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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 101307 matches for " Ta-Cheng Chen "
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A Heuristic Approach for Assembly Scheduling and Transportation Problems with Parallel Machines  [PDF]
Peng-Sheng You, Yi-Chih Hsieh, Ta-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Lee
iBusiness (IB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2013.51B006
Abstract: Many firms have to deal with the problems of scheduling and transportation allocation. The problems of assembly scheduling mainly focus on how to arrange orders in proper sequence on the assembly line with the purpose of minimizing the maximum completion time before they are flown to their destinations. Transportation allocation problems arise in how to assign processed orders to transport modes in order to minimize penalties such as earliness and tardiness. The two problems are usually separately discussed due to their complexity. This paper simultaneously deals with these two problems for firms with multiple identical parallel machines. We formulate this problem as a mixed integer programming model. The problem belongs to the class of NP-complete combinatorial optimization problems. This paper develops a hybrid genetic algorithm to obtain a compromised solution within a reasonable CPU time. We evaluate the performance of the presented heuristic with the well-known GAMS/CPLEX software. The presented approach is shown to perform well compared with well-known commercial software.
Study on Exothermic Oxidation of Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) Resin Powder with Application to ABS Processing Safety
Yih-Shing Duh,Ta-Cheng Ho,Jenq-Renn Chen,Chen-Shan Kao
Polymers , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/polym2030174
Abstract: Oxidative degradation of commercial grade ABS (Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) resin powders was studied by thermal analysis. The instabilities of ABS containing different polybutadiene (PB) contents with respect to temperature were studied by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). Thermograms of isothermal test and dynamic scanning were performed. Three exothermic peaks were observed and related to auto-oxidation, degradation and oxidative decomposition, respectively. Onset temperature of the auto-oxidation was determined to be around 193 °C. However, threshold temperature of oxidation was found to be as low as 140 °C by DSC isothermal testing. Another scan of the powder after degeneration in air showed an onset temperature of 127 °C. Reactive hazards of ABS powders were verified to be the exothermic oxidation of unsaturated PB domains, not the SAN (poly(styrene-acrylonitrile)) matrix. Heat of oxidation was first determined to be 2,800 ± 40 J per gram of ABS or 4,720 ± 20 J per gram of PB. Thermal hazards of processing ABS powder are assessed by adiabatic temperature rise at process conditions. IR spectroscopy associated with heat of oxidation verified the oxidative mechanism, and these evidences excluded the heat source from the degradation of SAN. A specially prepared powder of ABS without adding anti-oxidant was analyzed by DSC for comparing the exothermic behaviors. Exothermic onset temperatures were determined to be 120 °C and 80 °C by dynamic scanning and isothermal test, respectively. The assessment successfully explained fires and explosions in an ABS powder dryer and an ABS extruder.
Molecular Epidemiology of Enterovirus 71 Infection in the Central Region of Taiwan from 2002 to 2012
Wen-Hao Wu, Ta-Cheng Kuo, Yu-Ting Lin, Szu-Wei Huang, Hsin-Fu Liu, John Wang, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083711
Abstract: Enterovirus 71 (EV71), a causative agent of hand, foot, and mouth disease can be classified into three genotypes and many subtypes. The objectives of this study were to conduct a molecular epidemiological study of EV71 in the central region of Taiwan from 2002–2012 and to test the hypothesis that whether the alternative appearance of different EV71 subtypes in Taiwan is due to transmission from neighboring countries or from re-emergence of pre-existing local strains. We selected 174 EV71 isolates and used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to amplify their VP1 region for DNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using Neighbor-Joining, Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian methods. We found that the major subtypes of EV71 in Taiwan were B4 for 2002 epidemic, C4 for 2004–2005 epidemic, B5 for 2008–2009 epidemic, C4 for 2010 epidemic and B5 for 2011–2012 epidemic. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the 2002 and 2008 epidemics were associated with EV71 from Malaysia and Singapore; while both 2010 and 2011–2012 epidemics originated from different regions of mainland China including Shanghai, Henan, Xiamen and Gong-Dong. Furthermore, minor strains have been identified in each epidemic and some of them were correlated with the subsequent outbreaks. Therefore, the EV71 infection in Taiwan may originate from pre-existing minor strains or from other regions in Asia including mainland China. In addition, 101 EV71 isolates were selected for the detection of new recombinant strains using the nucleotide sequences spanning the VP1-2A-2B region. No new recombinant strain was found. Analysis of clinical manifestations showed that patients infected with C4 had significantly higher rates of pharyngeal vesicles or ulcers than patients infected with B5. This is the first study demonstrating that different EV 71 genotypes may have different clinical manifestations and the association of EV71 infections between Taiwan and mainland China.
SOME PROBLEMS OF PHOTO-MULTIPLIER TUBES
有关光电倍加管中的几个问题

LU KING,WANG TA-CHENG,
陆经
,王大成

物理学报 , 1961,
Abstract: This paper describes the fundamental problems of different types of photo-multiplier tubes for scintillation techniques, the relation between parameters of the multiplier-photo-tubes and their application. The status of photo-cathodes, secondary emissive
Pyrrolidine Dithiocarbamate (PDTC) Attenuates Luteolin-Induced Apoptosis in Human Leukemia HL-60 Cells  [PDF]
Ming-Fen Lee, Cheng-Ta Li, Ming-Dian Chen, An-Chin Cheng
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.36147
Abstract: Studies have indicated that flavonoid luteolin is a potential inhibitor of tumor cell proliferation and may function as an anticarcinogenic agent. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a synthetic compound, may exhibit biphasic effects on apoptosis depending on the experimental context. Previously, we found that luteolin induced the activation of the proapoptotic proteins, such as Bad, Bid, and Bax, in HL-60 human leukemia cells. We also explored the modulatory effects and molecular mechanisms of PDTC on the cytotoxicity of luteolin in HL-60 cells; PDTC could interfere with luteolin’s ability to cleave poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP) and DNA fragmentation of factor-45 (DFF-45). In the current study, we further investigated the effect of PDTC on the luteolin-induced death-receptor pathway and the cleavage of the Bcl-2 family members. We found that the combination of luteolin and PDTC increased the survival of the HL-60 cells such that PDTC inhibited both extrinsic and intrinsic pathways in luteolin-induced apoptosis.
Dynamic Session-Key Generation for Wireless Sensor Networks
Chin-Ling Chen,Cheng-Ta Li
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/691571
Abstract: Recently, wireless sensor networks have been used extensively in different domains. For example, if the wireless sensor node of a wireless sensor network is distributed in an insecure area, a secret key must be used to protect the transmission between the sensor nodes. Most of the existing methods consist of preselecting m keys from a key pool and forming a key chain. Then, the sensor nodes make use of the key chain to encrypt the data. However, while the secret key is being transmitted, it can easily be exposed during transmission. We propose a dynamic key management protocol, which can improve the security of the key juxtaposed to existing methods. Additionally, the dynamic update of the key can lower the probability of the key to being guessed correctly. In addition, with the new protocol, attacks on the wireless sensor network can be avoided.
Dynamic Session-Key Generation for Wireless Sensor Networks
Chen Chin-Ling,Li Cheng-Ta
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2008,
Abstract: Recently, wireless sensor networks have been used extensively in different domains. For example, if the wireless sensor node of a wireless sensor network is distributed in an insecure area, a secret key must be used to protect the transmission between the sensor nodes. Most of the existing methods consist of preselecting keys from a key pool and forming a key chain. Then, the sensor nodes make use of the key chain to encrypt the data. However, while the secret key is being transmitted, it can easily be exposed during transmission. We propose a dynamic key management protocol, which can improve the security of the key juxtaposed to existing methods. Additionally, the dynamic update of the key can lower the probability of the key to being guessed correctly. In addition, with the new protocol, attacks on the wireless sensor network can be avoided.
Merged Search Algorithms for Radio Frequency Identification Anticollision
Bih-Yaw Shih,Cheng-Wu Chen,Chen-Yuan Chen,Ta-Wei Lo
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/609035
Abstract: Nowadays, the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system enables the control of many devices over an open communication infrastructure ranging from a small home area network to the global Internet. Moreover, a variety of consumer products are tagged with remotely low-cost readable identification electromagnetic tags to replace Bar Codes. Applications such as automatic object tracking, inventory and supply chain management, and Web appliances were adopted for years in many companies. The arbitration algorithm for RFID system is used to arbitrate all the tags to avoid the collision problem with the existence of multiple tags in the interrogation field of a transponder. A splitting algorithm which is called Binary Search Tree (BST) is well known for multitags arbitration. In the current study, a splitting-based schema called Merged Search Tree is proposed to capture identification codes correctly for anticollision. Performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with the original BST according to time and power consumed during the arbitration process. The results show that the proposed model can reduce searching time and power consumed to achieve a better performance arbitration.
Maternal Baicalin Treatment Increases Fetal Lung Surfactant Phospholipids in Rats
Chung-Ming Chen,Leng-Fang Wang,Kur-Ta Cheng
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nep073
Abstract: Baicalin is a flavonoid compound purified from the medicinal plant Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and has been reported to stimulate surfactant protein (SP)-A gene expression in human lung epithelial cell lines (H441). The aims of this study were to determine whether maternal baicalin treatment could increase lung surfactant production and induce lung maturation in fetal rats. This study was performed with timed pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats. One-day baicalin group mothers were injected intraperitoneally with baicalin (5 mg/kg/day) on Day 18 of gestation. Two-day baicalin group mothers were injected intraperitoneally with baicalin (5 mg/kg/day) on Days 17 and 18 of gestation. Control group mothers were injected with vehicle alone on Day 18 of gestation. On Day 19 of gestation, fetuses were delivered by cesarean section. Maternal treatment with 2-day baicalin significantly increased saturated phospholipid when compared with control group and total phospholipid in fetal lung tissue when compared with control and 1-day baicalin groups. Antenatal treatment with 2-day baicalin significantly increased maternal growth hormone when compared with control group. Fetal lung SP-A mRNA expression and maternal serum corticosterone levels were comparable among the three experimental groups. Maternal baicalin treatment increases pulmonary surfactant phospholipids of fetal rat lungs and the improvement was associated with increased maternal serum growth hormone. These results suggest that antenatal baicalin treatment might accelerate fetal rat lung maturation.
Applications for IP Video Surveillance over the ITRI MTWAL
Rui-Yen Chang,Hsin-Ta Chiao,Chin-Lung Lee,Yu-Cheng Chen
Journal of Networks , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jnw.5.8.971-976
Abstract: WiMAX is one of the emerging wireless broadband transmission standards. Its signal coverage, upload and download rate, and bandwidth efficiency is better than traditional wireless networks. It can be the last mile for where the cable and DSL networks cannot be reached. Because of its characteristic of broadband access, the possible applications are of a wide range, such as web browsing and VOIP for low bandwidth requirement, as well as video conference, streaming media, and media content download for high bandwidth requirement. All the abovementioned applications can be implemented on any devices which support WiMAX access. At present, ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute) in Taiwan establishes world-first WiMAX application Lab - MTWAL (M-Taiwan WiMAX Application Lab), which is approved by WiMAX Forum, and supporting an open space for world-wide WiMAX application developers and equipment testers. In this paper, we introduce several kinds of WiMAX applications for IP video surveillance that are currently available on the ITRI MTWAL.
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