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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5824 matches for " Structuring Group Counseling "
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特殊理论导向结构化团体咨询研究范式的建构
Constructing a Research Paradigm on Special Theoretical Orientation Structuring Group Counseling
 [PDF]

张焰, 王耘
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.61008
Abstract:
基于特殊理论导向的结构化团体咨询是将一些特殊的心理治疗的理论和方法用于结构化团体咨询中,以提升结构化团体咨询的干预效能。本文借鉴“询证医学”的核心思想,提出了运用该类团体咨询进行干预研究的研究范式,即集调查研究和干预研究、单纯定量研究与质性–量化研究相互渗透的“分叉研究”的复合研究范式,使基于特殊基于理论导向的结构化团体咨询的方案设计具有更加可靠的理论和实证依据,并提高评估性研究的信效度。
Special Theoretical Orientation Structuring Group Counseling is a kind of structuring Group Counseling designed based on some special psychological or therapeutic theories in order to im-prove its efficacy. A research paradigm on “Special Theoretical Orientation Structuring Group Counseling” is proposed in this article based on the Evidence-Based Medicine thought by integrat-ing the Investigation and Intervention Research and combining the Quantitative Research Qualita-tive Research. This paradigm is expected to support the design of group-counseling on the reliable basis of theory and research to improve the reliability and the validity of its evaluation research.
Group Counselling Techniques and Risk Behaviour Management among Secondary School Students: From a Curriculum Implementation Viewpoint  [PDF]
Kibinkiri Eric Len
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.63019
Abstract:
This study investigated “the extent to which group counseling techniques can influence risk behavior management among secondary school students”. The tenacious adoption of irrational behaviors among secondary school students in Cameroon due to psychosocial pressures, lack of direction, affection and social education motivated the researcher to carry out this study. Related literature was reviewed on group counseling and risk behaviour management. The client/Person-Centred theory, Problem behavior theory and the self-determination theory were used to give meaning to the problem of study. Observation and Interview research methods were applied to carry out the investigation. Data were collected using a semi-structured observation guide and semi-structured interview guide. Guidance counselors from Government Bilingual High School (G.B.H.S.) Etoug-ebe, Yaounde were selected for the study through non-probability sampling technique. The data collected were analysed thematically following the main objective of the study. Overall, the results of this study revealed that group counseling techniques influence risk behavior management among secondary school students. The findings of the study offer new evidence as well that guidance counselors in schools can improve their services through effective group counseling sessions with students in the classroom. Group counseling can serve as an alternative to individual counseling as it contributes to rational thinking and good behavior in students.
Cognitive behavioral therapy group intervention for HIV transmission risk behavior in perinatally infected adolescents  [PDF]
Ruth M. Senyonyi, Lee A. Underwood, Elisabeth Suarez, Seggane Musisi, Todd L. Grande
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.412195
Abstract: Purpose: This study analyzed treatment effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) group counseling intervention on HIV transmission risk behavior, depression, anxiety, and alcohol use in HIV perinatally infected adolescents attending an HIV clinical care center in Uganda, Africa. Method: A total of 186 adolescents were randomly assigned to an experimental or control arm and assigned into groups of 11 - 16 adolescents. The experimental groups received an 80-minute CBT based weekly intervention for 8 consecutive weeks, while the control groups received only standard group care. Data from self report assessments were analyzed at pre- and post-test using repeated measures of analysis of variance. The participants, analyzed by variable, included 115 for sexual behavior, 106 for depression, 88 for anxiety, and 115 for alcohol use. Results: The results from the study show a large significant difference (p = 0.006) between the experimental and control groups on the anxiety variable. There were no significant differences between the experimental and control groups on the variables of sexual behavior (p = 0.876), depression (p = 0.700), and alcohol use (p = 0.815). There was an indication of reduced levels of HIV sexual transmission risk behavior, depression, and alcohol use levels in the participants in both the experimental and control groups. Conclusions: Risky sexual behavior places HIV perinatally infected adolescents at risk of re-infection, sexually transmitted diseases, and transmitting HIV to their sexual partners. CBT group counseling intervention equipped the participating adolescents with appropriate life skills to deal with psychological distress and anxiety often seen in their lives and may be useful in routine medical care to reduce transmission risks and improve wellness and call for its incorporation into HIV preventive programs and counselor education.
A Feminist Group Counseling Model to Address Asian Female Pastors’ Self-Esteem Related Issues  [PDF]
Yu-Fen Lin, Chi-Sing Li, Beverly J. Irby, Genevieve Brown
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411130
Abstract:

A feminist group counseling model for Asian female pastors was developed and introduced in this manuscript. A major issue that this feminist group counseling model presented was based on Asian female pastors’ lives and work in a patriarchal church structure guided by traditional patriarchal theology and culture. This model is applicable to the improvement of Asian female pastors’ self-esteems and gender-related issues such as Asian female pastors’ leaderships, intimate relationships, family of origins, and finance independence. This model is based on the positive feedback from 25 group sessions of five groups that were applied to 27 Asian female pastors. The application and recommendations for using this model are included in this article.

Creative providers: Counseling and counselors in family planning and reproductive health
Anthony T. Carter
Demographic Research , 2008,
Abstract: This paper is a comparative qualitative analysis of counseling and counselors in family planning and reproductive health services in four settings: two in the United States, one in London, and one in Kenya. Accomplished counselors perform in a dual sense, carrying out a difficult task and doing so in a way that is skillful, realized, and persuasive. Because counseling protocols provide only the barest indications of how counseling is to be done, counselors must improvise their performances. To do this, they draw on structuring resources from the wider society and culture as well as the settings in which they work.
Study of the effects of group counseling on quality of sexuallife of patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy at Imam Khomeini Hospital
M. Heravi Karimovi,M. Pourdehqan,M. Jadid Milani,S.K. Foroutan
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Background and purpose: Regarding the importance of quality of sexual life in patients with cancer especially breast cancer, and because of controversy on the impact of counseling on QOL promotion in such patients, this study was performed at cancer Institute of Imam Khomeini hospital Tehran, in 2004, to determine the effects of group counseling on QOSL of patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy.Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 114 women 25-55 years old undergoing chemotherapy due to breast cancer and with the history of mastectomy were studied in two groups: control group (Standard care n=63) and case group (standard care+ counseling n= 51). Five sessions of counseling were performed for case group and QOSL of patients were measured at start and end of the study by standard questionnaire (QLQ-Br 23).Results: Results revealed that group counseling promoted these items: body image, sexual function and sexual enjoyment. QOSL of such patients were improved by means of group counseling (p<0.001).Conclusion: Regarding the results of the study, group counseling program can be recommended as an effective approach in QOSL promotion in such clients.
Psychoeducational Group Curriculum to Address American Indian Marginalization  [PDF]
Jesse A. Steinfeldt, Brad D. Foltz, Rex A. Stockton
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.520199
Abstract: As a mechanism for collaborative group learning, we have designed a psychoeducational group curriculum that utilizes social justice principles within a liberation framework to address societal marginalization of American Indian communities. The curriculum within this proposed psychoeducational group format helps educators facilitate student exploration of societal portrayals of American Indians with the intent of developing action plans to address social injustice. Students exposed to the curriculum within this psychoeducational group will be equipped with critical thinking skills to transform their emerging social justice awareness and knowledge into social justice skills. Additionally, educators who lead this group can become social justice role models for others by using this experience to address issues of oppression and marginalization that are manifest in other forms in society.
团体咨询成员的相互共情及其与效果的关系——社会关系模型在团体咨询研究中的应用
邵瑾,樊富珉,鲁小华,许育光
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要: 研究旨在探讨团体成员的相互共情及其与团体效果的关系。共收集10个团体,53名成员的数据,运用社会关系模型分析。结果发现:1.成员自评相互共情得分较高,但互评相关不显著;2.共情水平与会谈效果正相关,与团体反治疗性因素负相关;3.被共情水平与不信任负相关;4.共情准确性与团体治疗性因素正相关。结论:成员自评相互共情水平较高,但互评不匹配。成员自评共情水平越高,会谈效果越好,受团体反治疗性因素阻碍更少。越被准确评估情绪效价的成员,从治疗性因素中获益更多。
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether group members could empathize with each other and the relationship between mutual empathy and group outcome, using the Social Relations Model, which can analyze data across various levels in a group. Mutual empathy in this study includes three aspects. First is empathic level, to the extent a group member can understand other members’ thoughts and share their emotions. Second is the level of being empathized, to the extent a group member felt being understood. Third is empathic accuracy, the congruence of emotion valence between self-rating and other-rating. Fifty-three members of ten groups completed self-ratings of their own emotional status, Session Evaluation Scale, Group Therapeutic Scale and Group Anti-therapeutic Scale, and also rated other members’ emotions and how they empathize and being empathized by other group members after a group session. The data was analyzed by Triple R, a new developed software package for social relations model. The social relations model analysis on group members’ mutual empathy showed that group members’ self reports on empathic level and the level of being empathized were rather high. But there were no match between empathizing and being empathized in dyads, which suggest that group members may not empathize with each other. The correlation between significant perceiver/target effects and group outcome scales showed (1) the more one thought he or she could empathize with others, the better outcome he or she reported, and less impeded by anti-therapeutic factors (negative emotions, absence and distrust); (2) the more one felt being empathized, the less impeded by anti-therapeutic factor(distrust);(3)the more accurate others could estimate one’s emotion valence, the more he or she could benefit from therapeutic factors. The results suggest group members’ perceptions of their empathic level were important for group effectiveness, which was a unique therapeutic factor in group counseling. However, different from individual counseling, the feeling of being empathized didn’t result in better outcome and more benefits. Besides, if one’s emotion valence could be more correctly perceived by other members, he or she could also benefit more from the group. The limitations of this study were (1) the measurements of mutual
Group counseling: A silver lining in the psychological management of disaster trauma
Maheshwari Nidhi,Yadav Ravinder,Singh Nirender
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Management of disaster effects, physical or psychological, has been the subject of considerable research. Though physical rehabilitation of the victims of any disaster, whether natural or man-made, receives immediate attention, the management of psychological trauma often remains a challenge for the disaster management machinery, in general, and mental health professionals, in particular. The magnitude of population affected, on the one hand, and lack of sufficient mental health professionals, on the other hand, often hinders the psychological rehabilitation of a cross section of the affected population. We attempt to present an overview of the literature to bring home the understanding of correlates of psychological effects in the mass disaster affected population in this article. It dwells on the efficacy of group counseling as the most appropriate paradigm of primary prevention to check the onset of severe psychological disorders. The article also presents an overview of two case studies: tsunami disaster (Nagapatanam, Tamil Nadu, India) and victims of bomb blast (Dhimajee, Assam, India) to highlight the silver lining in the psychological management of disaster traumas. It is proposed that group counseling can prove to be a most important mental rehabilitation program to further strengthen the efficacy of individual therapeutic interventions.
意义治疗的团体辅导对于戒毒者复吸倾向的影响
庄艳佳,沈勇强
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要: 摘 要: 考察意义治疗的团体辅导对于戒毒者复吸倾向的干预效果。选择生命意义感较低的被试18名进入实验组,并选择与其分数匹配的18名被试组成对照组。后测结果表明,与控制组相比,实验组被试的价值感、效能感、成就感和生命意义感均有显著提升,复吸倾向显著降低。结论: 意义治疗的团体辅导能够显著提高戒毒人员的创造性价值类生命意义源和生命意义感,显著降低其复吸倾向。提升创造价值与对苦难的理解是提高生命意义感的有效途径。
Abstract: Abstract Given the high rate of relapse among drug abuser, the effectiveness of current substance abuse treatment programs are in doubt. It’s crucial to clarify the cause of relapse and to improve the effectiveness of addiction treatment programs. Existential theory and previous qualitative research have suggested that a lack of life meaning causes drug addiction and relapse, so it’s essential to raise the meaning in life for Drug Abstainers. And Logotherapy is a meaning-centered approach to psychotherapy , developed by the Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl. However, previous research rarely paid attention to improve the effectiveness of substance abuse treatment programs by enhancing the meaning in life. Especially, no quantitative evaluation of the Logotherapy group counseling has yet been undertaken. So the purpose of this article was to assess the effectiveness of Logotherapy group counseling in alleviating the relapse tendency for drug abstainers. According to Logotherapy, we can discover meaning in life in three different ways—through “creative values,” “experiential values,” and “attitudinal values”.The creative value consists of what we give to the world, such as accomplishing a task, creating a work, or doing a good deed. In the present study, we concluded self-valves, sense of achievement and self-efficacy as the creative values sources of meaning. The attitudinal value reflects the stand that we choose to take toward unchangeable situations or unavoidable suffering. So in the present Logotherapy group counseling program, we designed seven themes for enhancing the meaning in life through “creative values,” and “attitudinal values”. They were Understanding the Meaning in Life, Void and Substance Use, Adversity and Grow Up, Create and Valve, Ideal Self and Actual Self, Career and Achievement, Meaning in Life and Dream Commitment. There were five scales mentioned in the current study: Self-Esteem Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Sense of Personal Accomplishment Sub-scale from Maslach Burnout Inventory, Purpose in Life Test, Re-addiction Tendency Questionnaire. 633 drug abstainers subjects completed the scales. 18 drug abstainers( 9 males and 9 females) with low level of the meaning in life were chosen to be the intervention group according to the result of the PIL on voluntary principle. And another
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