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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 434 matches for " Supervision "
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Use of Smartphone for Supportive Supervision in Nigeria  [PDF]
O. Onuka, O. Madukwe, N. Chukwueme, M. Gidado, U. Emperor, K. Agbaiyero, O. Adeleke
iBusiness (IB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2015.72009
Abstract: Background: Based on in-country consultations, capacity to provide high-quality TB/TBHIV services is sub-optimal and not unrelated to weak supervision. Within the National TB Program (NTP) in Nigeria, supervision is entirely paper based; time consuming and structured in a way that rapid review of results is neither available nor timely resolution of problems. Objective: Describe the value of smart phones in improving quality of supervision. Methods: This is a descriptive study. With the NTP open to exploring innovative ways of strengthening supervision, Health Systems 20/20 in collaboration with the NTP proposed a pilot use of smart phones for supervision at health facilities, with focus in Abia state. The State was purposively selected for the study. A stake-holders meeting was convened to fully engage all key TB partners. Situation analysis was conducted in Abia state, a south-east state selected for the pilot, out of which 4 facilities were identified. National and state supervisory checklists were reviewed, programmed & uploaded unto the smart phones. The State TB teams were trained on the use of the smart phone & 6 supervisory visits were conducted within 4 consecutive quarters in Abia state for each facility. Results: Within the pilot sites, the smart phones were noted to be user friendly with rapid review of results done at each visit. Immediate feedback and corrective action for identified challenges were made. However, the record of previous findings and recommendations could not be retrieved on the spot during subsequent visits due to storage capacity of the phone. The time spent on supervision was reduced to 2 hrs per facility using the smart phones compared to 4 hrs when using the paper based at other sites. With scale up from 4 to 45 DOT centers, the treatment success rate in the state TB program increased from 76% in 2011 to 85% in 2012 reporting year, for cases registered in the previous year. Conclusions: NTP through support of other partners should adopt and scale up the use of smart phones for supervision nationwide.
Research on the Current Situation and Path of the Local Government’s Supervision of Car-Hailing  [PDF]
Di Zhang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.87111
Abstract: With the continuous development of the Internet technology, the launch of the car-hailing has attracted the attention of all sectors of society. As a new mode of travel, car-hailing has the advantages of high timeliness and convenience and has caused a great impact on the traditional taxi industry. In response to the active response to the central governments policy objectives, local governments in China are still faced with multi-dimensional challenges relating to online dating platforms, taxi companies, and private car owners. Therefore, local governments should consider the local economic and social development status, adhere to the central government’s legislative authority, adhere to the local government’s policy objectives, develop the “government plus enterprise” regulatory model, and strengthen legislation to eliminate the disadvantages of local legislation to deal with issues during the regulatory process.
Development and Validation of Supervision Scale in Phone Consultation in Iran  [PDF]
Mahmood Dehghani, Samaneh Ghafoori, Samiyeh Panahandeh, Komeil Zahedi, Nahid Honarmand, Arezo Zokaeefar
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2017.62012
Abstract: The purpose of the present research is to develop and validate an instrument for supervision in phone consultation. Literature review and focus group discussion in the first stage led to the extraction of twenty items for the supervision scale. After the initial administration and the group work of the specialized team and upon receiving the feedback, the repetitive and overlapping items were deleted and ten important items were selected. Finally, the instrument was administered on 499 consolers of phone consultation in 19 provinces of Iran, consisted of male and female individuals cooperating in the counselor’s voice. The consolers were trained and assessed by 96 supervisors. The supervisors consisted of male and female supervisors introduced as supervisors by the State Welfare Organization of Iran in different provinces all over the country. This study was conducted in State Welfare Organization of Iran. The exploratory factor analysis on the supervision scale revealed two dimensions: therapeutic alliance and intervention. The result showed the supervision scale was a valid and reliable instrument for assessing the consultation process in the semi-structured model of phone consultation. The finding is in line with previous studies in terms of therapeutic alliance, intervention in the semi-structured model of phone consultation.
Exploring Transactional Analysis in Relation to Post-Graduate Supervision—A Balancing Process  [PDF]
Patrik Thollander, Wiktoria Glad, Patrik Rohdin
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.54028

The PhD student supervision process is an important process, and the need for PhD students, who often form the backbone of the research community, to receive professional, inspiring and efficient supervision cannot be understated. This paper explores the benefits and values of Transactional Analysis (TA) as a way to further understand and work with PhD supervision. Using TA and the legitimacy ladder applied on PhD education, a modified model for increased understanding of the PhD student supervision process is presented, and is then related to empirical findings from a questionnaire among PhD students. The model shows for example the need for the supervisor to balance his or her role towards the PhD student, and suggests that professional PhD student supervision means moving from a Parent to Child relationship between the supervisor and the PhD student, towards a more mature Adult to Adult relationship.

External Governance of Non-Profit Organization—Reflections on the Auditing Guidance of Public Welfare Foundation  [PDF]
Wei Xia
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.78071
Abstract: Nowadays, the society is increasingly concerned about the operation of the public welfare foundation. For third-party supervision as an important tool of external governance, the audit of the foundation should be targeted to reflect the implementation process and results of the fiduciary responsibility of the public welfare fund so as to meet the community’s open and transparent demand for charitable information, reshaping the credibility of charitable organizations. Improving the traditional audit model tailored, and auditing the foundation in whether it is responsible for its public fiduciary responsibility, from the donors point of view, the evaluation of the operation of the public welfare fund may be better able to meet the social’s need for charity accountability.
A Survey of Internal Governance in Family Business  [PDF]
Qi Lin
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.84075
Abstract: Family businesses play an important role in the global economic environment. In China, more than 90% of them use family management or family organization. This shows that family-owned companies are playing a decisive role in China’s economy. However, with regard to the current development situation, the development status of family-owned enterprises is not optimistic, and the average life expectancy is only 5 years. Facts have proved that internal governance is the key point for the steady development of family-owned enterprises. Internal governance supervision, as an important component of the five elements of internal control, is related to whether the internal management of a family-owned company can be implemented steadily and effectively. Therefore, a sound internal governance supervision system is the key point for whether the family business can survive in the modern economic competitive environment. This review points out the disadvantages of the family business and points out the new direction for the follow-up family business research that applies to the internal governance supervision model of the family business.
Exploring graduate student learning in applied science and student-supervisor relationships: views of supervisors and their students
Karina Lange
Engineering Education , 2008,
Abstract: This study presents the results of aquestionnaire about the learning thatoccurs at graduate level and how thesupervision of research contributes tothis learning. Graduate students (PhDand Masters) and academic staff whosupervise graduate students in appliedscience were surveyed. Graduate studentresponses exemplified how critical therelationship with their supervisor is inthe success of their research term. Thedescriptive answers given by supervisorsdemonstrated their genuine interest ingraduate school learning and showed theyare cognizant of many issues pertainingto culture and learning environmentsin graduate study. The questionnairesought to expand the trends and conceptsidentified by phenomenographic interviewswith graduate students and supervisors.Other important insights such as opinionsabout coursework, learning environmentsand barriers are highlighted. Addressingsuch issues can only encourage anoutcome that is beneficial to both studentsand supervisors through good researchand a life-long skill of deep learning for thestudent.
A Supportive Approach to Supervising Students Reading for a Phd in Systems and Software Engineering  [PDF]
Richard Lai
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326138
Abstract: Supervising a PhD student is a complex teaching task as it involves a very unstructured environment and many intellectual challenges and stimuli, and it often requires a compatible student/supervisor relationship for successful outcomes. It is therefore not surprising that it has been reported that an aspect of teaching and learning that has been overlooked in higher education is research student supervision. Typical problems of poor supervision include: high rates of dissatisfaction with supervisors and high attrition rates and slow rates of completion for students. It has also been reported that there is no set prescription on appropriate and successful supervision; rather, the interactions between quality and style of supervision, and the field of study have all to be considered. It is not easy to know what a student and his/her supervisor should be doing in order to succeed. We are thus motivated to present in this paper our approach to supervising students reading for a PhD in systems and software engineering. This approach is centered on motivating students to learn and to do research by having supervisory activities that support their development throughout their candidature.
The Potential of Adaptive Mentorship©: Experts’ Perspectives  [PDF]
Edwin Ralph, Keith Walker
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28013
Abstract: In recent years, global interest in the processes of mentorship and coaching has expanded across all disciplinary fields. Educational institutions, commercial enterprises, and other organizations have integrated mentorship processes into their educational programs to help prepare/train protégés for entry into a specific professions or occupations and/or to upgrade their related skills/knowledge. Over the past quarter century, in partial response to the popularity of mentoring, the authors have developed a mentoring model called Adaptive Mentorship© (AM). Research conducted by the authors and others has affirmed AM’s value in improving mentoring practice in a variety of disciplines. In the present article, the authors summarize assessments of the model that they solicited during the past five years from 49 multi-disciplinary groups or panels of experts. The experts’ positive statements regarding AM outweighed their cautionary comments by a ratio of 2:1. The strengths that they identified were that AM conceptualized the entire mentorship process in an understandable manner, and that it helped reveal potential interpersonal conflicts as well as practical solutions for them. The caveats identified by the experts were that personnel employing the AM model must apply it sensibly, sensitively, and flexibly—especially in cross-cultural contexts.
Workplace Risk Prevention in Public Building Projects in Mexico  [PDF]
Rómel G. Solís-Carca?o, José A. González-Fajardo, Enrique de J. Ayora-Sosa
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.24020
Abstract: The importance of risk prevention in the workplace during the construction of public infrastructure projects is particularly relevant due to the large number of workers involved as well as the frequency and severity of the accidents. The aim of this work was to conduct an exploratory study of workplace risk prevention in the construction of public work projects in Mexico. The methodology was based on a case study which included an exploration of the attitudes assumed by the civil servants working for the government agency, regarding workplace risk prevention, and the observation of construction processes in a sampling of projects. The results show that the regulations are not fully adhered to during the stages of project planning and contracting for the work. During project designing, the inclusion of criteria regarding workplace risk prevention is relegated, and during public tendering, the experience of the contractor in risk prevention and workplace safety plans are not taken into account. Consequently, as one might expect from the above, during the construction processes, it was possible to observe that only about half of the prevention requirements applicable in the workplace were actually complied with.
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