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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4645 matches for " Sonia; "
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Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: A man without education is no more than an animal. The growth and development of a state is primarily dependent upon the quality of education given to the people. In India Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed on 4th August 2009 which provides for free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 and 14 years. The Act came into force on 1 April 2010. The problems on the path of education of children includes child labour, misery of girl child in India and poor quality of education. Article 51A of constitution also makes its obligatory for parent or guardian as the case may be to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. Although RTE Act is a major landmark in the history of India but there are certain limitations of the Act which if removed then education will reach every child in India which is their right. “There is only one purpose in the whole of Life –Education”.“Otherwise what is the use of me and women, land and wealth”. – Swami Vivekananda“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”.– Nelson Mandela
Bioethical Questions in Brazilian Scientific Research  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516130

It is considered here that the ethical behavior of the Brazilian scientific community leaves a lot to be desired. Motives for ethical lapses can be summed up by one only: the haste to grow at any price in order to earn prestige and wealth, setting at naught those who don’t have the political support of the institution. With this intent, many researchers publish whatever they can, neglecting the fact that scientific research should serve the interests of the community—not their own.

Early Childhood Education: Difficulties Creating and Changing Daily Practice  [PDF]
Sonia Kramer
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.56048

This paper is based on research carried out with children and adults at early childhood education institutions in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The research goals were to identify interactions between adults and children and to rethink pedagogical practice. The theoretical-methodological framework was based on language and culture studies, the sociology of childhood and anthropology. After studying children and adults in different contexts and early childhood education public policies and practice, the results present challenges of changing and creating early education practices in difficult contexts, especially with regard to the creation and use of spaces intended for children. This is the focus of the text, which is structured in three sections. Section one presents the theoretical and methodological issues. The second section analyzes three case studies developed in public pre-schools situated in different cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Section three presents conclusions and priorities for intervention and change concerning children, adults and their interactions.

The Onset of Schizophrenia in Adolescence: Developments from a Structural and Clinical Point of View  [PDF]
Sonia Alberti
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.32014
Abstract: In 1899, Kraepelin identified schizophrenia as early dementia. The precocity of the onset of schizophrenia may be verified in psychotic episodes in the clinic of adolescence, which this article explores both from the point of view of psychoanalytic theory, and from the point of view of its clinic, in particular regarding the transference of the psychotic adolescent. It departs from the importance of differential diagnosis in relation to neurosis, using the guidelines of Freud about the loss of reality, then studies the contributions of Lacan in relation to that which returns from the real when not included in the symbolic. Finally, it articulates the drive theory to identify the issue of jouissance in transference.
Toward to the Journey’s End  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64029
Abstract: People become aware of the human life finiteness when they reach middle age. If they are healthy, they believe they will reach old age with white hair. However, in old age, the awareness that the process of dying is slowly adding losses over losses will come. Therefore, we should cultivate dignity in life because we do not know how we will face death: probably with suffering without respectability, as we never imagine it.
Research on Chewing Gum: Questions of Ethics  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2017.73016
Abstract: Guidelines for clinical research and ethics committees are significant contributions to decision made in science and law. But since research methods need to follow the changes and the development of science, guidelines for clinical research have to be continuously revised. Many innovations are perceived for their intended beneficiaries as benefits. Unfortunately, this is not always true. Therefore two issues should be mandatory in discussions of research ethics committees: 1) What constitutes a harmful intervention? 2) What procedures should be established for obtaining data and evaluating their relevance? These questions are too broad and there are no ethical solutions that can leap off a paper. But an example can be worked on. Dental caries is a public health challenge in any country and chewing gum may have an effect with respect to plaque reduction, at least in a short period of time. But sugar chewing gum cannot be used as a positive control in biomedical researches. However, trials referred herein allocated participants for a sugar chewing gum group. Therefore, the aim of this critical review is to emphasize that such a procedure is an example of a conscious disregard for the consideration which is due to trial participants. Were these desirable researches themselves or they had other purposes?
Disease, Not Death, Is the Real Enemy  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85039
Abstract: No matter our age or how healthy we are, anyone can be diagnosed with a severe illness or experience a major trauma. Over the years, experts have proposed many ways to help people understand what they’re going through when they receive a shocking diagnosis. Experts want to help and can help, but they will never experience another person’s feelings. Adversity is always a miserable thing. In this article, it is argued that we don’t find any reason or any justice in a serious chronic illness or severe disability.
Structural Interpretation of Lineaments by Satellite Image Processing (Landsat TM) in the Region of Zahret Medien (Northern Tunisia)  [PDF]
Sonia Gannouni, Hakim Gabtni
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72011
Abstract: There are several techniques that were developed for determining the linear features. Lineament extractionfrom satellite data has been the most widely used applications in geology. In the present study, lineament hasbeen extracted from the digital satellite scene (Landsat 5, TM data), in the region of Zahret Median situated in the north west of Tunisia. The image was enhanced and used for automatic extraction. Several directions of features were mapped. The directions of major invoices are NE-SW and NW-SE oriented. The validation of the obtained results is carried out by comparison with the results geophysics as well as to the studies previous of mapping developed in the sector of study.
Building a Project Memory Using Semantic Design Rationale Process  [PDF]
Sonia Gueraich, Zizette Boufa?da
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.46041
Abstract: In the proposal, a construction project memory process based on the semantic annotation is presented. A project Mem-ory concerns the representation and the identification of the experience acquired during projects realization. The main feature of this approach is that the semantic annotation is used to build a continuous semantic design rationale process. We propose in this paper, a semantic traceability in four stages (identifying, structuring, annotating and integrating). The identification and the structuring phases use a model called Extended Marguerite model which fully considers the objectives of the project memory. The annotation phase exploits the results of precedent phase to prepare the final phase. Examples are presented from a case study in an Algerian firm called ENMTP. The architecture supporting the modelling engine is presented. Finally, an evaluation of the degree of the semantic annotation brought by proposed process is given.
Cryptanalysis of the Double-Moduli Cryptosystem  [PDF]
Sonia Mihaela Bogos, Serge Vaudenay
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.512088
Abstract: In this article we present a lattice attack done on a NTRU-like scheme introduced by Verkhovsky in [1]. We show how, based on the relation between the public and private key, we can construct an attack which allows any passive adversary to decrypt the encrypted messages. We explain, step by step, how an attacker can construct an equivalent private key and guess what the original plaintext was. Our attack is efficient and provides good experimental results.
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