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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 752 matches for " Susanna Petche "
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Qualitative evaluation of a diabetes electronic decision support tool: views of users
Qing Wan, Meredith Makeham, Nicholas A Zwar, Susanna Petche
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-12-61
Abstract: This was a qualitative study of telephone interviews. General Practitioners and Practice Nurses from four Divisions of General Practice who had used the EDS tool for a minimum of six weeks were invited to participate. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and the interview transcripts were coded and thematically analysed using NVivo 8 software.In total 15 General Practitioners and 2 Practice Nurses completed the interviews. The most commonly used feature of the EDS tool was the summary side bar; its major function was to provide an overview of clinical information and a prompt or reminder to diabetes care. It also assisted communication and served an educational role as a visual aide in the consultation. Some participants thought the tool resulted in longer consultations. There were a range of barriers to use related to the design and functionality of the tool and to the primary care context.The EDS tool shows promise as a way of summarising information about patients’ diabetes state, reminder of required diabetes care and an aide to patient education.
Misperceptions of peer gambling norms among adolescents: Analysis of a national sample in Finland  [PDF]
Susanna Raisamo, Tomi Lintonen
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.22019
Abstract: Introduction: Misperceptions of peer drinking norms are widely documented in the US student populations and are associated with increased personal consumption. Few studies have examined misperceptions of peer gambling, and none of these have been conducted among adolescents in the European context. In a national sample, we examined misperceptions of peer gambling in Finland. Tenets of the social norms approach form a framework for discussion of the findings. Methods: Participants were 4526 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years who completed the nationwide Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey in 2011. Main measures were gambling behavior and the perception of same age-sex peers’ gambling. Misperception was an overestimation of the frequency of gambling by others compared to the actual frequency of gambling. Results: Adolescents held substantial misperceptions of peer gambling, imagining they gambled much more than they actually did. Age, sex, and gambling behavior were correlated with the perceptions. The extent of misperception was greatest among monthly gamblers, whereas non-gamblers and daily gamblers were more accurate in their perceptions. Estimations of peers’ gambling frequency were more accurate in boys than in girls and among those aged 12 years than among older adolescents. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that adolescent gambling prevention efforts could benefit from adopting a social norms approach; that is, correcting gambling-related misperceptions might discourage gambling and protect adolescents from adopting more severe gambling patterns.
Human dental pulp stem cells differentiate into neural precursors but not into mature functional neurons  [PDF]
Riikka Aanismaa, Jenna Hautala, Annukka Vuorinen, Susanna Miettinen, Susanna Narkilahti
Stem Cell Discovery (SCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/scd.2012.23013
Abstract: Large numbers of neuronal cells are needed for regenerative medicine to treat patients suffering from central nervous system diseases and deficits such as Parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injury. One suggestion has been the utilization of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) for production of neuronal cells which would offer a patient-specific cell source for these treatments. Neuronal differentiation of hDPSCs has been described previously. Here, we tested the differentiation of DPSCs into neuronal cells with previously reported protocol and characterized the cells according to their morphology, gene and protein expressions and most importantly according to their spontaneous electrical functionality with microelectrode array platform (MEA). Our results showed that even though hDPSC-derived neural progenitor stage cells could be produced, these cells did not mature further into functional neuronal cells. Thus, utilization of DPSCs as a cell source for producing grafts to treat neurological deficits requires more efforts before being optimal.
Social Determinants of Stroke as Related to Stress at Work among Working Women: A Literature Review
Susanna Toivanen
Stroke Research and Treatment , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/873678
Abstract: In adult life, many of the social determinants of health are connected to working life. Yet, our knowledge of the role of work-related factors for the risk of stroke is fairly limited. In contemporary occupational health research, the Demand-Control Model (DCM) is frequently used to measure work stress. Previous literature reviews of the association of work stress and cardiovascular disease (CVD) do not include stroke as a specific outcome. Results regarding work stress and the risk of CVD are less evident in working women. With the focus on working women, the purpose of the present paper was to review the current research into the DCM in relation to stroke and to scrutinize potential gender differences. A literature search was performed and eight studies from three countries were identified. Based on the reviewed studies, there is some evidence that high psychological demands, low job control, and job strain are associated with increased stroke risk in women as well as in men. Any major reduction in deaths and disability from stroke is likely to come from decreasing social inequalities in health, and reducing work stress has a potential to contribute to a reduced risk of stroke in working populations. 1. Introduction Social determinants of health, that is, those conditions under which people are born, live, work, and grow old, shape population health in a systematic way [1]. Unequal distribution of and access to resources such as power, education, income, goods, and services influence social inequalities in health between countries and between groups of people within countries. In adult life, many of the social determinants of health are connected to working life. Both employment conditions and adverse work environments contribute to social inequalities in health, and these conditions are unequally distributed across occupational classes and women and men in working populations [2]. Labor markets are clearly segregated by gender meaning that women and men usually work in different industrial sectors with different types of work environments. More women than men have a low occupational class and the share of work stress is usually higher in women’s jobs [3]. Yet, our knowledge of associations of work related factors and the risk of stroke is fairly limited [4–6]. There is a clear social gradient in stroke mortality and morbidity as lower socioeconomic groups worldwide have consistently higher rates of stroke than higher socioeconomic groups [7]. A fourth of all stroke events occur among people of working age (<65 years of age), and the consequences with
La proliferación de discursos en los estudios de género
Rance,Susanna;
Estudios de filosof?-a pr??ctica e historia de las ideas , 2007,
Abstract: as teacher of gender studies, the author observed a gap between the flourishing of sexual and gender diversity, and the persistence in academic courses of binary, biologically-based models. she graphically mapped different approaches including masculinities, the sociology of sex/gender, and internet studies. the proliferation of discourses proposed by foucault and butler has the potential to subvert the hegemony claimed by any current -such as the history of feminism or women in development- as obligatory entry-point to this area of study. from a postmodern perspective, the method opens up the field from women's studies to new themes and subjects of gender studies.
A Report on the Examination of Animal Skin Artefacts from the Bronze Age Salt Mines of Hallstatt, Austria
Susanna Harris
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2006, DOI: 10.5334/pia.270
Abstract:
Review of: Bichler, P., Gr mer, K., Hofmann-de Keijzer, R., Kern, A. and Reschreiter, H. (eds.) 2005. Hallstatt Textiles: Technical Analysis, Scientific Investigation and Experiment on Iron Age Textiles. BAR (Int. Series) 1351. Oxford: Archaeopress
Susanna Harris
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2005, DOI: 10.5334/pia.236
Abstract:
After Die Geburt der Trag die: the Myth of Dionysus Zagreus in Italy and Russia in the early Twentieth Century Dopo Die Geburt der Trag die: il mito di Dioniso Zagreo in Italia e in Russia nel primo Novecento
Susanna Sitzia
Between , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the orphic quality of Italian and Russian poetry in the early twentieth century, examining the rewritings of the myth of Dionysus Zagreus in Maia (1903) by Gabriele d’Annunzio, Canti Orfici (1914) by Dino Campana, and Cor Ardens (1912) by Vja eslav Ivánov. The reception of this myth has been clearly influenced by Nietzsche’s Aesthetics. The relevance of Zagreus in Die Geburt der Trag die contributes to the myth’s renewal; moreover, Nietzsche’s interpretation of the tragic hero encourages the revitalization of the ancient orphic tradition, since the dismemberment of Dionysus is the most important myth of Orphism. The allusions to orphic myths are often cryptic, but the selection of the same motifs facilitates the recognition of the myths lyrically transposed in Russian and Italian texts, which can serve to lighten one other. Ivánov, d’Annunzio, and Campana strive to establish a strong relationship between their works and Orphism, a choice discernible from paratextual references to the orphic tradition. This essay investigates the orphic substratum of their poetry, considering both enigmatic and unequivocal allusions to figures, motifs, and symbols of orphic mythology as the role of Titans, the heart of Zagreus, the mirror. The poetic use of orphic myths and concepts and the quotations of the orphic hymnography reveal that an orphic inspiration joins the different poetics of d’Annunzio, Campana, and Ivánov. Il saggio mira a far luce sulla qualità orfica della poesia italiana e russa primonovecentesca esaminando le riscritture del mito di Dioniso Zagreo in Maia (1903) di Gabriele d’Annunzio, Canti Orfici (1914) di Dino Campana e Cor Ardens (1912) di Vja eslav Ivánov. La ricezione di questo mito è stata influenzata dall’estetica nietzschiana. La rilevanza di Zagreo in Die Geburt der Trag die contribuisce al rinnovamento del mito; inoltre l’interpretazione nietzschiana dell’eroe tragico favorisce la rivitalizzazione della tradizione orfica, perché lo smembramento di Dioniso è il mito più importante dell’Orfismo. Le allusioni ai miti orfici sono spesso criptiche, ma la selezione degli stessi motivi facilita il riconoscimento dei miti trasposti nei testi poetici russi e italiani, che possono vicendevolmente rischiararsi. Ivánov, d’Annunzio e Campana intendono stabilire una relazione forte con l’Orfismo, una scelta che si evince dai riferimenti paratestuali alla tradizione orfica che la instaurano. Questo saggio indaga il substrato orfico della loro poesia, valutando sia enigmatiche che inequivocabili allusioni a fi
Tools influencing on business development and population's social protection
Susanna Alieva
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business , 2009,
Abstract: The paper raises the issue how to develop public policy instruments that could efficiently target bothdevelopment of entrepreneurship and strengthening of social safety of workers.
Should Prostate Cancer Screening Continue?
Susanna Fung
University of Toronto Medical Journal , 2003, DOI: 10.5015/utmj.v80i3.762
Abstract:
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