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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23824 matches for " Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah "
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Tutorial Accounting Fundamentals: A New Look of British and American Accounting System  [PDF]
Nousheen Tariq Bhutta, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2013.21004
Abstract: This paper aims to highlight the perception of graduate and undergraduate students regarding accounting fundamentals across British system and American system. The design of this paper is to derive a unique model which proves the both approaches are in same sense however, they are framed differently. Moreover, it provides a good justification of basic questions like why income and expense are treated as credit side and debit side of trading profit and lossaccount, respectively. Ultimately, it helps educators/instructors in influencing the perceptions of their students with regard to different accounting systems.
Corporate Entrepreneurship and Agency Cost: A Theoretical Perspective  [PDF]
Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Nousheen Tariq Bhutta
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2013.23010
Abstract: The study aims to fill the gap in literature by ascertaining the link between corporate entrepreneurship and agency cost. It presents conceptual framework between corporate entrepreneurship and agency cost, on the basis of their theoretical background. Being a prelude endeavour, it provides a keystone for future studies.

Investors’ Reaction to the Implementation of Corporate Governance Mechanisms  [PDF]
Nousheen Tariq Bhutta, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2014.31002
Abstract: The study investigates the impact of corporate governance on investor reaction. This is the first study till date that addresses this gap in literature. The design of the study comprises of corporate governance, investor reaction. Data was taken from 125 non-financial sector of Pakistani companies listed at KSE for the period of 2005-2010. Data was extracted from balance sheet analysis (SBP report), KSE website and annual reports of companies. Correlation (individual and composite) and linear regression tests were applied to validate the outcomes. The results confirm that there is no impact of corporate governance on investor reaction and relationship between them is negative. This implies the inefficiency of financial market where noise trades create sentiment.
Effect of Chemical Treatment, Wax Coating, Oil Dipping and Different Wrapping Materials on Physio-chemical Characteristics and Storage Behavior of Apple (Malus domestica Borkh)
Syed Mubashir Sabir,Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah,Abida Afzal
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2004,
Abstract: Chemical treatment, wax coating, oil dipping and different wrapping materials have significant role in extending the shelf life of apple. The present investigation was therefore, carried out to extend the shelf life of Banky cultivars of apple by applying the above mentioned treatments. In physical characteristics general appearance (color and shape of fruit), weight loss percentage and organoleptic evaluation were studied during storage. Chemical treatment, total soluble solids, pH, acidity, total sugar, reducing sugar and Vitamin C were analyzed after 15, 30, 45 and 60 days of storage. All the treatment had significant effect on the shelf life of fruits. However, Non-perforated polyethylene was reported superior to all other treatments. Non-perforated polyethylene materials proved very useful for reducing weight loss and shriveling and retained consumer acceptability even after 60 days of storage. Hydroxyquinoline and butter paper wrapping stood second and third positions after non perforated polyethylene wrapping.
Assessment of Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision (CLES) among Nursing Students, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan  [PDF]
Suriya Khatoon, Syed Yousaf Sha, Ajmal Khan, Zulfiqar Ali, Syed Arif Ali
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.94037
Abstract: Background: In nursing education for better teaching and essential professional skills, the clinical practice plays a substantial role. Practice at clinical settings permits students to convert theoretic knowledge into the knowledge of the skills mandatory for the care of the patient. Clinical learning environment (CLE) is an important part in education of nursing and has a sizable influence on the students’ learning. Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine perception and satisfaction of nursing students with their CLEs in Hyderabad, Pakistan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at three nursing institutes of Hyderabad from December 2018 to January 2019 among 342 nursing students. Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES + T) assessment tool was used as the instrument to identify the students’ perception about the learning environment in clinical setting. Results: The mean age of the participants was 25.6 ± 4.93 with majority of them male (70.7%). Three domains, pedagogical atmosphere, supervisory relationship and nurse teacher role in clinical practice showed good reliability of more than 70%. Highest domains vise mean score was obtained for nursing premises on the ward (3.315) whereas lowest for nurse teacher role in clinical practice (NT) (3.062). Analysis of variance revealed that three domains supervisory relationship, leadership style of the ward manager and premises of nursing showed significant mean score difference among supervisor title. Conclusion: It was found that students valued positive supervision, ward manager leadership style premises of nursing on the ward as positive CLE. Learning environment varies between gender, clinical settings and supervision. Medicine ward appeared to deliver the finest learning situations for the nursing program.
Study on the Estrous Cycle Regularity of Cryopreserved Rat Ovarian Tissues after Heterotopic Transplantation  [PDF]
Rumana Jafarey, Syed Ali Rehan Shah Jaffri
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.65037
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the re-initiation of ovarian function in cryopreserved ovarian grafts by means of vaginal smear of transplant rats. Methods: A total of 40 SPF-SD female rats (5 - 6 week-old) were randomly divided into three groups (blank control, castration control and transplant group). Ovaries were removed by surgical procedure then after cryopreservation and thawing procedures the ovarian tissues pushed inside the back muscles gap in transplant group. On the first PO day, vaginal smear collection was daily initiated. After 30 days, the PO day when the estrous cycle was re-initiated was considered for analysis as well as the estrous days and the number of estrous cycles. Results: Normal control group had a regular estrous cycle, while the transplant group had an estrous cycle disorder within first 2 weeks and later 2 weeks after the transplantation while the duration of diestrus cycle lasted longer. At the same time, the castration group had lost the normal estrous cycle, keeping continue in the stage of diestrus. Conclusion: In transplanted animals the re-initiated ovarian function can be predicted with alteration between estrous and diestrus phases with predominant estrous irregularity. Moreover, short autotransplanted graft duration needs time to perfuse by new blood vessels and hormone secretions, so could not directly affect its target organs to function properly.
Re-Use of Hospital Plastic Waste in Asphalt Mixes as Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate  [PDF]
Syed Shahan Ali Shah, Rawid Khan
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2016.63032
Abstract: About 1.3 billion tons of waste is being generated in the world annually. This waste is a cause of various diseases. Open dumping of waste also destroys valuable agricultural land. Various researchers have beneficially used plastic waste in cement concrete and asphalt concrete in the past. This study aims at the use of aggregates, made from different types of plastic waste, as partial replacement of coarse aggregates in asphalt mixes. For this purpose waste is collected from different hospitals of the city. Sorted plastic from the waste consists of 64% low density polyethene, 32% high density polyethene and 4% of polypropylene. Plastic waste is shredded, heated and after cooling, pulverizes manually and mechanically. Specific gravity of plastic aggregates is 0.96. Water absorption and soundness values are 4.68% and 7.68% respectively. Impact, crushing and Loss Angeles values of plastic aggregates are 0.7%, 0.5%, and 1.1% respectively. Replacement of natural aggregates by plastic aggregates in asphalt mixes is done up to 25% with 5% incremental increase. Density of asphalt mixes decreases to 2060 kg/m3. Consequently flow increases to 5.73 mm. Maximum stability is at 20% replacement i.e. 34.57 KN. Cost analysis of the study indicates that 205% increase in stability are observed with 219% increase in cost.
Convex Phillips Curve Explaining Openness and Inflation Nexus  [PDF]
S. Ali Shah Syed, Helène Syed Zwick
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.56086
Abstract: We study the theoretical nexus between inflation and trade openness in the presence of a non-linear Phillips curve. Phillips curve explains the inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation; however, the open economy macroeconomic models usually propose that the slope of the trade-off should be related to the extent of trade openness. The role of openness as a check on inflation has recently attracted attention of many [1]. The parallelism between the recent globalization wave and the fall in inflation has led to a perception that the determinants of the slowdown in inflation were not only the domestic ones but could partly be due to increased trade openness. This study describes this relationship considering a non-linear Phillips curve. Using the conventional Phillips curve approximated by Cobb-Douglas model we confirm the earlier observations regarding the existence of a significant impact of openness on inflation. The interesting contribution of this study is not only to establish the trade-openness and inflation nexus but also to identify the relevant channels through which openness impacts inflation. Our model predicts that in the current scenario of increased openness a non-linear symmetric loss function may still prevail, but for the policy purposes it necessitates to consider domestic and foreign propensities to import and the exchange rate sensitivity to inflation. In addition, the integration of the international markets would result into an even more important role of exchange rate dynamics as a response to the rising international trade. We find that in the presence of a convex Phillips curve any upward variation in the foreigners’ propensity to import would place a downward pressure on domestic inflation, provided that the current and the lagged rate of unemployment are less than minimum unemployment rate. Our model, while assessing the short run dynamics, also suggests that increased openness results into a complex divide among different economies, due to their sizes and structures. Investigating such a relationship as an extension of this study for different economic groups could reveal further interesting facts.
Oil Price Shocks and the US Stock Market: Slope Heterogeneity Analysis  [PDF]
Sarfaraz Ali Shah Syed, Hélène Syed Zwick
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.63055
Abstract: This study investigates the oil and stock prices nexus in the US economy over the period 1980-2016. Using breakpoint regression technique, our findings are twofold: 1) we confirm the existence of the nexus as established in the existing literature on the subject; 2) while the relationship between the oil and stock prices remains intact, the slope changes over time, thus identifying a non-linear relationship.
Anger Expression Style among Nurses Working in General Hospitals of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan  [PDF]
Suriya Khatoon, Syed Yousaf Shah, Ajmal Khan, Syed Arif Ali
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.94034
Abstract: Background: Nowadays, the medical environment has become more competitive in terms of fulfilling various desires of client and to deliver improved service. Repetitive and continued stress may lead anger. Anger is defined as a natural emotion that triggers self-protection mechanism in oneself in a stressful condition. Extreme stress or if duration and intensity of anger are uncontrollable then it could have a negative impact on physical health which can further cause difficulties such as inadequate life, interpersonal issues and depression. Objectives: To find out anger expression style among nurses who work in the hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan, and to assess the association between interpersonal problems and levels of anger expression. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Dow University Hospital and Civil Hospital Karachi from July to August 2017. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on two parts: the first part was related to demographic form and it was comprised of 10 questions. The second part has two forms, which includes the Stat Trait anger inventory (STAIX) and Korean Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (KIIP-SC). Results: Data were gathered from 196 participants working in shifts. More than half of the study participants were young (26 - 35-year-old). To the extent that interpersonal problems were regarded, nurses were negatively associated with state anger and trait anger where positive associations were found with anger control, anger in and anger out. This research exhibited consistent moderate correlation for cold vindictive among anger control, anger in and anger out. This study exhibited that the groups that had the most difficulty with interpersonal problems are the anger-in and out groups. Conclusion: It is concluded that anger expression types trait-anger, stat-anger, anger in, anger control and anger out were not at higher side and showed weaker characteristics of respective subgroups. Similarly, interpersonal problems were also at the lower side and exhibiting lighter characteristics of respective subgroups.
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