg–1 soil. Similar effects of these amendments and their rates were also found in the case of roots dry weights production. Phosphorus concentration in the plant parts increased with the P application from different amendments but the increase was higher with the TSP fertilizer and lower with the city waste amendments. Olsen P (measured after the plant harvest) increased with P application rates. The extractability of Olsen P from different amendments increased in this order: city waste < chicken manure < cow manure < TSP. Olsen P was strongly related with both shoot and root P concentration of corn (r = 0.910, p = 0.000), indicate suitability of Olsen P to predict plant available P. These results imply that cow manure and chicken manure could be recommended to use in the agricultural field for producing optimum yield.
Extractable Phosphorus Contents of Some Soils of Bangladesh and Their Correlation with Phosphorus Concentration in Rice Leaves  [PDF]
Enamul Haque, Abul Kashem, Khan Towhid Osman
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2013.32013

To observe the availability of phosphorus by different extraction methods in some cultivated soils of Hathazari Upazilla of Chittagong District, this study was carried out with 36 surface soil samples (0 - 15 cm) belonging to six soil series, namely Bijipur, Pahartali, Mirsarai, Manu, Raojan and Noapara. Physical and chemical characteristics of the soils were also determined with an objective of identifying the soil factor(s) regulating P extractability. Three P extraction methods, namely Olsen (0.5 M NaHCO3, pH 8.5), Mehlich-3 (0.2 N CH3COOH + 0.013 N HNO3 + 0.015 N NH4F + 0.25 N NH4 NO3 + 0.001 M EDTA) and Bray & Kurtz-1 (0.03 N NH4F + 0.025 N HCl) were used. There was a wide variation in the extractability of P ranging from low to high categories. Olsen method extracted the largest amount of P (2.07 - 45.36 mg·kg-1) while Bray & Kurtz-1 extracted the smallest amount (1.02 - 21.79 mg·kg-1). The mean extractable P in soils was found to be in the order of Olsen > Mehlich-3 > Bray & Kurtz-1. Soil pH was the most dominant factor in determining P extractability. Available P was negatively correlated with

Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2006,
Abstract: Income demand to perform their basic functions of States creates requirement of collectingtaxes .In time taxation has started to be used the other social and economic aims such assaving,encouraging economic power,adjustment of income distribution besides providing sourcefor public services.Tax revenue of States is related to tax base wideness and tax rate level closely.Laffer curve ,which displays the relation between the tax rates and tax revenues ,is one of thesignificant subjects of Supply –Side Economics.Laffer Curve of Turkey’s Application during the 1980-2003s is estimated and excess of taxrates applied by the economic administration over the models formed from the 1999s is cited inthis study.
Tahsin AKTA?
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2004,
Abstract: In this study, the concept of communicative competence in foreign language teaching hasbeen discussed in the light of the current research literature. In particular, the issue of basic skillsdevelopment has been investigated in depth. Furthermore, it has been emphasized that theculture of the foreign language needs to be incorporated into the language instruction. Finally,practical suggestions concerning the development of foreign language teaching have beenpresented.
Abanoz Yaylas (Mersin)
Tahsin TAPUR
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Abanoz Plateau is located in 36o 18’ north latitude and 32o 56’ east longitude on Ta eli plateau in the borders of ukurabanozVillage connected to Anamur district of Mersin city. The plateau was set on a polje that is surrounded by the contour line of 1450m. on the 52nd km. of Anamur-Ermenek highway.The aim of this study is to contribute to its presentation by determining geographical elements that are efficient for thesettlement and improvement of Abanoz Plateau. In the preparation of the study firstly in the different times of the year (2008July, 2008 December) land studies and required negotiations were performed. In the meantime, both ukurabanozHeadmanship’s and some official institutions’ data were followed up. Then the land data obtained in the plateau (photograph,statistical information and negotiation notes) and gathered statistical data were commented and the plateau was evaluated in termsof accommodation geography. At the end of the study, some advices and results were tried to be set forted about the plateauaccommodation.Transhumance in Anamur is a significant activity. Transhumants that use Anamur beaches as winter quarters in winter,migrates to plateaus that have various altitudes being on Ta eli Plateau as from April. There are 37 small and large plateausettlements belonging to district centre and villages in Ta eli Plateau. The most important plateaus of these are: Ka , Abanoz,Akp nar, Kaysan, and r, amurlu, Bar n, Elbalak, Halkal , Sanova, K rkkuyu. The improvements in socio-economic structuresof people living in Anamur and Anamur villages have changed the transhumance based on husbandry in a big deal. Instead ofthat, countryside transhumance has come into prominence in order to get rid of hot and moist air. After all, plateaus in whichtranshumance are being performed are available.The most developed caduceus countryside settlement in Anamur is Abanoz Plateau. Geographical elements have gotsignificant roles on the establishments and developments of this plateau. In terms of physical geography, the plateau reflects thefeatures of Ta eli Plateau character. Because in Ta eli Plateau, Miocene limestone that is horizontally stratified and eligible to melt,is common. A number of karstic melting and deposition patterns developed on these limestones. One of the karstic meltingpatterns, Abanoz polje has been the most important factor enabling the emplacement of the plateau.Since the plateau is in high place comparing with coastal zone in Mediterranean climate (1450 m.) becomes an auspicioushabitat in terms of climate conditions in summer. When
Spatio-Temporal Assessment of Historical Droughts using SPI with GIS in GAP Region, Turkey
Tahsin Tonkaz
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: A study was carried out to investigate drought behaviors of the Southeastern parts of Turkey using SPI method for the period from 1962-2002. The multiple-time scaled SPI results were only evaluated for the rainy season of the area, from October to May. Point-wise indices were interpolated over the whole area using inverse distance technique in order to obtain areal extending of the drought quantity. The results indicated that a dramatic and widespread drought event was recorded in the year of 1973 at most of the stations and drought categories. However, regardless of drought severity, an extraordinary dryness was experienced from October 1999 to May 2000; the whole study area was under drought conditions for all months. In February of 1989, extreme drought was dominant over the region in the 2 month drought category. The highest SPI value of -5.46 was observed in May of 1984 at the Siverek station. A prolonged drought was experienced in the 12 month category that was successive for 49 months; from March, 1970 to March, 1976 in Siirt. The overall outcome of this study exhibits that hazardous droughts were experienced from time to time across the study area during the examination period. Those dry terms come out with unfavorable results on agricultural practices and water resources in the area. The lowest cereal yield and operational water levels of major dams were recorded during those unusual dry years. Better management of natural resources will be a good solution to overcoming these kinds of natural problems in the similar regions.
Yabanc Dil retiminde leti imsel Yeti
Tahsin Akta?
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies , 2005,
Abstract: Bu ara t rmada ileti im kuram n n yabanc dil retimi i in ng rdü ü ileti imselyeti kavram bilimsel literatürün nda tart ld . Bu ba lamda temel dil becerilerive bu becerilerin geli tirilmesi sorunu ayr nt l olarak incelendi. Ayr ca ileti imselyetinin ilgili yabanc dille birlikte o dilin ait oldu u kültürün renilmesini de gereklik ld vurguland . Bu arada yabanc dil retiminde ileti imsel yetinin geli tirilmesiney nelik somut neriler sunuldu.
übersetzungskritische Untersuchung des Romans An diesem Dienstag“ Wolfgang Borcherts
Tahsin Akta?
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies , 2006,
Abstract: This study focused on how implicit expressions (idioms) used in the novel entitled“An Diesem Dienstag” by Wolfgang Borchert, one of the most renowned writers of Germanliterature, are trasferred to the Turkish language. Such expressions are extremely important inthat they bring forth the aesthetic and artistic value of literary texts. For this reason, theseexpressions need to be translated into appropriate corresponding expressions in the targetlanguage. Implicit expressions are culture-bound; for this reason a translator may facedifficulties when he is transferring them to the target language a factor which may causesome of the artistic and aesthetic value of the original text to be lost. This study attempted toput forth the translator’s attitude and his conception of translation in the transfer of implicitexpressions using an objective critical research method.
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