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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12942 matches for " Syndrome "
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Short Anagen Syndrome: A Case Study  [PDF]
Martina Alés Fernández, Francisco M. Camacho Martínez
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2012.21004
Abstract: Short anagen syndrome is a relatively recently described entity. This syndrome is an unusual condition where the anagen growth phase of hair follicles is shorter than normal. Its clinical characteristics and trichogram findings contribute to the diagnosis of this trichosis.
Cobb Syndrome: A Case Report with Review of Clinical and Imaging Findings  [PDF]
Alok Bhatt, Peter Kalina
Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics (OJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2014.44033
Abstract: Cobb syndrome is a rare entity characterized by cutaneous vascular lesions and arteriovenous malformations in the spine, both in the same metamere. This syndrome is also known as cutaneous vertebral medullary angiomatosis, cutaneomeningospinal angiomatosis, and spinal arterial metameric disorder. We report the case of a male infant diagnosed with Cobb syndrome who was treated surgically. The presence of a cutaneous vascular lesion in this patient prompted subsequent imaging for spinal angioma or AVM in the same dermatome. Early recognition in this patient was shown to be life-changing, as patients with Cobb syndrome who have undergone early intervention have shown to be without neurologic deficit or have a halt in progression of symptoms.
Syed Ghulam Shabbir (1923-2002) and His Syndrome  [PDF]
Khalid Al Aboud, Daifullah Al Aboud
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.12007
Abstract: Professor Syed Ghulam Shabbir (1923-2002), is one of the Pakistani well-known dermatologists. In 1986, Shabbir and his colleagues described a novel autosomal recessive syndrome, which they called laryngoonychocutaneous syndrome. They reported this condition, in 22 patients in 12 families living in Lahore, Pakistan. This syndrome is characterized by cutaneous erosions, nail dystrophy and exuberant vascular granulation tissue in certain epithelia, especially conjunctiva and larynx. This report sheds light on Shabbir and the syndrome that bears his name.
Ochoa Syndrome—A Twins Case Report  [PDF]
Nilo J. L. Barretto, Carlos A. F. Molina, Marcelo F. Cassini, Inalda Facincani, Fernando Miyada, Nilo C. L. Barretto, Silvio Tucci Jr.
Surgical Science (SS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2014.55036
Abstract:

Urofacial syndrome, known as Ochoa syndrome, is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder described as a clinical setting in which there is an association of a lower urinary tract and bowel dysfunction with a typical facial expression: the patient seems to be grimacing or crying when attempting to smile. If the diagnosis and treatment are delayed, the patients might have a poor outcome with continuous upper urinary tract deterioration, which makes the early diagnosis of this condition of vital importance. We report a case of two females identical twins, who are, nowadays, 19 years old, which had the Ochoa Syndrome diagnosis made when they were 10 years old, but discontinued medical follow up during treatment. They have developed chronic renal failure with hemodialysis need and are in a waiting list for kidney transplantation. In this rare disorder, even more unusual in twins and with high risks on progressing with renal failure, a simple attempt to smile may save lives if the condition is known by doctors such as pediatricians and pediatric urologists. Conclusion: We believe that unknowing this condition is the main explanation for this fact. Early diagnosis and close follow up are the key points to a successful outcome.

Management of Overlap Syndrome between Functional Dyspepsia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome by Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine  [PDF]
Fan Chen
Yangtze Medicine (YM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ym.2017.12012
Abstract: The overlap syndrome of functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome (FD-IBS) is very common and difficult to treat. There are many risk factors of FD-IBS. Mental illness of FD-IBS patients is more serious. Functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome have some similarities in the aspects of pathophysiology, pathogenesis, and treatment. We should pay attention to two aspects of the treatment of overlap syndrome, one is simplifying medications, the other is using gastrointestinal motility drug with bidirectional regulative function when necessary. Traditional Chinese medicine in this respect shows some advantages. This review addresses the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features, pathogenesis and management of FD-IBS.
Wallenberg syndrome caused by hemorrhage in medulla oblongata: a case report  [PDF]
Hong-Liang Zhang, Jiang Wu, Ping Liu, Jie Lei, Jia Liu
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.210180
Abstract: A previously healthy 19 year-old college student presented with abrupt onset of nausea, vomiting, dizziness and vertigo, and progressively worsened with hoarseness, and swallowing disturbance, imbalance, numbness of right face and left-side limbs and trunk. The diagnosis of Wallenberg syndrome was established by clinical manifestations and medullary hemorrhage by combination use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography (CT). Supportive treatment was given to the patient and there was considerable improvement in his neurologic status after 40 days treatment.
Fraser Syndrome: Case Report with Review of Literature  [PDF]
Saruban Pasu, Luna Dhir, Sarah Mackenzie, Graham Thompson
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2011.11001
Abstract: Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disorder with a reported incidence of 0.043 per 10,000 live born infants and 1.1 in 10,000 stillbirths[1]. The condition is characterised by cryptophthalmos, cutaneous syndactyly, laryngeal and genitourinary malformations, craniofacial dysmorphism, orofacial clefting, musculoskeletal anomalies and mental retardation. The diagnosis can be made on prenatal scans, post natal clinical examination or on autopsy findings. We present a case of Fraser syndrome and review of the ocular manifestations of this condition.
Early Initial Diagnosis of Gardner Syndrome in a 12-Year-Old Boy  [PDF]
Erich Bryan, Peter Kalina
Advances in Computed Tomography (ACT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/act.2013.21001
Abstract:

A 12-year-old boy presented to his primary care physician with a painful lump at the angle of the left mandible after being kicked in the jaw during a soccer game. Over the next 2 months the lesion became progressively firmer and fine needle aspiration was attempted. Results were non-diagnostic. Panorex examination revealed a calcified mass contiguous with the left angle of the mandible. Considerations were bony callus secondary to trauma versus a calcified hematoma. A maxillofacial CT showed multiple diffuse craniofacial osseous lesions including the clinically suspected region at the left angle of the mandible. Imaging findings were consistent with multiple craniofacial osteomas and workup for Gardner Syndrome was initiated. Genetic testing was subsequently positive for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.

A Case of Type I Hepatorenal Syndrome Treated with Vasopressin  [PDF]
Laura Connor, Geoffrey Teehan
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2013.33025
Abstract:

Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a grave complication of end-stage liver disease and is associated with a very high mortality. This case report described a 42-year-old female with advanced alcohol-induced cirrhosis who developed HRS that was initially treated with Midodrine and Octreotide but renal function continued to deteriorate. Vasopressin therapy was added and HRS was successfully reversed. There are few data available on the use of vasopressin for HRS and this case supports its use in treatment of HRS, particularly in countries where the more widely studied Terlipressin is unavailable. This case also demonstrates that a patient failing one medical therapy for HRS may respond to an alternative or adjunctive therapy. Therefore, this should be attempted to increase the patient’s chance of survival.

Abdominal panniculitis as a presentation of Munchausen Syndrome  [PDF]
Carlos Damas, Ahmed Al-Hindawi, Edoardo Ricciardi, Piero Rossi, Athanasios Petrou, Antonio Manzelli
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.25086
Abstract: Factitious disorders including Munchausen’s syn drome are encountered by all clinicians. A considerable number of cases of Munchausen’s syndrome are under-diagnosed in clinical practice. We present a 34-year-old man who was admitted with symptoms of epigastric pain, vomiting and peri-umbilical ecchymosis. Physical examination showed signs of inflammation in the abdominal wall with tenderness and guarding in the upper abdomen. However, various blood tests were unremarkable. Computed Tomography and demonstrated anterior abdominal wall panniculitis. After many investigations looking into various aetiological factors that could lead to fat necrosis, a diagnosis of Munchausen’s syndrome was made and the patient was discharged to the care of the local general doctor practice following psychiatric input.
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