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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 37195 matches for " Sun Chul Kang "
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In vitro antagonistic potential of Streptomyces sp. AM-S1 against plant and human pathogens  [PDF]
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Sun Chul Kang
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2012.11007
Abstract: In the present investigation, a total number of 132 different actinomycetes strains were isolated from the humus soil samples. Out of 132 isolates, 52 showed inhibitory activity against the fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani. Among the antagonists, the isolate designated as AM-S1 exhibited maximum inhibitory activity against the test pathogen R. solani (41 mm). Further, the light microscopic observations of the co-cultures showed severe structural alterations in the mycelia of R. solani near the zone of inhibition. The isolate AM-S1 was identified as Streptomyces sp. by morphological and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The color of the aerial and substrate mycelia produced by the Streptomyces sp. AM-S1 varied with different media. The isolate Streptomyces sp. AM-S1 also effectively inhibited the growth of various plant and human pathogens. Further works are needed on optimization of this strain’s antagonistic activity, isolation and characterization of the antimicrobial metabolite.

Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of essential oil from Korean Citrus unshiu peel  [PDF]
Xiao Nan Yang, Sun Chul Kang
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.23007
Abstract: The chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of essential oil from peel of Citrus unshiuwhich cultivated in South Korea were investigated. Eight compounds were identified as l-limonene (88.11%), γ-terpinene (4.66%), cyclohexane, 2,4-diisopropenyl-1-methyl-1-vinyl (1.82%), diethyl phthalate (1.02%), β-linalool (0.97%), β-myrcene (0.91%), α-farnesene (0.91%) and o-cymene (0.85%)
by GC-MS. The SC50values of this essential oil on DPPH and superoxide anion were 0.21 and 0.22% (v/v), respectively. The results of zone of inhibition, MIC, MBC and cell viability demonstrated the essential oil of-Citrus unshiupeel displayed antibacterial effect against B. cereus KCTC 14042, B. subtilis ATCC 6633 and S. aureusATCC 6538. The release of cell material and potassium ion from the B. subtilis ATCC 6633 cells treated with essential oil was further investigated. SEM observation also revealed the damaging effect of the essential oil on the morphology of B. subtilisATCC 6633 cells at minimum inhibitory concentration.


In vivo control of perilla rust disease by oak pyroligneous liquor  [PDF]
Anil Kumar Chauhan, Sun Chul Kang
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.24013
Abstract: Leaves of Perilla frutescens, commonly known as perilla are widely used in Korea, due to their medicinal properties. The rust disease of perilla interrupts its wide use every year. The present study was carried out to evaluate the control of perilla rust disease by using oak pyroligneous liquor having various biological properties. The rust disease infected perilla leaves were applied with 100 μl of oak pyroligneous liquor at different concentrations such as 6.25, 12.5, 25 and 50 μg/ml. Then the leaf samples were observed for the abortion of active rust pustules (yellow color) after 48 hours of incubation at 26?C. Further, inhibition of rust pustules development by oak pyroligneous liquor was evaluated on the leaves of artificially induced perilla rust disease. The best abortion of rust pustules by oak pyroligneous liquor was noticed at the concentration of 50 μg/ml, where 74.4% of the pustules were aborted. Discoloration of rust pustules was also observed in the treated leaves from yellow to white when compared with the untreated control. In addition, oak pyroligneous liquor completely inhibited the development of rust pustules in artificially induced leaves even at low concentration (6.25 μg/ml). The results clearly indicated that oak pyroligneous liquor is a good candidate for the management of Perilla rust disease.
Potential Roles of Essential Oil and Extracts of Piper chaba Hunter to Inhibit Listeria monocytogenes
Atiqur Rahman,Sharif M. Al-Reza,M. A. Sattar,Sun Chul Kang
Records of Natural Products , 2011,
Abstract: The in vitro anti-listerial potential of essential oil and various organic extracts of Piper chaba Hunter (Piperaceae) were evaluated. The chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by the GC-MS. Fifty four compounds representing 95.4% of the total oil w ere identified, of which α-humulene (16.4%), caryophyllene oxide (12.2%), veridiflorol (8.1%), globulol (7.4%), β-selinene (7.1%), spathulenol (6.2%), trans-nerolidol (5.1%), linalool (4.5%), 3-pentanol (3.5%), tricyclene (2.2%) and p-cymene (1.6%) were the major compounds. The oil and organic extracts revealed a great potential anti-listerial effect against all five strains of Listeriamonocytogenes ATCC 19111, 19116, 19118, 19166 and 15313. Also the essential oil had a strong inhibitory effect on the viable cell count of the tested Listeria spp. Our findings demonstrate that the essential oil and extracts derived from the leaf of P. chaba might be a potential source of natural preservatives used in food industries.
Incidence and Clinical Characteristics of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) after Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) with DVT Chemoprophylaxis  [PDF]
Yong Sung Won, Mihyeong Kim, Kang Woong Jun, Woo Seok Nam, Sanghyun Ahn, Jeong-Kye Hwang, Sang-Dong Kim, Sun-Cheol Park, Sang Seob Yun, Won-Chul Lee, Jang-Sang Park, Jang Yong Kim
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.411064
Abstract: Objective: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is very common and leading cause of death due to this procedure. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of DVT after TKA with DVT chemoprophylaxis. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study in single institution. The patients received postoperative DVT chemoprophylaxis (low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or Fondaparinux), followed by duplex ultrasonography to check for DVT 1 - 2 weeks after TKA. The clinical characteristics were summarized and analysed by chi-square test and regression analysis. Results: Five hundred and thirty four patients were enrolled from January 2007 to December 2010. DVT chemoprophylaxis was administered in 524 (98.1%) of the 534 patients. DVT occurred in 9 subjects (1.69%); 8 subjects had DVT in the leg, and 1 subject had a pulmonary embolism. Among them, asymptomatic DVT was observed in 5 patients (0.94%). Univariate analysis showed that surgical methods (revision, P = 0.0007), body mass index (BMI) (>25, P = 0.0028), low platelet count (less than 150 × 103, P = 0.0219), time in the intensive care unit (ICU) (P < 0.0001), no administration of prophylactic LMWH (P = 0.0392), and a history of DVT (P < 0.0001) were significant risk factors of DVT. Conclusions: The incidence of DVT was 1.69% after TKA with prophylactic antithrombotic therapy. Revision surgery, BMI, low platelet count, time in ICU, absence of prophylactic LMWH and history of DVT were significant risk factors of DVT.
Individual Differences in Recognizing Spontaneous Emotional Expressions: Their Implications for Positive Interpersonal Relationships  [PDF]
Sun-Mee Kang
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A175
Abstract:

The main purpose of the current study was to introduce the Spontaneous Expressions Recognition Test (SERT), a new thin-slice measure of emotion recognition for normative adults, and demonstrate its relative strengths for predicting positive interpersonal relationships. To explore this question, a semester-long longitudinal study was conducted. In this study, college students were randomly assigned to small research teams and worked together throughout the semester to conduct group research projects. Peer ratings of interpersonal relationships were collected at the end of the semester. The results provided preliminary support for the SERT, by demonstrating its relative strength for predicting positive interpersonal relationships.

Effect of On-Line Hemodiafiltration on Dry Weight Adjustment in Intradialytic Hypotension-Prone Patients: Comparative Study of Conventional Hemodialysis and On-Line Hemodiafiltration  [PDF]
Sun Woo Kang
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2014.41001
Abstract:

Introduction: Correct adjustment of dry weight after hemodialysis (HD) with no signs of hypervolemia is important. Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is the most common complication during HD. IDH occurs in 15% to 30% and possibly in up to 50% of dialysis sessions. IDH augments mortality essentially due to chronic overhydration and the inability to reach the proper dry weight. On-line hemodiafiltration (ol-HDF) has been reported to reduce the frequency of IDH. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of ol-HDF on hemodynamic stability and dry weight adjustment compared with low-flux HD. Methods: IDH-prone HD patients at our center were enrolled. This study was designed as a crossover trial with two phases (A arm: low-flux HD for 8 weeks followed by ol-HDF for 8 weeks vs. B arm: ol-HDF for 8 weeks followed by low-flux HD for 8 weeks) and two treatment arms (ol-HDF vs. low-flux HD), each phase lasting 8 weeks. We measured the proportion of body water using a body composition monitor (BCM). Results: In a comparison of the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reductions from the baseline blood pressure between the HD and ol-HDF groups, statistically significant differences were observed only in the SBP of the B arm (SBP: HD vs. HDF, -9.83 ± 6.64 vs. -4.62 ± 1.61 mmHg, p = 0.036; DBP: HD vs. HDF, -3.29 ± 4.05 vs. -1.86 ± 1.49 mmHg, p = 0.261). Neither the mean of the interdialytic body weight gains nor the frequency of IDH was different between the A and B arms (p = 0.817 and p = 0.562, respectively). In terms of dialysis modality, there were no significant differences in the amount of overhydration between the conventional

Photoelectrochemical Properties of Supported on -Based Thin Films Converted from Self-Assembled Hydrogen Titanate Nanotube Powders
Kyung-Jong Noh,Hyo-Jin Oh,Bo-Ra Kim,Sang-Chul Jung,Wooseung Kang,Sun-Jae Kim
Journal of Nanomaterials , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/475430
Abstract: A photoanode was fabricated using hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles which had been held in a thin film of hydrogen titanate nanotubes (H-TiNT), synthesized by repetitive self-assembling method on FTO (fluorine-doped tin oxide) glass, which were incorporated via dipping process in aqueous Fe(NO3)3 solution. Current voltage (I-V) electrochemical properties of the photoanode heat-treated at 500°C for 10 min in air were evaluated under ultraviolet-visible light irradiation. Microstructure and crystallinity changes were also investigated. The prepared Fe2O3/H-TiNT/FTO composite thin film exhibited about threefold as much photocurrent as the Fe2O3/FTO film. The improvement in photocurrent was considered to be caused by reduced recombination of electrons and holes, with an appropriate amount of Fe2O3 spherical nanoparticles supported on the H-TiNT/FTO film. Nanosized spherical Fe2O3 particles with about 65 wt% on the H-TiNT/FTO film showed best performance in our study.
Pentoxifylline Attenuates Methionine- and Choline-Deficient-Diet-Induced Steatohepatitis by Suppressing TNF-α Expression and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
Min Kyung Chae,Sang Gyu Park,Sun-Ok Song,Eun Seok Kang,Bong Soo Cha,Hyun Chul Lee,Byung-Wan Lee
Experimental Diabetes Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/762565
Abstract: Background. Pentoxifylline (PTX) anti-TNF properties are known to exert hepatoprotective effects in various liver injury models. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PTX has beneficial roles in the development of methionine- and choline-deficient-(MCD-) diet-induced NAFLD SD rats in vivo and TNF-α-induced Hep3B cells in vitro. Methods. SD Rats were classified according to diet (chow or MCD diet) and treatment (normal saline or PTX injection) over a period of 4 weeks: group I (chow
Anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects of butanol extract from Arctium Lappa L
Eun-Hwa Sohn, Seon-A Jang, Haemi Joo, Sulkyoung Park, Se-Chan Kang, Chul-Hoon Lee, Sun-Young Kim
Clinical and Molecular Allergy , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1476-7961-9-4
Abstract: This study examined the effect of ALBE on the release of β-hexosaminidase in antigen-stimulated-RBL-2H3 cells. We also evaluated the ConA-induced expression of IL-4, IL-5, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and nuclear factor (NF)-κB using RT-PCR, Western blotting, and ELISA in mouse splenocytes after ALBE treatment.We observed significant inhibition of β-hexosaminidase release in RBL-2H3 cells and suppressed mRNA expression and protein secretion of IL-4 and IL-5 induced by ConA-treated primary murine splenocytes after ALBE treatment. Additionally, ALBE (100 μg/mL) suppressed not only the transcriptional activation of NF-κB, but also the phosphorylation of MAPKs in ConA-treated primary splenocytes.These results suggest that ALBE inhibits the expression of IL-4 and IL-5 by downregulating MAPKs and NF-κB activation in ConA-treated splenocytes and supports the hypothesis that ALBE may have beneficial effects in the treatment of allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis.Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, allergic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by pruritic chronic eczema, elevated serum IgE levels, and massive cellular infiltrates, including eosinophils, mast cells, and lymphocytes [1,2]. Because mast cells play essential roles in provoking the pathogenesis of allergic reactions via the degranulation process, measuring the degree of degranulation reflects the level of mast cell activation. β-Hexosaminidase released by these cells during this process has been reported to be a suitable marker for determining the degree of degranulation [3]. After an allergen triggers the allergic reactions, allergic mediators, including histamine, cytokines, and arachidonic acid derivatives, provoke acute and chronic allergic inflammation responses [4,5]. Various cells involved in the allergic reaction infiltrate the lesion. Among these, T helper 2 (Th2) cells are the most important cell type involved in atopic dermatitis development. Th2 cells release cytokines, such a
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