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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28374 matches for " Sung-Il Kim1 "
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Arabidopsis SIZ1 positively regulates alternative respiratory bypass pathways
Bong Soo Park1, Sung-Il Kim1, Jong Tae Song2 & Hak Soo Seo1,3,*
BMB Reports , 2012,
Abstract: Plant mitochondria possess alternative respiratory pathwaysmediated by the type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenases and alternativeoxidases. Here, E3 SUMO ligase was shown to regulatealternative respiratory pathways and to participate in the maintenanceof carbon and nitrogen balance in Arabidopsis. Thetranscript abundance of the type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenasesNDA2 and NDB2 and alternative oxidases AOX1a and AOX1dgenes was low in siz1-2 mutants compared to that in wild-type.The addition of nitrate or ammonium resulted in a decrease oran increase in the expression of the same gene families, respectively,in both wild-type and siz1-2 mutants. The amountof free sugar (glucose, fructose and sucrose) was lower in siz1-2mutants than that in wild-type. These results indicate that lownitrate reductase activity due to the AtSIZ1 mutation is correlatedwith an overall decrease in alternative respiration andwith a low carbohydrate content to maintain the carbon to nitrogenratio in siz1-2 mutants.
Epidemiological Characteristics of Novel Influenza A (H1N1) in Antiviral Drug Users in Korea
Kyunghi Choi, Sung-il Cho, Masahiro Hashizume, Ho Kim
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047634
Abstract: Soon after the first novel influenza A (H1N1) death was documented in Korea on August 15, 2009, prompt treatment with antiviral drugs was recommended when an infection was suspected. Free antiviral drugs were distributed to patients who met the case definition in the treatment guidelines, and patients prescribed the antiviral drugs were included in the Antiviral Drug Surveillance System (ADSS). A total of 2,825,821 patients were reported to the ADSS from September 1 to December 31, 2009. Odds ratios were calculated to compare the risks of severe diseases, as indicated by general hospital admissions or intensive care unit (ICU) admissions according to demographic characteristics, underlying medical conditions, and behavioral factors. Approximately 6% of the total population received antiviral drugs during the study period. Of these, 2,709,611 (95.9%) were outpatients, 114,840 (4.06%) were hospitalized, and 1,370 (0.05%) were admitted to the ICU. Children aged 0–9 yr accounted for 33.94% of all reported cases, whereas only 3.89% of the patients were ≥ 60 yr. The estimated incidence of novel influenza A (H1N1) during the pandemic was 5.68/100 of all reported cases. Mortality due to influenza A (H1N1) during the pandemic was 0.33/100,000, with the highest mortality of 1.31/100,000 for patients aged ≥ 60 years. Severe pandemic H1N1 influenza was associated with the presence of one or more underlying medical conditions in elderly aged ≥ 60 years and with lower economic status. Moreover, influenza A (H1N1) appeared to be age-specific in terms of mortality. Although the incidence and admission rates of influenza A (H1N1) were higher in younger age groups, fatal cases were much more likely to occur in the elderly (≥60 years). In contrast to earlier influenza A (H1N1) reports, the risks of a severe outcome were elevated among those who were underweight (body mass index < 18.5 kg/m2).
Laparoscopic resection of an adrenal pseudocyst mimicking a retroperitoneal mucinous cystic neoplasm
Bum-Soo Kim, Sun-Hyung Joo, Sung-Il Choi, Jeong-Yoon Song
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2009,
Abstract: Adrenal pseudocysts are rare cystic masses that arise within the adrenal gland and are usually non-functional and asymptomatic. Adrenal pseudocysts consist of a fibrous wall without a cellular lining. We report a patient with a 9 cm, left-sided suprarenal cystic mass who presented with abdominal discomfort of 2 years’ duration. A 38-year-old woman was referred to our service for evaluation of abdominal discomfort and gastrointestinal symptoms. Routine laboratory tests were within normal limits. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a 9 cm × 8 cm × 8 cm well-defined cystic lesion displacing the left kidney. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a cystic lesion with low signal intensity on the T1-weighted image and high signal intensity on the T2-weighted image. A laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was performed to diagnose the lesion. The final pathology showed an adrenal pseudocyst without a cellular lining. The patient had no postoperative complications and she was discharged four days after surgery.
Akt regulates the expression of MafK, synaptotagmin I, and syntenin-1, which play roles in neuronal function
Young-Tae Ro, Bo-Kwang Jang, Chan Shin, Eui U Park, Chul Kim, Sung-Il Yang
Journal of Biomedical Science , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1423-0127-17-18
Abstract: We performed suppression subtractive hybridization on two previously established PC12 sublines, one of which overexpresses the wild-type (WT) form and the other, the dominant-negative (DN) form of Akt. These sublines respond differently to NGF's neuronal differentiation effect.A variety of genes was identified and could be classified into several functional groups, one of which was developmental processes. Two genes involved in neuronal differentiation and function were found in this group. v-Maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog K (MafK) induces the neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells and immature telencephalon neurons, and synaptotagmin I (SytI) is essential for neurotransmitter release. Another gene, syntenin-1 (Syn-1) was also recognized in the same functional group into which MafK and SytI were classified. Syn-1 has been reported to promote the formation of membrane varicosities in neurons. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses show that the transcript levels of these three genes were lower in PC12 (WT-Akt) cells than in parental PC12 and PC12 (DN-Akt) cells. Furthermore, treatment of PC12 (WT-Akt) cells with an Akt inhibitor resulted in the increase of the expression of these genes and the improvement of neurite outgrowth. These results indicate that dominant-negative or pharmacological inhibition of Akt increases the expression of MafK, SytI, and Syn-1 genes. Using lentiviral shRNA to knock down endogenous Syn-1 expression, we demonstrated that Syn-1 promotes an increase in the numbers of neurites and branches.Taken together, these results indicate that Akt negatively regulates the expression of MafK, SytI, and Syn-1 genes that all participate in regulating neuronal integrity in some way or another.Akt (also termed "protein kinase B') mediates a variety of biological responses to insulin, cytokines, and numerous growth factors. As such, Akt has been well recognized as an important regulator for multiple biolog
A genome-wide Asian genetic map and ethnic comparison: The GENDISCAN study
Young Ju, Hansoo Park, Mi Kyeong Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Joohon Sung, Sung-Il Cho, Jeong-Sun Seo
BMC Genomics , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-9-554
Abstract: We constructed the genetic map of a Mongolian population in Asia with CRIMAP software. This new map, called the GENDISCAN map, is based on genotype data collected from 1026 individuals of 73 large Mongolian families, and includes 1790 total and 1500 observable meioses. The GENDISCAN map provides sex-averaged and sex-specific genetic positions of 1039 microsatellite markers in Kosambi centimorgans (cM) with physical positions. We also determined 95% confidence intervals of genetic distances of the adjacent marker intervals.Genetic lengths of the whole genome, chromosomes and adjacent marker intervals are compared with those of Rutgers Map v.2, which was constructed based on Caucasian populations (Centre d'Etudes du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH) and Icelandic families) by mapping methods identical to those of the GENDISCAN map, CRIMAP software and the Kosambi map function. Mongolians showed approximately 1.9 fewer recombinations per meiosis than Caucasians. As a result, genetic lengths of the whole genome and chromosomes of the GENDISCAN map are shorter than those of Rutgers Map v.2. Thirty-eight marker intervals differed significantly between the Mongolian and Caucasian genetic maps.The new GENDISCAN map is applicable to the genetic study of Asian populations. Differences in the genetic distances between the GENDISCAN and Caucasian maps could facilitate elucidation of genomic variations between different ethnic groups.Genetic maps provide specific positions of genetic markers, which are required for performing genetic studies. Linkage analyses, which aim to identify genetic loci related to human phenotypes and complex diseases, have been performed with Caucasian genetic maps even in Asian populations, because no comprehensive Asian genetic maps with dense markers have yet been introduced. Since multipoint methods are frequently used in linkage analyses, it is important to use correct maps for the population being studied [1].Distance between adjacent genetic markers in
Weight Change as a Predictor of Incidence and Remission of Insulin Resistance
Yoosoo Chang, Eunju Sung, Kyung Eun Yun, Hyun-Suk Jung, Chan-Won Kim, Min-Jung Kwon, Sung-Il Cho, Seungho Ryu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063690
Abstract: Objective The objective of this study was to assess the longitudinal relationship of weight change on incidence and remission of insulin resistance (IR). Methods We performed a cohort study in apparently healthy Korean men, 30 to 59 years of age, who underwent a health checkup and were followed annually or biennially between 2002 and 2009. The computer model of homeostasis model assessment, HOMA2-IR, was obtained at each visit, and IR was defined as HOMA2-IR ≥75th percentile. Results For IR development, 1,755 of the 6,612 IR-free participants at baseline developed IR (rate 5.1 per 100 person-years) during 34,294.8 person-years of follow-up. The hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for incident IR with weight changes of <?0.9 kg, 0.6–2.1 kg and ≥2.2 kg from visit 1 to visit 2 (average 1.8 years) compared to weight change of ?0.9–0.5 kg (reference) were 0.78 (0.68–0.90), 1.19 (1.04–1.35) and 1.26 (1.11–1.44), respectively. This association persisted in normal-weight individuals or those without any metabolic syndrome traits and remained significant after introducing weight categories and confounders as time-dependent exposures (P-trend <0.001). For IR remission, 903 of 1,696 IR participants had no IR (remission rate 10.3 per 100 person-years) during 8,777.4 person-years of follow-up. IR remission decreased with increasing quartiles of weight change (P-trend <0.001) and this association persisted in normal-weight individuals. Conclusions Weight gain was associated with increased IR development and decreased IR remission regardless of baseline BMI status. Preventing weight gain, even in healthy and normal-weight individuals, is an important strategy for reducing IR and its associated consequences.
Deformation behavior of duplex austenite and ε-martensite high-Mn steel
Ki Hyuk Kwon, Byeong-Chan Suh, Sung-Il Baik, Young-Woon Kim, Jong-Kyo Choi and Nack J Kim
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials , 2013,
Abstract: Deformation and work hardening behavior of Fe–17Mn–0.02C steel containing ε-martensite within the austenite matrix have been investigated by means of in situ microstructural observations and x-ray diffraction analysis. During deformation, the steel shows the deformation-induced transformation of austenite → ε-martensite → α'-martensite as well as the direct transformation of austenite → α'-martensite. Based on the calculation of changes in the fraction of each constituent phase, we found that the phase transformation of austenite → ε-martensite is more effective in work hardening than that of ε-martensite → α'-martensite. Moreover, reverse transformation of ε-martensite → austenite has also been observed during deformation. It originates from the formation of stacking faults within the deformed ε-martensite, resulting in the formation of 6H-long periodic ordered structure.
IFNγ-mediated inhibition of cell proliferation through increased PKCδ-induced overexpression of EC-SOD
Yoon-Jae Jeon1, Hyun Yoo1, Byung Hak Kim1, Yun Sang Lee1, Byeongwook Jeon1, Sung-Sub Kim2,* & Tae-Yoon Kim1,*
BMB Reports , 2012,
Abstract: Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) overexpressionmodulates cellular responses such as tumor cell suppression andis induced by IFNγ. Therefore, we examined the role of EC-SODin IFNγ-mediated tumor cell suppression. We observed that thedominant-negative protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) suppressesIFNγ-induced EC-SOD expression in both keratinocytes andmelanoma cells. Our results also showed that PKCδ-induced ECSODexpression was reduced by pretreatment with a PKCspecificinhibitor or a siRNA against PKCδ. PKCδ-induced ECSODexpression suppressed cell proliferations by the up-regulationof p21 and Rb, and the downregulation of cyclin A and D.Finally, we demonstrated that increased expression of EC-SODdrastically suppressed lung melanoma proliferation in an EC-SODtransgenic mouse via p21 expression. In summary, our findingssuggest that IFNγ-induced EC-SOD expression occurs via activationof PKCδ. Therefore, the upregulation of EC-SOD may beeffective for prevention of various cancers, including melanoma,via cell cycle arrest.
RPS3a Over-Expressed in HBV-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma Enhances the HBx-Induced NF-κB Signaling via Its Novel Chaperoning Function
Keo-Heun Lim, Kyun-Hwan Kim, Seong Il Choi, Eun-Sook Park, Seung Hwa Park, Kisun Ryu, Yong Kwang Park, So Young Kwon, Sung-Il Yang, Han Chu Lee, In-Kyung Sung, Baik L. Seong
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022258
Abstract: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) is known to play a key role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several cellular proteins have been reported to be over-expressed in HBV-associated HCC tissues, but their role in the HBV-mediated oncogenesis remains largely unknown. Here, we explored the effect of the over-expressed cellular protein, a ribosomal protein S3a (RPS3a), on the HBx-induced NF-κB signaling as a critical step for HCC development. The enhancement of HBx-induced NF-κB signaling by RPS3a was investigated by its ability to translocate NF-κB (p65) into the nucleus and the knock-down analysis of RPS3a. Notably, further study revealed that the enhancement of NF-κB by RPS3a is mediated by its novel chaperoning activity toward physiological HBx. The over-expression of RPS3a significantly increased the solubility of highly aggregation-prone HBx. This chaperoning function of RPS3a for HBx is closely correlated with the enhanced NF-κB activity by RPS3a. In addition, the mutational study of RPS3a showed that its N-terminal domain (1–50 amino acids) is important for the chaperoning function and interaction with HBx. The results suggest that RPS3a, via extra-ribosomal chaperoning function for HBx, contributes to virally induced oncogenesis by enhancing HBx-induced NF-κB signaling pathway.
Inhibition of glutamate dehydrogenase and insulin secretion by KHG26377 does not involve ADP-ribosylation by SIRT4 or deacetylation by SIRT3
Eun-A Kim1,#, Seung-Ju Yang2,#, Soo Young Choi3, Woo Je Lee4,* & Sung-Woo Cho1,*
BMB Reports , 2012,
Abstract: We investigated the mechanisms involved in KHG26377 regulationof glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) activity, focusing onthe roles of SIRT4 and SIRT3. Intraperitoneal injection of micewith KHG26377 reduced GDH activity with concomitant repressionof glucose-induced insulin secretion. Consistent withtheir known functions, SIRT4 ribosylated GDH and reduced itsactivity, and SIRT3 deacetylated GDH, increasing its activity.However, KHG26377 did not affect SIRT4-mediated ADP-ribosylation/inhibition or SIRT3-mediated deacetylation/activationof GDH. KHG26377 had no effect on SIRT4 protein levels,and did not alter total GDH, acetylated GDH, or SIRT3 proteinlevels in pancreatic mitochondrial lysates. These results suggestthat the mechanism by which KHG26377 inhibits GDHactivity and insulin secretion does not involve ADP-ribosylationof GDH by SIRT4 or deacetylation of GDH by SIRT3.
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