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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 194120 matches for " Stacey D Moore-Olufemi "
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Strategies for modulating the inflammatory response after decompression from abdominal compartment syndrome
Shinil K Shah, Fernando Jimenez, Phillip A Letourneau, Peter A Walker, Stacey D Moore-Olufemi, Randolph H Stewart, Glen A Laine, Charles S Cox
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1757-7241-20-25
Abstract: A review of the relevant English language literature was conducted. Priority was placed on articles published within the last 5 years.Recent data from our group and others have begun to lay the foundation for the concept of TAC as a method to modulate the local and/or systemic inflammatory response in patients with an open abdomen resulting from ACS.Management of the open abdomen is an increasingly common part of modern surgical practice. Common clinical situations that mandate the use of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) include intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) with new organ dysfunction (abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS)), intra-abdominal sepsis without adequate source control, damage control in trauma, and mesenteric ischemia [1]. While it is difficult to estimate the prevalence or economic impact of the open abdomen, it is associated with significant issues contributing to morbidity and mortality, including development of ventral hernias, enteroatmospheric fistulas, and un-intentional protein loss [2].The focus of this review is to detail current thoughts on the use of TAC in the management of the open abdomen, with particular attention to decompression after ACS. We review the relevant intra-abdominal related pathophysiology involved with ACS (with emphasis on the gut), the different types of TAC and evidence to support various choices. Recent data from our group and others have begun to lay the foundation for the concept of TAC as a method to modulate the local and/or systemic inflammatory response after ACS.As defined by the International Conference of Experts on Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome, http://www.wsacs.org webcite), ACS is defined as IAH (increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) (> 20 mmHg)) leading to new organ dysfunction/failure [3,4]. In general, there is improvement in organ function after decompressive laparotomy. ACS can be subdivided into primary, secon
The Influence of Size, Sex and Season on the Feeding Regime of Synodontis membranaceus (Osteichthyes: Mochokidae) in Jebba Lake, Nigeria
Olufemi D. Owolabi
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The influence of size, sex and season on the feeding regime of S. membranaceus were examined over a period of 24 months in Jebba Lake, Nigeria using frequency of occurrence, numerical, gravimetric and index of Relative Importance (RI) methods. Dietary composition and feeding intensity were sex dependent. RI established that there was a progression from a detritivorous diet in fish below 20 cm Standard Length (SL), through a transitional planktivorous phase (20-27 cm, SL), to a predominantly molluscivorous/insectivorous diet in fish above 27 cm SL; thus indicating a switch from a relatively passive filter-feeding habit when young to an active predatory habit at adult stage. Food preference also varied with season hence intraspecific competitions were low. Abundant food and ability to evolve trophic strategies that ensure optimum foraging in spite of seasonal changes enable S. membranaceus to maintain its overwhelming prominence and wide distribution in Jebba Lake.
Endoparasitic Helminths of the Upside-Down Catfish, Synodontis Membranaceus (Geoffroy Saint Hilarie) in Jebba Lake, Nigeria
Olufemi D. Owolabi
International Journal of Zoological Research , 2008,
Abstract: The endoparasitic helminths of the gastrointestinal tracts of mochokid upside-down catfish, Synodontis membranaceus (Geoffroy Saint Hilarie, 1809) caught from Jebba Lake, Nigeria with gill nets of various mesh sizes were examined for 24 months (April 2002-March 2004). Out of 1,208 fish specimens examined, 438 (36.25%) were infected with 1,321 helminth parasites, comprising two nematodes (Procamallanus laevionchus and Cucullanus species) and a cestode (Polyonchobothrium species). Parasite population data showed that nematodes had higher prevalence (27.81%) and mean intensity (03.29) than cestode (prevalence: 08.44%; mean intensity: 02.09). The prevalence of endoparasites was highest in the intestine, while the oesophagus recorded the lowest. Multiple infections and isolation of parasites from the liver and gall bladder are reported for the first time in Synodontis species. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the infestation of male and female specimens. However, the relationship between host size and parasite burden showed that fish below 20 cm SL were free from infection, while infection increased from 27.68% in fish between 20-27 cm SL to a significantly higher (p<0.05) value (67.61%) in fish above 27 cm SL. Infestation of endoparasites was more prevalent (p<0.05) in the dry season than in the rainy season. The implications of these results on the management and culture of Synodontis membranaceus are discussed.
Using Video Self-Modelled Social Stories to Teach Social Skills to a Young Child with Autism
Stacey Litras,Dennis W. Moore,Angelika Anderson
Autism Research and Treatment , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/834979
Abstract: The present study investigated the effectiveness of combining Social Stories and Video Self-Modelling (VSM) to teach social skills to a three-year-old child with autism. A multiple-baseline across behaviors design revealed that video self-modelled Social Stories were effective at improving all three target behaviors: greeting, inviting to play, and contingent responding. In addition, these behaviors successfully generalized across settings, toys, and communication partners. Concomitant behavior changes, namely, increased levels of communicative behavior and levels of social engagement were also observed. These results support the effectiveness of video self-modelled Social Stories and illustrate the potential of combined intervention techniques for remedying the social deficits faced by this population. 1. Introduction Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting approximately 60 per 10,000 children worldwide [1, 2]. The isolating nature of this disorder, which results from the core deficits in social interaction and communication, poses significant challenges to the affected population and their families. Much research has been devoted to develop early intervention strategies targeting the core deficits in autism (e.g., Groden & Cautela (1998); [3, 4]), including social initiations which Koegel and associates have argued may be pivotal to more generalized skill development [5, 6]. Targeting pivotal behaviors for intervention should lead to more widespread beneficial behavior change in untargeted areas [7]. Social Stories and Video Modelling are two relatively novel approaches which appear to hold some promise as emerging intervention strategies. Social Stories [8, 9] are short personalised stories designed to teach children with autism how to manage their behavior during social situations by describing where the activity is likely to take place, when and how it will occur, the emotional perspectives of others involved, and potential responses the target child could display. There is some support for using Social Stories with children with autism for a range of social skills including increasing social initiations and contingent social responding [10], increasing the number of appropriate social interactions during free play [11], increasing socially adaptive behaviors [12], and increasing levels of appropriate social engagement [13]. Some studies have also shown Social Story interventions to produce generalization of acquired skills across settings [10, 13]. Thus although the research base on Social Stories is still quite limited, this
Alba D. Skar,Stacey;
Alpha (Osorno) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012007000200008
Abstract: this study analyzes representations of narcotraffic and the sicariato in colombia from international perspectives in current cinema: maria full of grace (joshua marston, usa/colombia, 2004) and rosario tijeras (emilio maillé, mexico/colombia, 2005). both films inscribe socio-cultural, economic and sexual codes in their treatment of women in colombia and their relationship to drug-trafficking. the article argues that the international directors offer their work to a global consumer marketplace with messages that reaffirm national and international hierarchies of masculine reproduction.
EL NARCOTRáFICO Y LO FEMENINO EN EL CINE COLOMBIANO INTERNACIONAL: ROSARIO TIJERAS Y MARIA LLENA ERES DE GRACIA Narcotraffic and women in internacional Colombian film: Rosario Tijeras and María llena eres de gracia
Stacey Alba D. Skar
Alpha (Osorno) , 2007,
Abstract: Análisis de las representaciones del narcotráfico y el sicariato en Colombia desde perspectivas extranjeras en la cinematografía actual: María llena eres de gracia (Joshua Marston, EE.UU./Colombia, 2004) y Rosario Tijeras (Emilio Maillé, México /Colombia, 2005). Ambas obran inscriben códigos socioculturales, económicos y sexuales en su tratamiento de la mujer en Colombia y su relación con el narcotráfico. El artículo argumenta que los directores internacionales llevan sus producciones artísticas al mercado del consumo global con mensajes que reafirman las jerarquías nacionales e internacionales de reproducción masculina. This study analyzes representations of narcotraffic and the sicariato in Colombia from international perspectives in current cinema: Maria Full of Grace (Joshua Marston, USA/Colombia, 2004) and Rosario Tijeras (Emilio Maillé, Mexico/Colombia, 2005). Both films inscribe socio-cultural, economic and sexual codes in their treatment of women in Colombia and their relationship to drug-trafficking. The article argues that the international directors offer their work to a global consumer marketplace with messages that reaffirm national and international hierarchies of masculine reproduction.
Zimbabwean history: becoming complex
D Moore
African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie , 2009,
Abstract: Review of Brian Raftopoulos and Alois Mlambo, eds. Becoming Zimbabwe: A History from the Pre-Colonial Period to 2008 Harare and Johannesburg: Weaver and Jacana, 2009 pp. v-xxxiv, 260 ISBN: 978-1-77922-083-7
Syndromic surveillance for influenza in two hospital emergency departments. Relationships between ICD-10 codes and notified cases, before and during a pandemic
Karen Moore, James Black, Stacey Rowe, Lucinda Franklin
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-338
Abstract: We undertook a retrospective analysis of data from the Victorian Department of Health's pilot syndromic surveillance programme, 'SynSurv'. SynSurv automatically captures patient information as it is entered by ED staff. This information includes patient demographics, their presenting symptoms and a preliminary diagnosis using ICD-10 coding. To determine which codes were best correlated with influenza notifications, weekly counts for each of the ICD-10 diagnosis codes ever used in the dataset were calculated and compared with the corresponding weekly count of confirmed influenza cases. Correlations between these codes and confirmed influenza cases in the non-influenza season were then undertaken. The data covered the period from July 2001 until August 2009 and included the 2009 influenza pandemic.There was a marked increase in weekly counts of both laboratory-confirmed influenza cases and relevant ICD-10 codes during the influenza pandemic period. The increase in laboratory confirmed cases was more than four times greater than the previous highest number reported, in 2007, even though the influenza-like-illness activity in the community was considered comparable to 2003 and 2007. We found five ICD-10 codes to be moderately and significantly correlated with influenza cases. None of these codes was correlated with laboratory confirmed influenza notifications outside the influenza season, at least in part because of the small number of influenza cases notified during that period.This study suggests that the choice of codes made by ED staff to record a case of influenza-like illness is influenced by their perceptions of how much influenza is circulating at the time. The ability of syndromic surveillance to detect outbreaks early may be impeded because case diagnosis is influenced by what ED staff believes to be occurring in the community.The cost of seasonal influenza to communities worldwide is considerable [1]. In Australia the full extent of morbidity and mortality at
Sickle Hepatopathy and Complex Jaundice in a Primigravida with Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Case Report  [PDF]
Jesse A. Otegbayo, Daniel D. Ogbaro, Bamikole T. Osibowale, Olufemi O. Sanyaolu
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.49062
Abstract: Background Aim: This article aimed to sensitize the healthcare providers who care for patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) during pregnancy, to the multiple causes of jaundice in sickle hepatopathy, and sift the maze in establishing the dominant cause. Case Presentation: This is a case of a 28-yr-old Gravida 1 Para 0 + 0 health worker, with sickle cell anaemia and background history of peptic ulcer disease, total right hip replacement and previous multiple blood transfusions due to haemolytic crisis. She presented with upper abdominal pain and progressively deepening jaundice. There was minimal relief of the abdominal pain with anti-ulcer medications. She had tender hepatomegaly, positive Murphy’s sign and deranged liver function parameters. She was also positive for viral hepatitis B markers. A remarkable finding on abdominal ultrasonography was that of a gallbladder with normal wall thickness and multiple stones. She was managed conservatively on intravenous fluids, antibiotics and Livolin forte (Phosphatidylcholine) with improved liver function parameters within a week. Conclusion: Since sickle cell hepatopathy is multifactorial, the importance of unravelling the dominant cause of jaundice or liver dysfunction in these patients and the need for immediate intervention are necessary for effective and targeted care, hence this case report. Our patient had background chronic hepatitis B with a superadded acute cholecystitis with non-obstructing gallstones, and possible subsequent bacterial hepatitis, which responded to antibiotics. The most likely dominant cause of jaundice was chronic hepatitis B that was precipitated by acute cholecystitis.
Global Climate Change  [PDF]
Olufemi Adedeji, Okocha Reuben, Olufemi Olatoye
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.22016
Abstract: Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time and adds considerable stress to our societies and to the environment. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. Without drastic action today, adapting to these impacts in the future will be more difficult and costly. This overview deals with the concept of Global Climate Change, the associated terms, causes, consequences, solutions and its potential health impact. It shows the need to act urgently if we are to avoid an irreversible build-up of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and global warming at a potentially huge cost to the economy and society worldwide. Therefore, addressing climate change requires an “unprecedented level of cooperation, not only between countries, but also between different levels of Governments, private sector and individuals.
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