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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1118 matches for " Sport "
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Perceptions of Coach Social Identity and Team Confidence, Motivation and Self-Esteem  [PDF]
Tony Cassidy, Paul Cummins, Gavin Breslin, Maurice Stringer
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.510130

The social identity theory of leadership has potential application to sport coaching research but lacks a usable measure. We administered a pool of 51 items to 271 sport science students aiming to produce measures of coach prototypicality and team identity. Principal component analysis (PCA) produced a 10-item Coach Social Identity Scale (CSIS), and a 15-item Team Social Identity Scale (TSIS). The study produced initial evidence of reliability and validity for both the CSIS and the TSIS, providing a potentially useful set of measures with which to explore the role of social identity in coaching.

Identity in Sport Teams  [PDF]
Cristina Zucchermaglio, Francesca Alby
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23031
Abstract: In this paper we analyze identity in a soccer team using a discursive perspective, in which individual psycho-logical functioning is considered to be built in and through social interactions within groups. Analysis is based on naturally-occurring interactions that were audio recorded during technical meetings before and after the match. The data were collected within an ethnographic investigation of an Italian soccer tam carried out over a two-month period. The results show that the team’s members made rhetorical use of a complex repertoire of their own and others’ social identities, and that two main variables influenced the use of social identity markers: a) the role of the speakers (in particular the “power” role of the coach); b) the result of the match around which the interactive discourse revolved. Against this background, we discuss how narratives and identity positionings were used to achieve specific goals and to perform specific actions, such as the planning of future matches and the interpretation of victories and defeats.
Investigating the Role of Sport Media in Developing Educational Sport
Mehdi Moradi,Habib Honari,Salah Naghshbandi,Nahid Jabari
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to investigate the role of sport media in developing educational sport. It was applied, descriptive-comparative research. Population composed of media experts, sport experts, and national athletes. There were 150 people as sample selected by convenience sampling. It was a researcher-made questionnaire. University professors confirmed the validity and reliability was desirable (Cronbach α=0.88). Individual characteristics, normality of data distribution, and significance of hypotheses were measured by descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and Wilcoxon test respectively. Results showed that there was a significant difference between real condition and ideal condition of sport media role to develop components of educational sport (p≤0.05). Values were Z=-8.645 for media experts, Z=-8.664 for sport experts, and Z=-8.652 for athletes. It seems that main reason of difference between real condition and ideal condition based on participants’ attitudes is not to have comprehensive sport media programs or suitable knowledge of media experts about different dimensions of educational sport.
Socio-Cultural Constraints of Female Sportsmanship in the Tunisian Society: A Category of Analysis  [PDF]
Samira Welhezi, Makram Zghibi, Najmeddine Ouesleti, Chamseddine Guinoubi, Najwa Jerbi, Mohamed Jabri
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.35030

This study focuses on the socio-cultural constraints in women’s access to the practice of competitive sport. Through a sociological approach, we explore the field of lived experiences from a population of twenty young Tunisian women practicing competitive sports. We have chosen this work for the qualitative method through semi-structured interview. The main objective of the research is to determine the socio-cultural constraints to women’s access to sports based on their past lived experiences in the field of sports. It comes to understand the challenges related to the issue of gender as to the sportsmanship of women in the Tunisian society. The patriarchal ideology deeply internalized by ancient traditions, is an indirect constraint that prevents access to sports by Tunisian women because it is a male issue. Stereo-types and prejudices are a source of social resistance that leads to the exclusion of women from the sporting scene indirectly and implicitly. The education received by the Tunisian girl justifies the social hierarchy between the sexes. They are under enormous pressure to respect the family traditions that are conflicting with the nature of sports. The female body is dependent to constraints imposed by the social environment. Its image is a constraint to the sportsmanship of women. The results show that gender allows us to analyze the social and cultural barriers to women’s sports.

Analysis of Tracheal Secretion in Healthy Horses Undergoing a Vaquejada Simulation Test  [PDF]
Natália Matos Souza Azevedo, Márlon de Vasconcelos Azevedo, Paulo Fernandes de Lima, Hélio Cordeiro Manso Filho
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2014.410027
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of EIPH in vaquejada horses via endoscopy and tracheal lavage and citology. We used eight Quarter-mile horses that usually perform at vaquejadas. Clinical examination was carried out before the race. After the race, endoscopy and tracheal lavage with 20 ml of saline via the service channel of the endoscope were performed. The samples were sent to the laboratory for processing and confection of the slides. Of the eight horses (four pull and four helper horses), six had hemosiderophages in their tracheal aspirates, confirming the existence of pulmonary hemorrhage after exercise. No difference was observed between the analyzed parameters between the two groups of vaquejada horses (P > 0.05). Tracheal lavage and endoscopy can be used for evaluating this important disease in animal athletes.
Y. Aytül Da?l? Ekmek?i,R?dvan Ekmek?i,Ay?e ?rmi?
Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Sport is an item that is required to have and maintain a healthy and balanced way in a better quality of human life, especially in recent years. The idea of cultural activities and sporting activities are together psychologically prepared to person everyday life is generally agreed today. As a global phenomenon sport is becoming widespread depending on the socio-economic conditions of communities. Sport also part of the consumer phenomenon which accelerate to globalization widespread. In this study, the priority issues of globalization and the sports sector, sports sector in reference to the effects of globalization, technological, ideological and economic factors that were evaluated under the title. Having suffered a sporty new materials technology to break new records and other means allowed by the mass media often emphasized. This process continues today accelerated by the expanding sports industry in this area and increase commercial gain. Ideologically bipolar world, based on competition between the two camps, culture, art, sports, technology, literature and, of course, the army, the politics of the world defined as established. The effects of globalization on the economic aspects of sports industry shows itself in the same way. Athletes astronomical transfer fees, the emergence of the global world of clubs, spor ts organizations tofollow up by billions in advertising and sponsorship, contribution to the promotion of the country because of the organization and facility investments, the audience, accommodation, live broadcast, advertising, promotion, food, gift items, entertainment, drinks, clothing, etc. World cups are importance given by multinational companies and organizations that hope is one of the largest incomes.
Ridvan Ekmekci,Y. Aytul Dgli Ekmekci
Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Marketing which is entered to almost our whole life, now more than goods and services, became an important concept of ideas, persons, institutions, events, and facilities. As a main activities of business co. marketing has an important place in sports industry. Recently, the development of special sport marketing strategies and the presentation of sport goods and services to consumers are gaining importance. Efforts of increasing income of sport clubs, because of sport organization popularity, either media or sports business co. started to focus on marketing structure like other business services. Because of definition of sports usage, the term of “Sports Marketing” was used firstly by Advertising Age in 1978 as an increasing presentation tool in industrial merchandise and service marketing. Sport marketing, adapted from general marketing definitions, was defined as “ includes arrangement of all activities to meet needs and wants of sports consumers.” (Mullin, Hardy, Sutton, 2000:8-9).
Digital Sport-Management Games and Their Contribution to Prospective Sport-Managers’ Competence Development  [PDF]
Rolf Kretschmann
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2012.24031
Abstract: The immersive and engaging characteristics of digital games are leading current pedagogical discussions about digital media. Game scientists, (pedagogical) researches, and practitioners continue to attempt to embed digital games in pedagogical settings. They consider these games to be so called serious games. The idea of serious games is that a digital game is not only played for fun and entertainment, but to employ the specific game-play for serious learning processes and outcomes in a specific field of learning or work. Hence, the question arises, whether a digital sport-management game can assist prospective sport managers and students of sport management at the introduction to this complex field of work. To tackle the research question, it is necessary to investigate the profession of sport managers in “real” life and compare the game-play of a digital sport management game to them. Therefore, the best selling and most famous so-called commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) game FIFA Manager 09 by EA Sports is picked to be the subject of analysis. “Virtual” sport-manager competencies were compared to “real-world” sport- manager competencies to find any matching. As a result, there actually is a high congruence between sport- management competence-models and the digital game’s game-play.
Study on Sport Injuries among College Students in Wuhan  [PDF]
Ying Zhao
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2013.32015

Objective: To investigate the characteristics and the precaution of and reduction of sport injuries among college students in Wuhan, and to provide evidence for the prevention. Methods: Stratified and cluster random sampling method was used to choose 1103 students from a university in Wuhan. A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the characteristics of sport injuries among172 college students who had experienced sport injuries. Results: The incidence of sport injuries among college students in Wuhan was 15.59%. Sport injuries were closely related with sports events, sports technique, physical condition of exerciser, and ground equipment. The incidence of sport injuries was higher in basketball, soccer and physical fitness exercise. Sport injuries were mainly soft tissue damage. The locations of injuries were primary in ankle joint (56.69%). Injuries induced by basketball & soccer were prone to occur in physical education class, while injuries caused by physical fitness exercise were prone to occur in extracurricular activities. Conclusion: The incidence of sport injuries was higher in basketball & soccer, and sport injuries were prone to occur in physical education class. It was imperative to strengthen the measures of prevention and intervention in college sport injuries.

An Explorative Study of Possible Demographic Variables, Sports-Related Sit-uational Variables, and Social Variables as Predictors of Athlete Burnout and Its Core Dimensions among German Non-Elite Endurance Athletes  [PDF]
Heiko Ziemainz, Amely Drescher, Melanie Schipfer, Oliver Stoll
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2015.51008
Abstract: Sport science has focused more and more on burnout in sports. Up to now, however, there are some studies that deal with burnout among coaches, but there are very few that deal with burnout among athletes. This article provides an overview on the topic and presents data from a cross-sectional study of 785 non-elite endurance athletes regarding possible predictors of athlete burnout. Burnout was assessed with a German version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ; Raedeke & Smith, 2001), and multiple regressions were performed using burnout and its sub-dimensions as outcomes. 1.3% of the sample reported high levels of athlete burnout; various situational and demographic variables (e.g. training hours per week, gender, main sports) could be identified as determinants of the phenomenon. These results support the conditional theory (e.g. Coakley, 1992), which links burnout to environmental factors and sees stress as a symptom rather than a causal factor of burnout.
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